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    【字源大挪移—讀書筆記】 第二部分:字根

    時間:2015-05-13 00:25:27      閱讀:63916      評論:0      收藏:0      [點我收藏+]

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    [2] 字根:[2.1]表示【否定】的字根、[2.2]表示【方位】的字根、[2.3]表示【程度】的字根、[2.4]表示【狀態】的字根、[2.5]表示【現象】的字根、[2.6]表示【身體】的字根、[2.7]表示【姿勢】的字根、[2.8]表示【心,心里活動】的字根、[2.9]表示【行為動作】的字根、[2.10]表示【感官動作】的字根、[2.11]表示【感覺】的字根、[2.12]表示【生命】的字根、[2.13]表示【死亡】的字根、[2.14]表示【社會】的字根

     

    [2.1]表示【否定】的字根

         -neg-          =     none(否定)
    {
    negative:neg - ative,(none - adj.[n.]),adj:否定的;n:底片;
    negligible:neg - lig - ible,[音:‘sentr?l],(none - chooose - able),adj:可忽略的,微不足道的;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.1] 本小節示例及練習
    This kind of fish is not much harvested because it is of negligible commercial value. {harvest:n:收成,收獲,收割,成果,后果;v:收獲,收割;of negligible:傳統語法解釋為of+抽象名詞看做形容詞,其實應該看做the value of this fish改寫為形容詞從句的結果。}
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    [2.2]表示【方位】的字根

         -loc-          =     place(地方)
     
         -medi-       =     middle(中間)
         -mid-         =     middle(中間)
     
         -centr-       =     center(中央)
     
         -circum-    =     around,circle(外圍,圓)
         -cycl-        =     around,circle(外圍,圓)
    {
    location:loc - ation,(place - n.),n:地點;
    locale:loc - ale,[音:lo?‘kæl],(place - n.),n:地點;
    locate:loc - ate,(place - v.),v:找到;
    locomotive:loc - mot - ive,[音:?lo?k?‘mo?t?v],(place - move - n.[adj.]),n:火車頭,推動者;adj:運動的,移動的,火車頭的,旅行的;
    locus:loc - us,(place - n.),n:場所,主要地點;
    allocation:al(ad) - loc - ation,[音:?æl?‘ke??n],(to - place - n.),n:分配;
    collocate:col(com) - loc - ate,[音:‘kɑ?l?ke?t],(together - place - v.),v:搭配,并列,對照,校對;
    dislocate:dis - loc - ate,[音:‘d?slo?ke?t],(away - place - v.),v:脫臼,偏離,錯亂;
    relocate:re - loc - ate,[音:?ri?‘lo?ke?t],(again - place - v.),v:轉移,改至其他地點;
     
    immediately:im - medi - ately,(not - middle - adv.),adv:立即;
    median:medi - an,[音:‘mi?di?n],(middle - adj.),adj:中央的,中間的,正中的,中等的;n:中位數,中值;
    mediation:medi - ation,(middle - n.),n:調停;
    medieval:medi - ev - al,[音:?medi‘i?vl],(middle - age - adj.),adj:中古時期的,中世紀的;
    mediocre:medi - orce,[音:?mi?di‘o?k?r],(middle - peak),adj:平庸的,平凡的; {peak:n:尖端,頂峰;v:達到頂峰,使處于頂點;}
    amid:a - mid,[音:?‘m?d],(at - middle),prep:在……之中(間);
     
    central:centr - al,[音:‘sentr?l],(center - adj.),adj:中心的; {center:n:中心;}
    centrifugal:centri - fug - al,[音:?sen‘tr?fju?ɡl],(center - flee - adj.),adj:離心的; {flee:vi:逃走,消失,逃避,(時間)飛逝;vt:逃離;}
    centripetal:centri - pet - al,[音:sen‘tr?p?tl],(center - seek - adj.),adj:向心的;{seek:vt:尋求,追去,試圖;vt:尋找;}
    concentration:con - centr - at - ion,(加強語氣 - center -  - n.),adj:集中,專注;
    concentric:con - centr - ic,[音:k?n‘sentr?k],(together - center - adj.),adj:同心的,同軸的;
    decentralize:de - centr - al - ize,[音:?di?‘sentr?la?z],(away - center -  -v.),v:(使)權利下放,(使工業、人口等)分散;
    eccentric:ec(ex) - centr - ic,[音:?k‘sentr?k],(out - center - adj.[n.]),adj:怪癖的;n:怪人,我行我素的人;
    egocentric:ego - centr - ic,[音:?i?ɡo?‘sentr?k],(self - center - adj.),adj:自我中心的,利己的;
    geocentric:geo - centr - ic,[音:?d?i?o?‘sentr?k],(earth - center - adj.),adj:以地球為中心的;
    heliocentric:helio - centr - ic,[音:?hi?li?‘sentr?k],(sun - center - adj.),adj:以太陽為中心的;
    theocentric:theo - centr - ic,[音:?θi?o?‘sentr?k],(god - center - adj.),adj:以神為中心的;
     
    bicycle:bi - cycle,(two - circle.),n:自行車;
    circumcise:circum - cise,[音:‘s??rk?msa?z],(around - cut),v:割包皮;
    circumference:circum - fer - ence,[音:s?r‘k?mf?r?ns],(around - bear - n.),n:周長,周圍; {bear:n:熊;v:忍受,負荷,結果,證實,生子女;}
    circumlocution:circum - locu - tion,[音:?s??rk?ml?‘kju??n],(around - speak - n.),n:啰嗦,閃爍其詞;
    circumnavigate:circum - nav - ig(ag) - ate,[音:?s??rk?m‘næv?ɡe?t],(around - sail - act - v.),v:環繞航行,環繞一周; {sail:n:帆,航行,航海;v:航行,駕(船);}
    circumscribe:circum - scribe,(around - write),v:限制;
    circumspect:circum - spect,(around - look),a:謹慎的;
    circumstance:circum - stan - ce,(around - be - n.),n:情況,環境;
    circumvent:circum - vent,[音:?s??rk?m‘vent],(around - come),v:規避,繞行,設法避開,圍住;
    circuit:circu - it,(around - go),n:迂回,電路;
    circuitous:circu - it - ous,[音:s?r‘kju??t?s],(around - it - adj),adj:迂回的,繞行的;
    circulatory:circul - at - ory,[音:‘s??rkj?l?t??ri],(circle -  - adj),adj:循環的,循環系統的; {circle:n:圓圈,圈子,包廂;v:劃圈,包圍,盤旋,環繞;}
    encircle:en - circle,(make - around),v:包圍;
    cycle:cycle,(circle),n:周期;
    cyclic:cycl - ic,[音:‘sa?kl?k],(circle - adj),adj:循環的,周期性的,環形的;
    cyclone:cycl - one,[音:‘sa?klo?n],(circle - n),n:旋風,颶風,氣旋,旋風分離器;
    recycle:re - cycle,(again - circle),v:再生,回收;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.2] 本小節示例及練習
    The King and I is more than a stock romance set in an exotic locale. {The King and I:《國王與我》;stock:adj:慣用的,老式的,存貨的;romance:n:浪漫史,愛情故事,傳奇文學;set:n:舞臺,一局比賽;exotic:adj:外來的,異國的,奇異的,脫衣舞的;}
    The bat uses a sonar system to locate its food. {sonar:n:聲吶,聲波定位;}
    Germany has served as a locomotive, with Helmut Kohl as engineer, pulling the rest of Europe toward economic and political union. {serve:v:服務,侍候,擔任,可作……用,度過,對待;n:發球;Helmut Kohl:n:赫爾穆特·科爾;engineer:n:工程師,機(械)師;vt:設計,建造,策劃;}
    The Presidential Hall has traditionally been the locus of political power in Taiwan. {presidential:[音:?prez?‘den?l];adj:總統的,總統制的;hall:n:大廳,禮堂;The Presidential Hall:n:總統府;}
    A chief merit of the capitalist system is that it ensures efficient allocation of resources. {chief:adj:主要的,首要的;n:首領;merit:n:優點,功績,價值;v:值得,應得;capitalist:n:資本家,資本主義者;adj:資本主義的,有資本的;ensure:vt:擔保,保證,使安全,確保;}
    The difference in handwriting is noticeable when one collocates the two signatures. {handwriting:n:筆跡,書法;noticeable:[音:‘no?t?s?bl];adj:顯而易見的,顯著的,值得注意點;}
    The boxer decided to quit the fight because of a dislocated shoulder.
    After the devastating earthquake, all the surviving inhabitants of Tungluo Village were relocated to a safer spot. {devastating:[音:‘dev?ste?t??];adj:毀滅性的的,破壞性的,驚人的,壓倒性的,有魅力的;inhabitant:[音:?n‘hæb?t?nt];n:居民;}
    
    When the typical median-income household cannot afford to buy a house on mortgage, the economy is obviously in serious trouble. {household:n:家庭,戶;adj:家庭的,家喻戶曉的;mortgage:[音:‘m??rɡ?d?];n:按揭,抵押,抵押貸款;vt:抵押;}
    The settlement in Bosnia was a result of U.N. mediation. {settlement:n:解決,結算,協議,安置,殖民,定居;Bosina:n:波斯尼亞;}
    Dante‘s Divine Comedy and Chaucer‘s Canterbury Tales are generally regarded as the highest achievements of medieval literature. {Dante:[音:dænti];n:但丁(意大利詩人);Chaucer:n:喬叟(英國詩人);Divine Comedy:n:《神曲》;divine:[音:d?‘va?n];n:神圣的,神的;vt:推斷;vi:預言,理解;n:牧師,神學家;comedy:n:喜劇,滑稽,幽默事件;Canterbury Tales:n:《坎特伯雷故事》;Canterbury:n:坎特伯雷(地名);tale:n:故事,敘述,傳說;v:談論,講述,搬弄是非;regard:v:尊敬,視為,注視,留意,和……有關;n:關心,尊敬,注意,致意,考慮;regard as:v:把……看作;}
    You needn‘t bother going to the concert; the pianist is merely mediocre. {bother:v:煩擾,使惱怒,使不按,費心;n:麻煩,煩擾,焦急;pianist:[音:‘p??n?st];n:鋼琴家;}
    The government minister suddenly resigned last week, amid rumors that he recently called a prostitute to his residence. {resign:v:辭職,放棄,順從,聽任;prostitute:n:娼妓,為賺錢而作壞事的人;adj:賣淫的,墮落的;vt:賣身,貶損(自己);residence:n:住宅,住處,居住;}
    
    Earth stays on the orbit around the sun because the centrifugal force is balanced by the gravitational force. {orbit:[音:‘??rb?t];n:勢力范圍,眼眶,軌跡,軌道;vt:繞軌道而行,進入軌道;vi:盤旋;gravitational:[音:?ɡræv?‘te???nl];adj:重力的,引力作用的;}
    The centripetal force and the centrifugal force are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction. {magnitude:[音:‘mæɡn?tu?d];n:大小,重要,光度,(地震)級數,(星星)等級;}
    It takes a tremendous amount of concentration to play this video game. {tremendous:[音:tr?‘mend?s];adj:巨大的,驚人的;amount:n:數量,總額;vi:總計,等于;}
    Ptolemaic cosmology pictures the universe as a series of concentric circles, with Earth at the center. {ptolemaic:[音:?t?li?meiik];adj:天動說的;cosmology:[音:kɑ?z‘mɑ?l?d?i];n:宇宙學,宇宙天體學;circle:n:圓圈,圈子,包廂;v:劃圈,包圍,盤旋,環繞;}
    TIME Inc. recently decentralized operations by shifting authority to regional headquarters. {TIME Inc.:n:時代公司;shift:v:移動,改變,換擋,字型轉換;n:輪班,變化,移動,計謀,輪班職工;authority:n:權利,官方,當局,職權,權威;regional:adj:地區的,局部的,當地的,方言的;n:分部;headquarter:n:總部;vt:總部設于;vi:設立總部;}
    "Maverick" was the name of an eccentric rancher who refused to brand his cows. {maverick:[音:‘mæv?r?k];n:未打烙印的小牛,持不同意見者;adj:標新立異的;rancher:[音:‘rænt??r];n:大牧場主,大牧場工人;brand:n:烙印,商標,牌子,標記;vt:加污名于,銘記,打烙印;}
    Man by nature is egocentric, and thinks mostly of himself.
    The Ptolemaic universe is also called the geocentric universe.
    The Copernican universe is also known as the heliocentric universe. {Copernican:[音:ko?p?n?k?n];adj:哥白尼的,哥白尼學說的;}
    Dante‘s Divine Comedy depicts a theocentric world. {Dante:[音:dænti];n:但丁(意大利詩人);Divine Comedy:n:《神曲》;divine:[音:d?‘va?n];n:神圣的,神的;vt:推斷;vi:預言,理解;n:牧師,神學家;comedy:n:喜劇,滑稽,幽默事件;depict:vt:描述,描繪,畫;}
    
    Male infants are often circumcised soon after birth to spare them trouble later on. {infant:[音:‘?nf?nt];n:嬰兒,幼兒;adj:嬰兒的,初期的,幼稚的;spare:v:抽出,饒恕,赦免,節約;adj:備用的,多余的,閑置的;n:備用品,剩余;later on:后來,過些時候;}
    Using the slightly different angles of the sun from different places, ancient Egyptians accurately calculated the circumference of the globe. {slight:adj:輕微的,纖弱的,微笑的;n:輕蔑,怠慢;vt:輕視,忽略;Egyptian:[音:i‘d??p?n];adj:埃及的,埃及人的;n:埃及人;}
    The verbose style results from a heavy dose of circumlocution in the writing. {翻譯:這篇文章充斥著啰嗦的廢話,所以風格顯得累贅。verbose:[音:v??‘b??s];adj:啰嗦的,冗長的;style:n:文體,風格,樣式,時尚,類型;result from:v:起因于;dose:[音:do?s];n:劑量,一劑,一服;vt:給……服藥;a dose of:adj:一服(一次);writing:n:寫作,著述,筆記,作品;}
    Magellan led the first ship that circumnavigated the globe. {Megellan:n:麥哲倫(葡萄牙航海家),麥哲倫海域;led:v:引導,領先,帶領(lead的過去式和過去分詞);abbr:發光二極管(light emitting diode);emit:v:發出,發射,放射,吐露;emitting:adj:發出(光、熱、輻射)的;diode:[音:‘da?o?d];n:二極管;}
    Individual liberty is circumscribed in totalitarian countries. {individual:adj:單獨的,一個人的,獨有的;n:個人,個體;liberty:n:自由,自由權,冒失;totalitarian:[音:to??tæl?‘teri?n];adj:極權主義的,極權主義者;}
    Antelopes grazing on the plain exhibit circumspect behavior. {antelope:[音:‘ænt?lo?p];n:羚羊,羚羊皮革;graze:[音:ɡre?z];v:放牧,(牛、羊等)吃草,輕擦,擦傷;n:放牧,擦傷;plain:n:平原,廣闊的區域;adj:清楚的,簡單的,坦白的,平常的,樸素的,純的;adv:完全的,純粹的;exhibit:[音:?ɡ‘z?b?t];v:展覽,陳列,展示,表現;n:展品,展覽;}
    Under extreme circumstances, a dog can survive for over a week on nothing but water. {survive:vt:新免于難,存活,艱難度過,比……活得長;vi:活者,繼續存在;}
    Many Taiwanese businessmen circumvented government regulations and went ahead to invest in Mainland China when it was not yet legal to do so. {regulation:n:管理,規章,規則;adj:規定的;ahead:adj:領先,預先,在前,向前,提前;go ahead:v:開始,前進,領先,說吧;invest:v:投資,投入;}
    The electrician examined the circuit and found a bad connection. {electrician:[音:??lek‘tr??n];n:電工,電氣技師;bad connection:接觸不良;}
    He went home by a circuitous route so that he could stop by the supermarket. {route:[音:ru?t];n:路線,(固定)線路,途徑;vt:為……安排路線,(按路線)發送;}
    The heart is a circulatory organ.
    A wall used to encircle Taipei City. {used to:v:過去常常;}
    An insect passes through various forms in its life cycle. {insect:n:昆蟲,蟲子,卑微的人;pass through:v:穿過,透過,流過,經歷;fiom:n:形式,形狀,形態;}
    Experts are debating whether the current depression is cyclic or structural in nature. {翻譯:專家對當前的經濟蕭條是周期性的還是結構性的仍有爭論。debate:vt:爭論,思考;vi:辯論;n:辯論,討論;current:adj:現在的,流通的;n:趨勢,(水、氣、電)流;depression:n:沮喪,蕭條;structural:[音:‘str?kt??r?l];adj:結構的,構造的,建筑的,建筑用的;nature:n:性質,自然界,自然,自然狀態,本性,類型;}
    Typhoons and tornadoes are various forms of cyclones. {tornado:[音:t??r‘ne?do?];n:龍卷風,颶風,旋風;}
    Recycled paper, if not bleached, looks yellowish. {bleach:[音:bli?t?];n:漂白劑,漂白;v:變白,漂白;yellowish:adj:微黃色的;}
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    [2.3]表示【程度】的字根

         -magn-          =     great(大)
         -maj-             =     great(大)
         -maxi-            =     great(大)
     
         -mini-            =     tiny(小)
         -minu-           =     tiny(小)
    {
    magnify:magn - ify,[音:‘mæɡn?fa?],(great - make),v:夸張,放大;
    magnanimous:magn - anim - ous,[音:mæɡ‘næn?m?s],(great - spirit - adj.),adj:寬宏大量的,度量大的,寬大的,高尚的;
    magnificent:magn - (i)fic - ent,[音:mæɡ‘n?f?snt],(great - make - adj.),adj:宏偉的,壯觀的,極好的;
    majesty:maj - esty,[音:‘mæd??sti],(great - n.),n:(大寫)陛下,威儀,威嚴,莊嚴;
    maximum:maxi - (m)um,(great - adj.),adj:最大量的;
     
    miniskirt:mini - skirt,(tiny - skirt),n:迷你裙;
    miniature:mini - ature,[音:‘m?n??t??r],(tiny - n.),n:小模型,小畫像,按比例縮小之物,所圖;adj:小型的,小規模的;
    diminish:di(de) - mini - sh,[音:d?‘m?n??],(from - tiny - v.),v:減少,變小,逐漸變細;
    minuscule:minu - scule,[音:‘m?n?skju?l],(tiny - adj.),adj:微小的,小寫字的,很小的;n:小寫字;
    diminutive:di - minu - tive,[音:d?‘m?nj?t?v],(from - tiny - adj.),adj:袖珍的,小一號的,小的,小型的;n:小的人(物);
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.3] 本小節示例及練習
    Chiang Kai-shek‘ s decision not to demand war reparations from the defeated Japan was a magnanimous gesture. {Chiang Kai-shek:n:蔣介石;reparation:[音:?rep?‘re??n];n:補償,賠償;defeat:n:挫敗,敗北;vt:戰勝,擊敗;gesture:n:手勢,姿勢;v:作手勢表達;}
    The Great Wall of China is a magnificent construction.
    The British sometimes refer to the Queen as H.M.Q - Her Majesty the Queen. {refer:vt:把……提交,把……歸因,歸類;vi:參考,談及,咨詢;refer to:vt:涉及,指的是,提及,參考,適用于;}
    The repeat felon was transferred to a maximum-security prison. {felon:[音:‘fel?n];n:重罪犯;repeat felon:重罪累犯;transfer:v:轉移,調任,轉乘;n:遷移,移動,換車,匯兌;prison:n:監獄,監禁;vt:囚禁,關入監獄;poison:n:毒藥,毒害,道德敗壞之事;vt:毒害,摧毀,中毒;adj:有毒的,危險的;}
    
    The theme park presents a collection of world-famous buildings in miniature. {present:v:提出,贈送,呈現;}
    Capital investment can only help a factory by so much; beyond a certain extent, the investor faces diminishing returns. {capital:n:資本,首都,大寫字母,[建筑]柱頂;adj:資本的,大寫的;extent:[音:?k‘stent];n:范圍,程度,廣度,寬度,長度,大小,[律]<英>扣押,<美>臨時所有權令;return:n:歸還,(收益)回報;}
    Before signing an insurance policy, be sure to read the "fine print" - the minuscule letters designed to discourage you from reading them. {insurance:n:保險,保險費,安全保障;policy:n:政策,方針,保險單;fine:adj:細微的;discourage:[音:d?s‘k??r?d?];vt:阻礙,使氣餒;discourage  from:v:勸阻;}
    Oriental women often appear diminutive in Scandinavia, amid the usually tall women there. {oriental:[音:???ri‘entl];adj:東方的,東方人的,(寶石)貴重的,優質的;n:東方人;occidental:[音:??ks?‘dentl];adj:西方的,西方人的;n:西方人;appear:vi:顯得,出現,出版,好像,登場;scandinavian:[音:?skænd?‘ne?vi?n];adj:斯砍的納維亞的;amid:[音:?‘m?d];prep:在其中,在其間;}
    View Code

     

    [2.4]表示【狀態】的字根

         -plen-          =     full,fill(滿,填滿)
         -plet-          =     full,fill(滿,填滿)
         -plete-         =     full,fill(滿,填滿)
     
         -sat-            =     full,fill(滿,填滿)
         -satis-          =     full,fill(滿,填滿)
         -satur-         =     full,fill(滿,填滿)
     
         -vac-            =     empty(空)
         -van-            =     empty(空)
     
         -nihil-           =     none(無)
         -nul-             =     none(無)
     
         -brev-           =     short(短)
         -bridg-          =     short(短)
         -brief-           =     short(短)
     
         -hum-           =     web,low,ground(潮濕,低,地)
     
         -temp-           =     heat,season,time(熱度,季節,時間)
     
         -ver-              =    true(真實)
         -veri-             =    true(真實)
     
         -rect-             =    right(正,直)
     
         -val-              =    strong,worth(強,價值)
         -valu-            =    strong,worth(強,價值)
         -value-          =    strong,worth(強,價值)
         -vail-             =    strong,worth(強,價值)
     
         -forc-             =    strong(強)
         -fort-             =    strong(強)
     
         -liber-            =    free,balance(自由,衡量)
         -liver-            =    free,balance(自由,衡量)
         -libr-             =    free,balance(自由,衡量)
     
         -arch-            =    first,chief,ancient(第一,最初,首要,古老)
         -arche-          =    first,chief,ancient(第一,最初,首要,古老)
         -archaeo-       =    first,chief,ancient(第一,最初,首要,古老)
         -archae-         =    first,chief,ancient(第一,最初,首要,古老)
     
         -pri-              =    first(第一,最初)
         -prim-            =    first(第一,最初)
         -prem-           =    first(第一,最初)
         -prin-            =    first(第一,最初)
     
         -optim-          =    best(最佳)
     
         -neo-              =    new(新式)
         -nov-              =    new(新式)
         -nova-            =    new(新式)
     
         -paleo-           =    old(古老)
    {
    plenty:plen - ty,(full - n.),n:多;
    deplete:de - plete,(not - fill),v:耗竭,耗盡,使空竭;
    replenish:re - plen - ish,[音:r?‘plen??],(again - fill - v.),v:補充,添加;
    replete:re - plete,(again - fill),adj:不缺的,充斥的,飽食的;
     
    satisfied:satis - fied,(full - adj.),adj:滿意的;
    sated:sat - ed,[音:se?t?d],(full - adj.),adj:厭膩的,夠了;
    saturation:satur - ation,[音:?sæt??‘re??n],(full - n.),n:飽和,飽和度,浸透;
    insatiable:in - sat - iable,[音:?n‘se???bl],(not - fill - able),adj:無法滿足的,貪得無厭的;
     
     
    vacation:vac - ation,(empty - n.[v.]),n:假期;v:度假;
    vacancy:vac - ancy,[音:‘ve?k?nsi],(empty - n.),n:空缺,空白,失神;
    evacuate:e - vac - uate,[音:?‘vækjue?t],(out - empty - v.),v:疏散,撤出,排泄;
    vanity:van - ity,[音:‘væn?ti],(empty - n.),n:虛榮,虛榮心,自負,浮華;
    evanescent:e - van - sec - ent,[音:?ev?‘nesnt],(out - empty - - adj.),adj:稍縱即逝的,短暫的;
     
    nihilism:nihil - ism,[音:‘na??l?z?m],(none - n.),n:虛無主義;
    nihilistic:nihil - istic,[音:?na??‘l?st?k],(none - adj.),adj:虛無主義的,無政府主義的;
    annihilate:an - nihil - ate,[音:?‘na??le?t],(to - none - v.),v:消滅,殲滅,徹底消除,消減殆盡,使無效,廢止;
    nullify:nul - lify,[音:‘n?l??fa?],(none - v.),v:使無效,廢除,取消;
     
    bridge:bridg - e,(short - n.[v.]),n:橋;v:溝通;
    brevity:brev - ity,[音:‘brev?ti],(short - n.),n:簡短,短暫,簡潔;
    abbreviation:ab - brev - iation,[音:??bri?vi‘e??n],(to - short - n.),n:縮寫;
    unabridged:un - a - bridg - ed,[音:??n?‘br?d?d],(not - to - short - adj.),adj:未刪節的,完整的;
    briefing:brief - ing,[音:‘bri?f??],(short - n.),n:簡要情況,簡報,簡介; {brief:adj:短暫的,短期的,簡短的,扼要的;n:摘要,案件陳述;vt:作……的概述,(向……)簡單介紹;}
     
    humble:hum - ble,[音:‘h?mbl],(low - adj.),adj:謙卑的,寒微的;
    humid:hum - id,[音:‘hju?m?d],(wet - adj.),adj:潮濕的,濕熱的;
    humidity:hum - id - ity,[音:hju?‘m?d?ti],(wet -  - n.),n:濕度;
    humiliate:hum - il - iate,(low -  - v.),v:羞辱;
    humility:hum - il - ity,[音:hju?‘m?l?ti],(low -  - n.),n:謙遜,謙虛,謙卑;
    humus:hum - us,[音:‘hju?m?s],(ground -  - n.),n:腐殖質,腐殖質土;
    exhume:ex - hume,[音:?ɡ‘zu?m],(out - ground),v:掘出(尸體以檢驗),發掘,挖掘出土;
    inhume:in - hume,[音:?n‘hju?m],(in - ground),v:入土,埋葬;
    posthumously:post - hum - ous - ly,[音:‘p?stj?m?sli],(after - ground -  - adv.),adv:在死后;
     
    temperature:temp - er - at -ure,(heat - - - n.),n:溫度;
    temper:temp -er,(heat - n.),n:脾氣;
    temperament:temp - er - ament,[音:‘tempr?m?nt],(heat -  - n.),n:氣質,性情;
    temperamental:temp - era - men - al,[音:?tempr?‘mentl],(heat -  -  - n.),n:情緒化的,神經質的,氣質的、易怒的;
    temperance:temp - er - ance,[音:‘temp?r?ns],(heat -  - n.),n:禁酒,節欲,節制;
    temperate:temp - er - ate,[音:[‘temp?r?t],(heat -  - adj.),adj:溫帶的,溫和的,有節制的;
    tempest:temp - est,[音:‘temp?st],(season - n.),n:風暴雨,騷動;
    tempestuous:temp - est - uous,[音:tem‘pest?u?s],(season -  - adj.),adj:狂暴的;
    tempo:temp - o,[音:‘tempo?],(time - n.),n:拍子,節奏,速率;
    temporary:temp - or - ary,(time -  - adj.),adj:暫時的;
    contemporaneous:con - temp - or - an - eous,[音:k?n?temp?‘re?n??s],(together - time -  -  - adj.),adj:同時代的,同期的;
    contemporary:con - temp - or - ary,(together - time -  - adj.[n.]),adj:同時代的,當代的;n:同時代的人,當代的人;
    extemporaneous:ex - temp - or - an - eous,[音:ek?stemp?‘re?n??s],(out - time -  -  - adj.),adj:即席的,未經準備的;
     
    very:ver - y,(true - adj.),adj:真正的;
    veracious:ver - ac - ious,[音:v?‘re???s],(true -  - adj.),adj:誠實的,真實可靠的;
    veracity:ver -ac - ity,[音:v?‘ræs?ti],(true -  - n.),n:真實性,誠實,正確度;
    verdict:ver - dict,[音:‘v??rd?kt],(true - speak),n:裁決,判決,定論;
    verification:veri - fic - at - ion,(true - make -  - n),n:驗證,確認,查證;
    verify:veri - fy,[音:‘ver?fa?],(true - make),v:驗證,證實,核實;
    verisimilitude:veri - sim - il - itude,[音:?ver?s?‘m?l?tu?d],(true - same -  - n),n:逼真,寫實,逼真的事物;
    veritable:veri - t(y) - able,[音:‘ver?t?bl],(true - n - able),adj:貨真價實的,真正的,真實的,確實的;
    verity:ve - ity,[音:‘ver?ti],(true - n),n:真理,真實,真實性;
    aver:a(d) - ver,[音:?‘v??r],(to - true),v:斷言,肯定,極力聲明;
     
    correct:cor - rect, (加強語氣 - right),adj:正確的;v:改正;
    rectangular:rect - angul - ar,[音:rek‘tæ?ɡj?l?(r)],(right - angle - adj.),adj:矩形的,長方形的,直角的;
    rectifiable:rect - ifi - able,[音:?rekt?‘fa??bl],(right - make - able),adj:可以改正的,可矯正的,可精餾的;
    rectify:rect - ify,[音:‘rekt?fa?],(right - make),v:改正,[化]精餾,[電]整流;
    rectitude:rect - itude,[音:‘rekt?tu?d],(right - n.),n:正直,誠實,操行端正;
    directory:di - rect - ory,(away - right - n.),n:目錄,索引,指南,工商名錄,指南;
    erect:e - rect,[音;?‘rekt],(out - right),adj:直立的,豎立的,筆直的;v:使豎立,建立,建造;
    insurrection:in - sur - rect - ion,[音:??ns?‘rek?n],(not - over - right - n.),n:起義,造反,叛亂,暴動;
     
    value:val - ue,(worth - n.[v.]),n:價值;v:重視;
    valiant:val - iant,[音:‘væli?nt],(strong - adj.),adj:勇敢的,英勇的;
    validate:val - id - ate,(strong -  - v.),v:證明成立,驗證,證實,確認;
    validity:val - id - ity,[音:v?‘l?d?ti],(strong -  - n.),n:正確性,有效性,合法性;
    valor:val - or,[音:‘væl?],(strong - n.),n:英勇,勇猛;
    valorous:val - or - ous,[音:‘væl?r?s],(strong -  - adj.),adj:英勇的;
    valueless:value - less,[音:‘vælju?l?s],(worth - without),adj:沒有價值的;
    ambivalent:ambi - val - ent,[音:æm‘b?v?l?nt],(both - strong - adj.),adj:感覺矛盾的,不知如何取舍的;
    convalescence:con - val - esc - ence,[音:?k?nv?‘les?ns],(加強語氣 - strong -  - n.),n:康復,恢復期;
    devalue:de - value,(down - worth),v:貶值,降低價值;
    evaluate:e(x) - valu - ate,(out - worth - v),v:評估;
    equivalent:equi - val - ent,(equal - worth - adj.[n.]),adj:相等的;n:相等的東西;
    invalid:in - val - id,(not - strong - adj.),adj:無效的,不成立的;
    invaluable:in - valu - able,(not - worth - adj.),adj:無價的,非常珍貴的;
    prevalent:pre - val - ent,[音:‘prev?l?nt],(before - strong - adj.),adj:流行的,盛行的,普遍的,占優勢的;
    avail:a(d) - vail,[音:?‘ve?l],(to - worth),n:用處,溢出;v:有利,有助于,對……有用;
    available:a(d) - vail - able,(to - worth - able),adj:可以使用的,可以取得的;
    prevail:pre - vail,[音:pr?‘ve?l],(before - worth),v:獲勝,勝過,盛行,克服,勸說,占上風;
     
    comfortable:com - fort - able, (加強語氣 - strong - adj.),adj:舒適的;
    forcibly:forc - ibl - y,[音:‘f??rs?bli],(strong - able - adv.),adv:強行地,用武力地,強迫地;
    enforce:en - force,(make - strong),v:強制執行;
    reinforcement:re - in - force - ment,(again - in - strong - n.),n:增強,支援,加固;
    unenforceable:un - en - force - able,[音:‘?n?n‘f??s?bl],(not - make - strong - able),adj:無法強制執行的;
    forte:forte,[音:f??rte?],(strong),n:特長,專長,優點;[音]強音記號;
    fortification:fort - ific - at - ion,[音:?f??rt?f?‘ke??n],(strong -  -  - n.),n:防御工事;
    fortify:fort - ify,[音:‘f??rt?fa?],(strong - v.),v:加強,增強,建筑防御工事于……上;
    fortitude:fort - itude,(strong - n.),n:毅力,剛毅,堅毅,不屈不饒;
    fortress:fort - ress,[音:‘f??rtr?s],(strong - n.),n:要塞,城堡;
    discomfort:dis - com - fort,(not - 加強語氣 - strong),n:不舒服,不適,不便之處;v:使不適;
    effortlessly:ef(ex) - fort - less - ly,[音:‘ef?tl?sli],(out - strong - without - adv.),adv:全不費力地,輕易地;
     
    liberty:liber - ty,[音:‘l?b?rti],(free - n.),n:自由;
    liberal:liber - al,(free - adj.),adj:開明的,大方的,慷慨的,自由主義的;n:自由主義者,開明的人;
    liberate:liber - ate,[音:‘l?b?re?t],(free - v.),v:解放,使獲得自由,釋出,放出;
    liberation:liber - at - ion,(free -  - n.),n:解放;
    libertarian:lber - tar - ian,[音:?l?b?r‘teri?n],(free -  - n.[adj.]),n:自由意志主義支持者,行動自由者;adj:自由意志主義支持者的,主張個人思想的;
    deliberate:de - liber - ate,[音:d?‘l?b?r?t],(加強語氣 - balance - v.[adj]),v:仔細考慮,研討;adj:故意的;
    deliberately:de - liber - ate - ly,[音:d?‘l?b?r?tli],(加強語氣 - balance -  - adv.),adv:故意地,不慌不忙地;
    deliver:de - liver,(away - free),v:拯救,釋放,遞送,發表(演講),交付,生(孩子),履行,投擲;
    libra:libr - a,[音:‘li?br?],(balance - n.),n:天秤座,磅;
    equilibrium:equi - libr - ium,[音:?i?kw?‘l?bri?m],(equal - balance - n.),n:均衡,平衡,平靜;
     
    architect:archi - tect,[音:‘ɑ?rk?tekt],(chief - skill),n:建筑師;
    archaeological:archaeo - log - ical,[音:?ɑ?ki?‘l?d??kl],(ancient - study - adj.),adj:考古學的;
    archaeopteryx:archae - opteryx,[音:?ɑ?rki‘ɑ?pter?ks],(first - wing),n:始祖鳥;
    archaic:arch - aic,[音:ɑ?r‘ke??k],(ancient - adj.),adj:老式的,古老的,古代的;
    archangel:arch - angel,[音:‘ɑ?rke?nd?l],(chief - angel),n:大天使;
    archbishop:arch - bishop,[音:?ɑ?rt?‘b???p],(chief - bishop),n:大主教,總教主; {bishop:[音:‘b???p];n:主教,(國際象棋中的)象;}
    archenemy:arch - enemy,[音:‘ɑ?t?‘en?m?],(chief - enemy),n:頭號敵人,魔鬼,撒旦;
    archetype:arche - type,[音:‘ɑ?kita?p],(first - type),n:原型;
    archrival:arch - rival,[音:‘ɑ?rt?rɑ?v?l],(chief - rival),n:主要對手; {rival:[音:‘ra?vl];n:競爭者,對手,同伴;adj:競爭的;v:競爭,與……相匹配;}
    anarchy:an - arch - y,[音:‘æn?rki],(without - chief - n.),n:無政府狀態,混亂;
    matriarchal:matri - arch - al,[音:?me?tri‘ɑ?rkl],(mother - chief - adj),adj:母系的,女性族長的;
    monarchy:mon(o) - arch - y,[音:‘mɑ?n?rki],(one -chief - n),n:君主政體,君主國,君主政治;
    oligarchy:olig - arch - y,[音:‘ɑ?l?ɡɑ?rki],(few - chief - y),n:寡頭政治,寡頭集團,寡頭統治的;
    patriarch:partri - arch,[音:‘pe?triɑ?rk],(father - chief),n:男性族長,大家長,創辦人,元老,主教;
     
    prince:prin - ce,(first - n.),n:王子,親王;
    priority:pri - or - ity,(first -  - n.),n:優先,優先權,優先順序;
    primary:prim - ary,(first -  - n.[adj]),n:初選,原色,要素;adj:主要的,首要的,初級的;
    primate:prim - ate,[音:‘pra?me?t],(first -  - n.),n:靈長類;
    prime:prime,(first),n:最佳狀態,壯年,青春,[數]質數;adj:最佳的;
    primeval:prim - ev - al,[音:pra?‘mi?vl],(first - age - adj.),adj:原始的,古老的,早期的;
    primitive:prim - it - ive,[音:‘pr?m?t?v],(first -  - adj.),adj:原始的,簡陋的;n:文藝復興前的藝術家,原始人;
    primordial:prim - ord - ial,[音:pra?‘m??rdi?l],(first - order - adj.),adj:原始的,自原始時代的,最初的;
    premier:prem - ier,[音:pr?‘m?r],(first - n.),n:總理,首相;adj:首位的,第一的,最初的;
    premiere:prem - iere,[音:pr?‘m?r],(first -  n.[v.]),n:首演,初次公演;v:首演,初次演出;
    premium:prem - ium,[音:‘pri?mi?m],(first -  n.[adj.]),n:特別重視,額外費用,獎金,保險費,[商]溢價;adj:最佳的,高價的,優質的;
    principal:prin - cip - al,[音:‘pr?ns?pl],(first - take - n.[adj.]),n:本金,資本,校長,委托人,主犯;adj:主要的,最重要的,首要的,第一的;
    principel:prin - cip - le,[音:‘pr?ns?pl],(first - take - n.]),n:原則,原理;
     
    optimism:optim - ism,(best - n.),n:樂觀主義;
    optimal:optim - al,(best - adj.),adj:最佳的;
    optimist:optim - ist,(best - one who),n:樂觀主義者;
    optimistic:optim - ist - ic,(best -  - adj.),adj:樂觀的;
    optimize:optim - ize,(best - v.),v:使最佳;
    optimum:optim - um,(best - adj.[n.]),adj:最佳的;n:最佳狀態;
     
    novel:nov - el,(new - n.[adj.]),n:小說;adj:新奇的;
    neoclassical:neo - class - ic - al,[音:?ni?o?‘klæs?kl],(new - class -  - adj.),adj:新古典的;
    neocolonialism:neo - colonial - ism,[音:?ni?o?k?‘lo?ni?l?z?m],(new - colonial - n.),n:新殖民主義;{colonial:[音:k?‘lo?ni?l];adj:殖民地的;n:殖民地居民;}
    neolithic:neo - lith - ic,[音:?ni??‘l?θ?k],(new - stone - adj.),adj:新石器時代的;
    neologism:neo - log - ism,[音:ni‘ɑ?l?d??z?m],(new - word - n.),n:新詞,新語,好用新語;
    neonatal:neo - nat - al,[音:?ni?o?‘ne?tl],(new - birth - adj.),adj:新生兒的;
    neophyte:neo - phyte,[音:‘ni??fa?t],(new - plant),n:新手,新信徒;
    novice:nov - ice,[音:‘nɑ?v?s],(new - n),n:新手,新信徒;
    innovation:in - nov - at - ion,[音:??n?‘ve??n],(in - new -  - n.),n:創新,革新;
    renovate:re - nov - ate,[音:‘ren?ve?t],(again - new - v.),v:翻新,改建,修理,刷新,革新;
    supernova:super - nova,[音:?su?p?r‘no?v?],(over - new),n:超級新星現象,[天]超新星;
     
    paleolithic:paleo - lith - ic,[音:?pe?l??‘l?θ?k],(old - stone - adj.),adj:舊石器時代的;
    paleoanthropologist:paleo - anthropo - log - ist,[音:pæli????nθr?‘p?l?d??st],(old - man - study of - one who),n:古人類學家;
    paleobiology:paleo - bio - logy,[音:?pe?li?o?ba?‘?l?d?i?],(old - life - study of),n:古生物學;
    paleobotany:paleo - botan - y,[音:?pe?l??‘b?t?n?],(old - plant - n.),n:古植物學;
    paleontologist:paleo - onto - log - ist,[音:pæl??n‘t?l?d??st],(old - being - study of - one who),n:古生物學家;
    paleozoologist:paleo - zoo - log - ist,[音:?pe?l?o?zo?‘?l?d??],(old - animal - study of - n.),n:古動物物學;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.4] 本小節示例及練習
    Energy conservationists worry that the earth‘s reserve of fossil fuels is being depleted too rapidly. {conservationist:[音:?kɑ?ns?r‘ve???n?st];n:自然資源保護論者;reserve:n:候補,預備品,貯存,含蓄,克制;vt:保留,預定,延期;fossil:[音:‘fɑ?sl];n:化石,食古不化的人,守舊的事物;}
    This is the last stop where we can replenish fuel and water before heading into the desert. {head:v:前進,為首,朝向;}
    Kenting National Park has its own Hawaiian beaches, replete with coconut trees and scantily-dressed women. {Kenting:n:(人名)墾丁;scantily:adv:不夠地,缺乏地,貧乏地;scantily-dressed:adj:衣著暴露的;}
    
    Judging that the average movie-goer is sated with sci-fi and violence, the producer is planning an old-fashioned romance for the summer market. {judging:[音:d??d???];n:判決;average:平均的,一般的,通常的;n:平均水平,平均數;movie-goer:n:電影觀眾;sci-fi:[音:‘sa?fa?];abbr:科幻小數(science fiction);fiction:n:小說,虛構,杜撰;producer:n:制片人;fashioned:adj:……式的;old-fashioned:adj:老式的;romance:n:文藝片,浪漫史,愛情故事,傳奇文學;}
    When humidity in the atmosphere reaches saturation, it starts to rain. {humidity:n:溫度,濕度;atmosphere:n:大氣,空氣,氣氛,氣壓;}
    There‘s an insatiable demand  among teenagers for new video games. {teenager:n:青少年;}
    
    The sign "No Vacancies" means all the rooms or seats already occupied. {occupy:vt:占用,占領,從事,使忙碌,專心;occupied:adj:已被占的,使用中的,忙的,從事的;}
    With the typhoon coming soon, inhabitants along the waterfront are being evacuated to higher grounds. {inhabitant:n:居民;waterfront:n:水邊地,濱水區;}
    The pursuits of fame and wealth often reflects merely a sense of vanity. {翻譯:追逐名利,常常反映的只不過是虛榮心。pursuit:[音:p?r‘su?t];n:追求,追趕,工作;fame:n:名聲,名望;reflect:v:反映,反射,反省,歸咎,顯示;}
    I enjoy watching the evanescent rays of the setting sun. {ray:n:光線,射線,輻射;setting:n:(日月的)沉落;}
    
    This abstract painting demonstrates nihilistic tendencies by challenging all forms of civilization. {翻譯:這幅畫以向所有形式的文化宣戰的方式來展現其虛無主義的傾向。tendency:n:趨勢,傾向,秉性;form:n:形式;civilization:n:文明,開化,教養;}
    The sneak attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese failed to annihilate the naval force of the U.S. {sneak:[音:sni?k];vt:偷偷摸摸做;vi:偷偷地走,偷偷地做;n:鬼鬼祟祟的人,潛行,溜;adj:出其不意的,暗中進行的;naval:[音:‘ne?vl];adj:海軍的,軍艦的;}
    The visiting basketball team‘s advantage in height is nullified by its slow speed. {advantage:n:優勢,有利條件;vt:有利于;}
    
    Brevity is the soul of speech. {翻譯:簡短是演說的靈魂。}
    Ca. is the abbreviation for California.
    The unabridged Webster‘s New World Dictionary cannot easily be carried around for use. {carry around:v:隨身帶來帶去;}
    The V.I.P visitors were brought to the briefing room for a survey of the company. {survey:n:縱覽,視察,問卷,測量,調查;v:調查,審視,研究,測量,勘定,環視;}
    
    Taiwan, a subtropical island, has humid summers and warm, snow-free winters. {subtropical:[音:?s?b‘trɑ?p?kl];adj:亞熱帶的;free:adj:沒有……的,未使用的;snow-free:adj:少雪的;}
    An air conditioner can control temperature and humidity.
    He was humiliated when his wife flirted openly with another man at the party. {flirt:[音:fl??rt];vi:調情,玩弄,掠過,輕率對待;vt:忽然彈出,搖動;n:調情的人,賣弄風騷的人;openly:adv:公開地,公然地,直率地;}
    Christianity preaches love and humility. {Christianity:[音:kr?st?i‘æn?ti];n:基督教,基督教精神;preach:[音:pri?t?];vt:講到,說教;vi:傳道,訓誡;}
    The rich humus on the forest ground providers an ideal environment for this fern. {ideal:[音:a?‘di??l];adj:理想的,空想的,觀念的,完美的;n:理想,典范,目標;fern:[音:f??rn];n:羊齒植物,蕨;}
    Some remains of prehistoric people were exhumed at this archaeological site. {remains:n:遺跡,剩余物,遺體;prehistoric:[音:?pri?h?‘st??r?k];adj:史前的,陳腐的;archeaological:[音:?ɑ?ki?‘l?d??kl];adj:考古學的,考古學上的;site:n:地點,位置,現場;vt:使……位于;}
    The coffin was inhumed after the minister gave his blessings. {minister:n:牧師,部長,大臣,外交使節;blessing:n:祝福,禱告,幸事;}
    Most of Emily Dickinson‘ s poetry was published posthumously.
    
    The boss lost his temper today.
    The new secretary is a girl with an artistic temperament. {secretary:[音:‘sekr?teri];n:部長,秘書,書記,大臣,寫字臺;artistic:[音:ɑ?r‘t?st?k];adj:藝術的;}
    Michael Chang always remains calm throughout the game, unlike some of the more temperamental tennis players. {Michael Chang:n:張德培;remain:v:保持,剩余,逗留,留下,依然;n:剩余物,遺跡,殘害;calm:[音:kɑ?m];adj:平靜的,冷靜的;v:(使)平靜,(使)鎮靜;n:鎮定,平靜,平穩;clam:[音:klæm];n:蛤,沉默寡言的人;vi:保持沉默,挖蚌;throughout:prep:遍及,貫穿;adv:自始至終,到處;}
    His wife is president of the temperance society. {society:n:社會,團體,協會,社交圈;temperance society:n:禁酒協會;}
    Much of China lies in the temperate zone. {翻譯:中國有很大一部分位于溫帶地區。}
    The Tempest is one of Shakespeare‘ s finest romances. {The Tempest:n:《暴風雨》;finest:adj:好的,出色的;romance:n:浪漫作品,浪漫史,愛情故事,冒險故事,傳奇文學;}
    The ship is struggling in tempestuous seas. {struggle:vi:努力,奮斗,斗爭,掙扎;n:斗爭,競爭,奮斗;}
    The fast tempo of the music makes its ideal for dancing. {ideal:n:典范,理想,目標;adj:理想的,完美的,空想的,觀念的;}
    Pouring cold water on skin burns can provide temporary relief. {pour:[音:p??r];v:不斷流動,倒,傾瀉,蜂擁而來;n:傾瀉;burn:n:燒傷,燃燒;relief:[音:r?‘li?f];n:減輕,解除,輕松,浮雕,救濟(品),安慰,替代;adj:提供救濟的,文本的;}
    Li Po was contemporaneous with Tu Fu. {翻譯:李白和杜甫同時代。Li Po:n:李白;Tu Fu:n:杜甫;}
    Li Po was a contemporary of Tu Fu. {翻譯:李白和杜甫是同時代的人。}
    All contestants must draw a topic and make an extemporaneous speech on it. {contestant:n:競爭者,參賽者;draw:v:抽取,提取,畫,拖,拉,繪制;n:平局,抽簽,拉,拽,吸引人的事物;topic:n:題目,話題,標題;tropic:n:回歸線,熱帶;adj:熱帶的;}
    
    I‘ m going to vote for the Democratic candidate because he is a veracious man. {democratic:adj:民主的,民主黨的,大眾的;republican:adj:共和黨的;n:共和黨人;}
    We can‘t publish the story unless you can prove its veracity.
    "Not guilty" is the unanimous verdict of the jury. {unanimous:[音:ju‘næn?m?s];n:全體一致的,一致同意的;jury:n:陪審團,評委會;adj:臨時用的;vt:挑選;}
    Verification is the most tricky issue in START - the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks. {tricky:adj:棘手的,狡猾的,巧妙的;START:abbr:消減戰略武器會談(the Strategic Arms Reduction Talks);strategic:[音:str?‘ti?d??k];adj:戰略的,重要的,基本的;arm:n:武器,軍種,臂,扶手,袖子;vt:武裝,裝備;arms:n:軍事行動,紋章,兵役;}
    Americans like to say: trust, but veify. {翻譯:美國人喜歡說:信任,但是要驗證。}
    Verisimilitude is one of the goals of artistic realism. {goal:n:球門,目標,得分;artistic:[音:ɑ?r‘t?st?k];adj:藝術的;realism:n:現實態度,寫實主義,唯實論;}
    The new product is a veritable triumph. {triumph:[音:‘tra??mf];n:勝利,凱旋,成就,歡欣;vi:戰勝,慶祝勝利;}
    Starting with Socrates, philosophers have been searching for the eternal verities. {Socrates:[音:?sɑ?kr??tiz];n:蘇格拉里(古希臘哲學家);philosopher:[音:f?‘lɑ?s?f?r];n:哲學家,思想家,達觀者;eternal:adj:永久的,永恒的;n:永恒的事;}
    I can aver that he is telling the truth.
    
    His house  is situated on a rectangular piece of land. {situate:[音:‘s?t?ue?t];vt:位于,坐落在;adj:位于……的,坐落在……的;}
    Don‘ t worry; the mistake is rectifiable.
    It‘ s not too late to rectify that mistake.
    Our minister is known for his moral rectitude. {minister:n:牧師;moral:[音:‘m??r?l];adj:道德的,精神上的;n:寓意,道德,品行,倫理;}
    I found your number in the telephone directory.
    Homo erectus is so named because the stood erect. {homo:人,同性戀者;pref:表示"相同"、"相等"、"類似";erectus:[音:?‘rekt?s];adj:[拉丁]直立的;}
    The leader of the insurrection, if successful, may become the next president.
    
    Many Americans remember Eisenhower as a valiant soldier more than anything else.
    Two separate experiments validate the theory.
    In experimentalism, the validity of ideas is examined through experiments. {experimentalism:n:實驗主義,經驗主義;examine:vt:檢查,調查,考試,仔細查看;vi:檢查,調查;}
    The enemy is upon us; this is the hour that requires a show of valor. {be upon sb:攻過來了;}
    He won a medal for his valorous deeds in the war. {deed:n:行為,事跡,[法]契約;vt:立契轉讓}
    Iron sulfide looks just like gold, but is almost valueless. {sulfide:[音:‘s?lfa?d];n:硫化物;}
    Some welcome the WTO but others oppose it; as for me, I still feel ambivalent about it. {WTO:世界貿易組織(the World Trade Organization);oppose:v:反對,對抗,使對立;}
    He just got over a serious illness and is staying in the countryside for convalescence. {go over:v:挺過,檢查,重做,復習,越過,轉向,受歡迎;serious:adj:嚴肅的,嚴重的,認真的,莊重的;countryside:n:鄉下,農村;}
    Some economists worry that China may aggravate the Asian financial crisis by devaluing the renminbi. {aggravate:[音:‘æɡr?ve?t];vt:惡化,嚴重;crisis:[音:‘kra?s?s];n:危機,危急關頭;}
    Graduate institutes in the US rely on GRE and the GMAT to evaluate the aptitude of applying candidates. {graduate institute:(畢業生)研究所;rely:[音:r?‘la?];vi:依靠,信任;GRE:(美國)研究生入學考試(Graduate Record Examination);GMAT:研究生管理科學入學考試(Graduate Management Admission Test);admission:[音:?d‘m??n];n:承認,入會費,許可;aptitude:[音:‘æpt?tu?d];n:天資,資質,才能,傾向;}
    An isosceles triangle has two sides of equivalent length. {isosceles:[音:a?‘s?s?l?i?z];(三角形)二等邊的,等腰的;}
    The argument is invalid because it is based on faulty premises. {argument:n:辯論,論點,論據,爭論,理由;faulty:adj:有缺陷的,不合格的,有錯誤的,有缺點的;premise:[音:‘prem?s];n:前提;vt:預述,提論,假設;}
    Your help was invaluable; I couldn‘ t have succeeded without it.
    The use of marijuana is prevalent on American campuses. {marijuana:[音:?mær?‘wɑ?n?];n:大麻;}
    The accused pleaded long and hard with the judge, but to no avail. {accuse:[音:?‘kju?z];v:譴責,控告,指責;accused:n:被告;plead:v:懇求,辯護,提出借口,認罪;judge:n:法官,裁判;v:斷定,判斷,審判;}
    The student works part time at 7-ElEVEN and uses every available moment to study.
    The entrepreneur prevailed against great odds and made his company a success. {翻譯:這位企業家克服極大的差異(劣勢),把公司經營的十分成功。entrepreneur:[音:?ɑ?ntr?pr?‘nj?r];n:企業家,承承包商,主辦者;prevail against:vt:勝過(壓倒);odd:adj:奇數的,古怪的,零散的,剩余的;odds:差別(差異),可能性,機率,投注賠率,讓步,優勢;}
    
    Many aboriginal tribes were forcibly removed from their lands when settlers came to the island. {aboriginal:[音:?æb?‘r?d??nl];adj:原始的,土著的;n:土著居民,土生生物;tribe:[音:tra?b];n:部落,族,一伙人;settler:n:移居者,定居者,開拓者;}
    It is the job of the police to enforce the law.
    One policeman watched over the hoodlums while another called for reinforcement. {watch over:v:看守,監視,照管;hoodlum:[音:‘hu?dl?m];n:流氓,暴徒;}
    The new law is criticized as being well-intentioned but unenforceable. {criticize:v:評論,批評,挑剔,非難,吃毛求疵;well-intentioned:立意很好的,目的很好的;intention:n:目的,意圖,意向,打算;}
    Math is my forte, but English is my Achilles‘ heel. {achilles:n:阿基里斯(荷馬史詩);heel:n:腳后跟;v:傾側;achilles‘ heel:n:阿喀琉斯的腳踝,唯一致命的弱點;}
    The commander gave orders that stronger fortification be built around the bunker. {bunker:n:[軍]掩蔽壕,碉堡,煤倉,[高爾夫]沙坑;v:擊入沙坑,陷入窮境,將燃料裝入(燃料艙);}
    This baby formula contains milk fortified with vitamins and minerals. {formula:[音:‘f??rmj?l?];n:代乳品,配方,公式,規則;adj:方程式的,(賽車的)級的;mineral:n:礦物(石),礦物質;}
    The president is looked up to by his countrymen as a man of fortitude, discipline and integrity. {look up to:v:尊敬,敬仰;countrymen:n:國民;discipline:[音:d?s?pl?n];n:紀律,訓練,學科;vt:訓練,懲罰;integrity:n:正直,誠實,完整,完善;}
    Fort Lauderdale was once a military fortress, but has long since developed into a thriving city. {Fort Lauderdale:[音:?f??rt‘l??d?rde?l];n:勞德代爾堡(美國佛羅里達州東南沿海城市,邁阿密附近;);thriving:adj:繁榮的,旺盛的,興旺的;thrive:vi:興旺,繁榮,茁壯成長;}
    To see natural beauty with your own eyes, you may have to put up with some physical discomfort. {put up:vi:提供食宿,直接行動;vt:放,貯備,推薦,提供,提出,建造,舉起,提高,張貼,公布,配置,準備;physical:adj:身體上的,物質的,身體的,體力的,物理的,肉體上的;<美>體格檢查;}
    His wife did not have the strength to twist open the jar, but he did it effortlessly. {strength:n:力氣,強度,力量,長處;twist:v:纏繞,捻,搓,擰,扭曲;n:擰,捻,扭曲,盤旋,彎曲處;twist open:擰開;jar:[音:d?ɑ?r];n:廣口瓶,壇子,刺耳聲,震動;vi:發刺耳聲,不協調,震蕩,沖突;vt:擾亂,震動;}
    
    Democrats hold more liberal views than do Republicans. {democrat:[音:‘dem?kræt];n:民主主義者,<美>美國民主黨派的成員;view:n:觀念;republican:n:用戶共和政體的人,<美>共和黨人;adj:共和政體的;}
    It has been said that birth-control pills liberated married women from the dreary cycle of pregnancy and child birth. {birth-control pills:n:避孕藥;prophylactic:[音:?pro?f?‘lækt?k];n:預防藥,避孕用品;adj:預防疾病的;dreary:[音:[‘dr?ri];adj:沉悶的,令人沮喪的,情緒低落的;}
    Yasser Arafat is the leader of the Palestine Liberation Organization. {Yasser Arafat:n:亞瑟爾·阿拉法特(巴勒斯坦領導人);Palestine:[音:?pæl?sta?n];n:巴勒斯坦;}
    Libertarians are hard-line conservatives who oppose government intervention in economic matters. {hard-line:adj:強硬派的,強硬路線的;conservative:[音:k?n‘s??rv?t?v];n:保守派(黨),保守的人;adj:保守的,守舊的;intervention:[音:??nt?‘ven?n];n:介入,干預,調停;matter:n:實物,事情,事態,關于……的事,重要性;}
    The jury deliberated severals days before reaching a "not guilty" verdict. {jury:n:陪審團,評委會;reach:v:達成,到達,伸出,取得聯系,延伸,(伸手)去夠;n:范圍,影響力,河段,等級;verdict:[音:‘v??rd?kt];n:裁決,定論;}
    It was no accident - he did it deliberately.
    Moses delivered his people from slavery in Egypt. {moses:[音:‘mo?z?z];n:摩西(姓氏,男子名);deliver from:v:從……解救出來,使擺脫;slavery:n:奴役,奴隸制,奴隸身份;}
    You are a Libra if you were born between Sept. 23 and Oct. 22.
    Populations growth has reached a state of equilibrium in many Scandinavian countries. {Scandinavian:[音:?skænd?‘ne?vi?n];adj:斯堪的納維亞的,北歐的;}
    
    Archaeological research has  been likened to a jigsaw puzzle with most of the pieces missing. {liken:[音:‘la?k?n];v:比作,比擬,使像;jigsaw:[音:‘d??ɡs??];n:拼圖游戲,縷花鋸,豎鋸;vt:用豎鋸鋸,使互相交錯搭接;puzzle:n:拼圖游戲,難題,謎;jigsaw puzzle:n:智力拼圖玩具,七巧板;}
    The archaeopteryx is aptly named because it was probably the first bird that took to the wing. {翻譯:始祖鳥的名字很貼切,因為他大概是最早學會飛翔的鳥。aptly:[音:‘æptli];adv:適當地,適宜地,巧妙地;took to:v:容易學會,開始,從事,喜歡,形成……的習慣;}
    The King James Bible, compiled in 1611, uses language that seems archaic today. {compile:[音:k?m‘pa?l];vt:編譯,編制,編纂;}
    Satan was once an archangel before his ambition drove him on a path of defiance. {defiance:[音:d?‘fa??ns];n:違抗,蔑視,挑釁;}
    Chaucer‘s Canterbury Tales tells of a pilgrimage to the shrine of the archbishop of Canterbury. {Canterbury Tales:n:《坎特伯雷故事集》;tale:n:故事,敘述,傳說;v:談論,講述,搬弄是非;tail:n:后部,尾巴;pilgrimage:[音:‘p?lɡr?m?d?];n:朝圣之旅,人生歷程;vi:朝圣;shrine:[音:?ra?n];n:圣殿,神龕,廟,圣地;v:將……置于神龕內,把……奉為神靈;}
    For the past half-century, Taiwan‘s archenemy has been Mainland China.
    Shakespeare‘s Hamlet is an original creation, but critics have found an archetype for it in the Greek trilogy Oresteia, in which a prince kills his mother to avenge his father. {creation:n:創造,創作;critic:n:評論家,批評家;Greek:n:希臘人,希臘語;Greece:n:希臘;trilogy:[音:‘tr?l?d?i];n:三部曲;Oresteia:n:《奧瑞斯提亞》;avenge:[音:?‘vend?];vt:報仇;為……報復;}
    Netscape Navigator is the archrival of Microsoft‘s Explorer. {navigator:[音:‘næv?ɡe?t?r];n:航海家,領航員,導航儀;}
    American Libertarians favor minimal government, but not complete anarchy. {libertarian:n:自由意志主義者,行動自由者;favor:vt:偏愛,給予,支持,關心,利于,長得像;n:偏愛,愛好,贊成;minimal:adj:最小的,最低限度的;}
    In a matriarchal society, it is the women who make all the important decisions.
    Great Britain‘s political system is one of constitutional monarchy. {constitutional:[音:?k?nst?‘tju???n?l];adj:憲法的,合乎憲法的,體質的,組成的;} 
    Aristotle said that oligarchy was merely a preliminary step to tyranny. {Aristotle:n:亞里士多德(古希臘哲學家);preliminary:adj:初步的,預備的,開始的;n:初步行動,準備,初步措施;tyranny:[音:‘t?r?ni];n:暴政,苛政,專制;}
    Peng Ming-Min is the patriarch of Taiwan‘s opposition movement. {opposition:n:反對,敵對,在野黨;movement:[音:‘mu?vm?nt];n:運動,活動,動作;[音]樂章;}
    
    Airport security takes priority over all others. {翻譯:機場安全優先于其他考量。}
    The three primary colors are red, yellow and blue.
    Humans, like monkeys, are members of the primate family.
    A pianist in his sixties is still in his prime, but a vocalist at such an age would be past his prime.
    The primeval forest is now endangered by slash-and -burn farming. {pianist:[音:p?‘en?st];n:鋼琴家;one‘s sixties:n:六十幾歲;vocalist:[音;‘vo?k?l?st]];n:聲樂家,歌手;}
    Some natives in Sumatra are still living a relatively primitive life. {Sumatra:[音:s??mɑtr?];n:蘇門答臘(硬度尼西亞西部的島嶼);}
    Some scientists believe that life in its primordial form still exists around hot spots on the ocean bottom.
    The premier of Taiwan is planning a visit abroad.
    The composer chose to present the world premiere of his new symphony at Carnegie Hall. {composer:n:創作者(尤指樂曲的);symphony:[音:‘s?mf?ni];n:交響樂;Carnegie:[音:?kɑrn?ɡi];n:卡內基;}
    This software company puts a premium on creativity. {creativity:n:創造力,創造;}
    Now that the company has gone bankrupt, the bank would be happy to get the principal back and forget about the interest. {interest:n:利息;}
    My objection to military service is a matter of principle. {翻譯:我反對兵役是出于原則問題。objection:n:反對,異議;}
    
    The solar eclipse can only be seen in Northern Taiwan under optimal conditions. {solar:adj:太陽的,太陽能的;eclipse:n:日或月食,喪失,沒落;vt:形成日或月食,使……黯然失色;lunar:adj:月亮的,陰歷的,銀的;condition:n:條件,情況;vt:訓練,決定,以……為條件,護理(頭發);}
    An optimist is one who looks at a half-full glass of water and notices the half that is full. {翻譯:樂觀主義者就是那些看到半杯水就會注意到有水的那一半的人。}
    Though by no means certain of eventual success, I remain cautiously optimistic. {though:conj:雖然,盡管,然而,而是;adv:不過(若用在句末則表示其補充說明語氣減弱);eventual:[音:?‘vent?u?l];adj:最終的,可能的;cautiously:[音:‘k????sli];adv:慎重的,謹慎的;by no means certain:v:不能肯定,沒有把握;}
    The new graphics accelerator interface can optimize multimedia effects on your computer.
    The chief merit of the capitalist system is that it keeps resource allocation at an optimum level. {merit:n:優點,功績,價值;v:值得,應得;capitalist system:n:資本主義制度;allocation:n:分配,配置,安置;}
    
    The Disney headquarters in Burbank, California, is located in a neoclassical building. {headquarter:vt:總部設于;vi:設立總部;headquarters:n:總部,司令部,指揮部;Burbank:n:伯班客(加州城市);}
    Economic exploitation of Third-World countries is a form of neocolonialism. {exploitation:[音:?ekspl??‘te??n];n:剝削,開發,開采,利用;}
    Neolithic man already used fire to cook food.
    "Herstory" is a neologism coined by feminists to imply history seen from women‘s point of view. {翻譯:Herstory是女權運動者創造的新詞,用來表示婦女觀點的歷史。coin:v:創造(新詞),鑄造(錢幣);n:硬幣,金錢;adj:硬幣的,投幣的;feminist:[音:fem?n?st];n:女權主義者;adj:主張男女平等的,女權主義的;imply:vt:暗示,意指,含有……的意義;}
    Neonatal care for underweight infants can be very expensive. {underweight:adj:重量不足的,n:重量不足;infant:[音:‘?nf?nt];n:嬰兒,幼兒;adj:嬰兒的,初期的,幼稚的;}
    As a stock-market neophyte, I buy conservatively. {conservatively:[音:k?n‘s??v?t?vli];adv:保守地,謹慎地;}
    Although the secretary is a complete novice, she handles the job well.
    For much of its history, China was a stagnant society with no room for innovation. {翻譯:中國歷史中,有很長時間是個停滯的社會,沒有創新的空間。stagnant:[音:‘stæɡn?nt];adj:不滾動的,停滯的,不景氣的;}
    The freshly renovated theater looks brand-new. {freshly:adv:新近,剛才;theater:n:劇場,電影院,戲院;adj:戰區的;brand-new:adj:嶄新的;}
    The supernova is the birth of an unusually bright star, but at the same time it marks the death of an old star. {翻譯:超新星是指一顆異常明亮的新星的誕生,但同時也表示一顆舊星的死亡。}
    
    The Neanderthal man and the Cro-Magnon man are subjects of study for a paleoanthropologist. {neanderthal:[音:ni‘ænd?rθɑ?l];n:尼安德塔人;adj:穴居人的;cro-magnon:[音:‘kro?‘mæɡn??];n:克魯馬努(舊石器時代晚期在歐洲的高加索人種)人;adj:克魯馬努人的;subject:n:對象;}
    Paleobiology deals with plants and animals in primordial times. {primordial:adj:原始的,自原始時代的,最初的;}
    Paleobiology can be subdivided into paleobotany and paleozoology. {subdivide:v:細分,再劃分,分小類;subdivide into:v:細分為;}
    A paleontologist studies fossiles to learn about ancient life forms, such as dinosaurs. {fossile:n:化石,食古不化的人,守舊的事物;}
    A paleozoologist is like a paleobotanist, except that he does not deal with plants.
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    [2.5]表示【現象】的字根

         -cad-          =     fall,befall(落下,發生,降臨) {befall:v:發生,降臨;}
         -cas-          =     fall,befall(落下,發生,降臨)
         -cid-          =     fall,befall(落下,發生,降臨)
         -cay-          =     fall,befall(落下,發生,降臨)
     
         -fin-           =     end,limit(結束,界限)
     
         -term-        =     end,limit(結束,界限)
     
         -dur-          =     last,hard(持續,強硬)
     
         -flu-            =     flow(流動)
         -fluct-          =     flow(流動)
         -flo-            =     flow(流動)
         -flot-           =     flow(流動)
     
         -und-          =     flow,overflow(流動,泛濫)
     
         -mob-         =    move(移動)
         -mot-          =    move(移動)
         -mo-           =    move(移動)
     
         -vers-         =    turn,change(轉變)
         -verse-        =    turn,change(轉變)
         -vert-          =    turn,change(轉變)
         -verte-        =    turn,change(轉變)
     
         -vari-         =    change(變化)
     
         -flect-        =    bend(彎曲) {bend:v:彎曲,使彎曲,屈服,屈從,集中于;n:彎曲,彎道;}
         -flex-         =    bend(彎曲)
     
         -tort-         =    twist(扭曲)
         -tors-         =    twist(扭曲)
     
         -ple-          =    fold(折疊,重疊)
         -plex-        =    fold(折疊,重疊)
         -pli-          =    fold(折疊,重疊)
         -plic-          =    fold(折疊,重疊)
         -ply-          =    fold(折疊,重疊)
     
         -clin-         =    lean,slope(傾斜)
         -cline-       =    lean,slope(傾斜)
         -cliv-         =    lean,slope(傾斜)
     
         -erg-         =    work(作用)
         -ergo-       =    work(作用)
         -org-         =    work(作用)
         -urg-         =    work(作用)
    {
    accident:ac - cid - ent,(to - befall - n.),n:意外;
    cadaver:cad - aver,[音:k?‘dæv?r],(fall - n.),n:尸體;
    cadence:cad - ence,[音:ke?dns],(fall - n.),n:韻律,節奏,抑揚頓挫,降調句;
    decadence:de - cad - ence,[音:‘dek?d?ns],(down - fall - n.),n:頹廢,衰落;
    cascade:cas - cade,[音:kæ‘ske?d],(fall - n.),n:瀑布,[電]串聯;v:瀑布似的落下,(將……)連接,串聯,級聯;
    casual:cas - ual,[音:‘kæ?u?l],(fall - adj.),adj:(服裝)隨便的,非正式的,漫不經心的,偶然的,臨時的,休閑的;n:便裝,臨時工;
    casualty:cas - ual - ty,[音:‘kæ?u?lti],(fall -  - n.),n:傷亡,傷亡人數,傷亡者,事故,[英]急診室;
    occasion:oc - cas - ion,[音:?u‘ke??n],(to - befall - n.),n:場合,時機,理由,機會,盛大場面;vt:引起,致使;
    coincidence:co - in - cid - ence,(together - in - befall - n.),n:巧合,一致,同時發生;
    deciduous:de - cid uous,[音:d?‘s?d?u?s],(down - fall - adj.),adj:每年落葉的,非永久性的,(牙齒或角等)定期脫落;
    incidentally:in - cid - ent - al - ly,[音:??ns?‘dentli],(in - befall -  -  - adv.),adv:附帶一提,偶然地,順便地;
    occident:oc - cid - ent,[音:‘ɑ?ks?d?nt],(toward - fall - n.),n:西方,歐美國家;
    decay:de - cay,[音:d?‘ke?],(down - fall),n:腐爛,腐敗,衰退;v:(使)衰退,(使)腐敗,(使)腐爛;
     
    finish:fin - ish,(end - n.[v.]),n:完成;v:完成;
    finale:fin - ale,[音:f?‘næli],(end - n.),n:結局,尾聲,終曲;
    finalize:fin - al - ize,(end -  - v.),v:完成,最終確定,結束;
    finesse:fin - esse,[音:f?‘nes],(end - n.[v.]),n:手腕,技巧,策略,偷牌;v:用計謀處理,偷牌;
    finicky:fin - ic - ky,[音:‘f?n?ki],(end -  - adj.),adj:挑剔的,過分挑剔的,苛求的,過分講究的;
    finite:fin - ite,[音:‘fa?na?t],(limit - adj.),adj:有限的;
    confine:con - fine,[音:k?n‘fa?n],(together - limit),v:限制,禁閉;n:范圍,界限,約束,限制;
    definition:de - fin - it - ion,[音:def?‘n??n],(down - limit -  - n.),n:定義,闡述,清晰度;
    definitive:de - fin - it - ive,[音:d?‘f?n?t?v],(down - limit -  - adj.),adj:權威性的,明確的,確定的,決定性的;n:限定詞;
    infinite:in - fin - ite,[音:‘?nf?n?t],(not - limit - adj.),adj:無限的,無窮的;n:無限;
    refined:re - fin - ed,[音:r?‘fa?nd],(again - end - adj.),adj:精煉的,優雅的,精細的; {refine:v:精煉,改進,使更文雅;}
     
    determine:de - term - ine,(down - end - v.),v:決定;
    term:term,(limit),n:任期,詞語,條件;
    terminal:term - in - al,(end -  - adj.[n.]),adj:期末的,末端的,終點的,晚期的;n:終站,末端,終端機,航站樓;
    terminate:term - in - ate,(end -  - v.),v:終止;
    terminology:term - ino - logy,[音:?t??rm?‘nɑ?l?d?i],(limit -  - n.),n:術語,術語學;
    terminus:term - in - us,[音:‘t??rm?n?s],(end -  - n.),n:終點,終點站,界限,界標;
    conterminous:con - term - in - ous,[音:k?n‘t??m?n?s],(together - limit -  - adj.),adj:接壤的,交界的,相接的,連接的,有同一延伸的;
    exterminate:ex - term - in - ate,[音:?k‘st??rm?ne?t],(out - end -  - v.),v:消滅,消減,撲滅,根絕;
    indeterminate:in - de - term - in - ate,[音:??nd?‘t??rm?n?t],( not - down - end -  - adj.),adj:不一定的,不確定的,含混的; {determinate:adj:確定的,決定的,限定的;}
    predeterminate:pre - de - term - in - ate,( before - down - limit -  - adj.),adj:事先決定的,預先決定的,先決定的; 
     
    during:dur - ing,(last - Ving),prep:在……期間;
    durable:dur - able,(last - able),adj:耐用持久的;
    duration:dur - at - ion,(last -  - n.),n:時期,持續時間;
    duress:dur - ess,[音:du‘res],(hard - n.),n:(法律)強迫,脅迫;
    endure:en - dure,[音:?n‘d?r],(v. - last),vt:容忍,忍受;vi:忍耐,持久,持續;
    enduring:en - dur - ing,(v. - last - Ving),adj:持久的,持久不衰的;
    obdurate:ob - dur - ate,[音:‘ɑ?bdjur?t],(against - hard - adj.),adj:固執的,頑固的,冷酷的;
     
    flood:flood,(flow),n:洪水;v:淹沒;
    fluctuation:fluct - uat - ion,[音:?fl?kt?u‘e??n],(flow -  - n.),n:波動,起伏;
    fluent:flu - ent,(flow - adj.),adj:流利的,流暢的;
    fluid:flu - id,[音:‘flu??d],(flow - n.[adj.]),n:流體,液體;adj:流動的,流暢的,不定的;
    flush:flu - sh,(flow - v.),v:沖水;
    flux:flu - x,(flow - n.),n:動蕩,變遷,流量,助溶劑;vt:使熔化,使瀉,漲;vi:熔化;
    affluent:af(ad) - flu - ent,[音:‘æflu?nt],(to - flow - adj.),adj:富裕的;n:支流;
    confluence:con - flu - ence,[音:‘k?nfl??ns],(together - flow - n.),n:匯流,合流,匯合;
    effluent:ef(ex) - flu - ent,[音:‘eflu?nt],(out - flow - n.),n:廢水,排放物,污物,污水;adj:流出的;
    influential:in - flu - ent - ial,[音:??nflu‘en?l],(in - flow -  - adj.),adj:有權勢的,有影響力的;n:有影響力的人物;
    influx:in - flu - x,[音:‘?nfl?ks],(in - flow - n.),n:流入,涌入,河口,匯集;
    superfluous:super - flu - ous,[音:su?‘p??rflu?s],(over - flow - adj.),adj:多余的,過剩的,不必要的;
    floe:floe,[音:flo?],(flow),n:海面上的浮冰;
    flotilla:flot - illa,[音:flo?‘t?l?],(flow - n.),n:船隊,小型艦隊;
    flotsam:flot - sam,[音:‘flɑ?ts?m],(flow - n.),n:(遇難船的)漂流貨物,漂流物,不值錢的零碎物,無業游民;
     
    abundant:ab - und - ant,(from - overfow - adj.),adj:大量的,充足的; {abandon:v:放棄,拋棄,放縱;n:放縱;}
    undulate:und - ul - ate,[音:‘?nd??le?t],(flow -  - v.),v:(使)波動,(使)起伏,(使)震動;adj:波動的,起伏的;
    abound:ab - (o)und,[音:?‘ba?nd],(from - overflow),v:富于,充斥,充滿;
    inundate:in - und - ate,[音:‘?n?nde?t],(in - overflow - v.),v:浸水,向泛濫,淹沒;
    redundant:re(d) - und - ant,[音:r?‘d?nd?nt],(again - overflow - adj.),adj:多余的,過多的,累贅的,冗長的,解雇的,重復的,千篇一律的;
     
    motor:mot - or,(move - n.),n:馬達;
    mob:mob,[音:mɑ?b],(move),n:暴民,一伙,[貶]民眾;vt:大舉包圍,蜂擁而入;
    mobility:mob - il - ity,[音:mo?‘b?l?ti],(move -  - n.),n:機動性,流動性,情感不定;
    mobilize:mob - il - ize,[音:‘mo?b?la?z],(move -  - v.),v:動員,調動,使移動,使流通;vi:動員起來;
    automobile:auto - mob - ile,[音:‘??t?m?bi?l],(self - move - n.),n:汽車;adj:汽車的;
    immobilize:im - mob - il - ize,[音:?‘mo?b?la?z],(not - move -  - v.),v:使不能(調)動,使固定,<經濟學>使硬幣抽回,使流動資本轉為固定資本;
    momentum:mo(ve) - ment - um,[音:mo?‘ment?m],(move -  - n.),n:動力,勢頭,慣性,<物理>動量;
    remove:re - move,(away - move),v:移除,除去;
    motivation:mot - iv - at - ion,[音:?m??t?‘ve??n],(move -  -  - n.),n:動機(指讓人激發士氣的動機),動力,激發動機,誘導,刺激,積極性;
    motive:mot - ive,(move - n.),n:動機,目的,主題;adj:發動的,運動的,動機的;vt:促使;
    demote:de - mote,[音:?di?‘mo?t],(down - move),v:降級,降職;
    emotion:e(x) - mot - ion,(out - move - n.),n:情感,情緒;
    promotion:pro - mot - ion,(foward - move - n.),n:提升,促進,晉升,促銷;
     
    conversation:con - vers - at -ion,(together - change -  - n.),n:會話;
    versatile:vers - at - ile,[音:‘v??rs?tl],(change -  - adj.),adj:多才多藝的,通用的,多功能的;
    verse: verse,(turn),n:韻文,詩句,詩;vi:作詩;vt:詩化,在詩中表現,對……精通;
    versed:vers - ed,[音:v??rst],(turn - adj.),adj:熟練的,精通的,造詣深的;
    version:vers - ion,(change - n.),n:版本;
    adverse:ad - verse,[音:‘ædv??rs],(to - turn),a:不利的,逆向的,有害的;
    adversity:ad - vers - ity,(to - turn - n.),n:逆境,不幸,災難;
    anniversary:anni - vers - ary,(year - turn - n.),n:周年紀念,周年紀念日;
    conversely:con - verse - ly,[音:‘kɑ?nv??rsli],(加強語氣 - turn - adv.),adv:相反地;
    controversy:contro - vers - y,[音:‘k?ntr??v??s?],(against - turn - n.),n:爭議,爭執,(公開的)爭論;
    diversion:di - vers - ion,[音:d?‘v??r?n],(away - turn - n.),n:消遣,娛樂活動,轉移,轉向,臨時繞行;
    diverse:di - verse,(two - change),adj:不同的,多種多樣的;
    inverse:in - verse,(in - turn),adj:相反的,傾倒的,倒轉的;n:倒數,相反的事物,(數學)逆反函數,負數;
    perverse:per - verse,[音:p?r‘v??rs],(thoroughly - change),adj:有悖常理的,任性的,固執錯誤的,故意作對的,變態的; {thoroughly:[音:‘θ??r?li];adv:徹底地,完全,非常;}
    reverse:re - verse,(back - trun),v:相反,逆轉,互換,改變,倒退;ajd:顛倒的,相反的,反面的;n:相反,背面,失敗,倒檔;
    universe:uni - verse,(one - turn),n:宇宙;
    vertebrate:verte - brate,[音:‘v??rt?br?t],(turn - n.[adj.]),n:脊椎動物;adj:脊椎的,脊椎動物的;
    vertiginous:vert - igi - ous,[音:v??r‘t?d??n?s],(turn - go - adj.),adj:頭暈目眩的,旋轉的,眼花的;
    vertigo:vert - igo,(turn - go),n:暈眩,暈眩癥;
    avert:a(b) - vert,(away - turn),v:避免,躲開,防止;
    convert:con - vert,(加強語氣 - change),v:轉換,轉化,換算,兌換,(使)轉變,(使)改變信仰,轉變;n:皈依者,改變信仰的人;
    divert:di - vert,(away - turn),v:轉移,娛樂;
    extrovert:extro - vert,[音:‘ekstr?v??rt],(outward - turn),n:性格外向的人;{outward:adj:向外的,表面的,外部的;adv:向外,在外,表面;備注:= extravert;}
    invertebrate:in - verte - brate,[音:?n‘v??rt?br?t],(not - turn - n.[adj.]),n:無脊椎動物;adj:無脊椎的,無脊椎動物的;
    incontrovertible:in - contro - vert - ible,[音:??nkɑ?ntr?‘v??rt?bl],(not - against - turn - able),adj:無可辯駁的,不容置疑的;
    introverted:intro - vert - ed,[音:‘?ntr?v??rt?d],(inward - turn - ed),adj:(性格)內向的; {inward:adj:內部的,內心的,內向的,親密的;adv:內向;n:內部,內在;}
    perverted:per - vert - ed,[音:p?r‘v??rt?d],(加強語氣 - change - adj.),adj:行為反常的,不正當的,變態的;
    revert:re - vert,(back - turn),v:恢復,回到,回復,歸還;
    subvert:sub - vert,[音:s?b‘v??rt],(under - turn),v:顛覆,推翻,毀滅,使敗壞;
     
    various:vari - ous,[音:‘veri?s],(change - adj.),adj:各種的,好幾個的;
    variable:vari - able,[音:‘veri?bl],(change - adj.[n.]),adj:可變的,易變的;n:變數,變量;
    variant:vari - ant,[音:‘veri?nt],(change - n.[adj.]),n:變體,變奏;adj:不同的;
    variation:vari - at - ion,[音:?veri‘e??n],(change -  - n.),n:變化;
    varied:vari - ed,[音:‘verid],(change - adj.),adj:有變化的,各式各樣的;
    variegated:vari - (e)g - at - ed,[音:‘ver?ɡe?t?d],(change - do -  - adj.),adj:雜色的,斑駁的,形形色色的;{variegate:[音:‘ver??ge?t];vt:使……多樣化,弄成雜色;}
    variety:vari - ety,[音:v?‘ra??ti],(change - n.),n:種類,多樣,多樣化,雜耍;
    vary:vary,[音:‘veri],(change),v:改變,變化,有不同,使多樣化;
    invariably:in - vari - ab - ly,[音:?n‘veri?bli],(not - change - able - adv),adv:一成不變地,一定是,總是,一貫地;
     
    reflect:re - flect,(back - bend),v:反射,反映;
    deflect:de - flect,(down - bend),v:使偏斜,擋開,使轉向,改變原計劃;
    genuflect:genu - flect,[音:‘d?enjuflekt],(knee - bend),v:屈膝,跪拜(尤指宗教儀式的),屈從;
    inflection:in - flect - ion,[音:?n‘flek?n],(in - bend - n.),n:字尾變化,屈曲,變調,音調變化;
    reflective:re - flect - ive,(back - bend - adj),adj:會反射的,反映的,思考的,沉思的;
    flex:flex,(bend),v:彎曲,伸縮,屈曲;n:花線,彎曲,彈性;
    flexible: flex - ible,[音:‘fleks?bl],(bend - able),adj:柔韌的,靈活的,有彈性的,易彎曲的,可變通的;
    flexor:flex - or,(bend - one who),n:屈肌;
    flextime:flex - time,[音:‘fleksta?m],(bend - time),n:彈性工作時間制;
    inflexible:in - flex - ible,(not - bend - able),adj:不容變更的,不可彎曲的,僵硬的,頑固的,不可改變的;
    reflex:re - flex,(back - bend),n:反射作用,映像;adj:反射的;
     
    torture:tort - ure,[音:‘t??rt??r],(twist - n.[v.]),n:折磨,用刑;v:折磨,用刑;
    tortuous:tort - uous,[音:‘t??rt?u?s],(twist - adj.),adj:彎曲的,曲折的,轉彎抹角的;
    contort:con - tort,[音:k?n‘t??rt],(加強語氣 - twist),v:(使)扭曲,走樣,曲解;
    distort:dis - tort,[音:d?‘st??rt],(away - twist),vt:歪曲,扭曲,變形;vi:歪曲;
    extortion:ex - tort - ion,[音:?k‘st???n],(out - twist - n.),n:勒索,強取,敲詐,非法斂財;
    retort:re - tort,[音:r?‘t??rt],(back - twist),v:反駁,回嘴,反擊;n:反駁,頂嘴;
    torsion:tors - ion,[音:‘t??r?n],(twist - n.),n:扭轉,扭力;
     
    complicated:com - plic - ate - d,[音:‘kɑ?mpl?ke?t?d],(together - fold -  -adj.),adj:復雜的;
    pleat:ple - at,[音:pli?t],(fold - n.),n:褶,褶狀物;v:打褶;
    perplexing:per - plex - ing,[音:p?‘pleks??],(加強語氣 - fold - adj.),adj:令人困惑的,麻煩復雜的;
    triple:tri - ple,(three - fold),adj:三重的;v:(使)成三倍;
    quadruplet:quadru - plet,[音:‘kwɑ?dr?pl?t],(four - fold),n:成套的四件東西,四胞胎中之一,[音]四連音;
    duplicate:du - plic - ate,[音:‘du?pl?k?t],(two - fold - n.[adj.、v.]),n:復制品,副本;adj:復制的,完全一樣的;v:復制,重復;
    explicit:ex - plic - it,[音:?k‘spl?s?t],(out - fold - adj.),adj:明確的,清晰的,清楚的,明明白白的,露骨的,[計]顯示的;
    implicate:im - plic - ate,[音:‘?mpl?ke?t],(not - fold - v.),v:牽涉,涉及,意味著,暗示;
    implicit:im - plic - it,[音:?m‘pl?s?t],(not - fold - adj.),adj:含蓄的,暗示的,絕對的,無疑問的,固有的,無保留的,[計]隱示的;
    inexplicable:in - ex - plic - able,[音:??nek‘spl?k?bl]],(not - out - fold - able),adj:無法說明的,無法解釋的,費解的;
    replica:re - plic - a,[音:‘repl?k?],(again - fold - n.),n:復制品;
    pliable:pli - able,[音:‘pla??bl],(fold - able),adj:易曲折的,柔軟的,圓滑的,可塑的;
    pliers:pli - ers,[音:‘pla??rz],(fold - n.),n:鉗子;
    plywood:ply - wood,[音:‘pla?w?d],(fold - wood),n:夾板,合板;
    imply:im - ply,[音:?m‘pla?],(in - fold),vt:暗示,意指,含有……的意義;
    multiply:multi - ply,(many - fold),v:繁殖,繁衍,乘;adv:多樣地,多重地;
    reply:re - ply,(back - fold),n:回答,答復;v:回答,答復,回應;
     
    decline:de - cline,(down - slope),n:婉拒,下坡;v:婉拒,下坡;
    disinclined:dis - in - clin - ed,[音:?d?s?n‘kla?nd],(not - in - slope - adj.),adj:不愿的,不想的;
    inclination:in - clin - at - ion,[音:??nkl?‘ne??n],(in - lean -  - n.),n:傾向,意愿,趨勢,斜坡,傾斜度;
    incline:in - cline,[音:?n‘kla?n],(in - lean),v:傾斜,斜坡,斜面,傾向;v:(使)傾向于,向前彎,(使)傾斜;
    recline:re - cline,[音:[r?‘kla?n],(back - lean),v:躺,靠在,斜倚,倚靠,依賴;
    recliner:re - clin - er,[音:r?‘kla?n?r],(back - lean - one who),n:(裝有軟墊的)躺椅,傾斜物,斜靠著的人;
    acclivity:ac(ad) - cliv - ity,[音:?‘kl?v?t?],(to - slope - n.),n:向上的陡坡;
    declivity:de - cliv - ity,[音:d?‘kl?v?t?],(down - slope - n.),n:傾斜面,斜坡;
    proclivity:pro - cliv - ity,[音:pr?‘kl?v?ti],(forward - lean - n.),n:傾向,先天的喜好,癖性;
    cliff:cliff,(slope),n:懸崖;
     
    energy:en - erg - y,(make - work - n.),n:能量;
    ergonomics:ergo - nom - ics,[音:???rɡ?‘nɑ?m?ks],(work - law - n.),n:人體工程學,工作環境改造學;
    allergic:all - erg - ic,[音:?‘l??rd??k],(other - work - adj.),adj:過敏的,反感的;
    energetic:en - erg - et - ic,[音:?en?r‘d?et?k],(make - work -  - adj.),adj:精力旺盛的,有力的,能量的;
    synergy:syn - erg - y,[音:‘s?n?rd?i],(together - work - n.),n:協同作用,增效作用;
    organ:org - an,[音:‘??rɡ?n],(work - n.),n:器官,風琴,機構,喉舌,報刊;
    organic:org - an - ic,[音:??r‘ɡæn?k],(work -  - adj.),adj:器官的,有機的,有組織的,根本的,接近自然的;n:有機物質;
    urge:urge,(work),n:沖動,強烈愿望;vt:驅策,鼓勵,催促,力陳;vi:極力主張;
    urgent:urg - ent,(work - adj.),adj:緊急的,急迫的,堅持要求的;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.5] 本小節示例及練習
    Medical students must practice surgery by dissecting cadavers. {dissect:[音:d?‘sekt];v:解剖,切細,仔細研究,詳細分析;}
    Walt Whitman‘s poetry is easy to recognize because of its characteristic cadence. {Walt Whitman:n:惠特曼;}
    Russian Communists used to regard sex and violence on U.S. television as signs of Western decadence. {communist:[音:‘kɑ?mj?n?st];adj:共產主義的;n:共產主義;Communists:n:共產檔員;used to:過去常常;regard:v:視為,尊敬,注視,留意,和……有關;n:關心,尊敬,注意,致意,考慮;sign:n:跡象,手勢,招牌,符號,正負號;v:簽,簽名,做手勢,做標記;}
    Her cascade of hair got her into the shampoo commercial. {a cascade of:adj:瀑布般的;shampoo:[音:?æm‘pu?];n:洗發劑,洗滌劑,洗頭;vt:洗(頭發,地毯等);commercial:n:商業廣告;adj:商業的;}
    It‘s not a formal party, so you may come in casual wear.
    Iraq sustained heavy casualties during the Gulf War. {sustain:[音:s?‘ste?n];vt:經受,支持,承受,維持;sustained:adj:持久的,經久不衰的;gulf:[音:ɡ?lf];n:海灣,鴻溝;vt:吞沒;the Gulf War:n:海灣戰爭;}
    College graduation is an important occasion in one‘s life. {college:n:大學,學院,學校,社團;}
    By coincidence, six bus loads of tourists arrived at the scenic spot at the same time. {scenic:[音:‘si?n?k];adj:風景好的,戲劇性的;spot:n:地點,場所,職位,污點,斑點,聚光燈;adj:現場的,現貨的,插播的;v:(使)產生污漬,電務,認出,用燈光照射;}
    A deciduous tree loses most or all of its leaves in the fall.
    If you want to mention something interesting but not quite relevant to your topic, you might start by saying ""Incidentally. {relevant:adj:相關的,切題的,中肯的,有重大關系的,有意義的,目的明確的;}
    The occident, as opposed to the orient, literally means "Where the sun goes down". {oppose:v:反對,對抗,使對立;orient:[音:‘??ri?nt];n:東方,亞洲;adj:東方的;vt:使適應,使……朝向,定……的方位;literally:[音:‘l?t?r?li];adv:逐字地,按照字面上地,不夸張的,正確地,簡直;}
    If not properly refrigerated, leftover food decays quickly in the summer.  {refrigerated:[音:r?f‘r?d??re?t?d];adj:冷凍的,冷卻的;leftover:n:剩飯,殘留物;adj:殘余的;}
    
    The symphony is drawing to a close, and entering the grand finale. {symphony:n:交響樂;draw to:逼近,接近;grand:adj:重大的,豪華的,宏偉的,壯麗的;n:大鋼琴,一千美元;}
    After months of negotiation, the contract was finalized last week.
    The diplomatic negotiations over this sensitive issue require a fair amount of finesse. {diplomatic:adj:外交的,古字體的,老練的;fair:adj:相當的,美麗的,公平的,晴朗的,(皮膚、毛發等)淺色的,白皙的;n:展覽會,市集;adv:公平地,直接地;amount:n:數量,總額;vi:總計,等于;}
    That finicky customer is driving the salesclerk crazy. {salesclerk:[音:se?lz?kl??k];n:售貨員;}
    Everyone is given a finite amount of time in life, so we might as well make the most of it. {as well:也,又;make the most of it:v:充分利用;}
    The patient was confined to bed throughout his hospital stay. {throughout:prep:遍及,貫穿;adv:自始至終,到處;}
    You can find the definition of this term in the dictionary. {term:n:術語,學期,條件,條款,期限,名詞;vt:把……稱為;}
    That Nobel laureate wrote the definitive work on cloning. {翻譯:那位諾貝爾獎得主寫了有關復制生物的權威著作。laureate:[音:‘l??ri?t];n:桂冠詩人,得獎人;}
    The number of starts in the universe seems infinite.
    His refined manners show that he is no mere peasant. {mere:[音:mir];adj:僅僅的,純粹的;merely:adv:僅僅,只不過;mare:[音:mer];n:母馬,母驢,(月球等)表面的陰暗處;peasant:[音:‘peznt];n:農民;}
    
    The Monica Lewinsky case threatened to keep Clinton from completing his second term in office. {翻譯:辦公室性騷擾萊溫斯基案可能讓克林頓提前結束他的第二任任期。Lewinsky:n:萊溫斯基;threaten:v:似將發生,威脅,恐嚇;keep from:v:阻止,妨礙;}
    This hospice accepts terminal cancer patients. {hospice:[音:‘hɑ?sp?s];n:(宗教團體等所辦的)旅客住宿處,(晚期病人)護理所;}
    The contract, if not extended, will terminate at midnight tomorrow. {extend:v:延伸,延長,伸展,擴展,提供,使竭盡全力;}
    This introductory course familiarizes students with the basic terminology of the subject. {introductory:adj:介紹的,引導的,開端的;familiarize:[音:f?‘m?li?ra?z];vt:使熟悉;}
    There will be plenty of seats if you board the bus at the terminus. {plenty:n:豐富,大量,充足;adj:充足的,相當多的;adv:非常,充分;}
    The conterminous U.S. does not include Hawaii or Alaska. {翻譯:所謂[接壤的美國]不包括夏威夷和阿拉斯加。}
    It has proved difficult to keep cockroaches out of the house, much less exterminate them. {翻譯:要讓屋里沒有蟑螂已經很不容易了,更別說要消減他們了。cockroach:[音:‘kɑ?kro?t?];n:蟑螂;keep out:v:不許入內,擋在外邊;much less:adv:更不必說,何況,更少;}
    I‘ ll be visiting in the U.S. for an indeterminate period of time. {翻譯:我將在美國訪問多久還不一定。備注:visiting表示我將訪問,visited表示我被訪問;}
    Marriages predetermined by parents are not so common now. {common:adj:常見的,共同的,普通的,平常的,平凡的;n:普通,公地,平民,公園;}
    
    Khaki is a durable fabric that is widely used for uniforms. {Khaki:[音:‘kɑ?ki];n:卡其布,土黃色;adj:卡其布的,土黃色的;fabric:n:織物,結構,構造;}
    The teacher asked her students to remain attentive for the duration of the class. {attentive:adj:注意的,留意的;備注:remain類似于keep,后接形容詞。}
    A contract signed under duress is invalid. {invalid:adj:無效的,病弱的;n:病人,殘疾者;vt:退役,遣送回家;}
    How can Jane, a proud woman herself, endure the overbearing ways of her husband? {翻譯:珍妮自己是個自傲的女人,怎么能夠忍受她賬戶囂張的作風?overbearing:adj:傲慢的,驕傲自大的,蠻橫的;}
    By willingly leaving the presidency after two terms, George Washington made an enduring contribution to his country. {willingly:adv:樂意地,心甘情愿地;presidency:n:總統(總裁、主席等)的職位(或任期);}
    Scrooge, the obdurate miser in A Christmas Carol, is finally moved by the Christmas spirit to acts of charity. {Scrooge:n:史克魯基;scrooge:[音:skru?d?];n:吝嗇鬼;miser:[音:‘ma?z?r];n:守財奴,吝嗇鬼;A christmas Carol:n:《小氣財神》;move:v:使……感動;charity:n:慈善,寬厚,慈善機關(團體),仁慈;}
    
    Normal fluctuations in stock prices are nothing to worry about.
    I‘ m fluent in written and spoken English.
    Honey is a viscous fluid. {honey:n:蜂蜜,甜蜜,寶貝;v:說甜言蜜語;adj:甜蜜的,親愛的;viscous:[音:‘v?sk?s];adj:粘的,粘性的;}
    you can flush dead cockroaches down the toilet. {翻譯:死蟑螂可以丟馬桶沖掉。}
    The Tai-Ex has been in a state of flux for months. {翻譯:臺灣股市最近幾個月都處于動蕩中。Tai-Ex:n:臺灣股市;}
    The U.S.A is one of the most affluent societies in the world. {society:n:社會;社團,協會,社交圈;}
    Towns often flourish at the confluence of two rivers. {翻譯:兩條河的匯流處常有市鎮興起。flourish:[音:‘fl?r??];v:茂盛,繁榮,揮舞,活躍;n:揮舞,花樣,炫耀,華麗辭藻;}
    The EPA has sent someone to take samples from the factory effluents for analysis. {EPA:n:環保署(Environment Protect Agency);analysis:n:分析,解析,化驗;}
    The Speaker of the House is a highly influential personage in Congress. {The Speaker of the House:n:眾議院議長(發言人);personage:[音:‘p??rs?n?d?];n:名流,要人,人物,角色;Congress:n:國會(美),代表大會,議會,立法機關;}
    Should  famine break out in China, there would be an influx of refugees to Southeast Asian countries. {翻譯:中國要是爆發饑荒,難民會涌入東南亞各國。famine:[音:‘fæm?n];n:饑荒,極度缺乏;break out:v:(戰爭、火宅等)爆發,逃脫;refugee:[音:?refju‘d?i?];n:難民;}
    Online shopping might one day make bookstores superfluous.
    Sailing near Antarctica, you can see giant ice floes passing by. {在南極洲附近航行,可看到巨大的浮冰流過。Antarctica:n:南極洲;}
    A flotilla of fishing boats plies the waters around Taiwan. {ply:[音:pla?];v:定期往返,辛勤地做,不斷做,不斷供應,使膠合;n:一層,一般,厚度,褶;備注:waters是復數,是指四周的水域。}
    After a typhoon, seaside residents often go to the beaches to pick up flotsam and jetsam. {jetsam:[音:‘d?ets?m];n:拋棄的貨物,漂流物,廢棄物;}
    
    From the top of the hill, you can see undulating fields stretching to the horizon. {翻譯:站在山丘上,你可以看到起伏的原野延綿到天邊。field:n:原野,田地,田野,領域,(Java)范疇;vt:接球,派……上場,順利處理;vi:擔任外場員;adj:田間的,野外的;stretch:[音:stret?];v:伸展,延伸,張開,夸大;n:伸展,張開,彈性,一段時間,<俚>刑期;adj:可伸縮的;horizon:n:地平線,眼界,范圍;}
    The waters around Taiwan abound in fish. {waters:n:水域;}
    Millions of acres of land were inundated in last year‘s Yangtze River floods. {acre:[音:‘e?k?r];n:英畝;flood:n:洪水;}
    The word "most" in the expression "most extreme" is quite redundant. {extreme:adj:極度的,極端的;n:極端,極限;}
    
    During the anti-Chinese riots in Indonesia, mobs looted Chinese stores and raped Chinese women. {riot:[音:‘ra??t];n:暴亂,騷亂,喧鬧,(色彩)豐富,<俚>有趣的人;v:鬧事,騷亂;Indonesia:[音:??nd?‘ni???];n:印度尼西亞;loot:[音:lu?t];v:搶奪,洗劫;n:掠奪品,贓物,<俚>錢;}
    Automobiles allow people a great degree of mobility. {翻譯:汽車給予我們很大的機動性。allow:v:讓某人得到,給予;}
    In the event of war, all reserve officers will be mobilized. {event:n:大事,事件,項目;reserve:n:候補,預備品,貯存,含蓄,克制;vt:保留,預訂,延期;}
    Detroit is famous for its automobile industry. {Detroid:[音:d?‘tr???t];n:底特律(美國城市);}
    Finding herself face to face with a grizzly bear, the little girl was immobilized with fear. {grizzly:[音:‘gr?zl?];adj:灰(白)色的,灰白的;n:灰熊,格篩;}
    The environmental movement has built up a lot of momentum during these past two years. {翻譯:環保運動這兩年來積累了不小的動力。movement:[音:‘mu?vm?nt];n:運動,活動,動作,[音]樂章;build up:vt:積累,建立,逐步增長,增進,加強;}
    The new detergent claims to remove all kinds of stains. {detergent:[音:d?‘t??rd??nt];n:清潔劑;adj:用于清洗的;claim:vt:聲稱,主張,要求,斷言,;n:聲稱,主張,要求,要求權,斷言,要求物;stain:[音:ste?n];n:污點,瑕疵,著色劑,染料;v:弄臟,玷污,著色;}
    Motivation is an important consideration in designing any kind of teaching material. {consideration:n:考慮,體貼,考慮因素,敬重,意見;}
    Te police said that money was the motive behind the homicide. {homicide:[音:‘hɑ?m?sa?d];n:殺人,殺人者;}
    When the conservative party moved in, many liberals were dumped or demoted. {conservative:[音:k?n‘s??rv?t?v];adj:保守的,守舊的;n:保守派(黨),保守的人;move in:上臺,搬進,遷入;liberal:n:自由主義者,開明的人;adj:慷慨的,大方的,開明的,自由主義的;liberals:n:自由派;dump:vt:拋棄,傾倒,傾銷,拋售,傾卸,[計]轉儲;vi:傾倒,突然落下;n:垃圾場,軍需供應站;}
    I have mixed emotions about the election results. {翻譯:我對選舉結果, 感覺上有點兒矛盾。}
    The company is giving away free samples as part of its summer promotion. {give away:vi:贈送,送出,背叛,泄露;}
    
    Leonardo Da Vinci was a versatile man who painted, made sculptures, and invented useful machines. {Leonardo Da Vinci:n:萊昂納多·達·芬奇(1452-1519,意大利文藝復興時期的大畫家、雕刻家、建主學家);sculpture:[音:‘sk?lpt??r];n:雕塑,雕刻;v:雕刻,雕塑,刻蝕,當雕刻師;invent:vt:發明,捏造;}
    Shakespeare‘ s plays are all written in blank verse. {blank:adj:空白的,茫然的,空白,空白處;blank verse:n:無韻詩,素體詩;}
    The new ambassador is well versed in the art of diplomacy. {ambassador:[音:æm‘bæs?d?r];n:大使,代表;diplomacy:n:外交;}
    The standard version of the Bible is the 1611 King James Bible. {圣經的標準版是一六一一年的詹姆士國王版。}
    Abraham Lincoln was a self-made man who rose above adverse circumstances. {self-made:adj:自造的,自力更生的,獨立奮斗的;rise above:v:克服,不受……的影響,出類拔萃;circumstance:n:環境,詳情,事件,(復數)境況;}
    The Bible can be a source of inspiration in the face of adversity. {翻譯:面對逆境時,圣經可以提供啟示的泉源。inspiration:[音:??nsp?‘re??n];n:鼓舞人心(的東西),吸氣,靈感;}
    The Mercury department store is holding an anniversary sale. {mercury:n:水星,精神,水銀;department store:n:百貨商場;}
    The merger may save the company, or conversely, it may destroy it. {merger:n:(企業等的)合并;v:(兩個或以上公司的)合并;}
    There has been a lot of controversy surrounding the project for a fourth nuclear power plant. {surround:vt:包圍,環繞;n:環繞物;four nuclear power plant:n:核四廠計劃;}
    After a week of monotonous work, many people go to the amusement park on the weekend as a means of diversion. {monotonous:[音:m?‘nɑ?t?n?s];adj:單調的;amusement:[音:?‘mju?zm?nt];n:樂趣,娛樂,消遣;amusement park:n:游樂場;means:n:方法,手段,收入,財產;}
    One‘ s life expectancy is inverse ratio to the number of cigarettes one smokes. {expectancy:[音:?k‘spekt?nsi];n:期待,預期;ratio:[音:‘re??io?];n:比率,比例;}
    In a perverse way, banning a book may make it the hottest item on the black marker. {ban:v:禁止,剝奪權利;n:禁令,禁止;}
    You need to shift into reverse before you can back the car into the garage. {shift into:n:轉移進……;reverse:n:倒檔;garage:n:汽車修理廠,車庫;}
    If the universe is as large as scientists say it is, there must be extraterrestrial life somewhere. {extraterrestrial:[音:?ekstr?t?‘restri?l];adj:地球(或大氣圈)外的,行星際的;n:外星人;}
    Blue whales are huge vertebrates, larger even than the greatest of the dinosaurs. {whale:[音:we?l];n:鯨;vi:捕鯨;v:打擊;}
    Goats can run down vertiginous mountain slopes without any difficulty. {翻譯:山羊可以毫無苦難地從令人頭暈目眩的山坡上跑下來。run down:v:跑下來,撞倒,貶低,追捕,查出,(使)筋疲力竭;slope:n:傾斜,斜面,斜率,斜線;vt:使傾斜;vi:傾斜,有坡度;}
    Looking down from the edge of the cliff, the mountaineer felt a giddy sense of vertigo. {登山客從懸崖邊上往下看,感到一陣暈眩。cliff:n:懸崖,峭壁;mountaineer:n:登山家,山地人;giddy:[音:‘ɡ?di];adj:眼花的,頭暈的,輕率的,輕浮的;v:(使)眼花;sense:n:感覺,感官,意識,鑒賞力,意義,理智,見識;v:感覺,意識到,理解,檢測;}
    The railway engineer hit the emergency brakes and narrowly averted disaster. {railway engineer:n:火車司機;brakes:n:制動器,閘,剎車;v:剎車;narrowly:adv:勉強地,狹窄地,嚴密地;}
    The missionaries tried to convert the local people to Christianity. {翻譯:這些傳教士視圖使當地人改信基督教。missionary:[音:‘m???neri];n:傳教士;adj:傳教的;Christianity:[音:?kr?sti‘æn?ti];n:基督教,基督教精神;}
    Dictators sometimes resort to war to divert the people‘s attention from domestic economic woes. {dictator:[音:‘d?kte?t?r];n:獨裁者;resort to:v:訴諸于,求助于,憑借;domestic:[音:d?‘mest?k];adj:國內的,家庭的,馴養的;n:用人,家仆;economic:[音:?i?k?‘nɑ?m?k];adj:經濟學的,經濟的,有利可圖的;woe:[音:wo?];n:困難,悲哀,痛苦,不幸;int:用來表達悲傷或驚慌;}
    We need an extrovert to fill the post of PR Director. {fill:v:擔任;PR:abbr:公共關系(public relation);director:主管,主任,董事,經理,導演,總監,指揮者;}
    Large earthworms may look like snakes, but they are invertebrates. {earthworm:n:蚯蚓;}
    When the suspect came up with an incontrovertible alibi, the police had to let him go. {come up:vi:上庭受審,提及,上升,升起,靠近,走進,被討論,長出;alibi:[音:‘æl?ba?];n:不在場證明或辯解,托辭;v:辯解,找托辭開脫;}
    This poet has an introverted and contemplative nature. {poet:[音:‘po??t];n:詩人;contemplative:[音:k?n‘templ?t?v];adj:沉思的,愛默想的,冥想的;nature:天性,本性,自然界,自然狀態;}
    The sexually perverted rapist-murderer was found guilty and sentenced to life imprisonment. {sexually:adv:性別的,兩性之間的;sexually perverted:n:性變態的;rapist:n:強奸者;murderer:n:殺人犯,兇手;guilty:adj:有罪的,內疚的;sentence:vt:宣判,判決;n:句子,判決;imprisonment:n:監禁,關押,禁錮;}
    Hong Kong reverted to Beijing rule in 1997. {rule:n:統治,規則,條例,習慣,直尺;}
    The Gang of Four was tried under the charge of trying to subvert the government. {The Gang of Four:n:四人幫;try:v:審判;charge:vt:控訴,歸罪于;}
    
    Long-term weather forecasting is very difficult because too many variables are involved. {long-term:adj:長期的;forecast:[音:‘f??rkæst];n:預測,預報;v:預測;involve:vt:包含,使忙于,牽涉,使卷入,使陷入;}
    Inspector Gadget is a comic variant on the Robocop theme. {gadget:[音:‘ɡæd??t];n:小機件,小玩意兒,小巧的機械;Inspector Gadget:n:《G型神探》;comic:[音:‘kɑ?m?k];n:連環圖畫,喜劇演員;adj:喜劇的,滑稽的,有趣的;Robocop:n:《機器戰警》;theme:[音:θi?m];n:主題,題目,主旋律;}
    Pol Pot‘ s totalitarian experiment in Cambodia was a variation of the Maoist utopia, leading to similar catastrophes. {翻譯:波帕在柬埔寨的集權主義實驗是毛氏烏托邦的一種變體,也導致類似的失敗。Pol Pot:n:波爾·伯特;totalitarian:[音:to??tæl?‘teri?n];adj:極權主義;n:極權主義者;Cambodia:[音:kæm‘bo?di?];n:柬埔寨;Maoist:n:毛zhe東主義者;adj:毛zhe東的,毛(澤東)主義的;utopia:[音:ju?‘to?pi?];n:理想國,烏托邦;catastrophe:[音:k?‘tæstr?fi];n:大災難,大禍,徹底失敗;}
    The French enjoy a most varied diet, and they are said to eat anything four-legged, except the table.
    The plant has variegated leaves. {翻譯:那植物的葉子上有許多不同的花樣。}
    In the Green Revolution, new varieties of grain raised production dramatically. {grain:[音:ɡre?n];n:谷物,谷類,微量,顆粒,紋理,格令;v:形成(顆粒),(用谷物)喂養;raise:vt:升起,舉起,飼養,引起,提出,募集;n:上升,增高,高地;dramatically:[音:dr?‘mæt?kli];adv:引人注目的,戲劇性地;}
    The vegetation varies as one ascends the mountain. {向山上爬去,看到的植物不斷變化。vegetation:[音:?ved??‘te??n];n:植物,草木,(植物)生長,[醫]贅(zhui4)生物,贅疣,增殖體;ascend:[音:?‘send];v:上升,攀登;}
    When he is in town, he invariably dines at Friday‘s. {翻譯:他在城里時,一定是在星期五餐廳吃飯。dine:[音:da?n];v:用正餐,進餐;}
    
    The boxer deflected most of the blows with his left arm. {blow:n:打擊,毆打,吹;v:吹,風吹,擤(鼻子),(保險絲)熔斷,<口>浪費(機會);}
    In the movie, the noble lady genuflected  before the king. {noble:[音:no?bl];adj:高貴的,宏偉的,高尚的;n:貴族;}
    In Chinese, there is no inflection at the end of a word to indicate the plural form. {indicate:v:指示,象征,顯示,暗示,預示,表明,指明;plural:[音:‘pl?r?l];adj:復數的;n:復數;}
    There is no reflective surface on a B-2 bomber that would give it away on radar screen. {翻譯:B-2轟炸機上沒有回反射的表面可以讓他在雷達上暴露行蹤。bomber:[音:‘bɑ?m?r];n:轟炸機,投彈手;give away:vi:泄露,贈送,送出,背叛;}
    Muscle-flexing at such a delicate moment is highly inappropriate. {muscle-flexing:n:屋里炫耀;delicate:[音:‘del?ke?t];adj:敏感的,敏銳的,微妙的,精美的,纖細的,脆弱的,美味的;inappropriate:[音:??n?‘pro?pri?t];adj:不適當的,不合時宜的;}
    You name the date; my schedule is highly flexible. {name:v:挑,命名,取名,說出(……的名字);}
    The biceps is a large flexor that bends the forearm. {bicep:[音:ba?‘sep];n:袖寬,二頭肌(胳膊上端的肌肉);forearm:[音:‘f??rɑ?rm];n:前臂;}
     My company runs a flextime program that allows me to sleep late and work into the wee hours. {wee:[音:wi?];adj:極小的,微量的;wee hours:n:凌晨;}
    Ronald Reagan believes that governments should be inflexible when dealing with hijackers‘ demands. {Ronald Reagan:n:羅納德·李根(美國第四十任總統);hijacker:n:攔路搶劫者,劫持犯;}
    If you burn your finger, your hand will jerk back by reflex. {jerk:v:急動,猛拉;n:猛拉,急動,笨蛋,<俚>蠢人;adj:顛簸不穩的;}
    
    The shepherd is driving his sheep down a tortuous mountain trail. {翻譯:這個牧羊人趕著羊走下彎彎曲曲的山經。shepherd:[音:‘?ep?rd];n:牧羊者,牧師,指導者;v:牧羊,照看,引領;drive down:v:壓低(價格等);trail:n:小徑,總計,尾,一系列;vi:托,落后于;vt:追蹤,拖拽,尾隨;}
    The patient‘ s face controted with pain as the dentist drilled away. {dentist:n:牙科醫生;drill:v:鉆孔,練習,(軍事)訓練;n:鉆孔機,鉆子,反復操練,播種機;}
    A reporter may not distort the facts, or he might face a libel suit. {翻譯:記者補課歪曲事實,不然可能吃上誹謗官司。libel:[音:‘la?bl];n:誹謗的文字,誹謗(罪),侮辱;v:誹謗,中傷,損害名譽;suit:[音:su?t];n:訴訟,請求,套裝;v:適合,方便,滿足;}
    The gangster was arrested and charged with armed robbery and extortion. {gangster:[音:‘ɡæ?st?r];n:匪徒,歹徒;arrest:vt:逮捕,拘留;n:逮捕,拘留;charge:v:控訴;armed:adj:武裝的,有扶手的,[生]有防護器官的;robbery:[音:‘rɑ?b?ri];n:搶劫;}
    This is Gandhi‘ s famous retort to Western civilization: I think it‘s a good idea. {Gandhi:[音:?ɡɑndi];n:甘地(印度政治領袖);}
    A column of reinforced concrete resists torsion better than a marble column. {翻譯:鋼筋水泥柱子比大理石柱子更能抵抗扭轉力。column:n:柱,圓柱,柱形物,欄,專欄,列;reinforce:[音:?ri??n‘f??rs];vt:加固,加強,增強,使更具說服力;vi:得到加強;concrete:[音:‘kɑ??kri?t];n:水泥,混凝土,具體物;adj:具體的,實質性的,混凝土的;v:凝結,結合;resist:[音:r?‘z?st];v:抵制,抵抗,反抗,忍住;n:防蝕涂層;marble:[音:‘mɑ?rbl];n:大理石,彈子,彈珠;vt:使有大理石的花紋;}
    
    She‘ s wearing a blouse and a pleated skirt today. {a pleated skirt:n:百褶裙;}
    Can you show me how to set up the machine? I find the instructions most perplexing. {set up:vt:安裝,建立,創立,扶持,使振奮,安排;}
    They live in a large mansion, with a triple garage. {mansion:n:大廈,宅邸,公寓;a triple garage:n:能挺三輛車的車庫;}
    Artificial insemination sometimes produces triplets or even quadruplets. {artificial:[音:?ɑ?rt?‘f??l];adj:人造的,虛偽的,武斷的;insemination:[音:?n?sem?‘ne??n];n:播種,受精;triplets:[音:‘tr?pl?ts];n:三胞胎;}
    This is a duplicate of the contract; the original is kept in the safe. {original:n:原版,真品,怪人,有獨創性的人,起源;adj:原始的,最初的,有獨創性的,原版的;}
    Why did you do it when I had given you explicit warning not to ? {翻譯:我明明警告過你不要做,為什么你還要做?}
    This diplomatic attache is implicated in espionage. {diplomatic:n:外交的,古字體的,老練的;attache:[音:?‘tæ?e?];n:大使隨員,大使館館員;espionage:[音:‘espi?nɑ??];n:間諜活動;}
    The two nations have an implicit agreement not to raise the territorial issue in the near future. {翻譯:這兩國達成默契,近期內不提領土問題。agreement:n:同意,一致,協議;territorial:[音:?ter?‘t??ri?l];adj:領土的,土地的,地方的;n:地方自衛隊的兵;near future:n:近期;}
    In an inexplicable way, some animals seem to know something is wrong shortly before a major earthquake strikes. {shortly:adv:立刻,馬上;}
    At Disney world you can see replicas of some world-famous buildings.
    Children cannot see this R-rated film because their pliable minds must be protected from harmful influence. {翻譯:小孩子不能看這種限制級的影片,因為他們的心智可塑性高,必須保護免于受到不良的影響。rated:adj:額定的;R-rated:n:R級片;harmful:n:有害的;influence:[音:‘?nflu?ns ];n:影響力,影響,權勢,勢力,有影響的人(或事物);}
    The dentist chose a new set of pliers to pull out the tooth. {a set of pliers:n:一副鉗子;pull out:v:拔出,離開,出發,啟程,恢復健康,逃避責任,背約,取出,出示,拿出,(汽車或列車)開出,拉長,拖長,擺脫困境,渡過難關;}
    Plywood is a cheaper than solid wood, and it resists termites better. {resist:v:抵制,抵抗,反抗,忍住;n:防蝕涂層;termite:[音:‘t??rma?t];n:白蟻;}
    His refusal to come to the party implies that he is still angry at the host. {refusal:[音:r?‘fju?zl];n:拒絕,回絕;host:n:主人;}
    God told Adam and Eve: "Be fruitful and multiply." {Eve:[音:i?v];n:(重大節日的)前夜,前夕,夏娃;}
    Asked what he would do, the official only replied with "No comment." {official:n:官員;adj:正式的,官方的,公務上的;comment:n:注釋,評論,閑話;v:評論,注釋;}
    
    I feel disinclined to socialize tonight; tell them I don‘t feel well. {socialize:[音:‘so???la?z];vi:應酬,交際;vt:使……社會化,使……社會主義化,使適應社會需要;}
    The love of freedom is natural inclination. {翻譯:愛好自由是很自然的傾向。}
    Judging from the earnest look on his face, I‘ m inclined to believe what he said. {earnest:[音:‘??rn?st];adj:認真的,真誠的;n:認真,誠摯,定金,預示,保證;}
    The man reclined on the couch and reached for the remote control. {reach:v:(伸手)去夠,到達,伸出,達成,取得聯系,延伸;n:范圍,影響力,河段,等級;}
    The old man lay back on the bamboo recliner and lit a cigarette. {lay back:v:向后靠(休息),把……放回原處;lit:v:light的過去式和過去分詞;}
    You should move your truck into the outside lane; there‘s an acclivity ahead. {outside:adj:外部的;adv:在外面;n:外面;prep:在……外邊;lane:[音:le?n];n:行車道,小路,小巷,跑到,航道;outside lane:n:外車道;}
    Slow down and drive carefully; there‘ s a declivity ahead in the road.
    Artists often have a proclivity for exaggeration. {翻譯:藝術家常有愛夸張的傾向。exaggeration:[音:?ɡ?zæd??‘re??n];n:夸張,夸大;}
    It  is a 100-meter drop from the edge of the cliff to the valley down below. {drop:n:落差,滴;valley:[音:‘væli];n:山谷,溪谷,流域;down bleow:adv:在地下,在地獄;}
    
    The new camera was designed using ergonomics to make it easy to hold steady with one hand.
    I can‘t keep cats because I‘m allergic to them.
    A cup of coffee at breakfast makes me feel energetic all morning.
    If you take these two medicines together, synergy will result. {result:v:產生,致使;n:結果,成果,答案,成績,(足球比賽)贏;}
    Organ transplant surgery has saved many lives. {transplant:[音:‘trænsplænt];v:移植,移植物;n:移居,移栽(植物),移植(器官);surgery:n:外科手術,外科,診所,手術室;}
    Organic farming reduces environmental damage to minimum. {farming:n:農耕,農業,養殖,(租稅等的)包收;reduce:v:減少,縮小,使落魄,簡化,還原;}
    After Rockefeller became a billionaire, he felt an urge to give something back to society. {Rockefeller:[音:?rɑk??f?l?];n:洛克菲勒;}
    Your wife is on the phone. She says it‘s urgent.
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    [2.6]表示【身體】的字根

         -corp-          =     body(身)
         -cors-          =     body(身)
         -corpor-       =     body(身)
    {
    corpse:corp - se,(body - n.),n:尸體;
    corps:corp - s,(body - n.),n:團隊,軍團,兵團,隊;
    corpulence:corp - ulence,[音:?k?rpj?l?ns],(body - n.),n:肥胖,臃腫;
    corporal:corpor - al,[音:‘k??rp?r?l],(body - adj.),adj:肉體的,身體的,個人的;n:(陸軍或空軍)下士,[宗](供放面包和圣餐杯的)圣餐布;
    incorporate:in - corpor - ate,[音:?n‘k??rp?re?t],(in - body - v.),v:合并,納入,整合,組成公司;adj:合并的,公司組織的;
    incorporeal:in - corpor - eal,[音:??nk??r‘p??ri?l],(in - body - adj.),adj:無形的,無實體的,精神的;
    corset:cors - et,[音:‘k??rs?t],body - small),n:束腹,(中世紀)緊身胸衣,(未治療目的而穿的)圍腰;;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.6] 本小節示例及練習
    The US Marine Corps maintains its rigorous training program while other units of the three forces have largely relaxed theirs. {翻譯:盡管三軍其他單位的訓練大致已趨寬松,美國海軍陸戰隊仍維持嚴格的訓練。marine:[音:m?‘ri?n];adj:海的,海事的,海生的,航海的;n:海運業,船舶,水兵;The US Marine啊Corps:n:美國海軍陸戰隊;maintain:[音:me?n‘te?n];vt:維持,維修,保養,堅持,斷言;rigorous:[音:‘r?ɡ?r?s];adj:嚴格的,嚴厲的,嚴峻的,細致的;force:n:軍隊;largely:adv:大部分,主要地;relax:v:放松,休息,使……放松,放寬;}
    Dr. Samuel Johnson shed his corpulence and emerged a lean man upon completion of his famous dictionary. {shed:[音:?ed];vt:除掉,使脫落,使流出,使清晰;n:小屋,車棚;emerge:[音:i‘m??rd?];vi:浮現,(由某種狀態)脫出,(事實)顯現出來;lean:adj:瘦的,貧乏的,無脂肪的;n:瘦肉,傾斜,傾向;v:傾斜,傾向,依靠,倚,屈身;}
    Corporal punishment, once a common practice in all levels of schools in Taiwan, is now against the law. {翻譯:體罰在臺灣各級學校原本司空見慣,現已是違法的行為。practice:n:習慣,練習,實習,業務;v:實踐,練習,開業,執業;}
    In 1781, Kentucky incorporated territory ceded by Virginia. {翻譯:1781年肯塔基州將弗吉尼亞州割讓的領土納入。Kentucky:n:肯塔基州;Virginia:n:弗吉尼亞;n:territory:[音:‘ter?t??ri];n:領土,領域,版圖,范圍;cede:[音:si?d];v:割讓(領土、權利),放棄;}
    A sense of achievement is the incorporeal reward of work. {翻譯:成就感是工作上無形的報酬。achievement:n:成就,成績,完成,達到;a sense of achievement:n:成就感;reward:[音:r?‘w??rd];n:報答,賞金,報酬;vt:獎賞,給……報酬;}
    Corsets were worn by women to improve the figure, however they have gone the way of the horse and buggy. {翻譯:女人曾經身穿束腹以改善身材,不過現在已經不流行了。worn:adj:用舊的,穿壞的,筋疲力竭的,憔悴的,wear的過去分詞;figure:n:體型,身材;however:adv:然而,無論如何,不管多么;conj:不管怎樣;go away:v:離開(走掉);buggy:[音:‘b?ɡi];n:輕型馬車,嬰兒車;adj:多蟲的;}
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    [2.7]表示【姿勢】的字根

         -sist-           =     stand,set up,be(站,立,存在) {set up:v:建立,樹立,創立,自稱,扶持,使振奮,安排;}
         -sta-            =     stand,set up,be(站,立,存在)
         -stat-           =     stand,set up,be(站,立,存在)
         -stant-         =     stand,set up,be(站,立,存在)
         -stall-          =     stand,set up,be(站,立,存在)
         -stay-          =     stand,set up,be(站,立,存在)
         -stit-            =     stand,set up,be(站,立,存在)
     
         -sed-            =     sit(坐)
         -sess-           =     sit(坐)
         -set-             =     sit(坐)
         -sid-             =     sit(坐)
         -side-           =     sit(坐)
         -sit-              =     sit(坐)
     
         -cub-            =     lie(躺)
         -cum-           =     lie(躺)
         -cumb-         =     lie(躺)
    {
    station:sta - tion,(stand - n.),n:車站;
    assist:as(ad) - sist,(to - stand),v:協助,幫助;n:幫助,協助,助攻,協助的器械;
    coexistence:co - ex - (s)ist - ence,[音:?ko??ɡ‘z?st?ns],(together - 加強語氣 - be - n.),n:共存,共處;
    inconsistency:in - con - sist - ency,[音:??nk?n‘s?st?nsi],(not - together - be - n.),n:不一致,不調和,矛盾;
    irresistible:ir - re - sist - ible,[音:??r?‘z?st?bl],(not - against - stand - able),adj:無法抗拒的;
    persist:per - sist,[音:p?r‘s?st],(through - be),v:堅持,執意,繼續,持續;
    subsistence:sub - sist - ence,[音:s?b‘s?st?ns],(under - be - n.),n:生存,生計,存在;
    stationary:stat - ion - ary,[音:‘ste???neri],(stand -  - adj.),adj:靜止的,穩定的,固定的,不動的;n:駐軍;
    stature:stat - ure,[音:‘stæt??r],(stand - n.),n:身高,名望,身份,地位;
    stagnant:sta - gnant,[音:‘stæɡn?nt],(stand - adj.),adj:不流動的,停滯的,不景氣的;
    stale:sta - le,[音:ste?l],(stand - adj.),adj:不新鮮的,陳腐的,疲倦的;v:變得不新鮮,腐壞,(動物)撒尿;n:(動物的)尿;
    stall:stall,[音:st??l],(stand),n:攤位,貨攤,柵欄,小隔間,座位;v:把……關進畜舍里,失速,熄火,拖延,(使)動彈不得;
    circumstantial:circum - stant - ial,[音:?s??rk?m‘stæn?],(around - stand - adj.),adj:依情況而定的,詳細的,間接的,邊緣的;
    installment:in - stall - ment,[音:?n‘st??lm?nt],(not - set up - n.),n:(分期的)付款,部分,分冊,安裝,安置;
    mainstay:main - stay,[音:‘me?nste?],(chief - stand),n:支柱,主要支持;
    obstacle:ob - sta - cle,[音:‘ɑ?bst?kl],(against - stand - n.),n:阻礙,絆腳石;
    constitute:con - stit - ute,[音:‘kɑ?nst?tu?t],(加強語氣 - set up - v.),v:構成,組成,任命,建立,制定;
    constituency:con - stil - uency,[音:k?n‘st?u?nsi],(加強語氣 - set up - n.),n:選區,選區的選民,支持者,主顧;
    destitute:de - stit - ute,[音:‘dest?tu?t],(away - set up - adj.),adj:窮困的,赤貧的,缺乏的;
    institution:in - stit - ution,(in - set up - n.),n:制度,制定,機構,名流;
    restitution:re - stit - ution,[音:?rest?‘tu??n],(again - set up - n.),n:歸還,賠償,恢復原狀;
    substitute:sub - stit - ute,[音:‘s?bst?tu?t],(under - set up - adj.[n.、v.]),adj:代替的;n:代用品,代替者,替補隊員;v:代替,用……代替,代以;
     
    upset:up - set,(up - sit),v:干擾;adj:沮喪的;
    sedan:sed - an,[音:s?‘dæn],(sit - n.),n:(美)廂式小轎車,単艙汽艇,轎車,(法國東部)色當;
    sedate:sed - ate,[音:s?‘de?t],(sit - adj.[v.]),adj:鎮靜的,安靜的,沉穩的;v:使安靜,使鎮靜;
    sedative:sed - at - ive,[音:‘sed?t?v],(sit -  - n.[adj.]),adj:使安靜的,使鎮靜的;n:鎮靜劑,能使安靜的東西;
    sedimentary:sed - iment - ary,[音:?sed?‘ment?ri],(sit -  - adj.),adj:沉積的,沉淀性的,沉淀作用造成的;
    session:sess - ion,(sit - n.),n:會期,會議,會話,開庭期,學期,一段時間;
    obsess:ob - sess,[音:?b‘ses],(toward - sit),v:一心一意,執迷,著迷,困惑;
    settlement:set - tle - ment,(sit -  - n.),n:解決,和解,結算,協議,安置,殖民,定居;
    assiduous:as - sid - uous,[音:?‘s?d?u?s],(to - sit - adj.),adj:勤勉的,刻苦的,努力不懈的;
    dissident:dis - sid - ent,[音:‘d?s?d?nt],(apart - sit - n.),n:有異議的,不同意的;n:持不同政見者,意見不同的人;
    preside:pre - side,[音:pr?‘za?d],(before - sit),v:主持,任主席,統轄;
    residential:re - sid - ent - ial,[音:?rez?‘den?l],(back - sit -  - adj.),adj:住宅的,居住的;
    residue:re - sid - ue,[音:‘rez?du?],(back - sit - n.),n:殘渣,剩余物,[律]剩余財產;
    subsidy:sub - sid - y,[音:‘s?bs?di],(under - sit - y.),n:津貼,補助金;
    situate:sit - uate,[音:‘s?t?ue?t],(sit - v.),v:位于,坐落于;adj:位于……的,坐落在……的;
     
    succumb:suc - cumb,[音:s?‘k?m],(under - lie),v:屈服,死亡;
    cubicle:cub - icle,[音:‘kju?b?kl],(lie - n.),n:小室;
    incubator:in - cub - at - or,[音:???kju‘be?t?r],(in - lie -  - n.),n:孵卵器,早產兒保育器;
    incubus:in - cub - us,[音:‘??kj?b?s],(in - lie - n.),n:惡夢,負擔,夢淫妖(據說會趁女人熟睡而與之交配的惡魔);
    accumulate:ac - cum - ul - ate,(to - lie -  - v.),v:積累,增加,聚集;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.7] 本小節示例及練習
    The aide assists the congressman in handling his correspondences with his constituency. {aide:[音:e?d];n:助手,副官,侍從武官;congressman:[音:‘kɑ??ɡr?sm?n];n:國會議員;correspondence:[音:?k??r?‘spɑ?nd?ns];n:通信,信件,相符,相似,一致,相當;constituency:n:選區,選區的全名,支持者,主顧;}
    "Peaceful coexistence" was a euphemism for the state of explosive tension between East and West during the Cold War years. {翻譯:”和平共處“是好聽的說法,代表的是冷戰時期東西方之間爆炸性的緊張局勢。Peaceful coexistence;n:和平共處;euphemisim:[音:‘ju?f?m?z?m];n:委婉語;state:n:情形,狀態,國家,州,政府;adj:國家的,州的;v:陳述,聲明,說明,規定;explosive:adj:爆炸(性)的,引發爭論的,大聲的;n:炸藥;tension:n:緊張,拉力,張力,緊張狀態,[電]電壓;vt:使拉緊,使繃緊;}
    The obvious inconsistency in his behavior suggests that he might be mentally unstable. {obvious:[音:‘ɑ?bvi?s];adj:明顯的,顯然的;suggest:vt:表明,建議,暗示,使想起,要求;mentally:adv:精神上,智力上,心理上;unstable:[音:?n‘ste?bl];adj:不穩定的,易變的;}
    I find his offer irresistible. {翻譯:我覺得他提的條件令人無法抗拒。offer:n:出價,提議;vi:提議,出現,求婚;vt:提供,提出,(賣方)出價,貢獻;}
    Thomas A. Edison persisted in experimenting with thousands of possible filaments for his light bulb until he finally came up with the right one. {filament:[音:‘f?l?m?nt];n:細絲,細線,燈絲,[植]花絲;bulb:[音:b?lb];n:球莖,電燈泡,球狀物;come up:v:提出,提及,上升,升起,靠近,走進,提升,被討論,長出,上庭受審;}
    The artist lives a happy life, though he makes barely enough for subsistence. {翻譯:這位藝術家過的很快活,盡管他的所得只能糊口。though:conj:雖然,盡管,然而,可是;adv:(用在句末補充說明使語氣減弱不過;barely:adv:剛剛,幾乎不,勉強,少量地;}
    Even "fixed" stars like the sun do not really remain stationary. {翻譯:即使像太陽這樣的恒星也不是真的不動。even:adv:甚至,正當,更,恰好;adj:平坦的,平和的,偶數的,相等的;v:使平坦,相等;remain:v:保持,依然,留下,剩余,逗留;n:剩余物,遺跡,殘骸;}
    The average stature of the Japanese has increased significantly since the end of World War II. {significantly:[音:s?ɡ‘n?f?k?ntli];adv:較大地,意味深長地,意義深遠地,重要地;}
    College professors enjoy an especially high social status in Germany. {翻譯:在德國,大學教授的社會地位特別高。college:n:大學,學員,學校,社團,樞機主教團;enjoy:享受,喜歡;especially:adv:尤其,特別;}
    Stagnant water tends to breed mosquitoes. {tend:[音:tend];v:易于,朝向,趨向,照料,照管;breed:[音:bri?d];v:繁殖,養育,引起,產生,教養;n:品種,血統;mosquito:[音:[m?‘ski?to?];n;蚊子;}
    Overnight bread will go stale even if it is kept in the refrigerator. {overnight:adj:整晚的,很快的;adv:過夜,在夜里,突然;even if:conj:即使,雖然;refrigerator:n:冰箱;fridge:n:電冰箱;}
    The publishing company reserved a stall at the book exhibit for its new books. {reserve:v:保留,預訂,延期;n:候補,預備品,貯存,含蓄,克制;exhibit:[音:?ɡ‘z?b?t];n:展品,展覽;v:展覽,陳列,展示,表現;}
    Circumstantial evidence alone will not be enough to convict the defendant. {翻譯:光憑間接的證據不足以將被告定罪。convict:[音:k?n‘v?kt];vt:宣判……有罪,使……知罪;n:囚犯,罪犯;adj:被定罪的;defendant:[音:d?‘fend?nt];n:被告;}
    The encyclopedia company offers installment plans up to 36 months. {encyclopedia:[音:?n?sa?kl?‘pi?di?];n:百科全書;plan:n:計劃,方法,策略,設計圖,平面圖;v:打算,安排,計劃,設計;up to:v:多達,勝任,直到,該由……決定;}
    Tobacco was a mainstay for the economies of a number of North American colonies. {a number of:adj:許多,若干(后接可數名詞的復數形式);colony:[音:‘kɑ?l?ni];n:殖民地,僑居地,僑民,聚居(地),群體,菌落;}
    You must persist to the end, no matter how many obstacles lie ahead. {lie:v:位于,在于,存在,躺下,延伸,說謊;n:謊言;ahead:adv:在前,向前,提前,領先,預先;}
    In a democracy, criticism of the government does not constitute a criminal offense. {democracy:n:民主國家,民主,民主制;criticism:[音:‘kr?t?s?z?m];n:批評,評論;offense:[音:?‘fens];n:犯罪,過錯,冒犯,觸怒,犯規,進攻; criminal offense:n:刑事犯罪;}
    During a campaign, a candidate will make all kinds of promises to his constituency. {campaign:[音:kæm‘pe?n];v:參加競選,從事運動;n:運動,戰役,活動,競選活動;}
    Many fresh college graduates cannot find jobs because they are destitute of any experience.
    The institution of monogamy has become the norm in most modern societies. {monogamy:[音:m?‘nɑ?ɡ?mi];n:一夫一妻制;norm:[音:n??rm];n:常規,規范,標準;}
    The fishermen whose fisheries were polluted took to the streets because the law does not guarantee them restitution. {fishery:[音:‘f???ri];n:漁場,漁業;pollute:v:污染,弄臟;take to:n:開始,從事,喜歡,形成……的習慣,容易學會;guarantee:v:保證,擔保;n:保證,保證書,擔保,擔保人,抵押品;}
    If you‘re fighting a weight problem but can‘t resist sweet food, you can try using substitute sugar.
    
    The new car I just bought is a four-door sedan.
    He will not lose his composure even under great stress, for he is a man of a sedate nature. {翻譯:他就算面臨極大壓力也不會慌亂,因為他天性沉穩。composure:[音:k?m‘po???r];n:鎮靜,沉著;stress:[音:stres];n:壓力,強調,重音;vt:強調,重讀;nature:n:本性,性質,自然,自然界,類型,自然狀態;}
    The biologist has shot some sedative into the rhino and is now waiting for it to drop to the ground. {biologist:n:生物學家;rhino:[音:‘ra?no?];n:(非正式)犀牛,<俚>錢,現金;drop:v:跌倒;}
    Fossils are most often found in sedimentary rocks, where they are protected from erosion. {fossil:[音:‘fɑ?sl];n:畫化石,食古不化的人,守舊的事物;sedimentary rock:n:沉積巖;erosion:[音:?‘r???n];n:腐蝕,侵蝕,減少,流失;}
    This year Congress will be in session from October through December. 
    The ambitious mother is obsessed with the idea of making her daughter a movie star. {ambitious:[音:æm‘b???s];adj:有雄心的,野心勃勃的,有抱負的;}
    The libel suit ended up in an out-of-court settlement. {libel:[音:‘la?bl];n:誹謗的文字,誹謗(罪),侮辱;v:誹謗,中傷,損害名譽;suit:n:訴訟,官司,套裝,請求;v:適合,方面,滿足;end up:v:結束,告終,意外到達;}
    The invention is the result of ten years of assiduous work. {invention:n:發明,虛構,發明物;}
    Wei Jing-sheng is the most prominent political dissident in China. {prominent:[音:‘prɑ?m?n?nt];adj:顯著的,杰出的,突出的;}
    The manager cannot receive visitors because he is presiding over a meeting. {receive:v:接待,接到,收到;preside over:v:主持(做主席);}
    You cannot open a shop here because this is a residential area.
    When the sugarcanes have been wrung of the last bit of sugary sap, the residue is processed into plywood. {sugarcane:[音:‘??g??ke?n];n:甘蔗;wring:[音:r??];v:擰,絞出,擰斷(脖子),使痛苦,強迫取得;n:扭絞;wring of:v:想……勒索;bit:n:少量,小塊,片刻,馬嚼子,(煙頭等的)咬嘴,鉆頭,鑰匙齒,<美口>一角二分半錢,[計]比特;v:給(馬等)上嚼口,約束;sugary:[音:‘??ɡ?ri];adj:含糖的,甜的,甜言蜜語的;sap:[音:sæp];n:樹液,汁液,精力,<俚>易上當的人,地道;v:挖地道,削弱,逐漸耗竭;process:[音:‘prɑ?s?s];v:加工,處理,起訴,列隊前進;plywood:[音:‘pla?w?d];n:夾板,合板;}
    The young man has passed an exam and is going to England to study under a government subsidy.
    Situated at the top of a hill, the castle commands an excellent view. {翻譯:這座城堡坐落在山頂上,視野極佳。command:v:博得,掌握,命令,指揮;}
    
    Though I live in the dorm, I have my own, private cubicle. {dorm:n:(集體)宿舍;}
    The chicken farm uses incubators to hatch chickens. {farm:n:農場,農田;v:務農;hatch:[音:hæt?];v:孵,孵出,策劃;n:孵化,艙口,艙口蓋;}
    The crime he committed in his youth, though never found out, gradually developed into an incubus that would keep him from having a good night‘ s sleep. {翻譯:他年輕時的罪行雖然沒有曝光,可是漸漸成為夢魘,使他不得安眠。crime:n:犯罪,惡性;commit:v:犯罪,承諾,委托,托付;youth:[音:u?θ];n:青年時期,青春,青年;
    though:conj:雖然,盡管,然而,課時;adv:(用在句末補充說明使語氣減弱)不過;gradually:adv:逐漸地;keep from:v:阻礙,妨礙;}
    Puddles form when rain accumulates in depressions in the pavement. {翻譯:雨水在路面凹陷處聚集就形成積水。puddle:[音:‘p?dl];n:水坑,地上積水,膠泥;v:攪渾,在泥污中打滾,排尿;form:v:形成,建立;n:形狀,形式,表格,良好的健康狀態,表現狀態,常規;depression:[音:d?‘pre?n];n:沮喪,蕭條;depressions:n:凹陷;pavement:[音:‘pe?vm?nt];n:路面,人行道,鋪石,鋪路材料;}
    View Code

     

     

    [2.8]表示【心,心里活動】的字根

         -card-          =     heart(心)
         -cardio-       =     heart(心)
         -cor-            =     heart(心)
         -core-          =     heart(心)
         -cord-          =     heart(心)
         -cour-          =     heart(心)
     
         -ment-          =    mind(心智)
     
         -mem-          =    remember(記憶)
         -memor-       =    remember(記憶)
         -mne-           =    remember(記憶)
     
         -cogn-           =    know(認知)
         -cogno-         =    know(認知)
         -cogni-          =    know(認知)
         -cognz-          =    know(認知)
         -connois-       =    know(認知)
         -connais-       =    know(認知)
         -gnos-           =    know(認知)
         -gnor-           =    know(認知)
         -gnore-          =    know(認知)
     
         -cre-             =    believe(相信)
         -cred-            =    believe(相信)
         -creed-          =    believe(相信)
     
         -fed-             =    faith(信心)
         -fid-              =    faith(信心)
     
         -cert-            =    sure(確信)
    {
    courage:cour - age,(heart - n.),n:勇氣;
    cardiologist:cardio - log(y) - ist,[音:?kɑ?rdi‘ɑ?l?d??st],(heart - study - person),n:心臟科醫師,心臟病學家;
    electrocardiogram:electro - cardio - gram,[音:??lektro?‘kɑ?rdio?ɡræm],(electricity - heart - write),n:心電圖; {electricity:n:電,電學,電流,熱情;}
    core:core,(heart),n:核心,果心,要點;vt:挖去果核;
    cordial:cord - ial,[音:‘k??rd??l],(heart - adj.),adj:熱忱的,發自內心的,陳懇的,興奮的;n:興奮劑,補品;
    discordant:dis - cord - ant,[音:d?s‘k??rd?nt],(apart - heart - adj.),adj:不一致的,不和諧的;
     
    mental:ment - al,(mind - adj.),adj:心里的,精神的;{metal:金屬的;medal:獎牌;}
    mentality:ment - ality,[音:men‘tæl?ti],(mind - n.),n:心態,智力,心理狀態,精神性;
    demented:de - ment - ed,[音:d?‘ment?d],(away - mind - adj.),adj:發狂的,[醫]精神錯亂狀態的;
     
    memory:mem - ory,(remember - n.),n:記憶,回憶,記憶力,[計]存儲;
    memorabilia:memor - abil - ia,[音:?mem?r?‘b?li?],(remember - able - n.),n:值得紀念的事物,大記事,紀念物品;
    memorandum:memor - andum,[音:?mem?‘rænd?m],(remember - n.),n:[商]備忘錄,[法]交易備忘錄,契約書;
    commemorate:com - memor - ate,[音:k?‘mem?re?t],(together - remember - v.),v:紀念;
    immemorial:im - memor - ial,[音:??m?‘m??ri?l],(not - remember - adj.),adj:遠古的,極古的,久遠的;
    amnesia:a - mne - sia,[音:æm‘ni???],(without - remember - n.),n:健忘癥,記憶缺失;
    amnesty:a - mne - sty,[音:‘æmn?sti],(without - remember - n.),n:大赦,特赦;
     
    recognize:re - cogn - ize,(again - know - v.),v:認出,承認;
    cognitive:cogn - itive,[音:‘kɑ?ɡn?t?v],(know - adj.),adj:認知的,認識的,有認識力的;
    cognizant:cogn - iz - ant,[音:‘kɑ?ɡn?z?nt],(know -  - adj.),adj:已認識,既知道,曉得;
    cognoscenti:cogno - scent - i,[音:?‘kɑ?ɡn?‘sent?],(know - know - (復數)名詞字尾),n:(復數)(藝術的)鑒賞家,行家;
    incognito:in - cogni - to,[音:??nkɑ?ɡ‘ni?to?],(not - know - adv.),adv:匿名地,隱藏身份地,隱姓埋名地;adj:隱姓埋名的,化名的;n:隱姓埋名,化名;
    connoisseur:connois(cogniz) -  seur,[音:?k?n?‘s??],(know - one who),n:賞識家,鑒賞家,內行,行家;
    reconnaissance:re - connais(cogniz) - sance,[音:r?‘kɑ?n?sns],(again - know - n.),n:偵查,勘察;
    agnostic:a - gnos - tic,[音:æɡ‘nɑ?st?k],(without - know - n.[adj.]),n:不可知論者;adj:不可知論的,不可知論者的;
    diagnosis:dia - gnos - is,[音:?da??ɡ‘no?s?s],(through - know - n.),n:診斷,調查分析;
    ignoramus:i(n) - gnor - amus,[音:??ɡn?‘re?m?s],(not - know - n.),n:無知者,笨蛋;
    ignorant:i(n) - gnor - ant,[音:‘?ɡn?r?nt],(not - know - adj.),adj:無知的,愚昧的,不知道的;
    ignore:i(n) - gnore,(not - know),v:忽視,不理,不顧;
    prognosis:pro - gnos - is,[音:prɑ?ɡ‘no?s?s],(forward - know - n.),n:預測,預斷病情,預后;
     
    credit:cred - it,(believe - n.),n:信用,榮譽;
    credence:cred - ence,[音:‘kri?dns],(believe - n.),n:信任,相信,祭器臺;
    credentials:cred - ent - ials,[音:kr?‘den?lz],(believe -  - n.),n:證書,證件;
    credible:cred - ible,[音:‘kred?bl],(believe - able.),adj:可信的,可靠的;
    creditor:cred - it - or,[音:‘kred?t?r],(believe -  - one who),n:債權人,債主;
    credulous:cred - ul - ous,[音:‘kred??l?s],(believe -  - adj),adj:輕信的,易受騙的;
    accredited:ac(ad) - cred - it - ed,[音:?‘kred?t?d],(to - believe -  - adj.),adj:被認可的,可接受的,委任的;
    discredit:dis - cred - it,[音:[d?s‘kred?t],(not - believe - v.[n.]),v:敗壞……的名聲,懷疑,不信;n:喪失名譽,懷疑,不信任,丟臉;
    incredible:in - cred - ible,(not - believe - able),adj:難以置信的,驚人的;
    incredulous:in - cred - ul - ous,[音:?n‘kred??l?s],(not - believe -  - adj),adj:懷疑的,不輕信的;
    creed:creed,[音:kri?d],(believe),n:宗教信仰,信念;
    miscreant:mis - cre - ant,[音:‘m?skri?nt],(bad - believe - n.),n:歹徒,惡棍,異端;adj:極惡的,邪道的,異端的;
     
    confidence:con - fid - ence,(加強語氣 - faith - n.),n:信心;
    federal:fed - er - al,[音:‘fed?r?l],(faith -  - adj.),adj:聯邦制的,聯邦政府的,同盟的;n:聯邦主義者,同盟朋友;
    confederation:con - fed - er - at - ion,[音:k?n?fed?‘re??n],(加強語氣 - faith -  -  - n.),n:聯邦,同(聯)盟;
    fidelity:fid - el - ity,[音:f?‘del?ti],(faith -  - n.),n:忠實,忠誠,準確性,保真度;
    infidelity:in - fid - el - ity,[音:??nf?‘del?ti],(in - faith -  - n.),n:不忠,不信神;
    confidant:con - fid - ant,[音:?k?nf?‘dænt],(加強語氣 - faith - n.),n:心腹朋友,知己;
    confide:con - fide,[音:k?n‘fa?d],(加強語氣 - faith),v:吐露,委托,信賴;
    confidential:con - fid - ent - ial,[音:?kɑ?nf?‘den?l],(加強語氣 - faith -  - adj.),adj:秘密的,機密的,表示信任的,獲信賴的;
    diffident:dif(dis) - fid - ent,[音:‘d?f?d?nt],(not - faith - adj.),adj:無自信的,客客氣氣的,羞怯的;
    infidel:in - fid - el,[音:‘?nf?d?l],(not - faith - n.),n:不信宗教者,無宗教信仰之人;adj:無宗教信仰的,不信教的;
     
    certain:cert - ain,(sure - adj.),adj:確定的;
    certainty:cert - ain - ty,[音:‘s??rtnti],(sure -  - n.),n:確定性,確定,確定的事情;
    certificate:cert - ific - ate,(sure -  - n.),n:執照,證(明)書;vt:認可,批準,發證書給;
    certification:cert - ific - at - ion,(sure -  -  - n.),n:證明,認證,證書,鑒定;
    certified:cert - ifi - ed,(sure -  - adj.),adj:有執照的,經過驗證的,經證明的,經認證的,有保證的,保證合格的;
    ascertain:as(ad) - cert - ain,[音:?æs?r‘te?n],(to - sure - v.),vt:確定,查明,探知;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.8] 本小節示例及練習
    You should see a cardiologist for your irregular heartbeat. {irregular:[音:?‘reɡj?l?r];adj:不整齊的,不規則的,不合法的,不合規矩的;n:不合格品,非正規軍;heartbeat:[音:‘hɑ?rtbi?t];n:心跳,中心,重要特征;}
    The abbreviation EKG stands for "electrocardiogram". {abbreviation:[音:[??bri?vi‘e??n];n:縮寫;}
    The earth‘ s core is mostly molten lava. {molten:[音:‘mo?lt?n];adj:熔化的,熾熱的,鑄造的,melt的過去分詞;lava:n:火山巖,熔巖;molten lava:熔巖;}
    A cordial smile or a cordial welcome at once makes the visitor feel at home. {翻譯:誠摯的微笑或歡迎,能立刻讓訪客有賓至如歸之感。}
    The leather couch is the one discordant element in the traditional Chinese setup of the room. {翻譯:那張皮沙發是傳統中式擺設的房間中唯一不協調的元素。leather:n:皮革,皮制品;adj:皮革制的;vt:用皮鞭抽打,用皮革覆蓋;couch:[音:ka?t?];n:長沙發,睡椅,長椅,獸穴;vt:表達,躺下;vi:埋伏,躺下;setup:n:裝備,安裝,計劃;}
    
    You should put that vindictive mentality behind and learn to turn the other cheek. {翻譯:你該改掉愛報復的心里,學者逆來順受。put behind:v:放在后面,拒絕考慮,忘卻,延擱;vindictive:[音:v?n‘d?kt?v];adj:有報仇心的,懷恨的,懲罰的;cheek:[音:t?i?k];n:面頰,臉蛋;turn the other cheek:vi:逆來順受,不予回擊,不還手;}
    When we say someone has "lost his mind", we don‘t really mean that he is demented, only that he is talking or acting very unrealistically. {only that:adv:只是(要不是,要是沒有);unrealistically:adv:不現實地(不實際地,與事實不符地);}
    
    Planet Hollywood restaurants feature posters, costume, props, and other movie memorabilia. {planet:[音:‘plæn?t];n:行星;feature:[音:‘fi?t??r];vt:以……為特色;vi:起重要作用;n:特征,特色,容貌,特寫,故事片;poster:n:海報,裝飾畫,急行旅人;costume:[音:‘kɑ?stu?m];n:服裝,劇裝;vt:提供服裝,為……設計服裝;adj:服裝打扮的;custom:n:習慣,風俗,慣例,(復數)海關,關稅;adj:定做的,定制的;prop:[音:prɑ?p];n:道具,螺旋槳,推進器,支柱,支持者,依靠人;v:支撐,維持;}
    A memorandum or "memo" can be a simple note used as a reminder, or a diplomatic communication between nations. {翻譯:備忘錄有時候是作為提醒之用的簡單字條,有時候則指國與國之間的外交通訊。}
    December 25 was made a national holiday to commemorate the signing of the R.O.C Constitution. {R.O.C:n:中華民國(Republic Of China);constitution:[音:?k?nst?‘tju???n];n:憲法,組織,體質,構成,組成,構造;}
    Since time immemorial, mankind has wondered about the existence of ghosts. {翻譯:自遠古以來,人類就像知道有沒有鬼。mankind:n:人類,男人;wonder:v:想知道,驚奇,懷疑;n:驚奇,驚愕,奇跡,奇觀;adj:奇妙的,非凡的;existence:n:存在,生存;}
    A concussion can cause temporary amnesia in the patient. {concussion:[音:k?n‘k??n];n:腦震蕩,震動;}
    Amnesty International refused to plead for Nelson Mandela throughout his prison years because he supported armed revolt to bring down the former Pretoria government. {plead:[音:pli?d];v:辯護,懇求,提出借口,認罪;Nelson Mandela:n:納爾遜·曼德拉(南非前總統);throughout:prep:遍及,貫穿;adv:自始至終,到處;revolt:[音:r?‘vo?lt];n:叛亂,反抗,反感;v:叛亂,器反感;bring down:v:使倒下,減少;former:adj:前者的,前任的,以前的;n:創造者,<英>學校某一年級的學生;Pretoria:[音:pr?‘t?:r??];n:比勒陀利亞(南非的行政首都);}
    
    Cognitive psychology has been widely applied in education. {psychology:[音:sa?‘kɑ?l?d?i];n:心里,心理學;apply:vt:應用,涂,使專心從事;vi:申請,有關聯;}
    You needn‘t warn me; I‘m fully cognizant of the danger involved. {involved:adj:涉及的,牽連的,復雜的,感情投入的,有密切關系的;}
    This Rembrandt has long been a favorite among the cognoscenti. {翻譯:這幅林布蘭一直是鑒賞家的最愛。Rembrandt:n:倫伯朗(荷蘭畫家),林布蘭特;}
    This is another soap opera about an emperor traveling incognito. {soap:n:肥皂,肥皂劇;vt:用肥皂洗,阿玉奉承;opera:n:歌劇,Opera瀏覽器;soap opera:n:肥皂劇;emperor:[音:‘emp?r?r]:n:皇帝;}
    The character James Bond is a connoisseur of fine wines. {character:n:人物,個性,品質,字符,名譽,地位;adj:[劇](角色)代表某一特性的;}
    A U.S. reconnaissance flight over Cuba sparked the Cuban missile crisis. {spark:[音:spɑ?rk];vt:激發,引起,向……求愛;vi:閃爍,冒火花,熱情回應;n:火星,朝氣,情人,俗麗的年輕人;Cuba:[音:‘kju?b?];n:古巴(加勒比海的一個島國);Cuban:[音:‘kju?b?n];adj:古巴(人)的;n:古巴人;crisis:[音:kra?s?s];n:危機,危急;}
    An agnostic holds that it is impossible to know whether there is a God, or what kind of a being He would be. {翻譯:不可知論者認為不可能知道有沒有神,也無從得知神會是什么樣子。hold:v:認為;being:n:存在,人,生物,本質;}
    You can ask for a second opinion if you don‘t trust the doctor‘ s diagnosis. {翻譯:如果你信不過這個醫生的診斷,可以換個醫生看看。opinion:[音:?‘p?nj?n];n:意見,主張,看法,判斷;}
    When it comes to modern art, I confess that I‘m an ignoramus. {come to:v:談及,涉及,總計,蘇醒,繼承,達成,來到(某地);modern:adj:現代的,時髦的;n:現代人,時尚人士;confess:v:承認,供認,告解,聽取懺悔;}
    If you don‘t go to school and don‘t study on your own, you will eventually become an ignorant person. {eventually:[音:?‘vent?u?li];adv:最后,終于;}
    The children ignored the "No Swimming" sign and jumped into the water.
    TIME‘s panel of economists came up with a cautiously optimistic prognosis for this year. {翻譯:《時代雜志》的經濟學家小組對今年做出謹慎樂觀的預測。panel:n:座談小組,嵌板,儀表盤,陪審團;v:嵌鑲;come up:提出,被討論,上升,升起,靠近,走進,長出,上庭受審;cautiously:[音:‘k????sli];adv:謹慎地,慎重地;optimistic:adj:樂觀的,樂觀主義的;}
    
    I give credence to his story because I find the details convincing. {翻譯:我相信他的故事,因為我覺得里頭的細節令人信服。convincing:[音:k?n‘v?ns??];adj:使人信服的,有力的,令人心悅誠服的;}
    You have to present your credentials when applying for a job. {present:v:呈現,提出,贈送;apply:vt:應用,涂,使專心從事;vi:申請,有關聯;}
    That story sounds credible enough to me.
    The company is on the verge of bankruptcy because its creditors want their money back. {verge:[音:v??rd?];v:接近,瀕于,下沉,趨于,外在……的邊沿;n:邊緣,界限,權杖;on the verge of:v:接近于,瀕于;bankruptcy:[音:‘bæ?kr?ptsi];n:破產,倒閉;}
    Children will believe anything you tell them - they‘re so credulous.
    This university is accredited by Taiwan‘s Ministry of Education. {ministry:n:(政府的)部,內閣,(全體)牧師;}
    Readers discredit the newspaper‘s content because it is nothing but a mouthpiece for the government. {翻譯:讀者不相信那家報紙的內容,因為它只不過是政府的傳聲筒。mouthpiece:[音:‘ma?θpi?s];n:(電話)送話口,<貶>喉舌,(樂器)吹口;}
    You‘ve won the lottery again! Your luck is simply incredible! 
    She gave me an incredulous look when I told her what happened to me this morning.
    According to the creed of that cult, the world will soon come to an end. {翻譯:根據那個教派的信條,世界末日快要來了。cult:[音:k?lt];n:異教,宗教膜拜儀式,狂熱崇拜,個人崇拜;}
    Such miscreants should be locked away in jail and never allowed to harass innocent citizens. {locak away:v:將……鎖藏起來;jail:[音:d?e?];n:監牢,監獄,拘留所;vt:監禁,下獄;harass:[音:h??ræs];vt:騷擾,使疲乏;}
    
    You violate a federal law if you steal a car in one state and sell it in another. {violate:[音:‘va??le?t]];v:侵犯,違反,擾亂,褻瀆,強奸;}
    Some scholars propose that the two sides of the Taiwan Strait be united in a confederation. {有些學者提議海峽兩岸以聯邦形式統一。scholar:[音:‘skɑ?l?r];n:學者,獲得獎學金的學生;propose:v:打算,計劃,向……提議,求婚,提名;strait:[音:stre?t];n:海峽,困境;adj:困難的,窘迫的,<古>狹窄的,嚴格的;united:adj:聯合的,一致的,共同形成的;}
    While making a translation, fidelity to the original usually comes first. {翻譯:做翻譯的時候,通常忠于原文總要擺在第一位。}
    Marital infidelity is a major reason for divorce. {翻譯:對婚姻不忠是離婚的主要原因之一。martial:[音:‘mɑ?r?l];adj:好戰的,軍事的,戰爭的;}
    That secretary is the Mayor‘s confidant, and knows all of the Mayor‘s secrets. {secretary:[音:‘sekr?teri];n:部長,秘書,書記,大臣,寫字臺;}
    May I confide something to you?
    This document is strictly confidential; don‘t show it to anyone else. {strictly:[音:‘str?ktli];adv:嚴格地,完全地;}
    My kid sister is a shy, diffident teenager. {teenager:n:青少年,13歲~19歲的年輕人;}
    The purpose of the Crusades was to liberate Jerusalem from the hands of the infidels. {crusades:[音:kru?‘se?d];n:改革運動,十字軍東征;vi:參與斗爭或運動;liberate:[音:‘l?b?re?t];v:解放,使獲得自由,釋出,放出;Jerusalem:[音:d??‘rus?l?m];n:耶魯撒冷(巴勒斯坦城市);}
    
    I can‘t say with certainty, but I think you‘re right.
    Without a death certificate, the insurance company refuses to pay the money. {insurance:n:保險,保險費,安全保障;}
    A foreigner needs some sort of certification to be able to work in Taiwan. {sort:n:種類,某一種人;be able to:v:會,能;}
    My brother is a certified public accountant. {accountant:n:會計師;pubhlic accountant:n:公眾會計師;}
    Without  a signature, it‘s hard to ascertain the authorship of this e-mail. {authorship:[音:‘??θ?r??p];n:來源,著述,作家職業;}
    View Code

     

     

    [2.9]表示【行為動作】的字根

         -pon-           =     place(放置)
         -pos-           =     place(放置)
         -pose-           =     place(放置)
         -pound-       =     place(放置)
     
         -fac-            =     do,make(做,制造)
         -fact-           =     do,make(做,制造)
         -fect-           =     do,make(做,制造)
         -fic-             =     do,make(做,制造)
         -fict-            =     do,make(做,制造)
         -feas-           =     do,make(做,制造)
         -feat-           =     do,make(做,制造)
         -feit-            =     do,make(做,制造)
     
         -sign-          =     mark(做記號)
     
         -stig-           =     mark,prick(做記號,刺) {prick:v:刺,扎,豎起,受責備;n:扎,刺,刺痛,<俚>蠢人;}
         -stim-          =     mark,prick(做記號,刺)
         -stinct-         =     mark,prick(做記號,刺)
         -sting-         =     mark,prick(做記號,刺)
     
         -gram-         =     write(書寫)
         -graph-        =     write(書寫)
         -graff-          =     write(書寫)
     
         -scrib-         =     write(書寫)
         -scribe-        =     write(書寫)
         -script-        =     write(書寫)
     
         -meter-        =     measure(測量)
         -metr-          =     measure(測量)
     
         -pend-         =     hang,weigh,pay(懸掛,衡量,支出) {weigh:v:衡量,稱(重量),重達;}
         -spend-       =     hang,weigh,pay(懸掛,衡量,支出) 
         -pens-         =     hang,weigh,pay(懸掛,衡量,支出)
         -pense-       =     hang,weigh,pay(懸掛,衡量,支出)
         -pond-         =     hang,weigh,pay(懸掛,衡量,支出)
         -spons-       =     spend(支出) 
     
         -ambul-       =     walk(走)
         -amble-       =     walk(走)
     
         -cur-            =     run(跑)
         -curs-          =     run(跑)
         -cour-          =     run(跑)
         -cor-            =     run(跑)
     
         -nour-          =     feed(喂)
         -nur-            =     feed(喂)
         -nutri-          =     feed(喂)
     
         -vor-            =     swallow(吞食)
         -vore-           =     swallow(吞食)
         -vour-           =     swallow(吞食)
     
         -gest-           =     carry(輸送)
     
         -du-             =     lead(領導)
         -duc-            =     lead(領導)
         -duce-           =     lead(領導)
         -duct-           =     lead(領導)
         -duke-          =     lead(領導)
     
         -sec-             =     follow(跟隨)
         -sect-            =     follow(跟隨)
         -secut-           =     follow(跟隨)
         -sequ-           =     follow(跟隨)
         -su-               =     follow(跟隨)
         -sue-             =     follow(跟隨)
     
         -pel-              =     push(推,驅使)
         -pell-             =     push(推,驅使)
         -puls-            =     push(推,驅使)
         -pulse-           =     push(推,驅使)
     
         -tract-            =     pull(拉,引)
     
         -ven-             =     come(來)
         -vene-           =     come(來)
         -vent-            =     come(來)
     
         -i-                 =     go(去,行進)
         -it-                =     go(去,行進)
     
         -ced-             =     go(去,行進)
         -cede-            =     go(去,行進)
         -ceed-            =     go(去,行進)
         -ces-              =     go(去,行進)
         -cess-             =     go(去,行進)
     
         -grad-            =     step(步伐,步調)
         -grade-          =     step(步伐,步調)
         -gress-           =     step(步伐,步調)
     
         -cis-               =     cut(分割)
         -cise-             =     cut(分割)
         -scis-             =     cut(分割)
         -sect-             =     cut(分割)
         -seg-              =     cut(分割)
     
         -cide-             =     kill(殺)
     
         -junct-            =    join(接合)
         -join-              =    join(接合)
         -joint-             =    join(接合)
     
         -serv-             =    keep(持有,保持)
         -serve-            =    keep(持有,保持)
     
         -tain-             =    hold(持有,保持)
         -ten-              =    hold(持有,保持)
         -tin-               =    hold(持有,保持)
     
         -fer-               =    carry,bear(攜帶,傳送,懷有,承受)
     
         -port-             =    carry(攜帶,傳送)
     
         -jet-               =    throw(投擲)
         -ject-              =    throw(投擲)
     
         -miss-             =    send(發送)
         -mit-               =    send(發送)
     
         -opt-               =    choose(選擇)
     
         -lect-               =    choose,read(選擇,讀)
         -leg-                =    choose,read(選擇,讀)
         -lex-                =    choose,read(選擇,讀)
         -lig-                 =    choose,read(選擇,讀)
     
         -que-               =    ask,seek(詢問,尋找)
         -quer-              =    ask,seek(詢問,尋找)
         -quest-             =    ask,seek(詢問,尋找)
         -qui-                =    ask,seek(詢問,尋找)
         -quir-               =    ask,seek(詢問,尋找)
         -quis-               =    ask,seek(詢問,尋找)
         -quist-              =    ask,seek(詢問,尋找)
     
         -capt-               =    take,seize(拿取)
         -caps-               =    take,seize(拿取)
         -cept-               =    take,seize(拿取)
         -cip-                 =    take,seize(拿取)
         -ceiv-               =    take,seize(拿取)
         -ceive-              =    take,seize(拿取)
     
         -solu-               =    loosen(放松) {loosen:[音:‘lu?sn];vt:松開,放松,放寬;vi:變松,松弛;}
         -solv-               =    loosen(放松)
         -solve-             =    loosen(放松)
     
         -straight-          =    tighten,tight(拉緊,緊)
         -strain-             =    tighten,tight(拉緊,緊)
         -straint-            =    tighten,tight(拉緊,緊)
         -strait-              =    tighten,tight(拉緊,緊)
         -stress-             =    tighten,tight(拉緊,緊)
         -strict-              =    tighten,tight(拉緊,緊)
         -string-             =    tighten,tight(拉緊,緊)
         -strang-            =    tighten,tight(拉緊,緊)
         -stren-              =    tighten,tight(拉緊,緊)
         -strentch-          =    tighten,tight(拉緊,緊)
     
         -tend-               =    stretch(延伸) {stretch:v:伸展,延伸,張開,夸大;n:伸展,張開,彈性,一段時間,<俚>刑期;adj:可伸縮的;}
         -tens-               =    stretch(延伸)
         -tense-              =    stretch(延伸)
         -tent-                =    stretch(延伸)
     
         -dam-               =    harm(破壞,傷害)
         -demn-              =    harm(破壞,傷害)
     
         -fract-               =    break(破壞)
         -fra-                  =    break(破壞)
         -frag-                =    break(破壞)
         -frang-              =    break(破壞)
         -fray-                =    break(破壞)
         -fringe-             =    break(破壞)
         -frain-               =    break(破壞)
     
         -rupt-               =    break(破壞)
         -rout-               =    break(破壞)
     
         -struct-             =    build(建設)
         -stru-                =    build(建設)
         -strue-              =    build(建設)
     
         -vict-                =    conquer(征服) {conquer:[音:‘kɑ??k?r];vt:征服,客服,戰勝;vi:得勝;}
         -vinc-               =    conquer(征服)
         -vince-              =    conquer(征服)
         -vanqu-            =    conquer(征服)
     
         -reg-                =    rule(統治,規則)
         -rig-                 =    rule(統治,規則)
         -reign-             =    rule(統治,規則)
         -roy-                =    rule(統治,規則)
    {
    position:pos - it - ion,(place -  - n.),n:位置;
    component:com - pon - ent,(together - place - n.[adj.]),n:成分,組成部分,零部件,元件;adj:組成的,構成的;
    exponential:ex - pon - ential,[音:?eksp?‘nen?l],(out - place - adj.),n:指數的,冪的,大量(成長)的;
    posture:pos - ture,[音:‘pɑ?st??r],(place - n.),n:姿勢,態度,情形;v:作……姿勢,擺架子;
    composite:com - pos - ite,[音:k?m‘pɑ?z?t],(together - place - adj.[n.]),adj:合成的,復合的;n:合成物,復合材料;
    deposit:de - pos - it,[音:d?‘pɑ?z?t],(down - place - n.[v.]),n:存款,定金,堆積物,礦床;v:放置,(使)沉淀,存儲,付(定金),寄存;
    disposable:dis - pos - able,[音:d?‘spo?z?bl],(away - place - able),adj:可任意處理的,一次性的,隨用隨丟的;n:用完即可丟棄的東西;
    expose:ex - pose,[音:?k‘spo?z],(out - place),vt:揭露,使曝光,使面臨,使暴露,
    impose:im - pose,[音:?m‘po?z],(in - place),v:強加,課征,強迫,征收(稅款),加注;
    compound:com - pound,[音:‘kɑ?mpa?nd],(together - place),n:復合物,復合詞,化合物,院子(用圍墻圈起來的場地);adj:化合的,[語](詞語等)符合的,[植]符合的,[動]群體的;vt:混合,調合,使嚴重,私了,[經]以復利計算;vi:妥協;
    expound:ex - pound,[音:?k‘spa?nd],(out - place),v:闡述,解釋,詳細說明;
    propound:pro - pound,[音:pr?‘pa?nd],(forward - place),v:提議,提出(問題),倡言;
     
    factory:fact - ory,(make - n.),n:工廠;
    faction:fact - ion,[音:‘fæk?n],(do - n.),n:派系斗爭,內杠,小集團;
    factor:fact - or,(do - n.),n:因素,因數,因子;vt:把……因素包括進去;vi;作為因素;
    factotum:fac - totum,[音:fæk‘to?t?m],(do - total),n:雜役,助理,聽差,家務總管;
    factual:fact - ual,[音:‘fækt?u?l],(do - adj.),adj:事實的,真實的;
    artifact:arti - fact,[音:‘ɑrt??fækt],(skill - make),n:人工制品,典型產物,古文物,[醫]非源自腦中的電波、偽差、假象、人為現象;
    manufacture:manu - fact - ure,(hand - make - v.),v:生產,(手工)制造,捏造;n:制造,制造業,(復)產品;
    facilitate:fac - il - it - ate,[音:f?‘s?l?te?t],(do -  -  - v.),v:促進,幫助,使……容易;
    facility:fac - il - ity,(do -  - n.),n:機構,設備,設施,才能,資質,靈巧,熟練;
    facsimile:fac - sim - ile,[音:fæk‘s?m?li],(make - same - n.),n:復制品,傳真,摹本;v:摹寫,傳真;
    affect:af(ad) - fect,(to - do),vt:影響,感動,作用;
    defective:de - fect - ive,[音:d?‘fekt?v],(not - do - adj.),adj:有缺陷的,[語]不完全變化的;n:有缺陷的人;
    effect:ef(ex) - fect,[音:?‘fekt],(out - do),n:效果,效應,結果,影響,印象,要旨;v:使產生,引起;
    effective:ef(ex) - fect - ive,[音:?‘fekt?v],(out - do - adj.),adj:有效的,生效的,實際的;
    imperfect:im - per - fect,[音:?m‘p??rf?kt],(not - thoroughly - do),adj:不完美的,優缺點的,未完善的; {thoroughly:[音:‘θ??r?li];adv:徹底地,完全,非常;thorough:[音:‘θ??ro?];adj:徹底的,完全的,詳盡的,細致深入的;}
    ineffectual:in - ef(ex) - fect - ual,[音:??n?‘fekt?u?l],(not - out - do - adj.),adj:(東西)無效的,無益的,白費的,(人)無能的;
    perfectionist:per -fect - ion - ist,[音:p?r‘fek??n?st],(thoroughly - do -  - one who),n:完美主義者,十全十美主義者,[哲]至善論者;
    fiction:fict - ion,[音:‘f?k?n],(make - n.),n:虛構,虛構故事,小說,杜撰;
    nonfiction:non - fict - ion,[音:?n?n‘f?k??n],(not - make - n.),n:非小說的散文文學,寫實文學;
    fictitious:fict - it - ious,[音:f?k‘t???s],(make -  - adj.),adj:虛構的,假想的,虛偽的;
    artificial:arti - fic - ical,[音:?ɑ?rt?‘f??l],(skill - make - adj.),adj:人造的,人工的,虛偽的,武斷的;
    efficacious:ef(ex) - fic - ac - ious,[音:?ef?‘ke???s],(out - do -  - adj.),adj:有效的,效力強的,靈驗的;
    efficiency:ef(ex) - fic - iency,[音:?‘f??nsi],(out - do - n.),n:效率,功率;
    efficient:ef(ex) - fic - ient,[音:?‘f??nt],(out - do - adj.),adj:效率高的,有效率的,勝任的;
    proficiency:pro - fic - iency,[音:pr?‘f??nsi],(foward - do - n.),n:熟練,精通;
    sufficient:suf(sub) - fic - ient,[音:s?‘f??nt],(under - do - adj.),adj:足夠的,充分的;
    insufficient:in - suf(sub) - fic - ient,[音:??ns?‘f??nt],(not - under - do - adj.),adj:不足的;
    feasible:feas - ible,[音:‘fi?z?bl],(do - able),adj:可行的,可能的;
    feat:feat,[音:fi?t],(do),n:功績,壯舉,技藝,技藝表演;
    counterfeit:counter - feit,[音:‘ka?nt?rf?t],(against - make),v:偽造,偽裝,假裝;adj:假冒的,假裝的;n:偽鈔,贗品,偽造品;
    surfeit:sur - feit,[音:‘s??rf?t],(over - do),n:過食,過量;v:暴食,大吃,過分沉溺;
     
    sign:sign,(mark),n:征兆;v:簽名;
    signatory:sign - at - ory,[音:‘s?ɡn?t??ri],(mark -  - n.),n:簽署國,簽約國;
    signature:sign - at - ture,(mark -  - n.),n:簽署,書帖,有特征的符號,[計]簽名;
    signet:sign - et,[音:‘s?gn?t],(mark - small),n:印,圖章;v:在……上蓋小印章;
    signify:sign - ify,[音:‘s?ɡn?fa?],(mark - make),vt:表示,預示,代表,意味著,象征;vi:有重要性;
    assign:as(ad) - sign,[音:?‘sa?n],(to - mark),vt:分配,指定,指派,歸因,確定;n:受讓人;
    assignment:as(ad) - sign - ment,[音:?‘sa?nm?nt],(to - mark - n.),n:分配,差事,任務,功課,委派,被指定的(課外)作業,(分派的)任務;
    consign:con - sigh,[音:k?n‘sa?n],(加強語氣 - mark),vt:交付,委托,放逐;
    design:de - sign,[音:d?‘za?n],(down - mark),v:設計,計劃;n:設計,圖樣,圖案,目的;
    designate:de - sign - ate,[音:‘dez?ɡne?t],(down - mark - adj.[n.]),adj:指派好的,指定的;vt:指定,標明,把……定名為,選派,任命;
    insignia:in - sign - ia,[音:?n‘s?ɡni?],(in - mark - n.),n:(表示軍銜、軍種的)徽章,勛章,標記;
    insignificant:in - sign - ific - ant,[音:??ns?ɡ‘n?f?k?nt],(in - mark - make - adj.),adj:無關緊要的,微不足道的,不重要的,無用的;
    resignation:re - sign - at - ion,[音:?rez?ɡ‘ne??n],(away - mark -  - n.),n:辭職,辭呈,順從;
    resigned:re - sign - ed,[音:r?‘za?nd],(away - mark - adj.),adj:任命的,順從的,聽任的,已死心的;
     
    sting:sting,(prick),n:刺;v:刺;
    stigma:stig - ma,[音:‘st?ɡm?],(mark - n.),n:恥辱,污名,柱頭;
    astigmatic:a - stig - ma - tic,[音:?æst?g‘mæt?k],(without - mark -  - adj.),adj:散光的,敵視的;n:散光;
    stimulate:stim - ul - ate,[音:‘st?mjule?t],(prick -  - v.),vt:刺激,激勵,鼓舞;vi:起刺激作用;
    distinct:dis - (s)tinct,[音:d?‘st??kt],(apart - mark),adj:不同的,各自獨立的,明顯的,清晰的,獨特的;
    distinction:dis - (s)tinct - ion,[音:d?‘st??k?n],(apart - mark - n.),n:區分,區別,對比,差別,優秀,榮譽;
    distinctive:dis - (s)tinct - ive,[音:d?‘st??kt?v],(apart - mark - adj.),adj:獨特的,有特色的,與眾不同的;
    extinct:ex - (s)tinct,[音:?k‘st??kt],(out - prick),adj:滅絕的,絕種的,熄滅的,消亡的;
    instinct:in - stinct,[音:‘?nst??kt],(not - prick),n:直覺,本能,天性;adj:充滿的;
    indistinct:in - dis - (s)tinct,[音:??nd?‘st??kt],(not - apart - mark),adj:不清楚的,模糊的,微弱的;
    distinguish:dis - (s)ting - uish,[音:d?‘st??ɡw??],(apart - mark - v.),vt:區別,辨認,使顯著;
    distinguished:dis - (s)ting - uish - ed,[音:d?‘st??ɡw??t],(apart - mark -  - adj.),adj:杰出的,卓越的,尊敬的;
    extinguish:ex - (s)ting - uish,[音:?k‘st??ɡw??],(out - prick - v.),vt:熄滅,撲滅,消滅,使破滅,償清;
     
    photograph:photo - graph,(light - write),n:相片;
    cablegram:cable - gram,[音:‘ke?b?l?græm],(cable - write),n:海底電纜電報;
    diagram:dia - gram,[音:‘da??ɡræm],(through - write),n:解說圖,說明圖,圖解,圖表;vt:用圖解法表示; {through:prep:穿過,憑借,一直到;adj:直達的,直通的,貫穿的,完成的,結束的;adv:通過,徑直,自始至終,(電話)接通,完全;}
    epigram:epi - gram,[音:‘ep?ɡræm],(upon - write),n:警句,精辟的措辭,詼諧短詩;
    monogram:mono - gram,[音:‘mɑ?n?ɡræm],(one - write),n:(名字字首)縮寫字樣,由姓與名的第一個字母編制而成的圖案;v:把交織字母刺繡刻于;
    programming:pro - gram - ming,(for - write - n.),n:程序設計,編程,節目編排;
    telegram:tele - gram,(for - write),n:電報;v:向……發電報;
    graph:graph,[音:ɡræf],(write),n:圖,圖表,示意圖;vt:(以圖表)表示;
    graphic:graph - ic,[音:‘ɡræf?k],(write - adj.),adj:栩栩如生的,生動的,圖表的;n:圖表;
    graphics:graph - ics,(write - n.),n:圖形,制圖法,繪圖學,[計]圖解計算,[語]書法,字體;
    graphite:graph - ite,[音:‘ɡræfa?t],(write - n.),n:石墨,黑鉛,鉛筆粉;
    graffiti:graff - iti,[音:ɡr?‘fi?ti],(write - n.),n:涂鴉,graffiti的復數形式; {graffito:[音:gr?‘fi?to?];n:亂花,涂鴉;}
    autograph:auto - graph,[音:‘??t?ɡræf],(self - write),n:親筆簽名,手稿,原稿,手跡,真跡;v:親筆簽名于,親筆書寫;
    autobiography:auto - bio - graph - y,[音:???t?ba?‘ɑ?ɡr?fi],(self - life - write - n.),n:自傳;
    bibliography:biblio - graph - y,[音:?b?bli‘ɑ?ɡr?fi],(book -  write - n.),n:書目,參考書目,文獻學;
    biography:bio - graph - y,[音:ba?‘ɑ?ɡr?fi],(life -  write - n.),n:傳記;
    choreographer:choreo - graph - er,[音:?k?ri‘?ɡr?f?(r)],(dance -  write - one who),n:編舞家,編舞指導,編舞者;
    demographic:demo - graph - ic,[音:?dem?‘ɡræf?k],(people -  write - adj.),adj:人口的,人口統計學的;n:具有統計學特征的人群(一般指根據年齡、性別等進行統計的人群);
    epigraph:epi - graph,[音:‘ep?ɡræf],(upon - write),n:碑文,題名,題詞;
    geography:geo - graph - y,[音:d?i‘ɑ?ɡr?fi],(earth - write - n.),n:地理; {geology:[音:d?i‘ɑ?l?d?i];n:地質學,(某地區)的地質情況,地質學著作;}
    monograph:mono - graph,[音:‘mɑ?n?ɡræf],(one - write),n:專題論文;
    oceanography:oceano - graph - y,[音:?o???‘nɑ?ɡr?fi],(ocean - write - n.),n:海洋學;
    paragraph:para - graph,(beside - write),n:段落,節;vt:將……分段,寫短評報道;vi:寫短評;
    phonograph:phono - graph,[音:‘fo?n?ɡræf],(sound - write),n:留聲機,電唱機;
    pictograph:picto - graph,[音:‘p?kt??grɑ?f],(paint - write),n:象形文字,統計圖表;
    polygraph:poly - graph,[音:‘pɑ?liɡræf],(many - write),n:測謊機;
     
    describe:de - scribe,(down - write),v:描寫;
    scribble:scrib - ble,[音:‘skr?bl],(write - v.),v:潦草的書寫,亂寫;n:潦草的寫法;
    inscribe:in - scribe,[音:?n‘skra?b],(in - write),v:刻,題寫,銘刻于,題贈,銘記;
    subscribe:sub - scribe,[音:s?b‘skra?b],(under - write),vt:訂閱,簽名,支持,捐贈,同意;
    transcribe:tran(s) - scribe,[音:træn‘skra?b],(across - write),v:抄寫,改寫,用音標標出,改編(樂曲),轉錄;
    script:script,(write),n:劇本,腳本,手稿,字跡,字體,考卷;
    scripture:script - ure,[音:‘skr?pt??r],(write - n.),n:(圣經)經文,圣經或圣經中的一段;
    manuscript:manu - script,(hand - write),n:手稿,原稿;adj:手抄的;
    nondescript:non - de - script,[音:‘nɑ?nd?skr?pt],(not - down - write),adj:缺乏特色的,沒有特色的,難以區別的,莫可名狀的;n:難以名狀的人或物;
    postscript:post - script,[音:‘po?stskr?pt],(after - write),n:后記,附筆;
    prescription:pre - script - ion,[音:pr?‘skr?p?n],(before - write - n.),n:處方,藥方,對策;
    transcript:tran(s) - script,[音:‘trænskr?pt],(across - write),n:成績單,譽本,抄本,副本,筆錄;
     
    centimeter:centi - meter,(hundred - measure),v:公分,厘米;
    altimeter:alti - meter,[音:æl‘t?m?t?r],(height - measure),n:高度計,測高儀;
    asymmetric:a - sym - metr - ic,[音:?e?s?‘metr?k],(without - same - measure - adj.),adj:不對稱的;
    geometry:geo - metr - y,[音:d?i‘ɑ?m?tri],(earth - measure - n.),n:幾何,幾何學;
    thermometer:thermo - meter,[音:θ?r‘mɑ?m?t?r],(heat - measure - n.),n:溫度計,體溫計;
     
    depend:de - pend,(加強語氣 - hang),v:依靠;
    pendant:pend - ant,[音:‘pend?nt],(hang - n.),n:垂飾,懸掛物;adj:下垂的,懸而未決的,(=pendent);
    pending:pend - ing,(hang - adj.),adj:掛起的,懸而未決的,待定的,即將發生或來臨的;prep:直到,等待……的時候,在……期間;
    pendulum:pend - ul - um,[音:‘pend??l?m],(hang -  - n.),n:擺錘,鐘擺,搖擺不定;
    appendix:ap(ad) - pend - ix,[音:?‘pend?ks],(to - hang - n.),n:附錄,附屬物,盲腸,闌尾;
    compendium:com - pend - ium,[音:k?m‘pendi?m],(together - weigh - n.),n:摘要,大綱,簡要,概略,提綱,手冊;
    expend:ex - pend,(out - pay),v:花費,消耗,支出;
    spendthrift:spend - thrift,[音:‘spendθr?ft],(pay - wealth),n:浪費的人,揮霍無度者;adj:浪費的,揮霍無度的;
    suspend:sus(sub) - pend,(under - hang),v:吊銷,暫停,懸浮,中止,勒令停止;
    pensive:pens - ive,[音:‘pens?v],(weigh - adj.),adj:沉思的,若有所思的,愁眉苦臉的;
    compensation:com - pens - at - ion,[音:‘kɑ?mpen‘se??n],(加強語氣 - weigh -  - n.),n:補償,賠償,賠償金;
    dispensary:dis - pens - ary,[音:‘kɑ?mpen‘se??n],(out - weigh - n.),n:醫務室,施藥所,診療所;
    dispense:dis - pense,[音:d?‘spens],(out - weigh),v:不用,免除,分發,分配,配(藥);
    expense:ex - pense,(out - pay),n:開銷,花費,費用,代價;
    indispensable:in - dis - pens - able,[音:??nd?‘spens?bl],(not - out - weigh - able),adj:不可缺少的,不可或缺的;
    propensity:pro - pens - ity,[音:pr?‘pens?ti],(forward - hang - n.),n:傾向,習性,天生的性向;
    suspense:sus(sub) - pense,[音:s?‘spens],(under - hang),n:懸疑,焦慮,懸念;
    ponder:pond - er,[音:‘pɑ?nd?r],(weigh - v.),v:沉思,考慮,衡量,思考;
    ponderous:pond - er - ous,[音:‘pɑ?nd?r?s],(weigh -  -  adj.),adj:笨重的,笨拙的,沉悶的,沉重的,乏味的;
    preponderant:pre - pond - er -ant,[音:pr?‘pɑ?nd?r?nt],(before - weigh -  -  adj.),adj:最重大的,最主要的,占優勢的,主要的,壓倒性的;
    sponsor:spons - or,[音:‘spɑ?ns?r],(spend - one who),n:資助廠商,贊助者,保證人,發起者,主辦者;v:贊助,出錢主辦,發起,倡議;
     
    ambulance:ambul - ance,(walk - n.),n:救護車;
    ambulatory:ambul - at - ory,[音:‘æmbj?l?t??ri],(walk -  - adj.),adj:可走動的,能行動的,[醫]非臥床的,流動的,[法]可變更的,可撤銷的;n:回廊,步道;
    somnambulant:somn - ambul - ant,[音:s?m‘næmbj?l?nt],(sleep - walk - adj.),adj:夢游的,患夢游癥的;
    preamble:pre - amble,[音:pri‘æmbl],(before - walk),n:前言,前文,序文;
     
    course:cour - se,(run - n.),n:河道,課程;
    currency:cur - renc - y,[音:‘k??r?nsi],(run -  - n.),n:貨幣,流通;
    current:cur - rent,[音:‘k??r?nt],(run - n.),n:趨勢,(水、氣、電)流;adj:現在的,流通的;
    cursor:curs - or,[音:‘k??rs?r],(run - n.),n:光標,游標;
    cursory:curs - ory,[音:‘k??rs?ri],(run - adj.),adj:匆匆忙忙的,草率的,粗略的;
    concur:con - cur,[音:k?n‘k??r],(together - run),v:意見相同,看法一致,同意,同時發生;
    discursive:dis - cur - ive,[音:d?s‘k??rs?v],(apart - run - adj.),adj:散漫的,不得要領的,漫談式的,[哲]推論;
    excursion:ex - curs - ion,[音:?k‘sk??r?n],(out - run - n.),n:遠足,短途旅行,出游,[物]偏移,偏離,偏差,偏振;
    incur:in - cur,[音:?n‘k??r],(in - run),vt:招致,遭受,惹起;
    occur:oc(ob) - cur,(toward - run),vi:發生,產生,存在,出現,想到;
    precursor:pre - curs - or,[音:pri?‘k??rs?r],(before - run - n.),n:先驅,先導,前任,前身,前兆,[生]前體,前驅體;
    recur:re - cur,(again - run),vi:重現,再發生;
    courier:cour - ier,[音:‘k?ri?r],(run - n.),n:送快信的,急差,信差,旅行服務員;
    concourse:con - cour - se,[音:‘kɑ??k??rs],(together - run - n.),n:(機場、車站)大廳,廣場,匯合;
    intercourse:inter - cour - se,[音:‘?nt?rk??rs],(between - run - n.),n:交往,交流,性交;
    recourse:re - cour - se,[音:‘ri?k??rs],(back - run - n.),n:依賴,求助,追索權,退路,后援;
    corridor:cor - ridor,[音:‘k??r?d??r],(run - n.),n:走廊;
     
    nurse:nur - se,(feed - n.[v.]),n:護士;v:看護,哺育;
    nourish:nur - ish,[音:‘n??r??],(feed - v.),v:滋養,給營養,培育,懷有;
    nursery:nur - sery,[音:‘n??rs?ri],(feed - n.),n:托兒所,保育室,苗圃;
    nurture:nur - ture,[音:‘n??rt??r],(feed - n.[v.]),n:養育,培育,環境因素;vt:養育,培育,照顧,扶持;
    nutrient:nutri - ent,[音:‘nu?tri?nt],(feed - n.),n:營養素,營養物,營養品;adj:營養的,滋養的;
    nutriment:nutri - ment,[音:‘nju?tr?m?nt],(feed - n.),n:食物,營養物質,營養品,促進生長的東西;
    nutritious:nutri - tious,[音:nu‘tr???s],(feed - adj.),adj:有營養的,滋養的;
    malnutrition:mal - nutri - tion,[音:?mælnu?‘tr??n],(bad - feed - n.),n:營養不良;
     
    devour:de - vour,[音:d?‘va??r],(加強語氣 - swallow),v:吞食;
    voracious:vor - ac - ious,[音:v??‘re???s],(swallow -  - adj.),adj:狼吞虎咽的,胃口極大的,貪婪的,貪吃的,求知欲強的;
    carnivorous:carni - vor - ous,[音:kɑ?‘n?v?r?s],(flesh - swallow - adj.),adj:食肉的,肉食性的; {flesh:[音:fle?];n:肉,肉體,人類;v:充實,變胖;}
    herbivore:herbi - vore,[音:‘h??rb?v??r],(plant - swallow),n:草食動物;
    omnivorous:omni - vor - ous,[音:ɑ?m‘n?v?r?s],(all - swallow - adj.),adj:雜食的,涉獵廣泛的;
     
    suggest:sug - gest,(under - carry),v:建議,暗示;
    gesture:gest - ure,[音:‘d?est??r],(carry - n.),n:手勢,姿勢,姿態;v:作手勢表達;
    congestion:con - gest - ion,[音:k?n‘d?est??n],(together - carry - n.),n:阻塞,擁擠,充血;
    digestion:di(de) - gest - ion,[音:d?‘d?est??n],(apart - carry - n.),n:消化,吸收,領悟,[生]細菌分解;
    ingest:in - gest,[音:?n‘d?est],(in - carry),v:咽下,吃下,吞噬,攝取;
     
    introduce:intro - duce,(inward - lead),v:介紹,引進;{inward:adj:內部的,內心的,向內的,親密的;adv:向內;n:內部,內在;}
    duke:duke,(lead),n:公爵;
    coeducational:co - e - duc - at - ion - al,[音:?ko?ed??‘ke???n?l],(together - out - lead -  -  - adj.),adj:男女合校的;
    conducive:con - duc - ive,[音:k?n‘dju?s?v],(加強語氣 - lead - adj.),adj:有助的,有益的,有利于……的;
    deduce:de - duce,[音:d?‘du?s],(away - lead),v:演繹,推斷,推論;
    induce:in - duce,[音:?n‘du?s],(in - lead),v:引起,促使,勸服,引誘,誘導;
    producer:pro - duc - er,[音:pr?‘du?s?r],(forward - lead - one who),n:制片,制片人,生產者,制造者;
    reduce:re - duce,(back - lead),v:貶低,減少,縮小,減低,使落魄,簡化,還原;
    reproduce:re - pro - duce,[音:?ri?pr?‘du?s],(again - forward - lead),v:復制,繁殖,再生,生殖;
    duct:duct,(lead),n:導管,管道;vt:用導管輸送;
    ductile:duct - ile,[音:‘d?kt?l],(lead - adj.),adj:可塑的,有延展性的,易延展的,柔軟的,易教導的;
    abduct:ab - duct,[音:æb‘d?kt],(away - lead),vt:誘拐,綁走,挾持;
    aqueduct:aque - duct,[音:‘ækw?d?kt],(water - lead),n:供水干管,[建]高架渠,渡槽,[解]導管;
    conductor:con - duct - or,[音:k?n‘d?kt?r],(altogether - lead - one who),n:導體,列車長,售票員,指揮; {altogether:adv:總共,完全,總的來說;}
    deductible:de - duct - ible,[音:d?‘d?kt?bl],(away - lead - able),adj:可扣除的;n:可減免的東西,扣除條款;
    induction:in - duct - ion,[音:?n‘d?k?n],(int - lead - n.),n:歸納,歸納法,感應,就職,誘發;
    seduction:se - duct - ion,[音:s?‘d?k?n],(away - lead - n.),n:引誘,誘惑,勾引,誘奸;
    viaduct:via - duct,[音:‘va??d?kt],(way - lead),n:高架橋,棧道;
    conduit:con - du - it,[音:‘k?nd??t],(altogether - lead - n.),n:渠道,管道,導管,水管,溝渠;
     
    second:sec -ond,(follow -adj.),adj:第二的;
    sect:sect,(follow),n:宗教,教派;
    consecutive:con - secut - ive,[音:k?n‘sekj?t?v],(together - follow - adj.),adj:連續的,連貫的;
    executioner:ex -  (s)ecut - ion - er,[音:?eks?‘kju???n?r],(out - follow -  - one who),n:劊子手;
    executive:ex - (s)ecut - ive,[音:?g‘z?kj?t?v],(out - follow - n.[adj.]),n:主管,行政主管,行政部門,決策者;adj:執行的,行政的,決策的,經營的,[計]執行指令;
    persecute:per - secut - e,[音:‘p??rs?kju?t],(加強語氣 - follow - v.),vt:迫害,煩擾,為難;
    prosecutor:pro - secut - or,[音:‘prɑ?s?kju?t?r],(forward - follow - one who),n:檢察官,起訴人,公訴人,原告,檢舉人,告發人;
    sequel:sequ - el,[音:‘si?kw?l],(follow - n.),n:續集,續篇,結局,后果;
    sequence:sequ - ence,(follow - n.),n:一段,順序,連續,次序,一系列;vt:按順序排好;
    sequential:sequ - ent - ial,[音:s?‘kwen?l],(follow -  - adj.),adj:連續的(序貫的);
    consequently:con - sequ - ent - ly,[音:‘kɑ?ns?kwentli],(together - follow -  - adv.),adv:因此,所以; {consequent:adj:作為結果的,隨之發生的,合乎邏輯的;n:推論,結論,[數]后項;consequential:[音:?k?ns?‘kwen??l];adj:重要的,間接的,隨之發生的,自高自大的;}
    inconsequential:in - con - sequ - ent - ial,[音:?n?kɑ?ns?‘kwen?l],(not - together - follow -  - adv.),adj:不合邏輯的,不合理的,不重要的,微不足道的;
    obsequious:ob - sequ - ious,[音:?b‘si?kwi?s],(toward - follow - adj.),adj:諂媚的,奉承的,順從的;
    subsequent:sub - sequ - ent,[音:‘s?bs?kw?nt],(after - follow - adj.),adj:隨后的,后來的;
    ensue:en - sue,[音:?n‘su?],(動詞詞首 - follow),v:跟著發生,繼起,因而產生; {ensure:[音:?n‘??r];vt:擔保,保證,使安全,確保;}
    pursuit:pur - su - it,[音:p?r‘su?t],(加強語氣 - follow - n.),n:追求,追趕,工作;
     
    compel:com - pel,[音:k?m‘pel],(加強語氣 - push),v:強迫;
    dispel:dis - pel,[音:d?‘spel],(away - push),v:驅散,消除;
    expel:dis - pel,[音:?k‘spel],(out - push),v:驅逐,開除,排出;
    propel:pro - pel,[音:pr?‘pel],(forward - push),v:推進,驅使;
    propeller:pro - pell - er,[音:pr?‘pel?r],(forward - push - one who),n:螺旋槳,推進器,=propellor;
    repel:re - pel,[音:r?‘pel],(back - push),vt:排斥,抵制,擊退,使反感;vi:排斥,反感;
    repellent:re - pel - lent,[音:r?‘pel?nt],(back - push - n.),n:驅除劑,驅蟲劑,防水劑;adj:令人厭惡的,排斥的,驅除的,防水的;
    pulsate:puls - sate,[音:‘p?lse?t],(push - v.),v:脈動,搏動,悸動,有規律的股動;
    pulse:pulse,[音:p?ls],(push),n:脈搏,脈沖,[植]豆類;v:搏動,跳動;
    compulsive:com - puls - ive,[音:k?m‘p?ls?v],(加強語氣 - push - adj.),adj:身不由己的,難以抑制的,上癮的,強迫的,極有趣的;
    compulsory:com - puls - ory,[音:k?m‘p?ls?ri],(加強語氣 - push - adj.),adj:義務的,強迫的,強制的,勢在必行的;
    impulse:im - pulse,[音:‘?mp?ls],(in - push),n:沖動,心血來潮,神經沖動,[物]沖量,[電]脈沖;vt:推動;
    propulsion:pro - puls - ion,[音:pr?‘p?l?n],(forward - push - n.),n:推進,推進力;
    repulsive:re - puls - ive,[音:r?‘p?ls?v],(away - push - adj.),adj:令人厭惡的,排斥的;
     
    attract:at - tract,(to - pull),v:吸引;
    traction:tract - ion,[音:‘træk?n],(pull - n.),n:抓地力,附著摩擦力,拉力,牽引力,牽引,拽;
    tractor:tract - or,(pull - one who),n:拖拉機,牽引機;
    contract:con - tract,(together - pull),v:縮小,縮短,訂合同,感染(疾病),招致;n:合同,婚約,合約,契約;
    detract:de - tract,(down - pull),vi:減損;vt:轉移;
    detractor:de - tract - or,(down - pull - one who),n:攻訐(jie2)者,貶低者;
    distraction:dis - tract - ion,(away - pull - n.),n:令人分心的事物,分心,注意力分散,娛樂,消遣,發狂;
    extract:ex - tract,[音:‘?kstrækt],(out - pull),vt:摘錄,提取,抽取,拔出,榨出,選取,[計]提取;n:摘錄,精華,榨出物;
    intractable:in - tract - able,[音:?n‘trækt?bl],(not - pull - able),adj:難以管理的,難駕馭的,倔強的,難加工的,難治療的;
    protracted:pro - tract - ed,[音:pr?‘trækt?d],(forward - pull - adj),adj:長時間的,拖延的,<書>延長的,拖延的;
    retract:re - tract,(back - pull),v:收回,縮回,撤銷;
    subtract:sub - tract,(under - pull),vt:減去;vi:減少;
     
    invent:in - vent,(in - come),v:發明;
    venue:ven - ue,[音:‘venju?],(come - n.),n:(出席)地點,會場,場所,審判地,集合地,體育場館,犯罪地點;
    avenue:a(d) - ven - ue,[音:‘æv?nu?],(to - come - n.),n:大道,大街,林蔭道,途徑手段;
    convene:con - vene,[音:k?n‘vi?n],(together - come),vt:召開,召集,集合,召喚;vi:集合;
    convenience:con - ven - ience,(together - come - n.),n:便利,舒適,適宜,便利設施,方便的時間;
    revenue:re - ven - ue,[音:‘rev?nu?],(back - come - n.),n:收入,稅收,稅務局;
    souvenir:sou - ven - ir,[音:?su?v?‘n?r],(under - come - n.),n:紀念品;
    venture:vent - ure,[音:‘vent??r],(come - n.[v.]),n:企業,冒險(事業),風險,投機;vt:冒險,敢于,冒昧的說;
    advent:ad - vent,[音:‘ædvent],(to - come),n:到來,出現;
    adventurous:ad - vent - ur - ous,[音:?d‘vent??r?s],(to - come -  - adj.),adj:有冒險精神的,愛冒險的,大膽的,冒險的,驚險的;
    circumvent:circum - vent,[音:?s??rk?m‘vent],(around - come),vt:規避,繞行,設法避開,圍住;
    convent:con - vent,[音:‘kɑ?nvent],(together - come),n:修道院,女修道院,女修院開班的學校;
    convention:con - vent - ion,[音:k?n‘ven?n],(together - come - n.),n:大會,習俗,協定,慣例,公約;
    conventional:con - vent - ion - al,[音:k?n‘ven??nl],(together - come -  - adj.),adj:傳統的,一般的,慣例的,常規的;
    event:e(x) - vent,(out - come),n:事件,大事,項目;
    eventually:e(x) - vent - ual - ly,[音:?‘vent?u?li],(out - come -  - adv.),adv:最后,終于;
    intervention:inter - vent - ion,[音:??nt?‘ven?n],(between - come - n.),n:介入,干預,調停;
    inventory:in - vent - ory,[音:‘?nv?nt??ri],(between - come - n.),n:盤存,存活(清單),詳細目錄;vt:編制(詳細目錄);
    preventive:pre - vent - ive,[音:pr?‘vent?v],(before - come - adj.),adj:預防性的,預防的,防病的;n:預防物,預防性措施;
     
    exit:ex - it,(out - go),v:出去;n:出口;
    itinerant:it - in - er - ant,[音:a?‘t?n?r?nt],(go -  -  - adj.),adj:巡回的,流動的;n:巡回者;
    itinerary:it - in - er - ary,[音:a?‘t?n?reri],(go -  -  - n.),n:行程,旅行計劃,行程表,旅程,游記;adj:旅程的,巡回的,游歷的;
    ambitious:amb(i) - it - ious,[音:æm‘b???s],(around - go - adj.),adj:有雄心的,野心勃勃的,有抱負的;
    audit:aud - it,[音:‘??d?t],(hear - go),n:查賬,審計;vt:查賬,審計,旁聽;
    audition:aud - it - ion,[音:??‘d??n],(hear - go - n.[v.]),n:試鏡,聽,聽力,試聽;v:試鏡,試音,試聽;
    circuitous:circu - it - ous,[音:s?r‘kju??t?s],(around - go - adj.),adj:迂回的,繞行的;
    initial:in - it - ial,(in - go - adj.[n.]),adj:字首的,開始的,最初的,姓名首字母縮寫;n:(詞)首字母;vt:簽姓名的首字母于;
    initiate:in - it - iate,[音:?‘n??ie?t],(in - go - v.),vt:開始,發起,創始,啟蒙,介紹加入;n:創始人;adj:新加入的,啟蒙的;
    transit:trans - it,(across - go),n:運輸,經過,轉變,[天]中天,凌日,經緯儀;vt:穿越,旋轉;vi:越過;
    transition:trans - it - ion,(across - go - n.),n:轉型,轉變,過渡;
    transitory:trans - it - ory,[音:‘træns?t??ri],(across - go - adj.),adj:短暫的,過渡的,暫時的,瞬息的,片刻的;
    transient:tans - i - ent,[音:‘træn?nt],(across - go - n.),n:過境(旅客),短期居留者,<電>順便電流;adj:短暫的;
    perish:per - i - (i)sh,[音:‘per??],(through - go - v.),vt:滅亡,毀滅,使死亡;vi:毀滅,消失,腐爛;
     
    process:pro - cess,(forward - go),n:過程;v:處理;
    cede:cede,[音:si?d],(go),v:讓出,割讓(領土,權利),放棄;
    antecedent:ante - ced - ent,[音:?ænt?‘si?dnt],(before - go - n.),n:先行詞,前情,祖先;adj:在……之前的,居先的;
    concede:con - cede,[音:k?n‘si?d],(together - go),vt:承認,讓步,給予,認輸;vi:讓步;
    intercede:inter - cede,[音:??nt?r‘si?d],(between - go),vt:介入,仲裁,說情,調解;
    precede:pre - cede,[音:pr?‘si?d],(before - go),vt:居先,走在……之前,在……之前,先于;vi:在前面,領先;
    recede:re - cede,[音:r?‘si?d],(back - go),vt:退回,撤回;vi:后退,減弱;
    secede:se - cede,[音:s?‘si?d],(apart - go),v:脫離,正式脫離或退出;
    unprecedented:un - pre - ced - ent - ed,[音:?n‘pres?dent?d],(not - before - go -  - adj.),adj:史無前例的,空前的,前所未有的;
    exceed:ex - ceed,[音:?k‘si?d],(out - go),vt:超出,超過,vi:領先;
    proceed:pro - ceed,[音:pro?‘si?d],(forward - go),vi:前進,向前走;
    succeed:suc(sub) - ceed ,[音:s?k‘si?d],(after - go),v:繼……之后,接著發生,成功,繼承;
    access:ac - cess,[音:‘ækses],(to - go),n:管道,通道,入口,接近(的機會),使用之權;vt:接觸,進入,(電腦)存取;
    accessory:ac - cess - ory,[音:æk‘ses?ri],(to - go - n.[adj.]),n:配件,附件,同謀;adj:附屬的,輔助的,同謀的;
    ancestor:an(te) - ces - tor,[音:‘ænsest?r],(before - go - one who),n:祖先,祖宗,原種;
    concession:con - cess - ion,[音:k?n‘se?n],(together - go - n.),n:讓步,特許權,租界,妥協;
    excess:ex - cess,[音:?k‘ses],(out - go),n:超過,過量,過剩;adj:過多的,過量的,額外的;
    excessive:ex - cess - ive,[音:?k‘ses?v],(out - go - adj.),adj:過度的,過分的,過多的;
    inaccessible:in - ac - cess - ible,[音:??næk‘ses?bl],(not - to - go - able),adj:無法取得的,難以接近的,難達到的,難見到的;
    predecessor:pre - de - cess - or,[音:‘pred?ses?r],(before - away - go - one who),n:前任,祖先,原有事物;
    processing:pro - cess - ing,[音:prɑ??ses??],(forward - go - n.),n:處理,加工,進程,步驟,數據處理,整理,配制;
    recess:re - cess,[音:r?‘ses],(back - go),n:休息,幽深處,凹縫,壁龕,放假;v:休息,放入壁龕,作凹處,休息;
    successive:suc(sub) - cess - ive,[音:s?k‘ses?v],(after - go - adj.),adj:連續的,接連的,接二連三的;
     
    gradually:grad - ual - ly,(step -  - adv.),adv:逐漸的;
    grade:grade,[音:ɡre?d],(step),n:成績,等級,年級,斜坡;v:分級,評分,漸次變化;
    gradient:grad - ient,[音:‘ɡre?di?nt],(step - n.),n:坡度,傾斜度,梯度;
    graduate:grad - uate,(step - n.[v.]),n:畢業生;vt:畢業,標以刻度,定等級;vi:畢業,獲學位,逐漸變得;adj:畢業的,獲得學位的;
    degrading:de - grad - ing,[音:d?‘ɡre?d??],(down - step - adj.),adj:貶低的,喪失體面的,有辱人格的,可恥的;
    upgrade:up - grade,(up - step),n:升級,上坡;vt:升級,提高,改善;adv:向上的; {downgrade:n:下坡路;v:使降低,使降級;}
    aggressive:ag - gress - ive,[音:?‘ɡres?v],(to - step - adj.),adj:有攻擊性的,好斗的,積極的,有進取心的,侵略性的;
    Congress:con - gress,[音:‘kɑ??ɡr?s],(together - step),n:<美>國會,代表大會,議會,立法機關;
    digression:di(de) - gress - ion,[音:d?‘ɡre?n],(away - step - n.),n:離題,題外話,脫軌;
    progressive:pro - gress - ive,[音:pr?‘ɡres?v],(forward - step - adj.),adj:進步的,先進的,前進的,漸進的,革新的(音樂上的);n:進步分子,革新主義者;
    regression:re - gress - ion,[音:r?‘ɡre?n],(back - step - n.),n:退化,退步,回歸(一種數學方法),復原;
    transgression:trans - gress - ion,[音:træns‘ɡre?n],(across - step - n.),n:違反,犯罪,逸出;
     
    decisive:de - cis - ive,[音:d?‘sa?s?v],(off - cut - adj.),adj:決定性的,果斷的;
    concise:con - cise,[音:k?n‘sa?s],(加強語氣 - cut),adj:簡明的,簡要的;
    excise:ex - cise,[音:‘eksa?z],(out - cut),vt:切除,刪除,征稅;n:消費稅,貨物稅; {exercise:[音:‘eks?rsa?z];n:運動,練習,作業;vt:運用;vi:鍛煉;}
    incisive:in - cis - ive,[音:?n‘sa?s?v],(in - cut - adj.),adj:深入的,有見地的,一針見血的,敏銳的;
    incisor:in - cis - or,[音:?n‘sa?z?r],(in - cut - n.),n:門牙;
    precision:pre - cis - ion,[音:pr?‘s??n],(before - cut - n.),n:精準,精確度;adj:精確的;
    scissors:scis - sors,[音:‘s?z?rz],(cut - n.),n:剪刀;
    section:sect - ion,(cut - n.),n:部分,節,段,部門,章節,區域,斷面,剖面圖,零件,路段,切開;v:劃分,切開;
    sector:sect - or,(cut - n.),n:部門,部分,區域,[計]扇形,扇區;vt:使分成部分;
    dissect:dis - setc,[音:d?‘sekt],(apart - cut),v:解剖,切細,仔細研究,詳細分析;
    intersection:inter - sect - ion,[音:??nt?r‘sek?n],(between - cut - n.),n:路口,十字路口,交集,交叉點;
    vivisection:vivi - sect - ion,[音:?v?v?‘sek?n],(live - cut - n.),n:活體解剖;
    segment:seg - ment,(cut - n.),n:部分,段,瓣,節,弓形;vt:分割;
     
    suicide:sui - cide,(self - kill),n:自殺;
    ecocide:eco - cide,[音:‘i?ko?sa?d],(ecology - kill),n:生態滅絕,生態浩劫; {ecology:[音:i‘kɑ?l?d?i];n:生態學,生態;}
    fratricide:fratri - cide,[音:‘frætr?sa?d],(brother - kill),n:手足相殘,兄弟殺害,殺害兄弟者;
    genocide:geno - cide,[音:‘d?en?sa?d],(species - kill),n:滅種屠殺,種族滅絕; {species:[音:‘spi??i?z];n:種類,(單復同)物種;}
    homicide:homi - cide,[音:‘hɑ?m?sa?d],(man - kill),n:殺人,兇殺,殺人者;
    matricide:matri - cide,[音:‘mætr?sa?d],(mother - kill),n:弒母,殺母,殺母者;
    patricide:patri - cide,[音:‘pætr?sa?d],(father - kill),n:弒父;
    pesticide:pesti - cide,[音:‘pest?sa?d],(pest - kill),n:農藥,殺蟲劑; {pest:[音:pest];n:害蟲,討厭的人;}
    regicide:regi - cide,[音:‘red??sa?d],(ruler - kill),n:弒君,弒君者;
     
    conjunction:con - junct - ion,[音:k?n‘d???k?n],(together - join - n.),n:連接詞,結合,關聯,連詞,(事件等的)同時發生;
    junction:junct - ion,[音:‘d???k?n],(join - n.),n:連接處,連接,會合處,交叉點;
    juncture:juct - ure,[音:‘d???kt??r],(join - n.),n:關口,時間的連接點,時刻,關頭,接合,連接,[語]連音;
    injunction:in - junct - ion,[音:?n‘d???k?n],(in - join - n.),n:禁止令,禁令,指令,命令;
    joint:joint,(join),n:關節,接縫,接頭,接合處,夜總會;adj:聯合的,共同的,連帶的,合資的;v:貼合,連接;
    adjoin:ad - join,[音:?‘d???n],(to - join),v:與……相接,靠著,鄰接,毗(pi)連;
    conjoin:con - join,[音:k?n‘d???n],(together - join),v:連在一起,結合,連結,聯合;
    enjoin:en - join,[音:?n‘d???n],(in - join),v:禁止,命令,吩咐;
     
    observe:ob - serve,(toward - keep),v:觀察,遵守,注意到,慶祝;
    conservation:con - serv - at - ion,[音:?kɑ?ns?r‘ve??n],(加強語氣 - keep -  - n.),n:保護,節約,保存,守恒;
    conservative:con - serv - at - ive,[音:k?n‘s??rv?t?v],(加強語氣 - keep -  - n.[adj.]),n:保守派(黨),保守的人;adj:保守的,守舊的;
    conservatory:con - serv - at - ory,[音:k?n‘s??rv?t??ri],(加強語氣 - keep -  - n.),n:溫室,藝術學校,音樂學院;
    deserve:de - serve,[音:d?‘z??rv],(加強語氣 - keep),vt:應受,值得;
    preserve:pre - serve,[音:pr?‘z??rv],(before - keep),v:保存,防腐,保護,保持;n:禁獵區,蜜餞;
    reservation:re - serv - at - ion,[音:?rez?r‘ve??n],(back - keep -  - n.),n:保留,保留意見,預定;
    reservoir:re - serv - oir,[音:‘rez?rvwɑ?r],(back - keep - n.),n:水庫,儲藏所,儲藏,蓄水池,積蓄;
     
    contain:con - tain,(together - hold),v:包含;
    abstain:abs - tain,[音:æb‘ste?n],(away - hold),v:戒絕,不碰,棄權,節制;
    attain:at(ad) - tain,[音:?‘te?n],(to - hold),v:達成,實現,獲得,達到;
    detain:de - tain,[音:d?‘te?n],(away - hold),vt:扣留,耽擱,拘押,延誤;
    entertain:enter(inter) - tain,[音:?ent?r‘te?n],(between - hold),v:娛樂,款待,招待,使有興趣,考慮,抱有,容納;
    obtain:ob - tain,[音:?b‘te?n],(to - hold),vt:取得,得到,獲得;vi:流行,通用,存在;
    retain:re - tain,[音:r?‘te?n],(back - hold),vt:留下,保留,保持,記住,聘請;
    sustain:sus(sub) - tain,[音:s?‘ste?n],(under - hold),vt:蒙受,維持,承受,支持,認可,經受;
    tenaciously:ten - ac - ious - ly,[音:t?‘ne???sli],(hold -  -  - adv),adv:堅韌不拔地,執著地;
    tenant:ten - ant,[音:‘ten?nt],(hold - n.),n:房客,佃戶,承租人,<律>占用者;vt:租賃,租借;
    tenet:ten - et,[音:‘ten?t],(hold - n.),n:教義,教條,信條,原則,宗旨;
    tenure:ten - ure,[音:‘tenj?r],(hold - n.),n:任期,終身職位,保有;
    content:con - tent,[音:‘kɑ?ntent],(together - hold),n:目錄,內容,含量;adj:滿足的,滿意的;vt:使……滿足,事……安心;
    maintenance:main(manu) - ten - ance,[音:‘me?nt?n?ns],(hand - hold - n.),n:保養,維護,維修,保持,生活費用,撫養費;
    untenable:un - ten - able,[音:?n‘ten?bl],(not - hold - able),adj:行不通的,不能防守的,不能維持的,支持不住的;
    continent:con - tin - ent,[音:‘k?nt?n?nt],(together - hold - n.),n:大陸,洲,(the Continent,歐洲大陸);
    retina:re - tin -a,[音:‘ret?n?],(back - hold - n.),n:視網膜;
    retinue:re - tin - ue,[音:‘ret?nu?],(back - hold - n.),n:隨從,隨員,侍從;
     
    different:dif - fer - ent,(apart - carry - adj.),adj:不同的;
    ferry:fer - ry,[音:‘feri],(carry - n.[v.]),n:渡船,渡口;vt:擺渡,(以渡船)運送,運輸;vi:擺渡;
    fertile:fer - tile,[音:‘f??rtl],(bear - adj.),adj:肥沃的,有生育能力的,富饒的,能繁殖的,多產的,(創造力)豐富的;
    fertilizer:fer - til - iz - er,[音:‘f??rt?la?z?r],(bear -  -  - n.),n:肥料;
    conference:con - fer - ence,(together - carry - n.),n:會議,討論會,協商會,會談;
    defer:de - fer,[音:d?‘f??r],(away - carry),v:延后,推遲,延期,使延期入伍,順從,把……委托給他人;
    deferential:de - fer - ent - ial,[音:?def?‘ren?l],(down - carry -  - adj.),adj:恭敬的,順從的;
    differ:dif(dis) - fer,[音:‘d?f?r],(apart - carry),vi:不同,有區別;
    infer:in - fer,[音:?n‘f??r],(in - carry),vt:推論,猜測,暗示;vi:作出推論;
    infertility:in - fer - til - ity,[音:??nf??‘t?l?ti],(in - carry -  - n.),n:不孕癥,不肥沃,不孕,不育,不毛;
    offer:of(ob) - fer,(toward - carry),vt:提供,提議,提出,(賣方)出價,貢獻;vi:提議,出現,求婚;n:提議,出價;
    preferential:pre - fer - ent - ial,[音:?pref?‘ren?l],(before - carry -  - adj.),adj:;偏好的,特惠的,優先的,優待的,優惠的;
    refer:re - fer,[音:r?‘f??r],(back - carry),vt:轉介,提及,把……提交,把……歸因,歸類;vi:參考,談及,咨詢;
    referee:fe - fer - ee,[音:?ref?‘ri?],(back - carry - one who),n:裁判,裁判員,仲裁人,鑒定人,證明人;v:裁判,仲裁;
    reference:re -fer - ence,(back - carry - n.),n:參考,參照,出處,推薦人,推薦函;v:注明出處,附參考資料;
    suffer:suf(sub) - fer,(under - bear),vt:罹患,遭受,忍受,容忍,寬恕,聽任,允許,準許;vi:受苦,患病,受損失,變差,變糟,處于不利地位;
    transfer:trans - fer,[音:træns‘f??r]],(across - carry),v:轉移,調任,轉乘;n:遷移,移動,換車,匯兌;
     
    support:sup - port,(under - carry),n:支持,維持;v:支持,維持;
    port:port,(carry),n:港口,港都;
    portable:port - able,(carry - able),adj:可攜帶的,輕便的,手提式的,[計]可移植的;n:便攜的東西;
    portage:port - age,[音:[‘p??rt?d?],(carry - v.[n.]),v:杠抬,搬運,由陸路運輸;n:杠抬,陸運,運輸,<古>運費;
    portal:port - al,[音:‘p??rtl],(carry - n.),n:入口,大門,門靜脈,[計]門戶;adj:門靜脈的,肝門的;
    porter:port - er,(carry - one who),n:搬運行李的服務生,搬運工,(列車)服務員,雜務工,門衛,<舊>黑啤酒,波特(人名);
    portfolio:port - folio,[音:p??rt‘fo?lio?],(carry - leaf),n:作品集,投資組合,文件夾,公事包,(大臣或)部長職務;
    portion:port - ion,(carry - n.),n:部分,命運,分擔的責任,份;v:分配,命運注定;
    deport:de - port,[音:d?‘p??rt],(away - carry),vt:遞解處境,驅逐出境,持……舉止;
    export:ex - port,(out - carry),n:出口,外銷,輸出,輸出品,輸出存儲器的信息;v:出口,輸出,帶走,運走,從存儲器輸出信息;
    import:im - port,(in - carry),n:進口,意義,進口商品;v:進口,輸入;
    proportion:pro - port - ion,[音:pr?‘p??r?n],(for - carry - n.),n:比例,部分,均衡,(復)規模;vt:使成比例,使均衡,分攤;
    report:re - port,(back - carry),v:報告,報到,敘述,舉報,對……負責;n:報告,報到,傳聞,成績單,爆炸聲;
    transport:trans - port,(across - carry),n:交通工具,運輸,心醉;v:運輸,傳播,流放,激動;
    transportation:trans - port - at - ion,[音:?trænsp??r‘te??n],(across - carry -  - n.),n:運輸,運輸工具,運輸系統,交通;
     
    project:pro - ject,(forward - throw),n:計劃;
    conjecture:con - ject - ure,[音:k?n‘d?ekt??r],(加強語氣 - throw - n.),n:推測,臆測;v:推測;
    dejected:de - ject - ed,[音:d?‘d?ekt?d],(away - throw - adj.),adj:垂頭喪氣的,沮喪的,灰心的;
    eject:e - ject,[音:i‘d?ekt],(out - throw),v:逐出,排出,噴射,放逐,驅逐;
    inject:in - ject,[音:?n‘d?ekt],(in - throw),v:注入,注射,引入,插入;
    interject:inter - ject,[音:??nt?r‘d?ekt],(between - throw),v:插話,插嘴,插入,突然插入;
    projectile:pro - ject - ile,[音:pr?‘d?ektl],(forward - throw - n.),n:炮彈,拋投物,發射體,拋射物(尤指子彈、炮彈);adj:發射的,向前開進的,[動物學](觸角)可伸出的;
    reject:re - ject,(back - throw),vt:拒絕,排斥,駁回,丟棄;n:不合格產品,被拒之人;
    trajectory:tra(trans) - ject - ory,[音:tr?‘d?ekt?ri],(across - throw - n.),n:(拋物線的)軌道,彈道,軌跡;
    jet:jet,(throw),n:噴射,噴口,噴氣式飛機,噴氣式發動機;v:噴射,噴出,搭乘噴射式飛機;
     
    mission:miss - ion,(send - n.),n:任務;
    missile:miss - ile,(send - n.),n:飛彈,導彈,投射物;
    missionary:miss - ion - ary,[音:‘m???neri],(send -  - n.),n:傳教士;adj:傳教的;
    intermission:inter - miss - ion,[音:??nt?r‘m??n],(between - send - n.),n:中場休息時間,中止,中斷,停頓,幕間休息;
    commit:com - mit,(加強語氣 - send),v:犯下,犯罪,承諾,委托,托付;
    intermittent:inter - mit - tent,[音:??nt?r‘m?t?nt],(between - send - adj.),adj:間歇的,斷斷續續的;
    permit:per - mit,(through - send),n:許可證,執照;v:允許,許可;
    remit:re - mit,[音:‘ri?m?t],(back - send),vi:匯(款),緩和,減輕;vt:匯出,提交,寬恕,免除,延遲;n:移交事項;
    submit:sub - mit,(under - send),v:呈上,交出,遞交,使服從,使屈服,認為;vi:屈從;
    transmit:trans - mit,(across - send),vt:傳送,傳染,傳達,代代相傳;vi:(以無線電或有線電的方式)發送信號;
     
    adopt:ad - opt,(to - choose),v:采用,領養;
    opt:opt,[音:ɑ?pt],(choose),vi:選擇,決定;
    option:opt - ion,(choose - n.),n:選擇,選擇權,可選物;v:得到或獲準進行選擇;
    optional:opt - ion - al,[音:‘ɑ?p??nl],(choose -  - adj.),adj:選擇性的,任選的;
     
    select:se - lect,(apart - choose),v:挑選;
    lectern:lect - ern,[音:‘lekt?rn],(read - n.),n:講臺,誦經臺;
    lecture:lect - ture,[音:‘lekt??r],(read - n.),n:演說,演講,訓話,講課;v:演說,訓斥,講課,教導;
    collection:col - lect - ion,(together - choose - n.),n:收藏,收集,收取,托收,收藏品,募捐;
    dialect:dia - lect,[音:‘da??lekt],(through - read),n:方言,地方話;
    dialectics:dia - lect - ics,[音:?da??‘lekt?ks],(through - read - n.),n:辯證法,辯證邏輯;
    election:e - lect - ion,(out - choose - n.),n:選舉,當選,選舉權;
    intellect:intel - lect,[音:‘?nt?lekt],(between - choose),n:智能,智力,理智,才智非凡的人,知識分子;
    intellectual:intel - lect - ual,[音:??nt?‘lekt?u?l],(between - choose - adj.[n.]),adj:智慧的,智力的,聰明的;n:知識分子,憑理智做事者;
    neglect:neg - lect,[音:n?‘ɡlekt],(not -  choose),n:忽視,忽略,疏忽;v:忽視,疏忽;
    predilection:pre - di - lect - ion,[音:?pred?‘lek?n],(before - apart - choose - n.),n:偏好,袒護;
    recollect:re - col - lect,[音:?rek?‘lekt],(back - together - choose),v:回想,回憶,憶起;
    illegible:il - leg - ible,[音:?‘led??bl],(not - read - able),adj:看不懂的,無法閱讀的,難辨認的,(字跡)模糊的;
    lexicographer:lex - ico - graph - er,[音:?leks?‘kɑ?ɡr?f?r],(read - 連音 - write - one who),n:字典學家;
    lexicon:lex - ic - on,[音:‘leks?k?n],(read -  - n.),n:專門辭匯,字典,詞典,詞匯;
    dyslexia:dys - lex - ia,[音:d?s‘leksi?],(bad - read - n.),n:閱讀困難癥,閱讀障礙;
    diligent:di -lig - ent,[音:‘d?l?d??nt],(apart - choose - adj.),adj:勤勉的,不松懈的,勤奮的,用功的;
    eligible:e - lig - ble,[音:‘el?d??bl],(out- choose - able),adj:有資格的,合適的;
    intelligence:intel - lig - ence,(between- choose - n.),n情報,智識,智力,理解力,情報工作,情報機關;
    elite:e - lite,[音:?‘li?t],(out- choose),n:精英;adj:精英的,優秀的;
     
    question:quest - ion,(ask - n.),n:問題;
    query:quer - y,(ask - v.[n.]),v:質疑,詢問,質問,對……表示懷疑;n:質疑,詢問,,質問,疑問號;
    quest:quest,[音:kwest],(ask - n.),n:探索,尋求;v:尋找,搜索;
    questionnaire:quest - ion - naire,[音:?kwest??‘ner],(ask -  - n.),n:調查表,問卷;
    conqueror:con - quer - or,[音:‘k??k?r?],(加強語氣 - seek - one who),n:征服者,勝利者; {conquer:[音:[‘kɑ??k?r];vt:征服,克服,戰勝;vi:勝利;}
    conquest:con - quest,[音:‘kɑ??kwest],(加強語氣 - seek),n:征服,占領地,戰利品,俘虜;
    inquest:in - quest,[音:‘??kwest],(in - ask),n:(司法)調查;(死因)審訊,驗尸陪審團,查詢;
    request:re - quest,(again - ask),n:要求,請求;v:要求,請求;
    quiz:qui - z,[音:kw?z],(ask - n.[v.]),n:小考,測驗,惡作劇,問答比賽;v:小考,測驗,盤問,對……進行測驗;
    acquired:ac(ad) - quir - ed,[音:?‘kwa??d],(to - seek - adj.),adj:后天的,后天培養出來的,已取得的,已獲得的,已成習慣的;
    acquisition:ac(ad) - quis - it - ion,[音:?ækw?‘z??n],(to - seek -  - n.),n:購入(公司),取得,獲得,所獲之物,采集;
    conquistador:con - quist - ad - or,[音:kɑ?n‘kw?st?d??r],(加強語氣 - seek -  - one who),n:(十六世紀在美洲的)西班牙征服者,征服者;
    exquisite:ex - quist - ite,[音:?k‘skw?z?t],(out - seek - adj.),adj:精美的,精挑細選的,精致的,細膩的,強烈的;n:過分在意外表著裝的人;
    inquiry:in - quir - y,[音:?n‘kwa?r?],(in - ask - n.),n:詢問,調查,打聽,查問,=enquiry(英);
    inquisition:in - quis - it - ion,[音:??nkw?‘z??n],(in - ask -  - n.),n:(羅馬天主教的)宗教法庭,調查,審查,
    inquisitive:in - quis - it - adj.,[音:?n‘kw?z?t?v],(in - ask -  - adj.),adj:愛追根究底的,好奇的,愛打聽的,求知欲強的;
    prerequisite:pre - re - quis - ite,[音:?pri?‘rekw?z?t],(before - again - ask - n.[adj.]),n:先決條件,前提;adj:不可獲取的,作為前提的,必備的;
     
    accept:ac - cept,(to - take),v:接受;
    captivate:capt - iv - ate,[音:‘kæpt?ve?t],(seize -  - v.),vt:風靡,使臣服,迷住,迷惑;
    captive:capt - iv,[音:‘kæpt?v],(seize - adj.[n.]),adj:被監禁的,被俘虜的,被迷惑住的;n:俘虜,迷戀者;
    captor:capt - or,[音:‘kæpt?r],(seize - one who),n:俘虜者,捕捉者,逮捕者;
    capture:cap - ure,(seize - v.),vt:捕獲,逮捕,占領,奪取,吸引,(用照片等)留存;n:捕獲,戰利品;
    capable:cap - able,[音:‘ke?p?bl],(take - able),adj:做的到的,能勝任的,有能力的,能干的,有……的可能性;
    capacity:cap - ac - ity,[音:k?‘pæs?ti],(take -  - ajd.[n.]),adj:客滿的;n:能力,容量,容積,職位,資格;
    capsule:caps - ule,[音:‘kæpsju?l],(take - n.),n:膠囊,太空艙,莢膜,概要;v:概括,裝入膠囊;adj:精簡的,微型的;
    contraception:contra - cept - ion,[音:?k?ntr?‘sep??n],(against - take - n.),n:避孕方法,避孕(法);
    deceptively:de - cept - ive - ly,[音:d?‘sept?vli],(away - seize -  - adv.),adv:乍看之下,表面看來,騙人地,靠不住地,虛偽地,
    intercept:inter - cept,[音:??nt?r‘sept],(between - take),v:攔截,抄截,阻止;n:截取,妨礙,截距;
    perception:per - cept - ion,[音:p?r‘sep?n],(through - take - n.),n:認知,觀察,觀念,洞察力,認識能力;
    receptionist:re - cept - ion - ist,[音:r?‘sep??n?st],(back - take - n. - one who),n:接待員,接線生,
    receptive:re - cept - ive,[音:r?‘sept?v],(back - take - adj.),adj:愿意接受的,易接受的;
    anticipate:anti(ante) - cip - ate,[音:æn‘t?s?pe?t],(before - take - v.),vt:預期,預料,提前使用,搶……前;vi:預言;
    recipient:re - cip - ient,[音:r?‘s?pi?nt],(back - take - n.),n:接受者,收信人;
    conceivable:con - ceiv - able,[音:k?n‘si?v?bl],(加強語氣 - take - able),adj:可以想像的,想得到的,可能的;
    deceive:de - ceive,[音:d?‘si?v],(away - seize),vt:欺騙;vi:行騙;
    receiver:re - ceiv - er,[音:r?‘si?v?r],(back - take - one who),n:聽筒,接收器,收款員,接受者,破產管理官;
     
    solve:solve,(loosen),v:解決;
    soluble:solu - ble,[音:‘sɑ?lj?bl],(loosen - able),adj:可溶解的,可解決的;
    insoluble:in - solu - (a)ble,[音:?n‘sɑ?lj?bl],(not - loosen - able),adj:[化]不能可溶解的,不能解決的;
    solution:solu - tion,(loosen - n.),n:解決方案,解決辦法,解答,溶液,溶解,設計;
    dissolute:dis - solu - te,[音:‘d?s?lu?t],(apart - loosen - adj.),adj:放縱的,放蕩的,肆意揮霍的;
    resolute:re - solu - te,[音:‘rez?lu?t],(back - loosen - adj.),adj:堅決的,果斷的;
    resolution:re - solu - tion,[音:?rez?‘lu??n],(back - loosen - n.),n:解析度,堅定,決心,解決,決議,堅決,分辨率;
    solvent:solv - ent,[音:‘sɑ?lv?nt],(loosen - adj.),adj:財務健全的,有償付能力的,有溶解力的;n:溶劑,解決者;
    dissolve:dis - solve,[音:d?‘zɑ?lv],(apart - loosen),vt:(使)溶解,解散,消除,解決(問題),使沮喪;vi:溶解,液化,消散,變得模糊;n:疊化畫面;
    insolvent:in - solv - ent,[音:?n‘sɑ?lv?nt],(not - loosen - adj.),adj:無力償債的,無力償還的,破產的;n:無力償還者,破產者;
    resolve:re - solv,[音:r?‘zɑ?lv],(back - loosen),v:化解,下決心,解決,決定,表決,分解;vi:決定,分解;n:決心,堅決;
     
    straight:straight,[音:stre?t],(tight),adj:直的,坦率的,正直的,準的,連續的,異性戀的;adv:直接,筆直地,坦率地,連續不斷地;n:直的東西,傳統的惡人,異性戀者;
    strain:strain,[音:stre?n],(tighten),v:用力,拉緊,勞累,過分使用;n:拉緊,緊張,血統,筆調,(動植物或疾病的)品種;
    strait:strait,[音:stre?t],(tight),n:海峽,困境;adj:困難的,窘迫的,<古>狹窄的,嚴格的;
    constrain:con - strain,[音:k?n‘stre?n],(加強語氣 - tighten),vt:使不得不,強迫,限制;
    restrain:re - strain,[音:r?‘stre?n],(back - tighten),vt:控制住,抑制,阻止,束縛,剝奪;
    restraint:re - straint,[音:r?‘stre?nt],(back - tighten),n:限制,節制,克制,抑制,束縛;
    stress:stress,(tighten),vt:強調,重讀;n:強調,壓力,重音;
    streeful:stress - ful,[音:‘stresfl],(tight - full of),adj:有壓力的,壓力大的,緊張的;
    distress:dis - (s)tress,[音:d?‘stres],(away - tighten),n:焦慮,苦惱,不幸,危難,痛苦;vt:焦慮,使苦惱,使痛苦;
    strict:strict,[音:str?kt],(tight),adj:嚴格的,精確的,完全的;
    stricture:strict - ure,[音:‘str?kt??r],(tight - n.),n:限制,束縛,苛評,非難,[醫]狹窄;
    constrict:con - strict,[音:k?n‘str?kt],(together - tighten),v:(使)收縮,壓縮,束緊;
    restrict:re - strict,[音:r?‘str?kt],(back - tighten),vt:限制,約束;
    stringent:string - ent,[音:‘str?nd??nt],(tight - adj.),adj:嚴格的,銀根緊的,緊迫的;
    string(s):string(s),[音:str??],(tight),n:弦樂器,線,弦,字串;vt:串起,收緊,懸掛,系,扎,抽去筋,使緊張,使興奮;vi:連成一串;
    strangle:strang - le,[音:‘stræ?ɡl],(tighten - v.),v:勒(死),掐,窒息,限制;
    strenuous:stren - uous,[音:‘strenju?s],(tighten - adj.),adj:吃力的,賣力的,費力的,奮發的,繁重的,積極的;
    stretch:stretch,[音:stret?],(tighten),v:伸展,拉,延伸,張開,夸大;n:一片,一段時間,伸展,張開,彈性,<俚>刑期;adj:可伸縮的;
     
    tent:tent,(stretch),n:帳篷;
    tendency:tend - ency,[音:‘tend?nsi],(stretch - n.),n:趨勢,傾向,秉性;
    tender:tend - er,[音:‘tend?r],(stretch - adj.),adj:嫩的,溫柔的,脆弱的,敏感的,親切的,痛的;v:提出,投標;n:投標,照管人,補給船,煤水車;
    tendon:tend - on,[音:‘tend?n],(stretch - n.),n:筋,腱;
    attend:at(ad) - tend,(to - stretch),v:參加,出席,照料,注意,專心于;
    contend:con - tend,[音:k?n‘tend],(together - stretch),v:爭取,爭辯,競爭,爭斗,堅決主張;
    distended:dis - tend - ed,[音:d?‘stend?d],(away - stretch - adj.),adj:膨脹的; {distend:[音:d?‘stend];v:擴大,擴張,吹大,膨脹;}
    extend:ex - tend,(out - stretch),v:延伸,展期,延長,伸展,擴展,提供,使竭盡全力;
    tense:tense,[音:tens],(stretch),adj:緊張的,緊繃的,拉緊的;v:拉緊,使緊繃;n:(動詞)時態;
    tension:tens - ion,[音:‘ten?n],(stretch - n.),n:緊張,張力,拉力,緊張裝態,[電]電壓;vt:使拉緊,使緊繃;
    tensor:tens - or,[音:‘tens?r],(stretch - n.),n:[解]張肌,張量;
    extension:ex - tens - ion,[音:?k‘sten?n],(out - stretch - n.),n:分機編碼,延伸,特別課程,延長,伸展,延期,擴充,觀念發展,增強,[計]文件擴展名;
    extensively:ex - tens - ive - ly,[音:?k‘stens?vli],(out - stretch -  - adv.),adv:廣泛地,大規模地;
    intense:in - tense,[音:?n‘tens],(in - stretch),adj:強烈的,激烈的,強大的,緊張的,深刻的;
    intensify:in - tens - ify,[音:?n‘tens?fa?],(in - stretch - v.),vt:變強,增強,強化,加劇;
    intensive:in - tens - ive,[音:?n‘tens?v],(in - stretch - adj.),adj:密集的,徹底的,精細的,強調的;n:(語)強調成份;
    attentive:at(ad) - tent - ive,[音:?‘tent?v],(to - stretch - adj.),adj:注意的,留意的;
    extent:ex - tent,[音:?k‘stent],(out - stretch),n:范圍,限度,廣度,寬度,長度,大小,范圍,程度,[律]<英>扣押,<美>臨時所有權令;
    intention:in - tent - ion,(in - stretch - n.),n:意圖,用意,目的,意向,打算;
    pretentious:pre - tent - ious,[音:pr?‘ten??s],(before - stretch - adj.),adj:炫耀的,做作的,自命不凡的,自負的,矯飾的;
     
    damage:dam - age,(harm - n.[v.]),n:損害;v:損害;
    damages:dam - ages,(harm - n.),n:賠償金,賠償費,損害賠償;
    adamant:a - dam - ant,[音:‘æd?m?nt],(not - harm - adj.),adj:堅定不移的,固執的;n:堅硬無比之物,硬石;
    condemn:con - demn,[音:k?n‘dem],(加強語氣 - harm),vt:譴責,判刑;
    indemnify:in - demn - ify,[音:?n‘demn?fa?],(not - harm - v.),v:賠償,補償,保護,保障;
     
    fraction:fract - ion,(break - n.),n:(數學)分數,小部分;
    fracture:fract - ure,[音:‘frækt??r],(break - v.[n.]),vt:破裂,破碎,骨折;vi:斷裂;n:破裂,破碎,骨折;
    diffract:dif(dis) - fract,[音:d?‘frækt],(away - break),v:折射,分光,使分散,使衍射;
    infraction:in - fract - ion,[音:d?‘frækt],(in - break - n.),n:違反,違法
    refract:re - fract,[音:r?‘frækt],(back - break),v:折射,測定屈光度;
    fragile:frag - ile,[音:‘fræd?l],(break - adj.),adj:易碎的,脆的,精細的,虛弱的;
    fragment:frag - ment,(break - n.),n:碎片,片段;v:使破碎,分裂;
    fragmentary:frag - ment - ary,[音:‘fræɡm?nteri],(break -  - adj.),adj:破碎的,不完整的,碎片的,碎塊的,碎屑狀的,零碎的,不完全的;
    frail:fra(g) - il,[音:fre?l],(break - adj.),adj:脆弱的,衰弱的,虛弱的;
    frangible:frang - ible,[音:‘frænd??b?l],(break - able),adj:會破的,脆弱的,易碎的;
    defray:de - fary,[音:d?‘fre?],(away - break),v:支付;
    infringe:in - fringe,[音:?n‘fr?nd?],(in - break),v:違反,侵犯;
    refrain:re - frain,[音:r?‘fre?n],(away - break),n:副歌,疊句,重復;v:抑制,避免,克制;
     
    interrupt:inter - rupt,(between - break),v:打斷,插嘴;
    rupture:rupt - ure,[音:‘r?pt??r],(break - n.[v.]),n:裂痕,破裂,斷裂,[醫]疝氣;v:爆裂,(使)破裂;
    abrupt:ab - rupt,[音:?‘br?pt],(away - break),adj:突然的,唐突的,意外的,陡峭的;
    bankrupt:bank - rupt,(bank - break),adj:破產的,道德敗壞的,枯竭的;n:破產者,無知的人;vt:使破產,
    corruption:cor - rupt - ion,[音:k?‘r?p?n],(加強語氣 - break - ion),n:貪污,墮落,腐敗;
    disrupt:dis - rupt,[音:d?s‘r?pt],(away - break),vt:打斷,中斷,干擾,妨礙,使分裂,使破裂;
    eruption:e(x) - rupt - ion,[音:?‘r?p?n],(out - break - n.),n:爆發,噴發,出疹,長牙;
    incorruptible:in - cor - rupt - ible,[音:??nk?‘r?pt?bl],(not - 加強語氣 - break - able),adj:廉潔的,絕不貪污的,(道德上)不受腐蝕的(如不受賄),不可摧毀的;
    rout:rout(rupt),[音:ra?t],(break),v:(使)潰敗,(使)奔逃;n:徹底潰敗,湊熱鬧的人,打敗;
     
    structure:struct -  ure,(build - n.),n:結構;
    construction:con - struct - ion,(together - build - n.),n:建筑,營造,建設,結構,建筑物,構造,解釋;
    destruction:de - struct - ion,[音:d?‘str?k?n],(not - build - n.),n:毀減,破壞,毀滅;
    deconstruct:de - con - stuct,[音:d?‘str?k?n],(not - together - build),v:解構,拆折;
    instruction:in - struct - ion,(not - build - n.),n:說明,指示,指令,教學,教會;
    infrastructure:infra - struct - ure,(below - build - n.),n:基礎,基礎設施;
    obstruct:ob - struct,[音:?b‘str?kt],(against - build),v:阻礙,阻隔,妨礙,阻塞;
    reconstruct:re - con - struct,[音:ri?k?n‘str?kt],(again - together - build),v:重建,修復,重視;
    self-destruct:self - de - struct,(self - not - build - v.),v:自動銷毀,自我毀滅,自毀,消失,失蹤;
    superstructure:super - struct - ure,[音:‘su?p?rstr?kt??r],(over - build - n.),n:<政>上層建筑;<建>上層結構,上部構造;
    unstructured:un - struct - ure - d,[音:?n‘str?kt??rd],(not - build -  - adj.),adj:無組織的,自由的;
    instrument:in - stru - ment,[音:‘?nstr?m?nt],(in - build - n.),n:工具,月騎,儀器,器械;v:用器械(或儀器)裝備,向……提交文書;
    instrumental:in - stru - ment - al,[音:??nstr?‘mentl],(in - build -  - adj.),adj:關鍵的,不可或缺的,有幫助的,可作為手段的,儀器的,樂器的;n:器樂曲,[語]工具格;
    misconstrue:mis - con - strue,[音:?m?sk?n‘stru?],(wrong - together - build),vt:誤解,曲解;
     
    victory:vict - ory,(conquer - n.),n:勝利;
    victim:vict - im,[音:‘v?kt?m],(conquer - n.),n:受害者,犧牲(者),受騙者;
    victimize:vict - im - ze,[音:‘v?kt?ma?z],(conquer -  - v.),v:欺騙,迫害,使受騙,使受害,使犧牲;
    victor:vict - or,(conquer - one who),n:勝利者,維克多(男子名);
    convict:con - vict,[音:k?n‘v?kt],(加強語氣 - conquer),vt:判刑確立,定罪,宣判……有罪,使……知罪;n:囚犯,犯罪;adj:被定罪的;
    conviction:con - vict - ion,[音:k?n‘v?k?n],(加強語氣 - conquer - n.),n:信念,定罪,堅信,信服;
    evict:e(x) - vict,[音:?‘v?kt],(out - conquer),v:驅逐,依法回收;
    convince:con - vince,[音:k?n‘v?ns],(加強語氣 - conquer),vt:說服,使……確信,使信服;
    invincible:in - vinc - ible,[音:?n‘v?ns?bl],(not - conquer - able),adj:無敵的,不可征服的,不能戰勝的;
    province:pro - vince,(forward - conquer),n:行省,省;
    unconvincing:un - con - vinc - ing,[音:??nk?n‘v?ns??],(not - 加強語氣 - conquer - adj.),adj:不具說服力的,不足以令人相信的,難以置信的;
    vanquish:vanqu - ish,[音:‘væ?kw??],(conquer - v.),v:打敗,征服,擊敗,克服;
     
    regular:reg - ul - ar,(rule -  - adj.),adj:通常的;
    regal:reg - al,[音:‘ri?ɡl],(rule - adj.),adj:威嚴的,尊貴的,帝王的;
    regent:reg - ent,[音:‘ri?d??nt],(rule - n.),n:(英)大學校長,攝政者,(大學等的)評議員;adj:攝政的;
    regicide:reg - icide,[音:‘red??sa?d],(rule - kill),n:弒君,弒君者;
    regime:reg - ime,[音:re?‘?i?m],(rule - n.),n: 政權,政體,制度,養生法(=regimen); {regeimen:[音:‘red??m?n];n:養生法,生活規則,訓練課程;}
    regional:reg - ion - al,[音:‘ri?d??nl],(rule -  - adj.),adj:區域性的,地區的,局部的,當地的,方言的;n:分部;
    registration:reg - istr - at - ion,[音:?red??‘stre??n],(rule -  -  - n.),n:注冊,等級,掛號;
    regulate:reg - ul - ate,[音:‘reɡjule?t],(rule -  - v.),vt:管制,調整,校準,管理,控制;
    irregular:ir - reg - ul - ar,[音:?‘reɡj?l?r],(not - rule -  - adj.),adj:不規則的,不整齊的,不合法的,不合規矩的;n:不合格品,非正規軍;
    incorrigible:in - cor(con) - rig(reg) - ible,[音:?n‘k??r?d??bl],(not - 加強語氣 - rule - able),adj:無可救藥的,積習難改的,固執的;n:不可救藥的人;
    reign:reign,[音:re?n],(rule),n:統治,君主統治,在位期;v:統治,支配;
    sovereignty:sove(super) - reign - ty,[音:‘sɑ?vr?nti],(over - rule - n.),n:主權,獨立國;
    royal:roy - al,[音:‘r???l],(rule - adj.),adj:皇家的,盛大的,高貴的,第一流的,堂皇的;n:頂桅帆,王室成員,貴族,紙張規格(書寫紙19×24寸/印刷紙20×25寸);
    royalty:roy - al - ty,[音:‘r???lti],(rule -  - n.),n:版稅,皇家,皇族;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.9] 本小節示例及練習
    Sulfur is a major component in TNT. {sulfur:[音:‘s?lf?];n:硫(磺);v:用硫磺處理;TNT:n:三硝基甲苯,烈性黃色炸藥(trinitrotoluene);trinitrotoluene:[音:tra??na?tro?‘t?lj?i?n];n:強烈炸藥;}
    The exponential growth in the number of users of the Internet is the most amazing phenomenon in mass communication in recent years. {翻譯:互聯網用戶的指數級增長是大眾傳播近年來最驚人的現象。phenomennon:[音:f?‘nɑ?m?n?n];n:現象,奇人,奇事;mass:adj:群眾的,大規模的;n:大量,塊,眾多,彌撒曲,彌撒;v:集中;communication:n:通訊,通信,傳達,溝通,交流;}
    The horizontal posture of sleep allows the musculature to relax completely. {musculature:[音:‘m?skj?l?t??r];n:肌肉系統,肌肉組織;}
    The fuselage of the space shuttle is made of a composite material. {fuselage:[音:‘fju?s?lɑ??];n:機身;shuttle:[音:‘??tl];n:航天飛機,梭子,穿梭,往返移動之物;v:往返運送,穿梭移動;}
    To open an account at this bank, you have to make an initial deposit of $100. {initial:n:(詞)首字母;adj:開始的,最初的,字首的;vt:簽名字的首字母于;}
    Disposable tableware is convenient but adds greatly to the amount of garbage. {翻譯:隨用隨丟的餐具很方便,開始會大大增加垃圾量。tableware:n:餐具;add to:v:增加;}
    An entire geological history is exposed on the walls of the Grand Canyon. {entire:adj:全部的,完整的,全面的;geological:[音:?d?i??‘lɑ?d??kl];adj:地質的,地質學的;geographical:[音:?d?i??‘ɡræf?kl],=geographic;adj:地理的,地理學的;Grand Canyon:n:(美國)大峽谷;}
    Some scholars believe that the EPA should impose an anti-noise tax on factories that cause noise pollution. {scholar:n:學者,獲獎學金的學生;impose on:v:施加,利用,把……強加于;}
    This bank deposit has grown to several times its original value, thanks to compound interest. {interest:n:利息,股份,嗜好,興趣;v:使……感興趣;compound interest:n:復利;thanks to:conj:由于,歸功于,多虧了;}
    In the debate that follows, each candidate will be free to expound on his own views about tax reduction. {翻譯:在接下來的辯論中,各位候選人可以自由闡述哥讓你對減稅的看法。debate:[音:d?‘be?t];n:辯論,討論;vt:爭論,思考;vi:辯論;}
    American President Dwight Eisenhower propounded the domino theory in 1954, which became the basis for the policy of containment against World Communism. {Dwight Eisenhower:n:德懷特·艾森豪威爾(美國將軍);domino:[音:‘dɑ?m?no?];basisn:基礎,根基,基底;containment:[音:k?n‘te?nm?nt];n:控制,抑制政策,容積;Communism:[音:‘kɑ?mjun?z?m];n:共產主義;}
    
    There are three political factions in the ruling party vying for power. {翻譯:執政黨內有三個政治派系在競逐權利。ruling:adj:統治的,支配的,流行的;vying:[音:‘va???];ajd:競爭的;}
    An important factor in their divorce is that they have no children.
    As a factotum for the manager, I basically do whatever he wants me to.
    The manager demanded a factual report on the accident. {accident:n:意外事故;}
    The artifacts unearthed include pottery, arrowheads, and stone statues. {unearth:[音:?n‘??rθ];v:發掘,掘出,發現并披露;pttery:[音:‘pɑ?t?ri];n:陶器;arrowhead:n:箭頭,慈姑;statue:[音:‘stæt?u?];n:雕像,塑像;}
    Most of our products are now manufactured in mainland China.
    The money we raised will greatly facilitate our research. {raise:[音:re?z];vt:籌集,募集,升起,舉起,飼養,提出,引起;n:上升,增高,高地;}
    The Academia Sinica is the highest research facility in Taiwan. {academia:[音:?æk?‘di?mi?];n:學術界,學術生活;The Academia Sinica:n:中央研究院(臺灣);}
    This Sunflowers is just a facsimile, not a real Van Gogh. {Van Gogh:n:梵高(荷蘭畫家);}
    You shouldn‘t smoke, or it will affect your health eventually. {eventually:adv:最后,終于;}
    Our QC Department makes sure that no defective product leaves the factory. {QC:質量控制,品質管理(Quality Control);make sure:v:設法確保,弄明白;}
    Swallow this painkiller; it will take effect in about half an hour. {swallow:[音:‘swɑ?lo?];v:吞下,人手,咽下,輕信,不流露感情,收回;n:燕子,吞咽,一次吞咽的量;painkiller:n:止痛藥;}
    The Japanese government is looking for effective measures to boost the economy. {look for:v:尋找,尋求,期待;measure:n:措施,量度,尺寸,程度,辦法;v:測量,比較,給予,權衡;boost:[音:bu?st];v:振興,提高,增加,鼓勵,舉起,為……做宣傳;n:增加,推進,鼓勵;economy:n:經濟,節約;adj:經濟的,廉價的;}
    This cheap camera can only take imperfect pictures.
    Traditional medication has proven ineffectual; now is the time to try the new drug. {medication:n:藥物治療,藥物,醫藥;}
    It‘s a tough job working under our manager, who is a perfectionist. {tough:[音:t?f];adj:艱苦的,棘手的,難辦的,嚴厲的,牢固的,強壯的,堅強的,堅韌的,強硬的;adv:以強硬的態度,強硬地,頑強地;n:暴徒,惡棍;}
    This documentary is part history and part fiction. {翻譯:這部紀錄片一部分是史實,一部分是虛構。documentary:[音?dɑ?kju‘mentri];n:紀錄片;adj:j紀實的,文件形式的;}
    The new biography on J.F.K. has reached the top of the nonfiction bestseller chart. {biography:[音:ba?‘ɑ?ɡr?fi];n:傳記;J.F.K.:約翰·菲茨杰拉德·肯尼迪(John Fitzgerald Kennedy,美國第35任總統);}
    Sherlock Holmes in a fictitious character, not a real person. {Sherlock Holmes:n:福爾摩斯;}
    Small restaurants often use artificial flowers instead of real flowers to save on costs. {cost:n:費用,成本;}
    Dr. David Ho‘s cocktail treatment is most efficacious if administered early. {翻譯:何大一博士的雞尾酒療法如果及早施用最有效。cocktail:n:雞尾酒,混合物,開胃品,截短尾巴的馬;adj:雞尾酒的;treatment:n:治療,對待,處理;administer:vt:用(藥),管理,執行,給予;vi:執行管理人員職責,給予幫助;}
    That expert on time management claims that he can bring the highest level of efficiency to the factory. {claim:[音:kle?m];vt:要求,請求,主張,聲稱,斷言;n:要求,要求權,主張,斷言,聲稱,要求物;bring to:把……帶到,使恢復知覺;}
    You‘ve not been making very efficient use of your time if you haven‘t finished the project yet. {翻譯:如果你還沒有完成這項計劃,表示你沒有經時間做很有效的運用。}
    This job requires proficiency in computer programming.
    In our country, the fact that both sides are willing is  sufficient grounds for a divorce. {fact:n:事實,真相,實際;ground:n:理由,根據,主題,立場,地面,地方,北京;vt:使停飛,困在家中,放在地上,使……擱淺,打基礎;}
    Strawberries do not grow well in northern Taiwan because there is insufficient sunshine.
    The free-housing project means well, but I‘m afraid it‘s simply not feasible. {翻譯:免費住屋計劃的立意很好,但恐怕不可行。mean:v:立意,打算,意味,導致,意思是;adj:低劣的,刻薄的,卑鄙的,出色的,吝嗇的,平均的,中等的;n:平均值,平均數,中間,中庸;simply:adv:簡單地,僅僅,簡直;}
    While still in his twenties, Charles Lindberg accomplished the feat of flying solo across the Atlantic. {翻譯:林白在還是21歲的時候,就完成了單人飛躍大西洋的壯舉。Charles Lindberg:n:查理·林德伯格;accomplish:vt:完成,實現;solo:adv:單獨地;adj:單獨的;v:單獨表演,[空]放單飛行(飛行員一個人開飛機,無教練陪同);n:獨奏,獨唱;Atlantic:n:大西洋;adj:大西洋的;}
    He committed forgery by counterfeiting his boss‘s signature. {翻譯:他因為偽造老板的簽名而觸犯偽造文書罪。commit:v:犯罪,承諾,委托,托付;forgery:[音:‘f??rd??ri];n:偽造,偽造罪,偽造物;}
    A surfeit of mangoes on market drove prices down. {mango:[音:‘mæ?ɡo?];n:芒果;drive down:v:壓低(價格等);}
    
    China was a signatory to the founding charter of the U.N. {founding:n:建立,成立;charter:[音:t?ɑ?rt?r];n:憲章,特許,(船、機、車等的)租賃;vt:包租,特許,發給……執照;adj:特許的;founding charter:n:創始憲章;}
    Put your signature on this line, and the deal with be complete. 
    The nobleman pressed the signet on his ring into the sealing wax and sealed the envelope. {nobleman:[音:‘no?blm?n];n:貴族;press into:v:使壓成,逼……致使,把……塞入;wax:n:蠟,蜂蠟;vt:(用蠟)涂;vi:變圓;sealing wax:n:封蠟,火漆;envolope:[音:‘ɑnv??lo?p];n:信封,殼層,封袋;envelp:[音:?n‘vel?p];vt:包封,遮蓋,包圍;}
    Dark clouds signify rain.
    If you really can‘t do the job, I‘ll assign it to somebody else.
    The manager is on an assignment to Kaohsiung and won‘t be back for another week. {翻譯:經理被派去高興出差,一個星期后才會回來。Kaohsiung:n:高雄;}
    The new recruits have been consigned to the care of the sergeant. {recruit:[音:r?‘kru?t];n:新成員,新兵;v:吸收(新成員),征兵,招聘;sergeant:[音:‘sɑ?rd??nt];n:中士,巡佐,軍士,警官,(法庭或議會等地的)警衛官;}
    She majored in fashion design in college. {major:v:主修;adj:較多的,主要的,嚴重的,(音樂)大調的;n:成年人,主修(科目),陸軍少校,舉足輕重者;}
    The ambassador-designate will assume duty next month. {ambassador:[音:æm‘bæs?d?r];n:大使,代表;assume:[音:?‘su?m];vt:承擔,設想,假定,(想當然的)認為,假裝;duty:[音:‘du?ti];n:義務,職責,責任,稅,關稅;}
    The insignia for our unit is two rifles at cross-angles. {unit:n:單位,單元,部件,組件;rifle:[音:‘ra?fl];n:步槍;v:洗劫,搶劫;riffle:[音:‘r?fl];n:急流,漣漪,洗牌,淺灘,褿溝;v:洗牌,翻查,使湍急;cross-angles:adj:交叉的;}
    There was insignificant rainfall during the tree-month-long drought. {drought:[音:dra?t];n:干旱;}
    Instead of taking the wage cut, I am handing in my resignation tomorrow. {wage:[音:we?d?];n:工資,報酬;v:開展,從事,進行(戰爭,運動);cut:n:切口,切,樣式,剪輯;hand in:v:交上,遞交;}
    The cancer patient is now resigned to his fate. {fate:n:命運,宿命;}
    
    His prison record has left a permanent stigma on his reputation. {record:n:前科,唱片,記錄,經歷,記載;reputation:[音:?repju‘te??n];n:好名聲,聲譽,名聲,名氣;}
    He wears glasses because his right eye is seriously astigmatic. {wear:v:穿戴,磨損,使疲勞;n:磨損,穿著,耐久性;}
    Alcohol stimulates blood circulation. {circulation:[音:?s??rkj?‘le??n];n:循環,流通,發行量,消息傳播;}
    There are over 400 distinct dialects spoken in China. {dialect:[音:‘da??lekt];n:方言,地方話;}
    On the exam, the students were asked to make a distinction between Petrarchan sonnets and Shakespearean sonnets. {Petrarch:[音:?p?t?rɑrk];n:彼特拉克;Petrarchan:[音:?p?t?rɑrk?n];adj:(十四行詩)彼得拉克文體的;sonnet:[音:‘sɑ?n?t];n:十四行詩;Shakespearean:[音:?eik?spi?ri?n];adj:(英國作家)莎士比亞的,莎士比亞似的,莎士比亞作品(風格)的;}
    Zebras are easily recognizable because of their distinctive stripes. {Zebra:[音:‘z?br?z];n:斑馬,斑馬線;stripe:[音:stra?p];n:條紋,條紋布,種類,軍士軍階,鞭打,抽打;vt:使……帶有條紋;}
    The dodo, an extinct bird, stood much higher than a man. {dodo:[音:‘do?do?];n:渡渡鳥,愚蠢之人,落伍的人;}
    Pigeons have long been used as couriers because of their homing instinct. {Pigeon:[音:‘p?d??n];n:鴿子;courier:[音:‘k?ri?r];n:送快信的,急差,旅行服務員;homing:adj:歸巢的,回家的;n:歸巢,回家;}
    At dusk, I couldn‘t make out the indistinct shapes in the distance. {翻譯:黃昏時刻,我沒有辦法看出遠處這幾個模糊的影子是什么。dusk:[音:d?sk];n:黃昏,薄暮,幽暗;make out:vt:辨別,理解,起草,說明,結論;vt:進展,清熱;shape:影子,形狀,形式,身材,定形;vt:塑造,定形,使……成形;distance:n:距離,路程,遠方;vt:與……保持距離,把(對手)甩在后面;}
    In most cases, even a child can distinguish between right and wrong. {case:n:情況,例子,案例,(辯論或訴訟)論據,箱;v:裝箱,踩點,仔細檢查;}
    Dr. David Ho is a distinguished AIDS researcher. {AIDS:[音:e?dz];abbr:艾滋病(獲得性免疫功能喪失綜合征,Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome);acquired:adj:已取得的,已獲得的,已成習慣的;acquire:[音:?‘kwa??r];vt:獲得,學到,取得;immune:[音:?‘mju?n];adj:免疫的,免除的;deficiency:n:缺陷,缺乏,不足,缺點;syndrome:[音:‘s?ndro?m];n:癥候群,綜合癥;}
    Chemical foams can extinguish gasoline fires more effectively than water. {foam:[音:fo?m];n:泡沫,汗;v:起泡沫,吐口沫,憤怒,沸騰;gasoline:[音:‘ɡæs?li?n];n:<美>汽油,=gasolene;}
    
    The trans-Atlantic cable made it possible to send cablegrams between New York and Paris. {trans-Atlantic:adj:橫跨大西洋;}
    The engineer drew a simple diagram to help explain his design.
    "Life is short and art is long" is one of the many epigrams by Oscar Wilde. {翻譯:"生命短暫,藝術長久"是王爾德留下的許多警句之一。Oscar Wilde:n:奧斯卡·王爾德(英國作家);}
    This must be Richard Clark‘s watch: look at the monogram R.C. on the back.
    Computer programming is a skill very much in demand in today‘s job market. {demand:[音:d?‘mænd];n:要求,需求;v:要求,查問,需要;}
    In the age of e-mail, telegrams are less and less frequently used. {in the age of……:在……的時代;frequently:adv:頻繁地,經常地;}
    There are a lot of graphs and charts hanging on the walls of the conference room. {chart:n:圖表,規劃圖,排行榜;v:制成圖表,繪制地圖,規劃;hang:[hæ?];v:懸掛,懸浮(在空中),絞死;n:懸掛方式,懸掛,絞刑;hang on(非本句詞組):v:抓緊,堅持,不掛斷;conference:n:會議,討論會,協商會,會談;}
    The graphic descriptions of the bubonic plague at the beginning of Boccaccio‘s Decameron show that Boccaccio was a first-hand witness of the plague. {翻譯:薄伽丘《十日談》一開頭就對黑死病栩栩如生的描述,顯示薄伽丘親眼目睹過黑死病。bubonic:[音:bju?‘b?n?k];adj:腹股溝腺炎的;plague:[音:ple?ɡ];n:瘟疫,麻煩,災禍;vt:折磨,煩擾,造成麻煩;bubonic plague:n:黑死病;Boccaccio:[音:‘b?k?t?i???];n:薄伽丘(意大利詩人);Decameron:[音:di?kæm?r?n];n:《迪卡麥倫十日談》;witness:n:目擊人,證人;vt:目擊,經歷,見證,出席,觀察;vi:證明,為(宗教信仰)做見證;}
    The computer is equipped with a new graphics interface that substantially speeds up imaging. {equip:vt:裝備,具備,準備,穿;abbr:=equipment;graphics interface:n:顯卡;substantially:[音:s?b‘stæn??li];adv:大幅度地,非常,大體上,實質上;speed up:v:加快速度;imaging:[音:‘?m?d???];n:成像;}
    Pencils are made of graphite wrapped in wood. {翻譯:鉛筆是用石墨包在木頭里面形成的。wrap:[音:w??rp];vt:包裹,使翹起,弄歪,歪曲;vi:變歪,扭曲;n:彎曲,歪曲,經紗,絞船索;}
    The traveler goes around the world collecting graffiti from men‘s rooms. {翻譯:這位旅行者環游世界,到處收集男廁所的涂鴉文字。go around:v:四處走動,流轉;}
    Many fans showed up at the airport to get the rock star‘s autograph. {show up:v:露面,出現,揭露,使難堪;}
    Son of Taiwan is Chen Shui-bien‘s autobiography.
    You should include a bibliography at the end of your research paper. {research:n:研究,調查;v:研究,調查;}
    The two new biographies of John F. Kennedy tell such different stories that you would think they were talking about two different men.
    Elizabeth Duncan was a famous choreographer, sometimes known as the founder of American modern dance. {Elizabeth Duncan:n:伊麗莎白·鄧肯;founder:n:創立者;v:摔倒,失敗,沉默,弄破;modern:adj:現代的,時髦的;n:現代人,時尚人士;}
    The demographic trend in Taiwan is one toward more senior citizens and fewer children. {翻譯:臺灣的人口趨勢是老人漸多,小孩漸少。trend:[音:trend];n:趨勢,傾向,方位;vi:傾向,轉向;senior:adj:年長的,高級的,地位較高的,資深的;n:上司,年長者,長輩,大四學生;備注:本句可能倒裝。}
    Wait here while I get a closer look at epigraph on that statue. {statue:[音:‘stæt?u?];n:雕像,塑像;}
    History and geography are two basic courses all high school students must take.
    The professor had a monograph on gene splicing published in Nature. {gene:[音:d?i?n];n:基因;splice:[音:spla?s];v:接合,拼接,銜接;n:接合,銜接;Nature:n:《自然》雜志;}
    Oceanography is just like geography, except that it deals with the oceans.
    When a new ideal is introduced, you should start a new paragraph. {introduce:vt:介紹,引進,采用,提出,提倡,放入;}
    Edison‘s phonograph is the distant ancestor of today‘s CD player. {愛迪生的留聲機是今日CD唱片的老祖宗。distant:[音:‘d?st?nt];adj:遙遠的,疏遠的,遠房的,陌生的,遠行的;ancestor:[音:‘ænsest?r];n:祖宗,祖先;原種;}
    Written Chinese is not an alphabetical language; it is composed largely of pictographs. {written:adj:書面的,寫成文字的;alphabetical:[音:?ælf?‘bet?kl];adj:拼音文字的,按字母表順序的;compose:v:編排,形成,創作,作曲,使鎮靜;}
    The defendant claims that he is willing to take a polygraph test to prove his innocence. {defendant:n:被告;claim:vt:要求,請求,主張,聲稱,斷言;n:要求,要求權,主張,斷言,聲稱,要求物;innocence:[音:‘?n?sns];n:清白,無罪,無知,天真無邪;}
    
    He couldn‘t wait, so he scribbled a note for her and left.
    The name of the winning team was inscribed on the championship cup. {championship:[音:‘t?æmpi?n??p];n:競標賽,冠軍,擁護;}
    I subscribe to one newspaper and two magazines.
    The piano piece was transcribed into a symphony. {翻譯:這首鋼琴曲被改寫為交響樂。piece:[音:pi?s];n:作品,件,篇,片,塊,碎片;v:修補,拼合,湊合;symphony:n:交響樂;}
    The comedian often improvises, using the script only as a reference. {comedian:[音:k?‘mi?di?n];n:喜劇演員;improvise:[音:‘?mpr?va?z};v:即興創作,即興表演,臨時準備;
    When he needs divine guidance, he turns to a random page of the Bible and follows the scripture. {divine:[音:d?‘va?n];adj:神的,神圣的;n:牧師,神學家;vt:推斷;vi:預言,理解;guidance:n:指導,引導,導航;}
    Bill Gates paid several million dollars for a collection of Da Vinci‘s manuscripts.
    She‘s a conservative girl who always wears nondescript clothes. {conservative:[音:k?n‘s??rv?t?v];adj:保守的,守舊的;n:保守派(黨),保守的人;}
    I often add a postscript or two to my letters. {翻譯:我寫信常常加一兩則后記。}
    The doctor‘s prescription is simple: drink lots of water and get plenty of rest.
    When applying to a graduate school, you need to provide a copy of your college transcript. {graduate:n:畢業生;adj:畢業的,獲得學位的;vt:畢業,標以刻度,頂等級;vi:畢業,獲得位,逐漸變得;graduate school:n:研究所;}
    
    The altimeter in the cockpit tells the pilot his exact altitude. {cockpit:[音:‘kɑ?kp?t];n:(飛行員等的)座艙,(賽車)駕駛座,<舊>斗雞場,戰場;pilot:[音:‘pa?l?t];n:飛行員,領航員,試播節目,<美>排障器,[機]導向器;v:駕駛,領航,向導,試點;adj:試驗的,引導的;altitude:[音:‘ælt?tu?d];n:高度,海拔,高地;}
    The fiddler crab has an asymmetric build: one pincer is much larger than the other. {翻譯:招潮蟹的構造不對稱:一只螯特別大。fiddler:n:拉小提琴的人,游手好閑的人;crab:[音:kræb];n:蟹,陰虱,愛爭吵的人,[植]山楂子;v:捕蟹,使橫行,批評,抱怨;pincer:[音:‘p?ns?r];n:螯,鉗子,鑷子;}
    Geometry is so named because it developed in the often-flooded Nile valley as a science to measure land areas. {翻譯:在經常泛濫的尼羅河谷中發展出一種測量土地面積的技術,而幾何學的名稱由此而來。Nile:[音:na?l];n:尼羅河(非洲);valley:[音:‘væli];n:山谷,溪谷,流域;science:n:專門技巧,科學,學科,理科,自然科學;}
    If you can‘t find a thermometer, use your hand to feel it someone has a fever.
    
    The platinum necklace is just what I need for my diamond pendant. {翻譯:這條白金項鏈正好可以搭配我的鉆石墜子。platinum:[音:‘plæt?n?m];n:白金,鉑;adj:白金的;}
    The term "patent pending" means that the product has entered the patent application process but has not yet been awarded a patent. {term:[音:t??rm];n:名詞,術語,學期,條件,條款,期限;vt:把……稱為;patent:n:專利,特許;vt:給予專利權;adj:專利的,顯著的;patent pending:n:專利申請中;award:[音:?‘w??rd];v:授予,給予,判給;n:獎品,獎;}
    The progress of history has been described as the swing of the pendulum. {翻譯:歷史的演進被形容為鐘擺的擺動。progress:[音:‘prɑ?ɡres];n:進步,發展,前進;v:進步,發展,緩速前進,促進;}
    The book has a good appendix attached that supplies some useful background information. {attach:v:附上,系上,貼上,使依附,使附屬,使附著;}
    The scholar is preparing a compendium for the complete plays of Shakespeare. {翻譯:這位學者正在著手整理莎士比亞戲劇全集的摘要。scholar:n:學者,獲獎學金的學生;complete:adj:完整的,完成的,徹底的;vt:完成,使完美,使圓滿,填(表格等);}
    Large companies expend a great deal of money and resources on research and development. {a great deal:adj:許多,大量;research and development:n:研發;}
    That woman was doomed to a life in poverty ever since she married that spendthrift of a husband. {doom:vt:注定,判定;n:毀滅,厄運,判決,死亡;poverty:[音:‘pɑ?v?rti];n:貧困,貧乏,劣質;ever since:adv:從那時起,自那時以來;}
    His driver‘s license was suspended after he caused an accident by drunk driving.
    A famous sculpture by Rodin depicts a man sitting in a pensive mood. {sculpture:n:雕塑,雕刻;v:雕刻,雕塑,刻蝕,當雕刻師;Rodin:[音:r?d?n];n:羅丹(法國雕塑家);depict:[音:d?‘p?kt];vt:描述,描繪,畫;mood:n:情緒,心情,氣氛;}
    No amount of money can be enough compensation for what you‘ve been through. {翻譯:再多的錢也不足以補償你所受的苦。amount of money:n:金額;through:adj:直達的,直通的,貫穿的,完成的,結束的;adv:經歷的,通過,徑直,自始至終,(電話)接通,完全;}
    For minor injuries, students can go to the dispensary at the school for treatment. {minor:[音:‘ma?n?r];adj:輕微的,較小的,次要的;n:未成年的,輔修課目,[音]小調;v:輔修;treatment:n:治療,對待,處理;}
    We can dispense with his help and get on with it ourselves. {翻譯:我們不用他幫忙,自己做就好了。get on with:v:取得進展,與……友好相處,繼續做;}
    Living expenses in Taipei are getting higher by the day.
    Green vegetables are indispensable to good nutrition. {nutrition:[音:nu‘tr??n];n:營養;}
    The child has a natural propensity for numbers. {natural:[音:‘næt?r?l];adj:自然的,天然的,私生的;}
    Murder mysteries depend heavily on suspense for their effects. {mystery:n:推理小說(戲劇),迷,神秘,奧秘,秘密,神秘的人或事物;depend:vi:依賴,依靠,取決于;effect:n:效果,效應,結果,影響,印象,要旨;v:使產生,引起;}
    Many a fresh graduate this summer is now pondering his future. {a fresh graduate:n:應屆畢業生;}
    The president‘s two-hour-long inauguration speech is too ponderous to be memorable. {inauguration:[音:??n??ɡj?‘re??n];n:就職典禮,落成典禮,開幕儀式;memorable:adj:值得紀念的,難忘的;}
    For the people in Taiwan, the preponderant concern during the president‘s visit to China was the "Taiwan Issue". {concern:n:關心,關心的事,憂慮,擔心;vt:涉及,影響,關心,(使)擔心;n:公司,企業;Taiwan Issue:n:臺灣問題;}
    TV programs need high ratings primarily to attract commercial sponsors. {翻譯:電視節目必須要有高收視率,主要是為了吸引廣告廠商。rating:n:收視率,評定,等級,額定值;primarily:[音:pra?‘mer?li];adv:主要地,起初地;commercial:adj:商業的,商業廣告的;n:商業廣告;}
    
    He is classified as an ambulatory patient because he can move about freely after the surgery. {classfy:[音:‘klæs?fa?];vt:分類,歸類;freely:adv:自由地,免費地,直率地,大量地;surgery:n:外科手術,外科,診所,手術室;}
    She can‘t sleep well because she‘s married to a somnambulant husband.
    Many American students can recite the Preamble to the Constitution. {recite:[音:r?‘sa?t];vt:背誦,朗誦,敘述,列舉;vi:背誦,回答問題;Constitution:n:憲法,組織,體質,構成,組成,構造;}
    
    The euro may replace the currencies of the various nations in the European Union. {euro:[音:‘j?ro?];n:歐元(符號€);adj:[大寫]歐洲的,歐盟的;various:[音:‘veri?s];adj:各種各樣的;nation:n:國家,民族;}
    When the temperature nears absolute zero, electric currents meet with little or no resistance. {resistatnce:[音:r?‘z?st?ns];n:[電]阻抗,阻力,抵抗,抵觸,反對;}
    To click on an icon, you must first move the cursor on top of it. {on top of:在……之上,停留在……之上,加之,控制住,對……了如指掌;on top of that:除此之外,更嚴重的是;}
    Most doctors today are too busy to have anything more than a cursory chat with outpatients. {翻譯:現在的醫生都太忙了,頂多只能跟門診病人匆忙地聊聊。outpatient:n:門診病人;}
    Experts at the World Economic Conference concur that technology will continue to be the driving force behind economic growth. {the World Economic Conference:n:世界經濟大會;driving:adj:推進的,強勁的,精力旺盛的;n:駕駛,驅動; force:n:力,武力,暴力,影響力,權力,軍隊,武裝力量;economic:[音:?i?k?‘nɑ?m?k];adj:經濟的,經濟學的,有利可圖的;economy:[音:?‘kɑ?n?mi];n:經濟,節約;adj:經濟的,廉價的;}
    Montaigne‘s essays were written in a discursive style. {翻譯:蒙田的散文風格是漫談式的。Montaigne:[音:man‘t?n];n:蒙田(男子名);essay:[音:‘ese?];n:散文,論文,短評,視圖;vt:嘗試;}
    Buses wait at hotel gates to take people on gambling excursions to Atlantic City. {翻譯:巴士在旅館門口等,要帶客到大西洋城出游賭博。gambling:[音:‘ɡæmbl??];賭博,投機;}
    Should the president decide to run for reelection, he might incur the wrath of the people. {翻譯:總統若決定競選連任,可能會招致民眾的憤怒。reelection:[音:ri?‘lek?n];n:重選,改選;wrath:[音:ræθ];n:憤怒,激怒;}
    Full eclipses of the sun do not occur very often. {翻譯:日全食并不常常發生。eclipse:n:日或月食,喪失,沒落;vt:形成日或月食,使……黯然失色;}
    Some political leaders regard European monetary union as a precursor to political union. {翻譯:有些政治領袖認為歐洲貨幣統一是政治統一的先導。regard:v:視為,尊敬,注視,留意,和……有關;n:關心,尊敬,注意,致意,考慮;monetary:[音:‘m?n?teri];adj:貨幣的,金融的;}
    Having fought in Vietnam, the veteran is afflicted with recurring nightmares. {fougth:[音:f??t];v:打仗,爭論,爭取,抗爭,fight的過去式;Vietnam:[音:?vjet‘næm];n:越南;veteran:[音:‘vet?r?n];n:老兵,老手;adj:老練的;afflict:[音:?‘fl?kt];vt:使苦惱,折磨;nightmare:n:惡夢,夢魘,使人機器痛苦的事情或經歷;}
    Nowadays diplomatic couriers serve more symbolic functions than carrying messages. {翻譯:如今外交信差的功能是象征性的,并不是主要在傳信。nowadays:adv:現今,現在,如今;diplomatic:[音:?d?pl?‘mæt?k];adj:外交的,古字體的,老練的;serve:v:服侍,服務,伺候,擔任,可作……用,度過,對待;n:發球;symbolic:[音:s?m‘b?l?k];adj:象征的,符號的;n:代號;}
    With the flight delayed for 24 hours, many frustrated passengers are planning to camp out in the airport concourse. {frustrate:[音:‘fr?stre?t];vt:挫敗,擊敗,使沮喪,使灰心;adj:無益的,挫敗的,挫折的;frustrated:[音:‘fr?stre?t?d];adj:失意的的,沮喪的,失敗的;camp out:adv:到野外露營;}
    A recluse lives without any social intercourse. {recluse:[音:‘reklu?s];n:隱士;}
    One recourse for financially strapped museums is to sell off part of their collections. {翻譯:財務拮據的博物館有條出路是賣掉些館藏。financially:adv:財政上(金融上);strap:[音:stræp];n:皮帶,帶子;vt:(用帶子)捆扎,(用帶子)抽打;strapped:adj:身無分文的,用皮繩捆住的,用皮帶裝飾的;museums:[音:m‘ju?zi?mz];n:博物館,展覽館;sell off:v:廉價出售(存貨);}
    Rooms line either side of the long corridor. {翻譯:長廊的兩邊都是房間。line:v:排列,排隊,花線,加襯里;either:[音:‘ið?r];adj:任一的,兩方的;adv:也(否定句中);conj:或者(常用于either……or……的結構中);}
    
    Aquatic life in the pond is nourished by the small stream flowing into it. {翻譯:池塘里的水生生物因為這條小溪流入而獲得滋養。aquatic:[音:?‘kwæt?k];adj:水生的,水中的,水上的;n:水生動物,水草;pond:[音:pɑ?nd];n:池塘;stream:n:(小)河,水流,(人、車、氣)流,組;v:流動,流出,飄動,將(學生)按能力分組;}
    New-born infants at the hospital are taken care of in the nursery. {infant:[音:‘?nf?nt];n:嬰兒,幼兒;adj:嬰兒的,初期的,幼稚的;}
    What makes a genius - nature or nurture - is a perennially debated question. {翻譯:天才是怎么產生——是天生的還是后天培養的——這個問題永遠辯論不休。perennial:[音:p?‘reni?l];adj:永久的,反復出現的,多年生的;n:多年生植物;perennially:[音:p?‘reni?li];adv:永久地;debate:[音:d?‘be?t];vt:爭論,思考;vi:辯論;n:辯論,討論;}
    Vitamin E is an important nutrient.
    Migratory birds move south in the winter in pursuit of warmth and nutriments. {migratory:[音:‘ma?ɡr?t??ri];adj:遷移的,流浪的;pursuit:[音:p?r‘su?t];n:追求,追趕,工作;in pursuit of:v:追求,尋求;}
    Many believe that organically cultivated food is more nutritious than ordinary food. {organically:[音:??‘ɡæn?kli];adv:有機地,器官上地,有組織地;cultivate:[音:‘k?lt?ve?t];vt:栽培,耕作,培養,陶冶,結交(朋友);ordinary:adj:普通的,平凡的,平淡的;}
    Malnutrition and disease are two of the worst problems many Third-World countries face.
    
    The young man has a voracious appetite for science fiction. {翻譯:這個年輕人對科幻小說的胃口極大。appetite:[音:‘æp?ta?t];n:嗜好,欲望,食欲;fiction:n:小說,虛構,杜撰;}
    Carnivorous animals often have well-developed canine teeth. {canine:[音:‘ke?na?n];adj:犬的,似犬的,犬科的;n:犬,犬齒,犬科動物;}
    Herbivores, except for those that live in trees, usually do not have much stereoscopic vision. {草食動物除了在樹上生活的之外,通常立體視覺不佳。stereoscopic:[音:?steri?‘skɑ?p?k];adj:有立體感的,實體鏡的;vision:n:視覺,視力,幻覺,眼光,洞察力,想象力;v:幻想,設想;}
    Man is an omnivorous animal, a fact that might have given him an evolutionary advantage. {fact:n:事實,真相,實際;evolutionary:[音:?e?v?‘lu???neri];adj:進化的,發展的,演變的;advantage:n:優勢,有利條件;vt:有利于;}
    
    As a gesture of good faith, the terrorists released some women and children. {翻譯:恐怖分子釋放了幾名婦孺作為誠信的表態。faith:[音:fe?θ];n:信仰,信念,信任;release:vt:釋放,讓與,準予發表,發射;n:釋放,讓渡,發行;}
    The Satellite Positioning System installed in automobiles contributes to a smooth drive by warning of traffic congestion that may lie ahead. {翻譯:車用衛星定位系統能在前方塞車時預警,有助于行車順暢。automobile:[音:‘??t?m?bi?l];n:汽車;adj:汽車的;contribute:[音:k?n‘tr?bju?t];vi:貢獻,投稿,是原因之一;vt:捐助,投稿;lie:v:位于;}
    Herbivorous dinosaurs are believed to have swallowed round pebbles to help digestion. {herbivorous:[音:h??‘b?v?r?s];adj:食草的;herbivore:[音:‘h??rb?v??r];n:草食動物;pebble:[音:‘pebl];n:鵝卵石,水晶,水晶透鏡;v:用鵝卵石鋪,用鵝卵石投擲,使有卵石紋;}
    Vitamin C cannot actually cure your cold, no matter how much you ingest. {cure:v:治愈,治療,糾正;n:治療,治愈,治療,對策;}
    
    The Duke of Windsor gave up the throne of Great Britain for the right to marry the woman he loved. {Windsor:n:溫莎;give up:v:放棄,拋棄,戒除,交出;throne:[音:θro?n];n:王位,君主;Britain:[音:‘br?tn];n:英國,不列顛;right to:……之權;}
    Students in coeducational high schools can learn about getting along with members of the opposite sex. {get along with:v:友好相處,進展;opposite:adj:相反的,對面的,對立的;prep:在……對面,演對手戲;adv:在對面地,處于相反位置地;n:對立物,對立者,對手;}
    In China, the Confucian heritage has created an atmosphere that is not very conducive to change. {翻譯:儒教傳統在中國造成了不太有利于變化的氣氛。Confucian:[音:k?n‘fju???n];adj:儒家的,孔子的;n:儒家,孔子的學生;heritage:[音:‘her?t?d?];n:傳統,遺產,繼承物;atmosphere:bn:氣氛,大氣,空氣,氣壓;}
    Sherlock Holmes can deduce biographical details of a perfect stranger from a few observations. {翻譯:福爾摩斯能夠根據幾項觀察就推論出陌生人的身世細節。biographical:[音:?ba??‘ɡræf?kl];adj:傳記的;perfect:adj:完全的,完滿的,十足的,理想的,完美的;vt:使完美,使完全;observation:[音:?ɑ?bz?r‘ve??n];n:觀察,觀察力,注意,評論;}
    The Central Bank has raised interest rates to induce foreign capital to flow into the market. {central:adj:中央的,中心的,主要的,起支配作用的,有控制力的,[語]中央元音的;n:中心樞紐,中央辦公室,電話交換機;interest:n:利息;rate:比率,速度,價格,費用,等級;v:認為,顧家,定等級,值得,怒斥,責罵;capital:n:資本,大寫字母,首都,[建]柱頂;adj:資本的,大寫的,一流的,首要的,極其嚴重的,涉及死亡的;flow into:vt:流入(匯合);}
    The producer of a movie is the person who raises money for the filming. {raise:vt:募集,籌集,升起,舉起,飼養,提出,引起;n:上升,增高,高地;filming:n:攝影,拍攝;}
    Many prosperous families were reduced to poverty during the Great Depression. {翻譯:許多富足的家庭在經濟大蕭條時期被貶入貧窮。prosperous:[音:‘prɑ?sp?r?s];adj:繁榮的,興旺的;poverty:n:貧困,貧乏,劣質;depression:[音:d?‘pre?n];n:沮喪,蕭條;}
    Some germs reproduce by splitting in two. {翻譯:有些細菌以分裂為二來繁殖。germ:[音:d???rm];n:細菌,微生物,胚芽;}
    The tear duct provides a constant supply of tears to keep the eyes moist. {constant:[音:‘kɑ?nst?nt];adj:源源不絕的,經常的,不變的;n:常數,恒量;supply:n:供應,補給,貯備;vt:供應,提供,補充;moist:[音:m??st];adj:潮濕的,濕潤的,[醫]濕性的;}
    Copper, a highly ductile metal, can easily by made into wires. {copper:[音:‘kɑ?p?r];銅,銅幣,警察,紫銅色;vt:鍍銅;made into:v:做成,使……轉變為;}
    The rebels abducted several U.N. workers at gunpoint, planning to use them as pawns in negotiations. {rebel:[音:‘rebl];n:反叛者,造反者,叛逆者;v:造反,反抗,反感;gunpoint:n:槍口;pawn:[音:p??n];n:人質,典當,抵押物,(國際象棋中)卒;vt:典當,以……為擔保;negotiation:n:談判,協商;}
    An aqueduct leads from Mono Lake to Los Angeles, supplying drinking water for the metropolis. {翻譯:蒙諾湖有條干管通往洛杉磯,為這大都會供應飲水。lead:帶領,引導,領先,過……(的生活);n:領頭位置,主角,榜樣,引言,鉛;metropolis:[音:m?‘trɑ?p?l?s];n:大都市,重要中心,首府;}
    Copper is an efficient conductor of electricity. {electricity:n:電,電學,電流,熱情;}
    Housing mortgages are tax-deductible. {翻譯:房屋貸款可以抵稅。mortgage:[音:‘m??rɡ?d?];n:抵押貸款,按揭,抵押;vt:抵押;}
    Sir Francis Bacon‘s scientific methods - induction and deduction - laid the foundation for modern science. {Francis Bacon:n:弗朗西斯·培根(十六世紀英國政治家,哲學家,作家);scientific:adj:科學的;induction and deduction:n:《歸納與演繹》;lay:放置,躺下,打賭,設計,擊倒,產卵,使平靜,壓平;n:地形,位置,敘事短詩,交媾;adj:外行的,世俗的;foundation:n:根基,基礎,根據,創建,基金(會);}
    That movie is a romance of love, seduction, and loss. {翻譯:那部電影是文藝片,主題是愛、誘惑與失落。romance:n:文藝片,浪漫史,愛情故事,冒險故事,傳奇文學,虛構;vt:<口>向……求愛;vi:講虛構故事;}
    A viaduct spans the valley, connecting the two tunnels. {span:[音:spæn];vt:橫跨,延續,貫穿,遍及,彌補,spin的過去式;n:時期,跨度,間距;spin:[音:sp?n];v:(使)旋轉,疾馳,紡織,結網,眩暈;n:紡織,旋轉,眩暈,疾馳;valley:n:山谷,溪谷,流域;tunnel:n:隧道,地道,洞穴;v:挖地道,挖隧道;}
    The Silk Road was conduit for the flow of merchandise between East and West. {The Silk Road:n:絲綢之路;flow:n:流,流動,漲潮,流量;vt:淹沒;vi:流動,涌出,飄動,流暢;merchandise:[音:‘m??rt??nda?s];n:貨物,商品;v:推銷,銷售,經營;}
    
    Moonies are followers of the Unification Church, a powerful religious sect. {翻譯:統一教是個強大的教派,教徒被稱為”文派“。Moonie:[音:‘mu?ni];n:<宗>(韓國的)文鮮明統一教成員;moony:[音:‘mu?n?];adj:月亮似的,恍惚的,發呆的;unification:n:統一,一致;church:n:禮拜儀式,教堂,基督教徒;adj:教堂的;v:把……帶到教堂接受某種宗教儀式;Unification Church:n:統一教團;religious:[音:r?‘l?d??s];adj:宗教的,虔誠的,嚴謹的,信奉宗教的;}
    He is in his second consecutive term as president. {term:n:學期,術語,條件,條款,期限,名詞;vt:把……稱為;}
    Some vigilante groups that hunt down criminals have taken on the tripe role of judge, jury and executioner. {翻譯:有些追捕壞人的民兵團體自封了法官、陪審團和劊子手的三重角色。vigilante:[音:?v?d??‘lænti];n:治安團體的成員,義警警員;vigilante group:n:民兵團;hunt down:v:追捕……直至捕獲,搜尋……直至發現;criminal:n:罪犯;adj:犯罪的,刑事的,違法的;take on:v:承擔,呈現,接受,從事,較量,開始雇傭;role:n:角色;judge:n:法官,裁判;v:判定,判斷,審判;jury:n:陪審團,評委會;adj:臨時用的;vt:挑選;}
    Bill Gates is the Chief Executive Officer, or CEO, of Microsoft.
    Political dissidents are persecuted in totalitarian countries. {dissident:[音:‘d?s?d?nt];n:意見不同的人,持不同政見者;adj:有異議的,不同意的;totalitarian:[音:to??tæl?‘teri?n];adj:極權主義者的;n:極權主義者;}
    Independent Prosecutor Kenneth Starr has been called the most unpopular man in the U.S. {independent:adj:獨立的,自主的,獨自的,無偏見的;n:無黨派者,獨立派人士;Kenneth Starr:n:肯尼思·斯塔爾;}
    Fans of the Die Hard series can hardly wait to see the new sequel. {series:[音:‘s?ri?z];n:(單復同)系列,叢書,連續;Die Hard:n:《終極警探》;}
    The dancer established the tone of the whole work in the opening sequence. {翻譯:舞者在出場的那一段中就譽造了整部作品的氣氛。establish:v:確立,建立,創辦,安頓;tone:[音:to?n];n:調子,風氣,音調,語氣,色調;v:使更健壯,定調,調色,裝腔作勢的說;}
    Sequential instructions - dividing the actions into Steps 1, 2 and 3 - fill the greater part of this self-help book. {序列的說明——把動作分為第一、第二、第三步——是這本自助式書籍內容的大宗。instruction:[音:?n‘str?k?n];n:指令,教學,教誨,說明;divide:[音:d?‘va?d];vt:劃分,隔開,分隔,[數]除;vi:分裂,分開;n:分水嶺,分歧,分;greater:adj:更大的,包括市區及郊區的;self-help:adj:自助的,自立的;n:自助,自立;}
    I am an auditor, not a regular student; consequently I need not do the assignment. {auditor:[音:‘??d?t?r];n:旁聽者,聽者,稽核員;regular:adj:正式的,正規的,有規律的,定期的,經常的,整齊的,規則的;assignment:n:被指定的(課外)作業,(分派的)任務,分配,任務,功課,委派;}
    Compared with the loss of life, all other losses seem inconsequential.
    In The Idiot, one of the characters is portrayed as an obsequious fool who follows the rich and famous. {The Idiot:n:《白癡》;portray:[音:p??r‘tre?];vt:描寫,描繪;}
    The first polls favor the incumbent; subsequent developments, however, might still change the picture completely. {翻譯:最初的民調有利于現任者,但是后續的發展仍可能使局勢完全改變。poll:[音:po?l];n:民調,民意測驗,投票,票數;v:做民意測驗,獲得……票;favor:v:利于,長得像,偏愛,給予,支持,關心;n:偏愛,好意,特權,贊成;incumbent:[音:?n‘k?mb?nt];n:在職者,領圣職的俸祿的牧師;adj:負有義務的,憑依的;however:然而,無論如何,不管多么;conj:不管怎樣;picture:局勢,圖畫,景象,照片,影片;vt:想象,畫,拍照;}
    The government dare not crack down on the demonstration because an all-out revolution might ensue. {翻譯:政府不敢鎮壓示威游行,因為全面的革命可能會接著發生。crack down:v:鎮壓,對……采取嚴厲措施;demonstration:n:示威游行,示范,表達,實證;all-out:adj:完全的;revolution:n:革命,變革,重大改變,旋轉;}
    The pilgrims embarked on the Mayflower in pursuit of religious freedom. {翻譯:清教徒搭乘”五月花號“出發,追求宗教自由。pilgrim:[音:‘p?lɡr?m];n:朝圣者,(1620年移居美洲的)英國清教徒;embark:[音:[?m‘bɑ?rk];v:乘船,裝在,著手,從事;embark on:上(船、飛機等),從事,著手;Mayflower:n:《五月開的花》;in pursuit of:v:追求,尋求;religious:adj:宗教的,虔誠的,嚴謹的,信封宗教的;}
    
    The sun rose and dispelled the mist. {mist:[音:m?st];n:霧,迷蒙,朦朧不清;vt:使……模糊,蒙上霧;vi:使模糊,下霧;}
    The boy was expelled from school because he cheated on exams.
    NASA is working on new ways to propel spaceships through the void of outer space. {翻譯:美國航太總署正在研究新方法來推動太空船穿越外太空的虛空。NASA:美國國家航空和航天管理局(National Aeronautics and SpaceAdministration);aeronautics:[音:?er?‘n??t?ks];n:航空學;void:n:真空,空白,空虛;adj:空的,無效的,缺乏的;vt:使無效,排泄,使空出;vi:排泄;outer:adj:外部的,外面的;}
    Jet planes are much faster than propeller planes.
    Two magnets may repel or attract each other. {magnet:[音:‘mæɡn?t];n:磁體,磁鐵,有吸引力的人(物);}
    You should spray on some insect repellent before heading into the forest. {spray:v:噴射,掃射,噴霧;n:噴霧,噴霧器,水沫;insect:n:昆蟲,蟲子,卑微的人;head into:v:[美]開始,著手;}
    A distant, pulsating star is often interpreted as a binary star. {翻譯:一顆遙遠的脈沖星常備解釋為雙子星。distant:[音:‘d?st?nt];adj:疏遠的,遙遠的,遠房的,陌生的,遠行的;interpret:[音:?n‘t??rpr?t];v:口譯,解釋,翻譯,詮釋;binary:adj:雙子的,二進位的,二元的;n:二進制,二元;}
    Diagnosis in traditional Chinese medication relies heavily on feeling the patient‘s pulse. {傳中中醫診斷很重視把脈。diagnosis:[音:?da??ɡ‘no?s?s];n:診斷,調查分析;medication:n:醫藥,藥物,藥物治療;rely:[音:r?‘la?]};vi:依靠,信任;rely on:v:依靠,信賴;}
    A kleptomaniac is a compulsive thief who steals because he or she cannot help it. {kleptomaniac:[音:?klept?‘me?niæk];n:有盜竊癖的人;can not help it:v:情不自禁;}
    All able-bodied male citizens must serve out a two-year compulsory military service. {able-bodied:[音:‘e?bl ‘bɑ?d?d]];adj:體格健全的,強壯的;serve out:v:做(或學)到期滿,分發(事物、飲料等);}
    The soldier felt an impulse to run for his life, but fought hard to control it. {翻譯:這個士兵感到一股逃命的沖動,但是努力克制住它。felt:[音:felt];vt:feel的過去式,使粘結,制氈;vi:氈合;n:毛氈,氈制品;fought:v:抗爭,打仗,爭論,爭取,fight的過去式;fight to:v:戰成;}
    The Jet Propulsion Laboratory is a research division under NASA. {翻譯:噴漆推進實驗室是美國航太總署的一個研究單位。propulsion:[音:pr?‘p?l?n];n:推進,推進力; laboratory:[音:‘læbr?t??ri];n:實驗室;division:n:部分,劃分,除法,分開,師(軍隊);}
    Many women find pornography repulsive.  {pornography:[音:p??r‘nɑ?ɡr?fi];n:色情作品,色情描寫;}
    
    This tire is so worn that it has no traction left; you‘d better have it replaced. {tire:n:輪胎,金屬圈;v:使疲倦,厭煩,勞累;worn:[音:w??rn];adj:用舊的,穿壞的,精疲力盡的,憔悴的,wear的過去分詞;}
    The tractor can pull a lot of different machines to work the fields.
    Metal contracts when cooled.
    The figure skater‘s stumbled did not detract from the artistry of her performance. {翻譯:這名花式溜冰血手摔了一跤,但無損于她演出的藝術性。figure:[音:‘f?ɡj?r];n:體型,外形,圖形,數字,人物,塑像,圖標,(冰上表演的)花樣;vt:是重要部分,認為,演算,領會到;skater:n:滑冰者,滑雪的人;stumble:[音:‘st?mbl];v:絆倒,錯誤;v:絆倒,蹣跚,犯錯誤,無意中發現;detract from:v:減損,削弱,貶低;artistry:[音:‘ɑ?rt?stri];n:藝術性,藝術才能;}
    Detractors of the candidate claim that he is involved in an extramarital affair. {claim:vt:聲稱,主張,斷言,要求,請求;n:要求,要求權,主張,斷言,聲稱,要求物;extramarital:[音:?ekstr?‘mær?tl];adj:婚外的,私通的;affair:[音:?‘fer];n:事情,事件,事務,私通;}
    I can‘t study at home because there are too many distractions.
    The passage is extracted from Hemingway‘s The Sun Also Rises. {passage:n:(文章等的)段落,(時間的)消逝,通過,通道,走廊;Hemingway:n:海明威(姓氏,美國小說家);The Sun Also Rises:n:《恰似朝陽又照君》或《日出》;}
    The economy is bogged down by too many intractable problems. {bog:[音:bɑ?ɡ];v:使……陷入泥沼;陷入困境;n:沼澤;bogged:[音:b?gd];adj:陷入泥沼的,陷入困境的;bog down:v:陷入泥淖(nao),陷入困境;}
    Protracted civil wars devastated the small country. {civil:adj:國內的,公民的,文明的,民用的,民事的,[建]土木的;devastate:[音:‘dev?ste?t];vt:毀壞,使荒蕪,使震驚;}
    Failing to produce any evidence, the candidate retracted his accusation that the incumbent had taken bribes. {produce:v:提出,生產,引起,制片,分娩;n:產品,農產品;accusation:[音:?ækju‘ze??n];n:控告,指控,非難;incumbent:[音:?n‘k?mb?nt];n:在職者,領圣職俸祿的牧師;adj:負有義務的,憑依的的;bribe:n:賄賂,賄賂物;v:賄賂;}
    Scientists say that at five months, infants can already add and subtract. {infant:n:嬰兒,幼兒;adj:嬰兒的,初期的,幼稚的;}
    
    When it is difficult to assemble a sufficiently objective jury, the judge may decide on a change of venue. {翻譯:如果不易組成夠客觀的陪審團,法官可以決定更改出庭地點。assemble:[音:?‘sembl];v:集合,手機,裝配;sufficiently:adv:充分地,足夠地;objective:adj:客觀的,真實的,賓語的;n:目標,目的,[物]物鏡,[語]賓語;jury:[音:‘d??ri];n:陪審團,評委會;adj:臨時用的;vt:挑選;decide on:v:決定,選定;jewelry:[音:‘d?u??lr?];n:珠寶,珠寶類;}
    Fifth Avenue is one of the  busiest streets in New York.
    The CEO convened a special meeting to discuss labor‘s demands. {labor:[音:‘le?b?r];n:勞工,工人,工作,分娩,勞力;v:苦干,勞動,致力于,過分詳盡闡述;adj:勞工的,勞動的;}
    Many convenience stores are open 24 hours a day.
    Some economists criticize the government as being too dependent on the stock market as a source of tax revenue. {翻譯:有些經濟學家批評政府太依賴股市為稅收來源。dependent:adj:依靠的,依賴的,從屬的;be dependent on:v:依賴……,取決于;}
    If you go to see the Great Wall of China, you can buy a T-shirt as a souvenir.
    Mainland China has been actively seeking foreign capital for joint business ventures. {翻譯:中國大陸一直積極尋求外資來做合資企業。actively:adv:積極地,活躍地,勤奮地;capital:n:資本,首都,大寫字母,[建]柱頂;joint:[音:d???nt];adj:合資的,聯合的,共同的,連帶的;n:關節,接頭,接合處,接縫,夜總會;v:貼合,連接;joint business venture:n:合資企業;}
    With the advent of the information age, all aspects of life are being transformed. {age:n:時代;aspect:[音:‘æspekt];n:方面,方位,外觀,外貌;transform:vt:改變,轉換;vi:改變,變形,變態;}
    The Indiana Jones series describe the exploits of an adventurous archaeologist. {The Indiana Jones:n:《奪寶奇兵》;n:series:n:(單復同)系列,叢書,連續;exploit:[音:ek‘spl??t];n:事跡,英勇行為,功績;vt:剝削,利用,開發,開拓;archaeologist:[音:?ɑ?rki‘ɑ?l?d??st];n:考古學家;}
    You can‘t disobey the law, but you can try to circumvent it. {disobey:[音:?d?s?‘be?];v:違反,不服從;}
    Nuns in the convent work and pray all day. {nun:[音:n?n];n:尼姑,修女;}
    The Republican National Convention in 1996 nominated Bob Dole to challenge Bill Clinton for the presidency. {The Republican National Convention:n:共和黨大會;nominate:[音:‘nɑ?m?ne?t];vt:提名,指派,登記賽馬參加比賽;Bob Dole:n:鮑勃·多爾;challenge:v:向……挑戰,盤問,質疑;n:挑戰,邀請比賽,盤問,質疑;presidency:[音:‘prez?d?nsi];n:總統(總裁、主席等)的職位(或任期);}
    Weapons of mass destruction have not made conventional weapons obsolete. {mass:adj:大規模的,群眾的;n:大量,塊,眾多,彌撒曲,彌撒;v:集中;destruction:[音:d?‘str?k?n];n:破壞,毀壞;obsolete:[音:?ɑ?bs?‘li?t];adj:已廢棄的,過時的;}
    The annual Golden Horse International Film Festival is an important event in Taiwan‘s film industry. {annual:adj:一年一度的,每年的,年度的,一年生的;n:年刊,一年生植物;festival:n:節日,歡宴,慶祝及祭祀;adj:節日的,喜慶的;Golden Horse Internation Festival:n:金馬國際電影節(展);industry:n:工業,產業,行業,勤勉,勤勞;}
    Some experts believe that international trade will eventually make national boundaries obsolete. {national:adj:國家的,民族的,全國性的,國立的,國有的;n:國民;boundary:[音:‘ba?ndri];n:邊界,分界線;}
    U.S. intervention in the Persian Gulf has ensured a steady supply of cheap oil in the global market. {persian:[音:‘p??r?n];adj:波斯的,波斯人的;n:波斯,波斯人;gulf:[音:ɡ?lf];n:海灣,鴻溝;vt:吞沒;golf:[音:ɡɑ?lf];n:高爾夫球;vi:打高爾夫球;Persian Gulf:n:波斯灣;ensure:vt:擔保,保證,使安全,確保;ensue:v:跟著發生,繼起,因而產生;steady:[音:‘stedi];adj:穩定的,穩固的,堅定的;v:使穩固,使穩定,(變的)穩固,使堅定;adv:穩定地,穩固地;n:關系固定的情侶,固定支架;}
    The store is closed today because it is taking the year-end inventory. {year-end:adj:年終的;n:年終;}
    When it comes to crime, preventive measures are often more effective than punishment. {翻譯:談到犯罪,防范措施往往比懲罰有效。crime:n:犯罪,惡行;measure:n:措施,方法,辦法,量度,尺寸,程度;v:測量,比較,給予,權衡;come to:v:談及,涉及,總計,蘇醒,繼承,達成,來到(某地);}
    
    There was a strong demand for itinerant preachers in colonial America. {翻譯:殖民時期的美洲很需要巡回傳教士。preacher:[音:‘pri?t??r];n:傳道者,講道者,牧師;colonial:[音:k?‘lo?ni?l];adj:殖民地的;n:殖民地居民;}
    The visiting premier cut short his itinerary and flew straight home on hearing about the coup in his government. {翻譯:正在進行訪問的總理一聽到政府發生政變就馬上縮短行程,直接飛回國。premier:[音:pr?‘m?r];n:總理,首相;adj:首位的,第一的,最初的;cut short:v:中斷,縮短,簡化;straight:[音:stre?t];adj:直的,坦率的,正直的,準的,連續的,異性戀的;adv:筆直地,直接,坦率地,連續不斷地;n:直的東西,傳統的人,異性戀者;hear about:v:聽說;coup:[音:ku?];n:政變,意外而成功的行動;}
    Brutus turned against Caesar when he found Caesar too ambitious. {Brutus:[音:br‘ju?t?s];n:羅馬政治家;turn against:v:背叛;Caesar:[音:‘s?θ?r];n:凱撒(羅馬的將軍、政治家,暴君,獨裁者);}
    The government hired an accounting firm to audit the books of the bank, which was suspected of money laundering. {hire:[因音:‘ha??r];v:雇傭,出租;n:租金,雇傭,租用;accounting:n:會計;firm:n:公司,商行;adj:堅定的,結實的,堅固的,嚴格的;adv:穩固地,堅定地;v:(使)變得堅實,確定;books:n:賬目,書;be suspected of:v:被懷疑(做)……,被懷疑患有……;launder:v:洗滌,清洗,洗黑錢;n:流水槽;}
    The budding singer sent her tapes around, trying to get an audition with a record company. {翻譯:這位新出道的歌手到處寄卡帶,希望能得到唱片公司的試鏡機會。bud:[音:b?d];vt:使發芽;vi:發芽,萌芽;n:芽,花蕾;budding:adj:新進的,萌芽的;n:發芽,萌芽;send …… around:v:分發,發送;}
    He took a circuitous route home because he had to go to the supermarket first. {route:n:路線,(固定)線路,途徑;vt:為……安排路線,(按路線)發送;}
    On the market, initial responses to the book were rather favorable. {response:n:反響,響應,反應,回答,答復;favorable:adj:良好的,贊同的,有利的,順利的;}
    No one expected the conservative CEO would initiate much change in the company. {翻譯:沒有人期待這位保守的執行官會在公司發動太多改革。expect:v:期待,預期,期望,盼望;conservative:[音:k?n‘s??rv?t?v];adj:保守的,守舊的;n:保守派(黨),保守的人;}
    Taipei‘s Mass Rapid Transit system makes getting around Taipei fast and easy. {翻譯:臺北的大眾捷運系統使臺北的交通迅速便捷。Taipei‘s Mas Rapid Transit:n:臺北的大眾捷運系統;get around:vt:規避,說服;}
    Taiwan has successfully completed the transition from a labor-intensive economy to a high-tech, information-oriented economy. {labor:[音:‘le?b?r];n:勞力,勞工,工作,工人,分娩;v:苦干,勞動,致力于,過分詳盡闡述;adj:勞工的,勞動的;intensive:[音:?n‘tens?v];adj:密集的,徹底的,精細的,強調的;n:[語]強調成份;high-tech:orient:[音:‘??ri?nt];vt
    :使適應,事……朝向,定……的方位;adj:東方的;n:東方,亞洲;oriented:adj:以……為方向的,以……為目的的;}
    Power is transitory; only truth is permanent. {翻譯:權利是短暫的,真理才是永恒的。}
    The black-faced spoonbill is a transient to southern Taiwan. {翻譯:黑面篦鷺是南臺灣的過境鳥類。black-faced:adj:黑面的;spoonbill:[音:‘spu?nb?l];n:篦鷺(bi lu);}
    If you set a canary free, it will only perish.  {set free:v:釋放;canary:[音:k?‘neri];金絲雀,加那利舞,加那利白葡萄酒,<俚>告密者;}
    
    By bowing to the merger bid, the business tycoon ceded control of his company to his former rival. {翻譯:這位商界大亨向并購案低頭,拱手讓出公司的控制權給從先的對手;bow:[音:ba?];v:鞠躬,致敬,壓彎;n:弓,鞠躬禮,蝴蝶結,船頭;bow to:v:向……鞠躬,服從;bowing:n:鞠躬;merger:[音:‘m??rd??r];n:(企業等的)合并;v:(兩個或以上公司的)合并;bid:[音:b?d];n:出價,努力,叫牌;v:(買方)出價,投標,吩咐,叫牌;tycoon:[音:ta?‘ku?n];n:企業的大亨,(日本幕府的)將軍;former:adj:以前的,前任的,前者的;n:創造者,<英>學校某一年級的學生;rival:[音:‘ra?vl];n:對手,競爭者,同伴;adj:競爭的;v:競爭,與……相匹配;}
    A pronoun must refer to one and only one antecedent to avoid vagueness or ambiguity. {翻譯:代名詞必須由一個,也只能有一個先行詞,以避免造成模糊或者模棱兩可。pronoun:[音:‘pr??na?n];n:代詞;refer:vt:把……提交,把……歸因,歸類;vi:參考,談及,咨詢;refer to:vt:指的是,涉及,提及,參考,適用于;avoid:vt:避免,逃避,[律]使無效,撤銷;vague:[音:ve?ɡ];adj:不明確的,模糊的,茫然的,猶豫不決的;vagueness:[音:ve?ɡn?s];n:模糊,含糊;ambiguity:[音:?æmb?‘ɡju??ti];n:模棱兩可的,含糊不清的;}
    "This impeachment business has gone too far," concedes a Republican Senator. {翻譯:一位共和黨參議員承認:”這件彈劾案鬧得太過火了“。impeachment:[音:?m‘pi?t?m?nt];n:彈劾,控告;business:n:事務,生意,商業;senator:[音:‘sen?t?r];n:參議員;}
    Mark Twain was about to embark on a career as a steamboat pilot when the Civil War interceded. {翻譯:馬克吐溫正要展開汽輪駕駛員的生活,結果內戰從中作梗。Mark Twain:n:n:馬克·吐溫(美國小說家);be about to:v:剛要,即將;embark:[音:?m‘bɑ?rk];v:從事,著手,乘船,裝載;embark on:v:從事,著手,上(船、飛機等);career:n:生涯,職業,事業;vi:猛沖,飛跑;steamboat:n:汽輪,輪船;pilot:[音:‘pa?l?t];n:領航員,飛行員,試播節目,<美>排障器,[機]導向器;adj:試驗性的,引導的;v:駕駛,領航,向導,試點;}
    The Leo meteor shower was preceded and followed by scattered shooting stars. {翻譯f:在獅子座流星雨之前與之后都有零星的流星。Leo:[音:‘li?o?];n:獅子座,獅子宮,利奧(男子名);meteor:[音:‘mi?ti?r];n:流星,大氣現象;attr:氣象學(=meteorology);meteor shower:n:流星雨;scatter:[音:‘skæt?r];vt:散播,撒,驅散;vi:分散,消散;n:散布,零星少量;scattered:adj:分散的,稀疏的;}
    Flood waters receded, and the rooftops emerged. {rooftop:[音:‘ru?ftɑ?p];n:屋頂;emerge:[音:i‘m??rd?];vi:浮現,(由某種狀態)脫出,(事實)顯現出來;}
    The South seceded from the Union upon Lincoln‘s election to the presidency. {翻譯:南方在林肯當選總統時脫離聯邦而獨立。Union:n:聯盟,結合,工會,和睦,連接軸,[數]并,并集;adj:聯邦政府的,工會的;presidency:n:總統(總裁、主席等)的職位或任期;}
    Under a booming economy, the Dow Jones industrial index is heading for unprecedented highs. {翻譯:在繁榮的經濟下,道瓊工業指數正走向史無前例額的新高。boom:[音:bu?m];vt:使興旺,促進;vi:急速增長,發出低沉聲;n:繁榮,興旺,激增,低沉聲,帆杠,吊桿,支臂,尾桁(heng),水柵;Dow Jones:n:道瓊斯經濟通訊社;industrial:adj:工業的,產業的;n:工業公司; index:n:指數,索引,(刻度盤上的)指針;v:指出,編索引;}
    Prices fall when supply exceeds demand. {翻譯:供過于求就會跌價。}
    When you have finished here, you may proceed to the next window.
    When the queen dies or steps down, the prince will succeed her as monarch of the kingdom. {step down:v:辭職,逐漸縮小,降低;prince:n:王子,親王,諸侯;monarch:[音:‘mɑ?n?rk];n:君王,君主,帝王,統治者,君王斑點蝶;}
    An extensive network of clinics and hospitals provides patients with sufficient access to medical care. {翻譯:廣大的醫療網讓病人有足夠的管道就醫。extensive:[音:?k‘stens?v];adj:廣泛的,廣闊的,廣大的,大量的;clinic:[音:‘kl?n?k];n:診所,門診部,科室;sufficient:adj;充分的,足夠的;}
    The Gap is a chain store famous for its low-end clothing and accessories. {gap:[音:ɡæp];n:缺口,裂縫,差距,空白;Gap:n:蓋普;chain:n:連鎖店(常用復數),鏈條,鏈,束縛,(一}連串;vt:束縛,用鐵鏈鎖柱;famous:adj:著名的,有名的;low-end:adj:低檔的,生產低檔產品的,廉價的;}
    Humans and monkeys are probably descended from a common ancestor. {descend:[音:d?‘send];v:遺傳,傳下來,下降,降臨,突然襲擊,突然拜訪;common:adj:共同的,常見的,普通的,平常的,平凡的,粗俗的;n:公地,平民,普通,公園;}
    To buy international good will, North Korea made the big concession of suspending nuclear power development. {will:n:愿望,醫院,遺囑,決心,意志;suspend:v:暫停,中止,懸浮,勒令停職;}
    The national defense budget is well in excess of the amount spent on education, science and culture. {翻譯:國防預算遠超過教育、科學與文化上的花費。national defense:n:國防;defense:[音:d?‘fens];n:防衛,防衛物,辯護;vt:防守;budget:[音:‘b?d??t];n:預算;vt:編預算,為……做預算;vi:節省開支;adj:廉價的,不貴的;}
    His health is deteriorating after years of excessive drinking. {deteriorate:[音:d?‘t?ri?re?t];v:惡化,變質,衰退;}
    The information you  require is classified and therefore inaccessible to the general public. {therefore:adv:因此,所以;}
    Some believe that it was our predecessors who laid the foundations for the prosperity we enjoy today. {翻譯:有人認為是因為前人打下的基礎我們才得以享受今天的繁榮。prosperity:[音:prɑ?‘sper?ti];n:繁榮,興旺;}
    Urban sewage is first channeled to this processing plant before being discharged into the river. {urban:[音:‘??rb?n];adj:城市的,都市的;sewage:[音:‘su??d?];n:污水,污物;channel:vt:引導,形成河道,集中(精力);n:頻道,海峽,方法,通道,(消息)渠道;plant:[音:plænt];n:工廠,設備,設施,植物;v:種植,設立,建立,安插,栽贓;discharge:v:排出,釋放,解雇,放電,解除,清償債務;n:卸貨,釋放,發射,放電,準許離開,排出物;}
    Congress is in recess for the holiday season. {Congress:n:(美)國會,代表大會,議會,立法機關;holiday season:休假(旅游)的旺季;}
    The stock market suffered huge losses on two successive days. {suffer:[音:‘s?f?r];vt:遭受,忍受,容忍,寬恕,聽任,允許,準許;vi:受苦,病患,受損失,變差,變糟,處于不利地位;}
    
    The student works hard and always earns excellent grades on exams. {excellent:adj:杰出的,優秀的,極好的;}
    The cyclists pedaled on, unfazed by the daunting gradient of the ascent. {翻譯:單車選手繼續踩,無視于可怕的上坡坡度。cyclist:[音標:‘sa?kl?st];n:騎自行車的人;pedal:[音:‘pedl];v:用腳踏動,踩踏板;n:踏板,樂器的腳踏鍵;unfazed:[音:?n‘fe?zd];adj:無畏的,無顧慮的;daunt:[音:d??nt];vt:使……膽怯,恐嚇;daunting:[音:d??nt??];adj:令人畏懼的;ascent:[音:?‘sent];n:上升,上坡路,晉升,提升;}
    A college graduate can choose to pursue graduate studies in Taiwan or abroad. {翻譯:大學畢業生可以選擇在臺灣或出國讀研究所。pursue:[音:p?r‘su?];v:繼續執行,從事,追求,追捕;purse:[音:p??rs];vt:皺起,放進錢包;n:錢包,小錢袋,(獲獎)獎金;}
    Some people find it a degrading experience to wait in line for one unemployment check. {翻譯:有人覺得排隊領失業救濟金是貶低人格的經驗。unemployment:n:失業,失業人數;check:n:支票,賬單,檢查,阻礙,方格圖案,(國際象棋)將軍;v:檢查,阻止,核對,買單;}
    Each upgrade of the Internet Explorer browser adds new features and functions. {feature:n:特征,特色,容貌,特寫,故事片;vt:以……為特色;vi:起重要作用;}
    The Admissions Office of that MBA program looks for signs of aggressive character in prospective students. {翻譯:那個企業管理研究所的入學審查處尋找的是有積極性格特征的申請人。admission:[音:?d‘m??n];n:承認,入會費,許可;Admissions Office:n:招生處,入院審查處,入學審查處;look for:v:尋找,尋求,期待;character:n:性格,個性,任務,品質,字符,名譽,地位;ajd:[劇](角色)代表某一特性的;prospective:[音:pr?‘spekt?v];adj:預期的,未來的;}
    There are two parts to the U.S. Congress: the Senate and the House of Representatives. {Senate:[音:‘sen?t];n:參議院,大學理事會;Representative:[音:?repr?‘zent?t?v];n:眾議員,代表,典型;adj:代表的,典型的,代表制4等的;Representatives:n:眾議院議員,代表;House of Representatives:n:眾議院;}
    For fear that the audience might be bored by the dull subject, the speaker punctuated his speech with a amusing digressions. {for fear that: v:以免,唯恐;audience:n:聽眾,觀眾,讀者,傾聽,擁護者,正式會見;dull:[音:d?l];adj:無趣的,暗的,呆滯的,鈍的,遲鈍的;v:變鈍,遲鈍;punctuate:[音:‘p??kt?ue?t];v:不時打斷,加標點于,強調;amuse:v:娛樂,消遣,使……發笑;amusing:[音:?‘mju?z??];adj:有趣的,引人發笑的;}
    Republicans are on the whole suspicious of progressive social policies. {翻譯:共和黨對進步的社會政策一般來說較不信任。suspicious:[音:s?‘sp???s];adj:可疑的,多疑的;}
    Hypnosis can induce a regression to infantile behavior. {翻譯:催眠可以誘導人退化到嬰兒的行為。hypnosis:[音:h?p‘no?s?s];n:催眠狀態;induce:vt:誘導,引誘,引起,促使,勸服;infantile:[音:‘?nf?nta?l];adj:嬰兒的,幼稚的,孩子氣的;}
    The American people do not want the president impeached because they think he is only guilty of minor transgressions. {impeach:[音:?m‘pi?t?];v:彈劾,控告,歸咎,懷疑;be guilty of:v:犯過失,有罪;minor:[音:‘ma?n?r];adj:輕微的,較小的,次要的;n:未成年人,輔修課目,[音]小調;v:輔修;}
    
    The newspaper reporter writes in a concise and fluent style. {翻譯:這位報社記者的文筆簡明流暢。}
    His doctor decided to excise the malignant tumor from his lung. {malignant:[音:m?‘l?ɡn?nt];adj:有惡意的,惡性的,有害的;tumor:[音:‘tju?m?];<美>腫瘤,腫塊,=tumour(英);lung:[音:l??];n:肺,呼吸器官;}
    There is an incisive editorial on the issue of Taiwan independence in today‘s China Times. {editorial:[音:?ed?‘t??ri?l];n:社論;adj:編輯的;China Times:《中國時報》;}
    His long upper incisors make him look like Bugs Bunny. {upper:adj:上面的,上部的,較高的;n:鞋幫,商鋪,興奮劑,令人興奮的經歷;look like:v:看起來像;bugs:adj:<俚>發瘋的,瘋狂的;n:蟲子,缺陷;bunny:[音:‘b?ni];n:小兔子;Bugs Bunny:n:兔八哥;}
    Smart missiles demonstrate a level of precision that is absolutely amazing. {翻譯:智慧型導彈展現出驚人的準確度。missile:[音:‘m?sl];n:導彈,投射物;demonstrate:vt:展現,示范,演示,證明;vi:示威;}
    You need a pair of scissors for the Chinese art of paper-cutting.
    I want a table in the non-smoking section.
    The greatest impact of Taiwan‘s joining the WTO will be felt in the agricultural sector of the economy. {翻譯:臺灣加入世界貿易組織,最大的沖擊會是在農業部門。impact:n:沖擊力,影響,撞擊;vt:擠入,壓緊,撞擊,對……發生影響;vi:沖擊,撞擊,產生影響;felt:vt:feel的過去式和過去分詞,制氈,使粘結;vi:氈合;n:毛氈,氈制品;be fall in:v:生病;}
    The students are going to dissect a frog in biology class. {frog:n:蛙,嗓音沙啞,馬的蹄叉,刀劍的掛環;biology:n:生物學,(一個地區的全部)生物,生物群落;}
    There was a serious accident this afternoon at the intersection of Broadway and 52nd Street. {serious:adj:嚴肅的,嚴重的,認真的,危急的,莊重的;broadway:[音:‘br??dwe?];n:百老匯(美國紐約的一街道名);}
    Animal-rights activists campaign against all forms of vivisection. {翻譯:動物權利運動人士宣導反對各式活體解剖。activist:[音:‘ækt?v?st];活動分子,積極分子,激進分子;campaign:v:從事運動,參加競選;n:運動,戰役,活動,競選活動;campaign against:v:參加/發動反……活動;}
    Virtual-reality games occupy a brand-new market segment that never existed before. {Virtual-reality:[音:‘v??t?u?lr?‘æl?t?];n:虛擬現實;reality:n:真實,現實,實際;occupy:[音:‘ɑ?kjupa?];vt:占用,占領,從事,使忙碌,專心;brand-new:[音:‘brænd‘nu?];adj:嶄新的;}
    
    The Gulf War of 1991 left hundreds of oil wells burning, resulting in the most serious ecocide in the Middle East. {gulf:[音:ɡ?lf];n:海灣,鴻溝;vt:吞沒;well:n:井,源泉,樓梯井;}
    The Civil War was a form of fratricide, with Americans killing Americans. {form:n:形式,形狀,表格,良好的健康狀態,表現狀態,常規;}
    The term genocide refers to the systematic extermination of an entire race. {term:n:名詞,術語,學期,條件,條款,期限;vt:把……稱為;refer:vt:把……提交,把……歸因,歸類;vi:參考,談及,咨詢;refer to:v:指的是,涉及,提及,談及,參考,適用于;systematic:[音:?s?st?‘mæt?k];adj:體系的,有系統的,分類的,有條理的;extermination:n:根絕,滅絕;entire:adj:全部的,完整的,全面的;race:n:種族,血統,人種,賽跑,競爭;v:賽跑,競賽;}
    The police still cannot decide whether the death was the result of suicide or homicide.
    Hua Ting-kuo was convicted of matricide and executed. {Hua Ting-kuo:n:華定國;convict:[音:k?n‘v?kt];vt:宣判有罪,使……知罪;n:囚犯,犯罪;adj:被定罪的;}
    The psychopath committed patricide and didn‘t feel any remorse. {psychopath:[音:‘sa?k?pæθ];n:精神病患者;commit:v:犯罪,承諾,委托,托付;remorse:[音:r?‘m??rs];n:懊悔,悔恨;}
    Rachel Carson‘s The Silent Spring describes the catastrophic consequences of pesticide abuse. {翻譯:瑞丘·卡森的《死寂之春》描述濫用農藥釀成的后果。Rachel Carson:n:蕾切爾·卡森;The Silent Spring:n:《死寂之春》;catastrophic:[音:?kæt?‘str?f?k];adj:災難的,災難性的;consequence:[音:‘kɑ?ns?kwens];n:結果,后果,重要性,影響;abuse:[音:?‘bju?s];n:濫用,惡習;vt:濫用,辱罵,虐待;}
    French mobs committed regicide when they put Louis XVI to the guillotine in 1793. {mob:[音:mɑ?b];n:暴民,一伙,[貶]民眾;vt:大舉包圍,蜂擁而入;commit:vt:犯罪,承諾,委托,托付;guillotine:[音:‘ɡ?l?ti?n];n:斷頭臺,切紙機,<英>截止辯論對的時限;v:斬決,<英>停止對……的辯論而進行表決;}
    
    Chunghsiao Fuhsing Station is the junction of two MRT lines. {翻譯:忠孝復興站是兩條捷運線的連接處。Chunghsiao Fuhsing Station:n:忠孝復興站;MRT:n:大眾捷運系統;}
    Taiwan has moved past the important juncture between one-party rule and multiparty democracy. {move past:v:越過;one-party rule:n:一黨專政;multiparty democracy:n:多黨民主;democracy:n:民主國家,民主,民主制;}
    The woman obtained a court injunction that kept her ex-husband away from her house. {obtain:[音:?b‘te?n];vt:獲得,得到;vi:流行,通用,存在;court:n:法院,庭院,宮廷,球場,奉承;v:獻殷勤,追求,招致,設法獲得;keep away:[音:ki?p ?‘we?];v:不接近,避開,戒;}
    Rheumatism usually attacks the joints in one‘s body. {Rheumatism:[音:‘ru?m?t?z?m];n:風濕癥,類風濕性關節炎;}
    An aviation museum adjoins the airport. {aviation:[音:?e?vi‘e??n];n:航空,飛機制造業;}
    At the end of the movement, all the instruments conjoin with the chorus to play the grand finale. {翻譯:在這個樂章的結尾,所有的樂器與合唱團結合在一期,湊出終曲。movement:[音:‘mu?vm?nt];[音]樂章,活動,運動,動作;instrument:n:樂器,儀器,工具,器械;v:用器械(或儀器)裝備,向……提交文書;chorus:[音:‘k??r?s];n:合唱隊,歌舞隊,齊聲說道,副歌部分;vi:合唱;grand:[音:ɡrænd];adj:宏偉的,重大的,豪華的,壯麗的;n:大鋼琴,一千美元;finale:[音:f?‘næli];n:終曲,結局;}
    Electronic media are enjoined from airing cigarette commercials. {enjoin from:v:禁止air:v:廣播,晾干,使通風;n:空氣,天空,空中,感覺,神態,曲調,裝腔作勢;airing:[音:‘er??];n:公開發表,兜風;commercial:n:商業廣告;adj:商業的;}
    
    The WWF is an organization dedicated to wildlife conservation. {WWF:abbr:世界野生動物基金(=World Wildlife Fund),世界摔跤聯合會(=World Wrestling federation);federation:[音:?fed?‘re??n];聯邦,聯合,聯盟;dedicate:[音:‘ded?ke?t];vt:致力于,獻出,提獻辭;}
    The Republican Party is a party for political conservatives. {political:adj:政治的,政治上的,政黨的,人事的,爭權奪利的;}
    There is an excellent conservatory for cactus plants at Kenting. {cactus:[音:‘kækt?s];n:仙人掌;plants:n:植物花卉,工廠(plant的復數);v:種植,設立,建立,安插,栽贓;Kenting:n:墾丁;}
    Many think the psychopath deserves death for the serial killings, but the law says he belongs in a mental institution. {翻譯:許多人認為這個三星病誑的連續殺人犯該死,但按法律上規定他應該進精神病院。psychopath:[音:‘sa?k?pæθ];n:精神病患者;belong in:v:應歸入(類別、范疇等);mental:[音:‘mentl];精神的,思想的,心里的,腦力的;n:精神病患者;institution:n:機構,制度,制定,名流;}
    The Ice Lady discovered in the Andes was well preserved by the sub-zero temperatures. {Andes:n:安第斯山脈(南美洲西部山系);sub-zero:adj:零度以下;sub:n:潛艇,替代品;vt:轉包合同;vi:替代;}
    I recommend this candidate without reservation. {recommend:vt:推薦,建議,勸告,使受歡迎,使可取;}
    The Three Gorges Dam, when completed, will create a reservoir stretching for dozens of kilometers. {gorge:[音:ɡ??rd?];n:峽谷,咽喉,大量食物,飽食,阻礙物,厭惡;vt:暴食,貪婪地吞咽;vi:狼吞虎咽;Dam:[音:dæm];n:水壩,堤,障礙物;v:筑壩,抑制(情感等);The Three Gorges Dam:n:三峽大壩;stretch:[音:stret?];v:伸展,延伸,張開,夸大;n:伸展,張開,彈性,一段時間,<俚>刑期;adj:可伸縮的;dozens of:n:幾十;}
    
    He once had a drinking problem and now abstains from alcohol altogether. {abstain from:v:戒,避免,棄權;altogether:adv:完全,總共,總的來說;}
    Papua New Guinea attained independence in 1975. {Papua New Guinea:n:巴布亞新幾內亞(太平洋西南部的一個島國);independence:n:獨立,自立;}
    The trouble-making students were detained after school for two hours.
    The hostess played a nocturne on the piano to entertain her guests. {翻譯:這位女主人彈了一首鋼琴小夜曲來娛樂賓客。hostess:[音:‘ho?st?s];n:女主人,空姐,女主持;nocturne:[音:‘nɑ?kt??rn]];n:夜曲,夜景畫;}
    There is some indication that torture was used to obtain information from the suspect. {indication:[音:??nd?‘ke??n];n:指示,表示,跡象;torture:[音:‘t??rt??r];n:拷問,痛苦;vt:拷問,使痛苦,曲解;suspect:n:嫌疑犯;v:懷疑,猜想;adj:可疑的,不可信的;}
    The new mayor retained most of the staff of his predecessor. {staff:[音:stæf];n:員工,全體人員,全體職員,拐杖,桿,棒,五線譜;vt:配備員工;predecessor:[音:‘pred?ses?r];n:前任,祖先,原有事物;}
    The listed company sustained heavy losses in the latest stock-market crash. {翻譯:這家上市公司在最近的一次股市崩盤中蒙受巨大損失。listed:[音:‘l?st?d];adj:(股票)登記上市的;列出的;}
    The wife of the missing man clung tenaciously to her hopes, refusing to admit that he was probably dead. {翻譯:這名失蹤男子的太太頑強地抱著希望,拒絕承認他可能已經死了。cling:[音:kl??];vi:堅持,緊貼,附著,依戀,clung(cling的過去分詞);n:緊抓,緊貼;admit: vt:承認,允許進入,給……進入的權利,容納;vi:承認,允許進入,允許;}
    He is an ideal tenant, one who pays his rent in advance and doesn‘t bother anybody. {ideal:[音:a?‘di??l];adj:理想的,完美的,空想的,觀念的;n:理想,典范,目標;rent:n:租金;v:租用,出租;advance:n:預付金,前進,進展;v:前進,預付,增長,推進;adj:預先的,提前的;in advance:adv:提前,預先;rend:[音:rend];v:撕破,分裂,劈開,強奪;}
    The tenets of his religion forbid him to touch meat. {religion:n:宗教,宗教信仰;frobid sb. to do:v:禁止某人做某事;}
    Justices on the Supreme Court enjoy life tenure. {翻譯:最高法院的大法官享有終身任期。justice:n:法官,公平,公正,正義,司法,法律制裁;supreme:[音:su?‘pri?m];adj:最高的,至上的,極度的;court:n:法院,庭院,宮廷,球場,奉承;v:獻殷勤,追求,招致,設法獲得;}
    You can get a rough idea about a book by looking at the table of contents. {rough:[音:r?f];adj:大概的,粗糙的,粗略的,粗暴的,艱難的,討厭的,不適的,洶涌的;adv:粗糙地,粗暴地;n:粗制品,暴徒,高低不平的路面;vt:使粗糙,毆打,草擬;look at:(仔細地)看,看眼,考慮;}
    You should take your car to the garage for maintenance regularly. {garage:n:汽車修理廠,車庫;vt:把……放入車庫;regularly:[音:‘reɡj?l?rli];adv:有規律的,定期的;}
    Any form of utopia is an untenable illusion. {utopia:[音:ju?‘to?pi?];n:理想國,烏托邦;illusion:[音:?‘lu??n];n:錯覺,幻覺,錯誤的信仰(或觀念);}
    Antarctica, once believed to an ocean, was found to be a continent. {翻譯:南極洲以前被認為是海洋,后來發現它是不折不扣的大陸。Antarctica:[音:æn‘tɑ?rkt?k?];n:南極洲;}
    The retina is so called because it "retains" visual images. {翻譯:視網膜的英文retina來自于他能保留retain視覺影像。}
    The visiting king and his retinue took up a whole floor at the Regent. {take up:v:占去,拿起,開始,從事,吸收,接納,繼續做,做某事消遣;regent:[音:‘ri?d??nt];n:攝政者,(大學等的)評議員;adj:攝政的;Regent:n:麗晶酒店;}
    
    The next ferry leaves in ten minutes. 
    Soils in the forest are fertile, but there‘s little sun shine. {soil:n:土地,土壤,污物,糞便;v:弄污;}
    Chemical fertilizers tend to increase acidity in the soil. {翻譯:化學肥料通產會增加土壤的酸性。tend:v:趨向,易于,朝向,照料,照管;tend to:vt:導致,傾向,易于,有助于;acidity:[音:?‘s?d?ti];n:酸性,酸度;}
    All the senior staff members are in the conference room. {senior:[音:si?ni?r];adj:高級的,資深的,年長的,地位較高的;n:上司,年長者,長輩,大四學生;staff:[音:stæf];n:員工,全體人員,全體職工,拐杖,桿,棒,五線譜;vt:配備員工;}
    Because of unforeseen circumstances, I hope to defer my admission for one year. {unforeseen:[音:??nf??r‘si?n];adj:無法預料的;admission:[音:?d‘m??n];n:入學,入會費,承認,許可;}
    The boy always talks to his teachers in a deferential manner.
    Pity differs from love. {pity:[音:‘p?ti];n:憐憫,同情,遺憾,可惜;v:同情,憐憫;}
    Based on visual impressions alone, Sherlock Holmes could infer a wealth of information about a perfect stranger. {visual:adj:視覺的,視力的,看的見的,形象的;n:畫面,圖像;impression:n:印象,感覺,模仿,印跡,印刷;wealth:n:財富,財產,豐富,大量;a wealth of:adj:很多的,大量的;}
    The clinic specializes in curing infertility. {clinic:n:診所,門診部,科室;specialize:[音:‘spe??la?z];v:專治,專攻;}
    I‘ll make you an offer you can‘t refuse. {翻譯:我有一項你無法拒絕的提議。}
    The US gives preferential treatment to nations accorded MFN status. {翻譯:美國給予貿易最惠國特惠的待遇。treatment:n:對待,處理,治療;nation:n:國家;MFN:最惠國(Most Favored Nation);status:n:身份,地位,情形,狀況,狀態;}
    The clinic referred the patient to a general hospital. {general:adj:綜合的,普遍的,全面的,一般性的,大致的,籠統的,常規的,總的,首席的;n:將軍,一般;}
    After seeing the replay, the referees decided to nullify the goal. {replay:n:重播,重演,重賽;v:重新比賽,重放;nullify:[音:‘n?l??fa?];v:使無效,廢除,取消;}
    You can get that information at the reference room at the library. {library:n:圖書館,藏書,書房;}
    Many Somali children suffer from malnutrition. {Somali:[音:s?‘ma?li];n:索馬里人;adj:索馬里的;malnutrition:[音:?mælnu?‘tr??n];n:營養不良;}
    Five-year junior college graduates may apply to a university as transfer students. {junior:adj:下級的,資歷較淺的,年少的;n:晚輩,三年級生,年少者,地位較低者;junior college:n:專科學校;apply to:申請進入,適用于,運用于;}
    
    Keelung is the major port in northern Taiwan. {Keelung:n:基隆(中國臺灣北部一港市);}
    The walkman is portable cassette player. {cassette:[音:k?‘set];n:盒式磁帶,暗盒;}
    The natives portage their canoes past rapids and waterfalls to reach the sea. {翻譯:原住居民扛著獨木舟穿越急流和瀑布i,來到海邊。canoe:[音:[k?‘nu?];n:獨木舟;v:乘獨木舟,用獨木舟運;rapid:n:急流,湍攤;adj:急速的,短時間發生的,迅速的,快的,險峻的;waterfall:n:瀑布;}
    ”Portal“ means a doorway, but now it also refers to a website that serves as an entrance to the internet. {doorway:[音:‘d??rwe?];n:門口;refer to:v:指的是;涉及,提及,參考,適用于;serve:v:服務,伺候,擔任,可作……用,度過,對待;n:發球;entrance:n:入口,進入,登場,進入權;vt:使入迷,使狂喜;}
    The hotel guest rang up room service to send up a porter to help with the luggage. {ring:v:打電話,回響,鳴響,按鈴,聽上去,包圍,環繞,形成圈;n:鈴聲,鐘聲,電話,口氣,戒指,環,圈,拳擊場,馬戲場,幫派;ring up:v:打電話,用收音機記錄(收入的錢);send up:v:提出,發射,時上升,判……入獄,取消某人;lugage:n:行李;}
    The art student sent in a portfolio of his works along with his application documents. {翻譯:這位學藝術的學生在寄出的申請文件里附上一份他的作品集。send in:v:遞送,呈報,提出;along with:conj:與……在一起,在……以外,沿著,隨著,(除……之外)又……,加之;applicationn:申請,應用,應用程序,專心;}
    In her will, the woman left a large portion of her money to her cats. {will:n:遺囑;}
    Undesirable aliens are sometimes deported to their home country. {undesirable:[音:??nd?‘za??r?bl];adj:不受歡迎的,不良的,不合意的,討厭的;n:不受歡迎的人,不良分子;alien:[音:‘e?li?n];n:外僑,外國人,外星人;adj:外國的,陌生的,相異的;}
    Taiwan has export-oriented economy. {orient:vt:使適應,使……朝向,定……的方位;adj:東方的,n:東方,亞洲;}
    Taiwan imports most of the crude oil it needs. {crude:[音:kru?d];adj:天然的,未加工的,粗魯的,粗造的,簡陋的;n:原油,天然的物質;}
    The sculptor‘s figures demonstrate graceful proportion. {翻譯:這位雕刻家的人像展現出優美的比例。sculptor:[音:‘sk?lpt?r];n:雕刻家;figure:[音:‘f?ɡj?r];n:人物,塑像,任務,圖標,體型,外形,圖形,數字,形狀,(冰上表演的動作的)花樣;v:是重要部分,認為,演算,領會到;graceful:adj:優雅的,得體的;}
    You are to report to the manager at once. {be to do sth.:v:應當做某事;}
    The company will provide transport for your business trip to Kaohsiung. {Kaohsiung:n:高雄(臺灣東南部城市);}
    In Taiwan, tourism is under the charge of the Transportation Ministry. {tourism:[音:‘t?r?z?m];n:旅游業,觀光;under the charge of:v:在……的掌管下;Ministry:n:(政府的)部,內閣,(全體)牧師;}
    
    Conjectures of an impending stock-market crash, if widely circulated, might really lead to such a crash.  {翻譯:股市即將崩盤的猜測如果廣泛流傳,可能真的會引起崩盤。impend:[音:?m‘pend];vi:迫近,逼迫,即將發生;impending:adj:即將發生的,迫在眉睫的;crash:v;撞擊,墜毀,發出巨響,崩潰,破產,<俚>宿夜;n:轟隆聲,猛撞,崩潰,暴跌,垮臺,粗布;adj:速成的;circulate:[音:‘s??rkj?le?t];vi:傳播,流通,循環;vt:使流通,使環流;lead to:v:導致,引起,通向,把&帶到;}
    The candidate was so dejected from having lost the election that he swore that he would never seek public office again. {seek:vt:尋求,追求,試圖;vi:尋找;office:n:職務,辦公室,事務,(政府部門的)部、局、廳;有特定用途的房間或建筑物;}
    The tenant was ejected after he inadvertently set fire to his room. {tenant:[音:‘ten?nt];n:房客,佃戶,承租人,<律>占用著;vt:租賃,租借;inadvertently:[音:??n?d‘v??rt?ntli];adv:不注意地,疏忽地,非故意地;set fire to:v:使燃燒,點燃,縱火;advertent:[音:?d‘v??t?nt];adj:注意的,留意的;}
    The president‘s speech in the middle of the crisis injected hope and courage into the hearts of his countrymen. {翻譯:總統在危機時所作的演說給國人心中注入希望和勇氣。crisis:[音:‘kra?s?s];n:危機,危急關頭;inject into:把……注入到;countrymen:n:國民;}
    The president was saying yet again that he would not seek reelection, when a reporter interjected: "Why should we trust you this time? " {seek:vt:尋求,追求,試圖;vi:尋找;reelection:n:重選,改選;}
    The mighty cannon can send a projectile flying to a target over a hundred miles away. {mighty:[音:‘ma?ti];adj:強大的,巨大的;adv:很,極其;cannon:[音:‘kæn?n];n:大炮,機關炮;v:開炮,相撞;send over:v:播送,發射;}
    The student applied for admission to five graduate schools and was rejected by four. {admission:n:入學審查,入會費,許可;graduate school:n:研究所,研究生院;}
    A Frisbee follows a different trajectory from that of a ball. {翻譯:飛盤的軌跡和球的軌跡不同。frisbee:[音:‘fr?zbi];n:飛盤(塑料玩具);}
    Jet planes are faster than propeller planes, but not necessarily safer. {propeller:螺旋槳,推進器,=propellor;necessarily:[音:?nes?‘ser?li];adv:必然地,必定地,必須地;}
    
    The PRC shot missiles into the waters off Taiwan in 1996, causing no damage besides a stock-market crash. {PRC:abbr:中華人民共和國(People‘s Republic of China),預應力鋼筋混凝土(Prestressed Reinforced Concrete);prestress:[音:pr?‘stres];vt:預加應力于;n:預拉伸;reinforce:vt:加固,加強,增強,事更具說服力;vi:得到加強;waters:n:水域;off:prep:在……之外,離開;}
    Many Mormons go overseas as missionaries while they are still very young. {Mormon:[音:‘m??rm?n];n:魔門教(徒);adj:魔門教的;overseas:adj:海外的,在海外;still:adv:仍然,更,靜止的;adj:靜止的,不動的,寂靜的;v:使……平靜下來;n:蒸餾器,寂靜,定格照;}
    There is an intermission coming on in a few minutes, and you can wash your hands then. {come on:v:降臨,開始,突然產生,要求,進步,趕快,上演,上臺,成長,發展,<口>加油,別胡扯;}
    The suspect broke down during interrogation and confessed that he had committed murder. {break down:v:奔潰,毀掉,發生故障,分解,將……分類,衰弱,體力不支,制服,鎮壓;interrogation:[音:?n?ter?‘ɡe??n];n:審問,問號;confess:[音:k?n‘fes];v:承認,供認,告解,聽取懺悔;}
    Intermittent light attracts attention more effectively than does continuous light. {effectively:adv:有效地,事實上;continuous:adj:連續的,繼續的,連綿不斷的;}
    If you‘re a foreigner, you‘ll need a work permit to work in Taiwan.
    Please remit the funds for the purchase to our account by the end of this month. {fund:n:基金;vt:資助,轉為(長期貸款);funds:n:現金,資金;purchase:[音:‘p??rt??s];n:購買的物品,購買;vt:購買;}
    The detective submitted his report to the superintendent. {superintendent:[音:?su?p?r?n‘tend?nt];n:探長,所長,監督人,管理人;}
    The infected areas are quarantined to keep foot-and-mouth disease from being transmitted to other animals. {infect:vt:傳染,感染;quarantine:[音:‘kw??r?nti?n];vi:隔離,檢疫;vt:檢疫,停止交涉;n:隔離,檢疫期間,封鎖交通,四十天;foot-and-mouth:n:口蹄疫;keep from:v;阻止,妨礙;}
    
    The constituents opted for change, sending the opposition candidate to Congress. {constituent:[音:k?n‘st?u?nt];n:選民,成分,構成物;adj:構成的,組織的,立憲的;opposition:n:反對黨,在野黨,反對,敵對;}
    Turning back is no longer an option, now that  we‘ve come this far. {turn back:v:返回,折回;now that:conj:既然,由于,因為;}
    The word "optional" in the parentheses under the blank space means that you can choose to sign or not to sign your name. {parenthesis:[音:p?‘renθ?s?s];n:圓括號,插入語;parentheses:[音:p?‘renθ?si?z];n:圓括號(parenthesis的復數);}
    
    The priest turned a page in the thick Bible on the lectern before him. {priest:[音:pri?st];n:教士,神父,牧師,僧侶,泰斗;}
    The professor is preparing drafts for an important lecture tonight. {draft:[音:dræft];n:草稿,草圖,匯票,征兵;vt:起草,征兵,選秀;adj:醞釀中的;}
    The jade collection of the National Palace Museum enjoys worldwide renown. {翻譯:故宮博物院的玉器收藏舉世聞名。jade:[音:d?e?d];n:玉石,翡翠,翡翠色;palace:[音:‘pæl?s];n:宮殿,豪華住宅,王室,大的公共建筑(如旅館、影院等);National Palace Musem:n:故宮博物院;renown:[音:r?‘na?n];n:名望,聲譽;vt:使有名望;}
    More than 400 dialects are spoken in China.
    Hegelian dialectics is a philosophy that stresses conflict and change. {hegelian:[音:hei?ɡi:lj?n];adj:黑格爾的;n:黑格爾派哲學家;philosophy:[音:f?‘lɑ?s?fi];n:哲學,哲理;stress:[音:stres];vt:強調,重讀;n:壓力,強調,重音;conflict:[音:‘kɑ?nfl?kt];n:沖突,戰斗,矛盾,斗爭;vi:沖突,抵觸,爭執;change:n:變化;}
    Who are you going to vote for in the presidential election next year? {presidential:adj:總統的,總裁的;}
    This gourmet restaurant has a most eclectic group of patrons, including Moslems, Hindus and Catholics. {翻譯:這家美食餐廳的顧客群五花八門,包括回教徒、印度教徒和天主教徒。gourmet:[音:‘ɡ?rme?];n:美食家;eclectic:[音:?‘klekt?k];n:adj:兼收并蓄的,折衷的,選擇的;n:折衷主義者,折衷派的人;patron:[音:‘pe?tr?n];n:老主顧,贊助人,守護神;Moslem:[音:‘mɑ?zl?m];n:回教徒,穆罕默德信徒;adj:回教徒的,回教的;Hindu:[音:‘h?ndu?];n:印度教信徒,印度人;adj:印度的,與印度有關的;Catholic:[音:‘kæθl?k];n:天主教徒;adj:天主教的,普遍的,廣泛的;}
    A sound educational policy should place the development of the intellect over and above the imparting of knowledge. {翻譯:健全的教育政策應該注重開發智能于傳授知識。sound:adj:全面的,健康的,有效的,合理的,可靠的,完好的,酣睡的,嚴厲的;adv:酣暢地;n:聲音,嘈雜聲,音樂風格,曲調,印象,感覺,海峽,魚鰾,探針;v:聽起來,感覺起來,發出聲音,發音,探測深度,探詢;place:v:將(某物)放置,安排,訂貨,寄托,辨認,獲得名次;n:地方,地位,職位,獲獎的名詞;palce above:v:使置于之上;impart:[音:?m‘pɑ?rt];vt:傳授,賦予,告知;}
    Copyright pirates violate intellectual property rights for their own profit. {pirate:[音:‘pa?r?t];n:盜版者,海盜;v:盜版,搶劫,剽竊;violate:[音:‘va??le?t];v:侵犯,違反,擾亂,褻瀆,強奸;property:[音:‘prɑ?p?rti];n:財產,所有物,地產,房地產,性質,道具;profit:[音:‘prɑ?f?t];n:利益,收益,利潤;vi:得益,獲利;vt:有益于;}
    If you neglect your health, sooner or later you will pay for it. {翻譯:如果你忽略自己的健康,早晚都要付出代價。}
    He loves music of all kinds, with a predilection for classical composers. {classical:adj:古典的,權威的,傳統的,正統的;composer:n:創作者(尤指樂曲的);}
    Try as I might, I cannot recollect how the accident happened. {我怎么也想不起來以外是怎樣發生的。}
    The note was written in such a hurry that it is almost illegible. {such……that:conj:如此……以至于……;}
    Dozens of lexicographers worked for years to bring out the second edition of the Oxford English Dictionary. {dozens of:n:幾十;bring out:v:推出,拿出,使明顯;Oxford:[音:‘ɑ?ksf?rd];n:牛津城,牛津大學,牛津布,牛津鞋;}
    In the lexicon of classical art, "chiaroscuro" refers to the technique of using light and shade in painting. {chiaroscuro:[音:ki?ɑ?r?‘sk?ro?];n:明暗對照法(繪畫和總明暗部分的處理法),(文學、音樂等中使用的)對比法;refer to:v:指的是,提及,涉及;shade:[音:?e?d];n:陰影,遮蔽,遮光物,(色彩的)濃淡;vt:遮蔽,使陰暗,使漸變,略減(價格);vi:漸變;}
    Dyslexia is learning disorder that impairs the sufferer‘s ability to recognize the written word. {disorder:n:疾病,障礙,混亂,雜亂,不適,失調;vt:擾亂;impair:vt:損害,削弱;suferer:[音:‘s?f?r?r];患者,受害者,受難者;}
    Spy satellites have kept a diligent watch over Iraq.
    Any citizen above 20 years of age is eligible to vote. {citizen:n:公民,市民;}
    After careful investigations, the State Department concludes that Mainland China has stolen nuclear warfare intelligence from the US government. {State Department:n:(美國)國務院;conclude:[音:k?n‘klu?d];vt:做結論:推斷出,締結,使結束;vi:結束,總結,作決定,作協議;warfare:[音:‘w??rfer];n:戰爭,沖突;nuclear warfare:n:核戰爭;}
    Young urban professionals are society‘s elite. {urban:[音:‘??rb?n];adj:城市的,都市的;professional:n:專業人員;adj:職業的,專業的,專門的;}
    
    When a perfect stranger offers to give you money, you should query his motives. {offer to:v:愿意,試圖,提議;motive:n:動機,目的,主題;adj:發動的,運動的,動機的;vt:促使;}
    Mankind‘s quest for the moon was consummated when Armstrong stepped onto the moon‘s surface. {mankind:n:人類,男人;consummate:[音:kɑ?ns?me?t];vt:完成,使達到極點,圓房;adj:圓滿的,完美的,完全的;step onto:v:加入,踏上;}
    Fifty questionnaires were sent out for the poll, of which thirty were returned. {send out:v:派遣,發送,長出,叫退場;poll:[音:po?l];n:民意測驗,投票,票數;v:做民意測驗,獲得……票;}
    William the Conqueror became the English King in 1066. 
    In the new computer game, you are a Roman Emperor bent on conquest of the world. {Roman:[音:‘ro?m?n];adj:羅馬的,羅馬帝國的,羅馬天主教的;n:羅馬人,羅馬天主教徒,羅馬字體;Emperor:[音:‘emp?r?r];n:皇帝;bent:v:彎曲,使彎曲,屈服,屈從,集中于;n:彎曲,彎道;}
    The court is holding an inquest to decide the cause of the mysterious death of that navy colonel. {翻譯:法庭正在進行調查以了解那位海軍上校的神秘死因。mysterious:[音:m?‘st?ri?s];adj:神秘的,不可思議的;colonel:[音:‘k??rnl];n:上校;}
    We‘re extending our anniversary sale till the end of the month by request. {extend:v:延伸,延長,伸展,擴展,提供,使竭盡全力;anniversary:n:周年紀念,周年紀念日;sale:n:促銷;}
    The teacher always begins her classes with a quick quiz.
    The acronym AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. {acronym:[音:‘ækr?n?m];n:首字母縮略詞;stand for:v:代表,象征,容忍,支持,做……的候選人;AIDS:Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome(獲得性免疫功能喪失綜合癥);acquired:adj:已取得的,已獲得的,已成習慣的;immune:[音:?‘mju?n];adj:免疫的,免除的;deficiency:n:缺乏,不足,缺陷,缺點;syndrome:[音:‘s?ndro?m];n:綜合癥,癥候群;}
    The global business scene of the Nineties has been dominated by billon-dollar mergers and acquisitions. {翻譯:90年代的全球商業最主要的特色是動輒數十億美元的合并與購入。scene:[音:si?n];n:情景,場;景;dominate:[音:‘dɑ?m?ne?t];v:支配,控制,統治,占優勢,俯視,高聳于;merger:n:(企業等)的合并;v:(兩個或以上那個公司的)合并;}
    Christopher Columbus and the Spanish conquistadors brought death and ruin to many Indian tribes. {Christopher Columbus:n:克里斯托弗·哥倫比亞(意大利航海家);ruin:vt:毀滅,毀壞,(使)破產,糟蹋,使(婦女)失去貞操;n:毀滅,廢墟,崩潰;tribe:[音:tra?b];n:部落,族,一伙人;}
    That Persian carpet demonstrates exquisite patterns. {persian:[音:‘p??r?n];adj:波斯的(波斯人的);n:波斯(波斯人);carpet:n:地毯,地毯狀物;vt:鋪蓋,鋪以地毯;}
    Our client has sent us a letter of inquiry, asking whether we have any new children‘s wear products.
    In medieval Inquisitions, the Vatican would send a bishop to hold trials over someone suspected of heresy or witchcraft. {翻譯:在中世紀的宗教法庭上,梵蒂岡會派主教來主持審判有異教邪說或巫術嫌疑的人。medieval:[銀音:?medi‘i?vl];adj:中世紀的;Vatican:[音:‘væt?k?n];n:梵蒂岡(羅馬教廷所在地),教皇政府;bishop:[音:‘b???p];n:主教,(國際象棋中的)象;trial:[音:‘tra??l];n:審訊,試驗,試用,嘗試,預賽或選拔賽,討厭的事,惹麻煩的人;v:測試;hold over:v:延期(非本句意思);heresy:[音:‘her?si];n:異端,異教,反面觀點;witchcraft:[音:‘w?t?kræft];n:魔法或巫術;trail:[音:tre?l];n:蹤跡,小徑,尾一系列;vt:追蹤,拖拽,尾隨;vi:拖,落后于;}
    The child is very inquisitive, always asking "Why?"
    A sufficient command of the English language is a prerequisite to graduate studies in the U.S. {翻譯:要去每股讀研究所,英文能力是先決條件。sufficient:adj:足夠的,充分的;command:n:掌握,命令,指揮,[計]DOS命令,引用輔助命令處理器;v:掌握,博得,命令,指揮;}
    
    The rock star captivated audiences wherever he went. {翻譯:這位搖滾巨星所到之處都風靡全場。audience:n:觀眾,聽眾,讀者,傾聽,擁護者,正式會見;}
    Animals held captive in cages sometimes demonstrate abnormal or self-injurious behavior. {cage:n:籠子,監獄,籠狀結構;vt:關入籠子;abnornal:[音:æb‘n??rml];adj:反常的,不正常的,變態的;n:不正常的人;injurious:[音:?n‘d??r?ri?s];adj:有害的,中傷的;self-injurious:adj:自殘的;}
    The captive soldier refused to reveal any secrets to his captors. {captive:ajd:被監禁的,被俘虜的,被迷住的;n:俘虜,迷戀者;reveal:[音:r?‘vi?l];vt:透露,揭示,展現,顯示;n:(外墻與門或窗之間的)窗側,門側,(汽車的)窗框;}
    The kidnapper was captured by the police and the hostage was returned to her family. {kidnapper:n:綁架者,拐騙者;hostage:[音:‘hɑ?st?d?];n:人質;}
    The murderer must be a psychopath; any saee human being would not be capable of such brutality. {psychopath:[音:‘sa?k?pæθ];n:精神病患者;sane:[音:se?n];adj:心智健全的,明智的;human being:n:人類;be capable of:v:有能力的,能夠;brutality:[音:bru?‘tæl?ti];n:暴行,殘忍,野蠻;}
    The capacity crowd at the concert is proof that the middle-aged singer is still in his prime. {翻譯:演唱會爆滿證明這位中年歌手還是寶刀未老。crowd:n:人群,群眾,大群,朋友;v:擁擠,擠滿,涌入,貼近,逼迫;prime:n:全盛時期,壯年,青春,[數]質數;adj:最好的,首要的,典型的;vt:事先指點,在(金屬、木材等上)打底漆;vi:變得首要;}
    The little girl refuses to take her medicine unless it is put in capsules. {put in:vt:放入,植入,插入,提交,任命,實行,花費(時間),進入,申請,投入,投資;}
    Reliable contraception was one of the factors that led to women‘s liberation. {翻譯:可靠的避孕方法是導致婦女解放運動的因素之一。reliable:[音:r?‘la??bl];adj:可靠的,可信的;lead to:v:導致,引起,通向,把……帶到;liberation:[音:?l?b?‘re??n];n:解放,解放運動(未獲得平等權利和地位的行為);libration:[音:la?‘bre???n];n:天平動;}
    Some of Picasso‘s paintings in his old age are deceptively simple. {Picasso:n:畢加索;}
    With only 20 seconds to go, the only hope for the losing team is to intercept the ball from the other team.
    In foreign policy, perception is sometimes more important than reality. {foreign policy:n:外交政策;reality:n:事實,實際,真實,現實;}
    The receptionist is an important member of the staff because she is the first person our clients see when they come through the door. {staff:[音:stæf];n:員工,全體人員,全體職工,拐杖,桿,棒,五線譜;vt:配備員工;come through:v:經過,經歷,脫險,安然度過;}
    The two warring factions seem receptive to the proposal of a cease-fire. {warring:[音:‘w??r??];adj:交戰的;faction:[音:‘fæk?n];n:派系斗爭,內杠,小集團;proposal:n:提議,建議,求婚;cease:[音:si?s];v:終止,停止;n:停止;cease-fire:n:停火,停火命令;}
    Many citizens, anticipating a rise in food prices, are buying in advance. {citizen:n:公民,市民;in advance:prep:提前,預先;}
    The recipient of the award was overjoyed. {award:[音:?‘w??rd];n:獎品,獎;v:授予,給予,判給;overjoyed:adj:欣喜若狂的,極度高興的;vt:overjoy:vt:使大喜;}
    There is no conceivable reason why he should have done so.
    Some insects simulate the environment to deceive their predators. {simulate:vt:模擬,假裝,模仿;predator:[音:‘pred?t?r];n:(動物的)捕食性天敵,肉食動物,掠奪者;}
    The phone is ringing; pick up the receiver. {pick up:v:撿起,學會,收集,接人,逮捕,得到,繼續,偶然結識,站起,扶起,振作精神;}
    
    Vitamin C is water-soluble, so you can take it in large quantities without worrying about an overdose. {quantity:n:量,數量,大量;overdo:[音:?o?v?r‘du?];v:使用過多,煮得過久,做或表現得過分;}
    After millions of years of erosion, only the insoluble minerals in the rocks remain. {erosion:[音:?‘r???n];n:腐蝕,侵蝕,減少,流失;mineral:n:礦物(石),礦物質;remain:v:剩余,逗留,留下,依然,保持;n:剩余物,遺跡,殘骸;}
    Some believe that the WTO is the best solution to cyclical recessions. {cyclical:[音:‘sa?kl?kl];adj:周期的,循環的;recession:[音:r?‘se?n];n:(經濟)不景氣,后退;}
    He is an artist, so it is natural for him to lead a dissolute life. {natural:[音:‘næt?r?l];adj:自然的,天然的,私生的;lead a …… life:v:過著……樣的生活;}
    The teacher remains resolute in her decision to fail the student. {fail:[音:fe?l];vt:放棄,當掉,辜負,缺少,不及格;vi:失敗,沒做成某事,表現欠佳,用完,衰退;n:沒做成,不及格;}
    HDTV produces sharp, high-quality images because its resolution is higher than that of ordinary TV. {HDTV:高清晰度電視(high-definition TV);produce:v:提出,產生,生產,引起,制片,分娩;n:產品,農產品;sharp:adj:清洗的,靈敏的,鋒利的,明顯的,辛辣的,[音]升音階的;adv:準時地,突然地,偏高地;hi-quality:adj:高質量的,高級的;ordinary:adj:平凡的,普通的,平淡的;}
    The company has managed to remain solvent through the financial crisis because it obtained a substantial loan from the bank. {翻譯:這家公司能夠維持財務健全度過金融危機,是因為它向銀行借貸的大筆款項。manage to do:v:設法做成某事;manage:v:設法對付,經營,管理,做成,提供,有空;financial:adj:金融的,財政的,<非正式>有錢的;crisis:[音:‘kra?s?s];n:危機,危急關頭;obtain:vt:獲得,得到;vi:流行,通用,存在;substantial:[音:s?b‘stæn?l];adj:大量的,堅固的,實質的,可視的;n:本質,重要部分;loan:[音:lo?n];n:貸款,借出;v:借,供應貸款;}
    Sugar dissolves more slowly in cold water than in hot water.
    In this wave of restructuring, all insolvent government-run factories will be shut down. {wave:n:波浪,波紋,波;v:揮動,飄動; of:restructure:[音:?ri?‘str?kt??r];v:重建,重造,改組;government-run:adj:國營的,政府經營的;shut down:v:關閉,(使)停工;}
    The conflict was successfully resolved when one party backed down. {conflict:[音:‘kɑ?nfl?kt];n:沖突,戰斗,矛盾,斗爭;vi:沖突,抵觸,爭執;party:n:當事人,一伙人;back down:v:放棄,讓步;}
    
    Under failing light, I had to strain my eyes to make out the figures on the other side of the road. {翻譯:光線愈來愈暗,我得用力看才能分辨出路對面的人影。fail:v:衰落,衰退;make out:vt:辨別,理解,起草,說明,結論;vi:進展,親熱;figure:[音:‘f?ɡj?r];n:人影,形狀,體型,圖形,數字,人物,塑像,圖表,(冰上表演動作的)花樣;v:是重要部分,認為,演算,領會到;}
    The company is in dire financial straits resulting from the stock market crash. {dire:[音:‘da??r];adj:悲慘的,極其的,可怕的;result from:起因于;}
    I would do anything to help him, but when he wanted me to lie, I felt constrained to refuse. {翻譯:為了幫他我什么都愿意做,不過他要我說謊的時候,我覺得我不得不拒絕。feel constrained:v:覺得不自如,責無旁貸;}
    She couldn‘t restrain her tears and started crying in the movie theater. {theater:n:劇場,電影院,戲院;adj:戰區的;}
    You should show restraint when criticizing others. {criticize:v:批評,挑剔,評論,非難,吹毛求疵;}
    You may borrow the book, but let me stress that I do want it back.
    A day trader works under extremely stressful conditions. {翻譯:做股市當日沖銷的人,工作壓力很大。trader:[音:‘tre?d?r];商人,商船;condition:n:條件,情況;v:以……為條件,訓練,決定,護理(頭發);}
    A working mother may suffer much distress from not being able to see her child often. {woking mother:n:職業婦女;suffer from:v:遭受,因……而蒙受損害;}
    The Chinese believe that only strict teachers can produce outstanding students. {翻譯:中國人相信嚴師出高徒。outstanding:adj:優秀的,突出的,未支付的,未完成的;}
    You can‘t become a monk if you‘re unable to take the strictures of monastery life. {翻譯:受不了修道院限制重重的生活,你就無法成為僧侶。monk:[音:m??k];n:僧侶,修道士;monastery:[音:‘mɑ?n?steri];n:修道院,寺院;}
    Strokes are more common in winter because blood vessels constrict in cold weather. {stroke:[音:stro?k];n:中風,擊打,一筆(畫),意外的運氣;v:擊打,輕撫,奉承;vessel:[音:‘vesl];n:血管,容器,器皿,傳,艦,脈管;}
    Owing to the energy shortage, 24-hour power supply is restricted to industrial zones. {翻譯:由于能源短缺,全天候店里供應被限制于工業區。own to:v:由于,承認;shortage:[音:‘???rt?d?];n:不足,缺少,短缺;be restricted to:v:局限于,限制在;}
    All airports have stringent rules regarding air traffic safety {翻譯:機場都有嚴格的飛航(路線的相關)規定。regard:v:和……有關,尊敬,視為,注視,留意;n:關心,尊敬,注意,致意,考慮;}.
    An orchestra led by a conductor, consists of stringed, wood-wind, brass and percussion instruments. {翻譯:一個由指揮者領導的交響樂團是由弦樂器、管樂器、銅管樂器和打擊樂器所組成的。orchestra:[音:‘??rk?str?];n:管弦樂隊;conductor:n:指揮,導體,售票員;consist of:v:由……組成;stringed:adj:由弦樂器產生的,有弦的;wood-wind:adj:管樂器產生的,brass:[音:bræs];adj:銅管樂器的,黃銅的;n:銅管(樂器),厚臉皮,黃銅(制品);percussion:[音:p?r‘k??n];n:打擊樂器,碰撞,[醫]叩診;instrument:n:儀器,樂器,工具,器械;v:用器械(或儀器)裝備,向……提交文書;}
    The coroner‘s report says that the victim was strangled to death before he was dumped into the river. {coroner:[音:‘k??r?n?r];n:驗尸官;dump:vt:拋棄,傾倒,傾銷,拋售,傾卸,[計]轉儲;vi:傾倒,突然落下;n:垃圾場,軍需供應站;dump into:v:傾銷;}
    House painting is strenuous work. {house painting:n:油漆房子,建筑筆畫;}
    While making the bed, you should stretch the sheet so that there are no wrinkles. {make bed:v:鋪床疊被;wrinkle:[音:‘r??kl];n:褶皺,方法;vt:使起褶皺,皺皮;vi:起縐;}
    
    In a modern society, democratic tendencies cannot be long obstructed. {democratic:[音:?dem?‘kræt?k];adj:民主的,民主黨的,大眾的;obstruct:[音:?b‘str?kt];v:阻礙,妨礙,阻塞;}
    Don‘t put the mutton in the hot pot for too long, if you wan to keep it tender. {mutton:n:羊肉;hot pot:n:火鍋;pot:[音:pɑ?t];n:罐,壺,一大筆(錢),獎杯(尤指銀杯),<俚>大麻;v:把……裝罐,涉獵,(臺球)入袋;}
    The track runner hurt his Achilles‘ tendon and had to withdraw from the race. {track:[音:træk];n:跑道,軌道,跟蹤,小路,樂曲;v:追蹤,跟蹤;Achilles:[音:??k?liz];n:阿基里斯(荷馬史詩),<希神>阿喀琉斯;Achilles‘ tendon:n:<解>跟腱;withdraw:vi:撤退,退縮,走開;vt:撤退,撤回,取回,提款;}
    Five of the bride‘s former boyfriends attended her wedding. {bride:n:新娘;former:adj:前者的,前任的,以前的;n:創造者,<英>學校某一年級的學生;brideroom:n:新郎;}
    Hundreds of subcontractors are contending for a dozen public construction projects. {subcontractor:[音:s?b‘kɑ?ntrækt?r];n:轉包商,次承包商;a dozen:數十個,一打;construction:n:建設,建造,結構,建筑物,構造,解釋;contruction:[音:k?nt‘r?k??n];n:民主法制;}
    His distended belly is a result of overeating. {belly:[音:‘beli];n:腹部;v:膨脹;}
    The students are trying to get their teacher to extend the deadline for the report. {deadline:n:最后期限,(鑒于邊上的)警戒線,截止時間;}
    It was a tense moment when the host opened the envelope. {envelope:[音:‘ɑnv??lo?p];n:信封,殼層,封袋;}
    Modern man lives and works under a great deal of tension and stress. {a great deal of:adj:許多的,大量的(后接不可數名詞);stress:[stres];n:壓力,強調,重音;vt:強調,重讀;}
    When you straighten your arm, you‘re exercising your tensor muscles. {straighten:[音:‘stre?tn];v:弄直,使正確,整頓,挺直;}
    My office phone number is 2707-4410, extension 333.
    The professor knows practically everything because he has read very extensively. {practically:[音:‘prækt?kli];adv:幾乎,簡直,實際上;}
    Molten glass in the glassworks radiates intense heat. {molten:[音:‘mo?lt?n];adj:熔化的,熾熱的,鑄造的;melt:[音:melt];vt:使熔化,使融化,使消散;vi:融化,熔化,消散;n:融化物,融化,熔解;glassworks:n:剝離工廠;glasswork:n:玻璃制造業;radiate:[音:‘re?die?t];v:放射,散發,輻射,流露;immense:[音:?‘mens];adj:巨大的,廣大的,<口>非常好的;}
    The light intensifiers after the streetlight has been burning for a few minutes. {翻譯:路燈點亮幾分鐘之后,光線變強了。}
    In an intensive training program, it is possible to get an MBA degree within one year.
    Sherlock Holmes was such a great detective because he was extremely attentive to detail.
    The great extent of the damage, both in lives and property, came to light during the hours following the earthquake. {翻譯:地震后的幾個小時,人命與財產損失的幅度逐漸明朗化。lives:n:life的復數(區別于live的第三人稱單數);come to light:v:顯露,出現,為眾人所知;}
    They are a "modern" couple: they live together, and have no intention of ever getting married.
    It is rather pretentious of her to affect a British accent, when she can‘t even speak plain English fluently. {翻譯:她連普通英文都說得不流利,要裝英國腔,未免有點做作了。affect:[音:?‘fekt];作用,影響,感動;accent:[音:‘æksent];n:重音,口音,強調;vt:重讀,強調;plain:[音:ple?n];adj:平常的,樸素的,簡單的,清楚的,坦白的,純的;n:平原,廣闊的區域;adv:完全地,純粹的;}
    
    The EPA has demanded that the factory pay damages for the harm it has done to the environment. {EPA:n:環境保護局(Environmental Protection Agency);}
    The governor is adamant in his refusal to grant a special pardon to the convict. {governor:[音:‘ɡ?v?rn?r];n:州長,統治者,管理者,理事,總督,調節器;refusal:n:拒絕,回絕;grant:v:授予,同意,承認,認為;n:授予物,補助金,同意,給予,財產轉讓,格蘭特(男);pardon:n:赦免狀,赦免,原諒,寬恕,饒恕;vt:原諒,寬恕,饒恕,赦免,免于治罪;convict:[音:k?n‘v?kt];n:囚犯,犯罪;vt:宣判……有罪,使……知罪;adj:被定罪的;}
    Pacifists condemn violence of any kind. {pacifist:[音:‘pæs?f?st];n:和平主義者,反戰,反對武力;adj:非戰主義的;}
    The government usually indemnifies owners of land confiscated for public use.  {confiscate:[音:‘k?nf?s?ke?t];v:沒收,充公;}
    
    The motorcyclist fractured his skull in the accident because he wasn‘t wearing a safety helmet. {helmet:[音:‘helm?t];n:頭盔,安全帽;}
    If you pass light through a prism, it will be diffracted into many colors. {pass through:n:穿過,透過,流過,經歷;prism:[音:‘pr?z?m];n:棱鏡,棱柱,折光體;}
    The examiner warns against any infraction of the rules. {examiner:[音:ɡ‘zæm?n?r];n:主考者,審查員;warn against:v:警告……不要;提醒……提防;}
    The starlight you see in the night sky has been refracted by the atmosphere, which means that the stars you see are not actually where you think they are. {actually:[音:‘ækt?u?li];adv:實際上,事實上,竟然(表示驚訝);}
    The symbol of a broke glass means "fragile, handle with care." {glass:n:玻璃杯;}
    Archaeologists found fragments of an ancient manuscript in that Han Dynasty tomb. {archaeologist:n:考古學家;ancient:[音:‘e?n??nt];adj:古老的,古代的;n:古人;manuscript:n:手稿,原稿;adj:手抄的;dynasty:n:朝代,王朝;tomb:[音:tu?m];n:墳墓;vt:埋葬;}
    After more than three years, the witness can only provide fragmentary recollections of what he saw. {witness:n:目擊者,證人;vt:目擊,經歷,見證,出席,觀察;vi:證明,為(宗教信仰)做見證;recollection:[音:?rek?‘lek?n];n:回憶,記憶力,記憶,回憶起的事物;}
    Her frail health is the result of a serious childhood illness.
    Cups and plates are frangible objects and should be stored in safe places.
    The 13 colonies separately borrowed money from foreign governments to help defray the cost of war. {翻譯:十三個殖民地分別向外國政府貸款以支付戰爭費用。colony:[音:‘kɑ?l?ni];n:殖民地,僑居者,僑民,聚居(地),群體,菌落;}
    You infringe upon the intellectual property rights of others if you copy a computer disk without permission. {infringe upon:v:侵犯,破壞;intellectual:[音:??nt?‘lekt?u?l];adj:智力的,聰明的;n:憑理智做事者,知識分子;}
    The singer asked the audience to sing along when he came to the refrain. {sing along:v:跟著唱;}
    
    Disputes over the export of agricultural products may cause a rupture in US-EU relations. {dispute:[音:d?‘spju?t];n:爭端,爭論,爭吵;v:爭論,辯駁,爭議,質疑;dispute over:vt:爭論(爭議);agricultural:[音:?æɡr?‘k?lt??r?l];adj:農業的;}
    An abrupt change in the weather forced us to cancel the trip. {force:v:迫使,強迫,強制,使發生,強裝(歡笑),人工催長;n:武力,暴力,力量,影響力,力量大的人或(事物),權力,(為某目的組織起來的)一群人,軍隊,部隊,武裝力量,警察部門,力,風力;}
    If you keep spending beyond your means, you‘re going to go bankrupt sooner or later. {翻譯:如果你繼續超出你的能力花錢,遲早會破產。means:n:收入,財產,方法,手段;v:意思是,意味;}
    Widespread corruption and instability are the two most serious problems in that Latin American republic. {widespread:[音:wa?dspred];adj:分布(或散步)廣的,普遍的;instability:[音:??nst?‘b?l?ti];n:不穩定,不安定;repblic:n:共和國,共和政體;}
    Peace talks were disrupted once again when a new border skirmish broke out between the two countries. {peace talks:n:和談,和平談判;border:n:邊界,邊境,邊緣;vt:與……接壤,加邊于;vi:近似,毗鄰;skirmish:[音:‘sk??rm??];n:小沖突,小爭斗,前哨站;v:參與小爭斗;break out:(戰爭、火災等)爆發,逃脫;}
    The geologists are monitoring the live volcano, hoping to capture an eruption on film. {翻譯:這些地質學家在監視這座活火山,希望能拍到噴發的鏡頭。geologist:[音:d?i‘ɑ?l?d??st];n:地質學家;monitor:[音:‘mɑ?n?t?r];v:監視,監督,監聽;n:班長,監視器,監聽員,[計]顯示器;live:[音:lɑ?v];adj:活的,直播的,現場的,帶電的,燃燒著的,當前的;}
    The president made him the new Justice Minister because he was known as an incorruptible judge. {Justice Minister:n:司法部長;be known as:以……著稱,眾所周知的……;}
    The defeated troops were routed by the enemy. {troop:n:軍隊,大量,群,組;vi:群集,結隊,成群前行;}
    
    You must put on a safety helmet before you enter this construction site. {put on:vt:戴上,穿上,上演,演出,采取,裝出,假裝,夸大,抹,搽,擦,涂(化妝品等),增加體重,發胖;site:n:現場,地點,位置;vt:使……位于;}
    In the Cold War, the US and the USSR aimed for the goal of mutually assured destruction - or MAD. {翻譯:在冷戰時期,美國和蘇聯的目標是保證能夠互相摧毀—簡稱MAD。USSR:abbr:蘇聯(Union of Soviet Socialist Republics);soviet:[音:‘so?viet];adj:蘇維埃的,蘇聯的;n:蘇維埃;aim for:v:瞄準,以……為目標;MAD:abbr:確保互相摧毀(Mutually Assured Destruction);mutually:[音:‘mju?t?u?li];adv:互相地,彼此地;assured:adj:確實的,保障的,有自信的;assure:vt:使確信,使放心,確保:mutual:adj:共同的,相互的;souvenir:[音:?su?v?‘n?r];n:紀念品;}
    Modern feminists have deconstructed language to overthrow the male-domination myth. {翻譯:現代女權運動者解構了語言,以推翻男性主導的迷思。feminist:[音:‘fem?n?st];n:女權主義者;adj:主張男女平等的,女權主義的;overthrow:[音:‘o?v?rθro?];v:推翻,打到,顛覆,[體]高投;n:推翻,瓦解,顛覆,[體]高投;domination:[音:?d?m?‘ne??n];n:支配,控制,管轄;[宗]大天使,主天使(復數);myth:[音:m?θ];n:神話,虛構的故事;}
    Before installing the water heater, make sure to read the instructions.
    While labor is cheap in Mainland China, the economic infrastructure is still very primitive. {labor:n:勞工,勞力,工人,工作,分娩;v:苦干,勞動,致力于,過分詳盡闡述;adj:勞工的,勞動的;economic:[音:?ek?‘nɑ?m?k];adj:經濟的,經濟學的,有利可圖的;infrastructure:n:基礎,基礎設施;primitive:[音:‘pr?m?t?v];adj:粗超的,原始的,簡陋的;n:原始人,文藝復興前的藝術家;}
    The fire escape must be free of anything that may obstruct the escape route. {翻譯:消防逃生梯絕對不能有會阻礙逃生線路的物品。escape:n:逃生,逃脫,逃跑,逃避,泄露,度假,[計]退出鍵;v:逃跑,逃脫,逃避,被忘掉,泄露,去度假;free:adj:通暢的,未使用的,空閑的,自由地,免費的,沒有……的,隨意的;route:[音:ru?t];n:路線,(固定)路線,途徑;vt:為……安排路線,(按路線)發送;}
    The police detective is trying to reconstruct the scene of the murder. {scene:[音:si?n];n:情景,場,景;}
    This tape will self-destruct five seconds after it is over. {over:adv:結束,完全覆蓋,穿過,落下;}
    If the foundation is laid deep, the superstructure can rise very high. {翻譯:如果地基打得深,地上結構就可以蓋的很高。foundation:n:根基,基礎,根據,創建,基金(會);lay:v:設計,放置,當下,打賭,擊倒,產卵,使平靜,壓平;n:地形,位置,敘事短詩,交媾;adj:外行的,世俗的;rise:上升,升起,增加,起床,反抗,復活;n:上升,增加,斜坡,小山;}
    The principal found the teaching plan unstructured, and suggested that the teacher rewrite it. {principal:[音:‘pr?ns?pl];n
    :囂張,主角,委托人,主犯,資本,本金;adj:主要的,首要的;suggest that sb. do sth.:v:建議某人做某事;principle:[音:‘pr?ns?pl];n:原理,原則,主義,信念;}
    Many professional singers can play a musical instrument or two. {singer:[音:‘s???r];n:歌手,鳴禽,燒毛工,燒毛機,辛格(姓氏);,musical:[音:‘mju?z?kl];adj:音樂的,喜歡音樂的,悅耳的;n:音樂片;}
    Your timely help has been instrumental to my success in this business. {翻譯:你及時的援助,對我在這一行的成功非常關鍵。timely:adj:及時的,適時的;adv:及時地;business:n:商業,實物,生意;}
    Please read this letter carefully; I don‘t want you to misconstrue my intentions. {intention:n:目的,意圖,意向,打算;}
    
    Many modern women are still victims of male chauvinism. {chauvinism:[音:‘?o?v?n?z?m];n:沙文主義,盲目的愛國心;}
    Many investors were victimized in that pyramid scheme. {investor:[音:?n‘vest?r];n:投資者;pyramid:[音:‘p?r?m?d];n:金字塔,棱錐體,[證券]金字塔式交易法;v:急速增加,以金字塔的模型構建;shceme:n:陰謀,計劃,方案;v:圖謀,設計,策劃,<非正式>認為;pyramid scheme:n:金字塔式騙術,老鼠會;}
    In a civil war, there can be no real victors. {can:表示可能性;}
    The defendant was convicted of murder and sent to prison. {defendant:n:被告;}
    It is my conviction that the government should stay out of the economy. {stay out:v:不回家,避開;stay out of:vt:保持不受……影響,避開,不介入,不干涉;economy:[音:?‘kɑ?n?mi];n:經濟,節約;adj:經濟的,廉價的;}
    The landlord had him evicted when he failed to pay his rent for the 12th month. {landlord:n:地主,房東;fail to:v:未能;rent:[音:rent];n:租金;v:租用,出租;}
    The look in her eyes convinced me that she was telling the truth.
    Heavyweight Champion Mike Tyson had been invincible until he was beaten by his own reckless behavior. {Heavyweight:[音:‘heviwe?t];n:重量級選手,(拳擊)重量級,超過平均重量的人或物,要人;champion:[音:‘t?æmpi?n];n:冠軍,優勝者,擁護者,勇士;vt:擁護,保衛,為……而斗爭;Mike Tyson:n:邁克·泰森;beat:v:打,打敗,跳動,敲打,戰勝;n:拍子,敲打,心跳聲;adj:精疲力盡的;beaten:adj:被擊敗的,錘成的,踩出來的,筋疲力盡高的;reckless:[音:‘rekl?s];adj:魯莽的,不計后果的,大意的;reck:[音:rek];v:介意,顧慮,與……有關系;}
    The Roman Empire set forth from Rome and conquered many lands, making them into provinces. {Roman Empire:n:羅馬帝國;forth:adv:向前,向外,露出;set forth:vt:出發,陳述,闡明;conquer:vt:征服,克服,戰勝;vi:得勝;make into:v:使……轉變為,做成;}
    If you can‘t provide any evidence, your accusations will sound unconvincing. {accusation:[音:?ækju‘ze??n];n:控告,指控,非難;}
    If we stand firm and united, we can vanquish the enemy. {stand firm:v:站穩立場,堅定;united:adj:團結的,一致的,共同形成的,聯合的;}
    
    The lion is called the king of animals primarily because of its regal appearance. {primarily:[音:pra?‘mer?li];adv:主要地,起初的;primary:[音:‘pra?meri];adj:首要的,主要的,初級的,初等教育的,根本的,初期的;n:第一位,初選,最主要者,要素,原色,初級線圈;appearance:[音:?‘p?r?ns];n:出現,露面,外貌,外表,出場;}
    The regent of a university in England is the counterpart of a university president in the US. {counterpart:[音:‘ka?nt?rpɑ?rt];n:職務相當的人,對應物,相似之物,副本;}
    The French mob practiced regicide by sending Louis XVI to the guillotine. {mob:[音:mɑ?b];n:暴民,一伙,[貶]民眾;vt:大舉包圍,蜂擁而入;practice:v:執行,執業,開業,實踐,練習;n:練習,實行,習慣,業務;guillotine:[音:‘ɡ?l?ti?n];n:斷頭臺,切紙機,<英>截止辯論的時限;v:斬決,<英>停止對……辯論而進行表決;}
    The U.S. government tried to topple Saddam Hussein‘s regime, but to no avail. {翻譯:美國政府設法推翻薩達姆·侯賽因的證券但未成功。topple:[音:‘tɑ?pl];vt:推翻,使倒塌;vi:倒塌;Saddam Hussein:n:薩達姆·侯賽因;avail:[音:?‘ve?l];v:有利,有助于;n:益處;}
    Regional economic blocs, such as NAFTA, APEC and the EU, will soon merge into the all-encompassing WTO. {economic:[音:?e?k?‘nɑ?m?k];adj:經濟學的,經濟的,有利可圖的;bloc:[音:blɑ?k];n:集團;sucn as:conj:例如,諸如;NAFTA:abbr:北美自由貿易協定(North American Free Trade Agreement);APEC:abbr:亞洲太平洋經濟合作組織(Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation);EU:abbr:歐盟(European Union);merge into:v:化為,溶入,熔成,消散于;all-encompassing:[音:‘?:l en‘k?mp?si?];adj:涵蓋一切的,包含所有的;encompass:[音:?n‘k?mp?s];vt:包圍,包括,完成,圍繞;}
    After you complete the registration, you can freely use the resources on this website.
    Free-market capitalists do not believe that the government should regulate trade. {capitalist:n:資本主義者,資本家;adj:資本主義的,有資本的;trade:[音:tre?d];n:貿易,交易,行業,同行,顧客,營業額,交易量;v:做生意,從事貿易,購物,營業,(在證券交易所)交易,交換;}
    The amoeba is a low life form with an irregular shape. {amoeba:[音:?‘mi?b?];n:阿米巴,變形蟲,(美)=ameba;low life form:n:低等生命形式;}
    You shouldn‘t trust him with the bottle: he‘s incorrigible drunkard. {翻譯:你不該讓他喝的,他是個無可救藥的酒鬼。drunkard:[音:‘dr??k?rd];n:酒鬼;}
    The long reign of the Qianlong Emperor was one of general prosperity in China. {翻譯:乾隆皇帝長期的統治是中國普遍繁榮的一段時期。emperor:[音:‘emp?r?r];n:皇帝;general:adj:普遍的,全面的,一般性的,大致的,籠統的,常規的,總的,首席的;n:將軍,一般;prosperity:[音:prɑ?‘sper?ti];n:繁榮,興旺;}
    The sovereignty of Hong Kong was returned to China in 1997.
    The royal family of Britain has been described as a dysfunctional family. {dysfunctional:[音:d?s‘f??k??nl];adj:問題的,機能失調的,功能障礙的;}
    The author earns a 10 percent royalty for every copy sold. {翻譯:每賣出一本,作者就可以賺百分之十的版稅。}
    View Code

     

     

    [2.10]表示【感官動作】的字根

         -aud-           =     hear(聽)
         -audio-        =     hear(聽)
     
         -dic-            =     speak(說)
         -dict-           =     speak(說)
         -dit-             =     speak(說)
     
         -locu-          =     speak(說)
         -loqu-          =     speak(說)
     
         -log-            =     speak,word(說,話,言詞)
         -logue-         =     speak,word(說,話,言詞)
         -ogue-          =     speak,word(說,話,言詞)
     
         -logy-          =     study of(學科) {字根log后加名詞詞尾y表示學科}
         -ology-        =     study of(學科) 
     
         -clam-          =     shout(喊)
         -claim-         =     shout(喊)
     
         -chor-          =     sing,dance(唱,跳)
         -choreo-       =     sing,dance(唱,跳)
         -choir-          =     sing,dance(唱,跳)
         -car-             =     sing,dance(唱,跳)
     
         -spec-          =     look(看)
         -spect-         =     look(看)
         -spic-           =     look(看)
         -spise-         =     look(看)
     
         -vid-            =     see(看)
         -vis-            =     see(看)
         -vise-           =     see(看)
         -view-           =     see(看)
     
         -tach-          =     touch(觸摸)
         -tact-          =     touch(觸摸)
         -tag-           =     touch(觸摸)
         -tang-         =     touch(觸摸)
         -tig-            =     touch(觸摸)
    {
    audience:aud - ience,(hear - n.),n:觀眾,聽眾;
    audiophile:audio - phile,[音:‘??dio?fa?l],(hear - love),n:音樂迷,唱片愛好者,講究音質者;
    audiovisual:audio - vis - ual,[音:??di???‘v??u?l],(hear - see - adj.),adj:視聽的,視聽教學的;
    audit:aud - it,(hear - go),n:查賬,審計;v:查賬,審計,旁聽;
    audition:aud - it - ion,[音:‘??d??n],(hear - go - n.),n:試鏡,聽,聽力,試聽;v:試鏡,試音,試聽;
    auditor:aud - it - or,[音:‘??d?t?r],(hear - go - one who),n:旁聽生,查賬員,聽者,稽核員;
    auditorium:aud - it - or - ium,[音:???d?‘t??ri?m],(hear - go - one who - n.),n:大廳,禮堂,演講廳,觀眾席;
    auditory:aud - it - ory,[音:‘??dit??ri],(hear - go - adj.),adj:聽覺的;n:聽眾,聽眾席;
    inaudible:in - aud - ible,[音:?n‘??d?bl],(not - hear - able),adj:聽不到的,聽不見的;
     
    predict:pre - dict,(before - speak),v:預言;
    abdicate:ab - dic - ate,[音:‘æbd?ke?t],(away - speak - v.),vt:遜位,讓位,正式放棄;vi:退位,辭職;
    indication:in - dic - at - ion,[音:??nd?‘ke??n],(in - speak -  - n.),n:征兆,跡象,指示,表示;
    dictation:dict - at - ion,[音:d?k‘te??n],(speak -  - n.),n:聽寫,口述,命令;
    dictator:dict - at - or,[音:‘d?kte?t?r],(speak -  - n.),n:獨裁者;
    diction:dict - ion,(speak - n.),n:用字,措辭,發音;‘
    dictum:dict - um,[音:‘d?kt?m],(speak - n.),n:宣言,格言,名言,[律]法官的附帶意見;
    addicted:ad - dict - ed,[音:æ‘d?kt?d],(to - speak - adj.),adj:上癮的,沉溺于的,有毒癮的;
    benediction:bene - dict - ion,[音:?ben?‘d?k?n],(good - speak - n.),n:(宗教)祝福,恩賜;
    contradictory:contra - dict - ory,[音:?kɑ?ntr?‘d?kt?ri],(against - speak - adj.),adj:矛盾的;n:矛盾;
    edict:e(x) - dict,[音:‘i?d?kt],(out - speak),n:命令,法令,布告;
    valedictorian:vale - dict - or - ian,[音:?væl?d?k‘t??ri?n],(farewell - speak -  - n.),n:致告別辭的(學生)代表;
    verdict:ver - dict,[音:‘v??rd?kt],(true - speak),n:判決,裁決,定論;
    ditto:dit - to,[音:‘d?to?],(speak - adv.),adv:同上;
    ditty:dit - ty,[音:‘d?ti],(speak - n.),n:小調,曲子,小曲;
     
    colloquial:col - loqu - ial,[音:k?‘lo?kwi?l],(together - speak - adj.),adj:口語的;
    elocution:e(x) - locu - tion,[音:?el?‘kju??n],(out - speak - n.),n:演說術,朗誦法;
    interlocutor:inter - locu - tor,[音:??nt?r‘lɑ?kj?t?r],(between - speak - one who),n:對話者,談話者,(代表某人或組織)參加交談的人;
    loquacious:loqu - ac - ious,[音:l?‘kwe???s],(speak -  - adj.),adj:多話的,嘮叨的;
    eloquent:e(x) - loqu - ent,[音:‘el?kw?nt],(out - speak - adj.),adj:雄辯的,有口才的,動人的;
    grandiloquent:grandi - loqu - ent,[音:ɡræn‘d?l?kw?nt],(great - speak - adj.),adj:高昂的,夸大的,辭藻浮華的,浮夸的;
    soliloquy:soli - loqu - y,[音:s?‘l?l?kwi],(one - speak - n.),n:自言自語的,(戲劇中)獨白;
    ventriloquist:ventri - loqu - ist,[音:ven‘tr?l?kw?st],(stomach - speak - one who),n:腹語者,作腹語者,口技表演者; {stomach:[音:‘st?m?k];n:胃,胃口,腹部;vt:忍受,吃得下;}
     
    dialogue:dia - logue,(through - speak),n:對話;
    epilogue:epi - logue,[音:‘ep?l??ɡ],(upon - speak),n:結尾,收場白,(美)=epilog;
    monologue:mono - logue,[音:‘mɑ?n?l??ɡ],(one - speak),n:獨白,獨角戲,長篇大論,自言自語;
    prologue:pro - logue,[音:‘pro?l??ɡ],(before - speak),n:前言,序文;
    travelogue:travel - (l)ogue,[音:‘træv?l??ɡ],(travel - speak),n:游記,旅行見聞,觀光影片,(美)=travelog;
     
    biology:bio - logy,(life - study of),n:生物學;
    bacteriology:bacteri - ology,[音:bæk?t?ri‘ɑ?l?d?i],(bacteria - study of),n:細菌學; {bacteria:[音:bæk‘t?ri?];n:(復數)細菌;}
    geology:geo - logy,[音:d?i‘ɑ?l?d?i],(earth - study of),n:地質學,(某地區的)地質情況,地質學著作;
    meteorology:meteor - ology,[音:?mi?ti?‘rɑ?l?d?i],(meteor - study of),n:氣象學,氣象狀態;
    neurology:neuro - logy,[音:n?‘rɑ?l?d?i],(nerve - study of),n:神經學,神經病學;
    pathology:path - ology,[音:p?‘θɑ?l?d?i],(suffering - study of),n:病理學;
    physiology:physi - ology,[音:?f?zi‘ɑ?l?d?i],(body - study of),n:生理學,生理機能;
    psychology:psycho - logy,[音:sa?‘kɑ?l?d?i],(mind - study of),n:心理學,心里;
    sociology:socio - logy,[音:?so?si‘ɑ?l?d?i],(group - study of),n:社會學,<生>群落生態學;
    techonology:techno - logy,(skill - study of),n:技術;
    theology:theo - logy,[音:θi‘ɑ?l?d?i],(god - study of),n:神學;
    zoology:zoo - logy,[音:zo?‘ɑ?l?d?i],(animal - study of),n:動物學;
     
    exclaim:ex - claim,(out - shout),n:驚呼;
    clamor:clam - or,[音:‘klæm?],(shout - v.[n.]),v:吵鬧,喧囂,喧嚷,大聲要求;n:吵鬧,喧囂,喧嚷,大聲要求;
    claim:claim,[音:kle?m],(shout),vt:聲明,聲稱,要求,請求,主張,斷言;n:聲明,聲稱,要求,要求權,主張,斷言;
    claimant:claim - ant,[音:‘kle?m?nt],(shout - one who),n:申請人(限于法律、保險),申請者,要求這,索償人,原告;
    acclaim:ac - claim,[音:?‘kle?m],(to - shout),v:好評,歡呼,喝采,稱贊;n:好評,喝采,歡呼,贊同;
    dislaim:dis - claim,[音:d?s‘kle?m],(not - shout),v:正式否認,放棄,否認,棄權,拒絕;
    proclaim:pro - claim,[音:pr?‘kle?m],(forward - shout),vt:正式宣布,聲明,表明,贊揚;
    reclaim:re - claim,[音:r?‘kle?m],(again - shout),vt:開辟,開墾,回收,收回,糾正;
     
    chorus:chor - us,[音:‘k??r?s],(sing - n.),n:合唱;
    chord:chor - d,[音:k??rd],(sing - n.),n:共鳴,和弦,弦,情緒;
    choreography:choreo - graph - y,[音:?k??ri‘ɑ?ɡr?fi],(dance - write - n.),n:編舞,編舞藝術,舞蹈編排;
    choir:choir,[音:‘kwa??r],(sing),n:唱詩班,合唱隊,唱詩班的席位;
    carol:car - ol,[音:‘kær?l],(sing - n.),n:頌歌,歡樂的歌,卡羅爾(人名);v:歡唱;
     
    expect:ex - (s)pect,(out - look),v:期望;
    spectacle:spect - acle,[音:‘spekt?k?l],(look - n.),n:(復)眼鏡,景象,場面,場面,奇觀,壯觀,公開展示,表相,假相;
    spectacular:spect - ac - ul - ar,[音:spek‘tækj?l?r],(look -  -  - adj.),adj:壯觀的,驚人的,令人驚嘆的;n:壯觀,豪華節目;
    spectator:spect - at - or,[音:‘spekte?t?r],(look -  - one who),n:觀眾,旁觀者;
    specter:spect - er,[音:‘spekt?],(look - n.),n:陰影,魅影,幽靈,妖怪,恐怖的根源;
    spectrum:spect - rum,[音:‘spektr?m],(look - n.),n:光譜,系列,幅度,范圍,[科]頻譜;
    speculate:spec - ul - ate,[音:‘spekjule?t],(look -  - v.),vt:推測;vi:投機,揣測,深思;
    aspect:a(d) - spect,[音:‘æspekt],(to - look),n:層面,方面,方位,外觀,外貌;
    bespectacled:be - spect - acle - d,[音:b?‘spekt?kld],(be - look -  - adj.),adj:戴眼鏡的;
    circumspect:circum - spect,[音:‘s??rk?mspekt],(around - look),adj:謹慎的,細心的,慎重的;
    inspect:in - spect,[音:?n‘spekt],(in - look),v:檢查,視察;
    perspective:per - spect - ive,[音:p?r‘spekt?v],(through - look - n.),n:觀點,看法,遠景,透視;adj:透視的;
    prospect:pro - spect,[音:‘prɑ?spekt],(forward - look),n:展望,前景,希望,景色;v:勘探,尋找;
    retrospect:retro - spect,[音:‘retr?spekt],(backward - look),n:回顧,追朔;v:回顧,回想,追溯;
    conspicuous:con - spic - uous,[音:k?n‘sp?kju?s],(加錢語氣 - look - adj.),adj:顯著的,顯眼的,顯而易見的;
    despise:de - spise,[音:d?‘spa?z],(down - look),n:鄙視,輕視;vt:鄙視,輕視;
     
    visit:vis - it,(see - go),v:拜訪;n:拜訪;
    video:vid - eo,(see - n.),n:(電視)影像,錄像,視頻;v:錄制電視i節目;adj:視頻的,錄像的;
    evident:e(x) - vid - ent,[音:‘ev?d?nt],(out - see - adj.),adj:明顯的,明白的;
    vision:vis - ion,(see - n.),n:遠見,視覺,視力,幻覺,眼光,洞察力,想象力;v:幻想,設想;
    visual:vis - ual,[音:‘v??u?l],(see - adj.),adj:視覺的,視力的,看的見的,形象的;n:畫面,圖像;
    envision:en - vis - ion,[音:?n‘v??n],(動詞字首 - see - v.),vt:幻想,想象,設想;
    invisible:in - vis - ible,[音:?n‘v?z?bl],(not - see - able),adj:看不到的,隱形的,看不見的,無形的;n:隱形人(或物);
    provision:pro - vis - ion,[音:pr?‘v??n],(for - see - n.),n:條款,規定,預備,食品,糧食,供應;vt:向……供應食物;
    revise:re - vise,[音:r?‘va?z],(again - see),n:修訂,修正,校正,校訂;n:校訂,修正,再校稿;
    supervisor:super - vis - or,[音:‘su?p?rva?z?r],(over - see - one who),n:上司,主管人,管理人,監督人,督學,檢查員,導師;
    preview:pre - view,[音:‘pri?vju?],(before - see),n:預告,預審,試映,預習,預告;vt:預習,事先查看;
     
    contact:con - tact,(together - touch),v:接觸;n:接觸;
    attach:at(ad) - tach,[音:?‘tæt?],(to - touch),v:附上,系上,貼上,使依附,使附屬,使附著;
    detachment:de - tach - ment,[音:d?‘tæt?m?nt],(away - touch - n.),n:超然,冷漠,公正,分遣隊,脫離;
    tactful:tact - ful,[音:‘tæktfl],(touch - adj.),adj:有技巧的,機智的,老練的;
    tactile:tact - ile,[音:‘tæktl],(touch - adj.),adj:觸覺的,有觸覺的,能觸知的;
    intact:in - tact,[音:?n‘tækt],(not - touch),adj:完整無缺的,完好無缺的,原封不動的,為經觸碰的;
    contagious:con - tag - ious,[音:k?n‘te?d??s],(together - touch - adj.),adj:傳染性的,感染性的;
    tangential:tang - ent - ial,[音:tæn‘d?en?l],(touch -  - adj.),adj:無直接關聯的,離題的,膚淺的,切線的,相切的;
    tangled:tang - led,[音:‘tæ?ɡld],(touch - adj.),adj:糾纏的,雜亂的,紊亂的; {tangle:[音:‘tæ?ɡl];vt:使纏結,使混亂,使陷入;vi:糾纏,亂作一團,<口>吵架,爭論;n:糾纏,混亂,糾紛;}
    tango:tang - o,[音:‘tæ?ɡo?],(touch - n.[v.]),n:探戈,探戈舞,探戈舞曲;v:探戈,跳探戈舞;
    intangible:in - tang - ible,[音:?n‘tænd??bl],(not - touch - able),adj:糾無形的,難以明了的;n:無形的東西;
    contiguous:con - tig - uous,[音:k?n‘t?ɡju?s],(together - touch - adj.),adj:相連接的,鄰近的,連續的,接觸的;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.10] 本小節示例及練習
    He is an audiophile; he has spent a fortune on audio equipment. {翻譯:他是音樂迷,花了大把鈔票在音樂器材上。fortune:[音:‘f??rt??n];n:財產,運氣,命運;spent …… on:v:在……花費(錢);}
    This school‘s TESOL program offers an M.A. in audiovisual education. {TESOL:[音:‘te?sɑ?l];abbr:對外英語教學(Teaching English to Speakers of Other languages);M.A.:n:文學碩士;}
    The IRS sent some agents to the company to audit its books for tax evasion. {IRS:[音:?a?ɑ?r‘es];abbr:美國國稅局(Internal Revenue Service);evasion:[音:?‘ve??n];n:逃避,躲避,借口;revenue:[音:‘rev?nu?];n:稅收,收入,稅務局;}
    The film studio is holding auditions for the lead in its next film. {studio:n:電影公司,制片廠,攝影場,工作室,畫室,播音室;lead:n:主角,領頭位置,榜樣,引言,鉛;v:引導,領先,帶領,過……(的生活),導致;}
    She is an auditor to this class, not a regular student.
    The auditorium was full when the speaker went up to the podium. {go up to:v:走上前去;podium:[音:‘po?di?m];n:講臺,(樂隊)指揮臺,建筑物的墩座,矮墻,[生]管足;}
    Most auditory nerves are in the inner ear. {nerve:[音:n??rv];n:神經,勇氣,敏感處,葉脈,厚臉皮,(復數)神經緊張;v:鼓起勇氣;inner:adj:內部的,內心的,里面的;n:里面;}
    Dogs can hear sounds that are inaudible to humans.
    
    When the queen abdicates, the prince will ascend the throne of the kingdom. {ascend:[音:?‘send];v:上升,攀登;throne:[音:θro?n];n:王位,君主;}
    The stock market has been bullish for seven years in a row, with no indication of a letup. {翻譯:股市已經連續7年do呈現出多頭走勢,而且還沒有露出疲軟的跡象。bullish:[音:‘b?l??];adj:上揚的,看漲的,似牦牛的,樂觀的;in a row:adv:連續,成一排;letup:[音:‘let??p];n:松懈,停止,中止,馳援;}
    The English teacher gave her students a dictation to test their listening comprehension. {comprehension:[音:?kɑ?mpr?‘hen?n];n:理解力,理解,領悟能力;comprehensive:[音:?kɑ?mpr?‘hens?v];adj:全面的,廣泛的,綜合的,理解的;}
    "Big Brother" is the title of the dictator in George Orwell‘s 1984. {big brother:n:大哥,擔任兄長角色的人,獨裁者,專制國家或組織,老大哥(英國小說《1984》中的獨裁者);George Orwell:n:喬治·奧威爾(英國小說家);}
    Organization and diction are the two main elements of rhetoric. {翻譯:組著與用字是修辭學的兩大要素。rhetoric:[音:‘ret?r?k];n:修辭,修辭學,華麗虛飾的語言;}
    Socrates‘ dictum, "An unexamined life is not worth living," is well known but seldom followed by contemporary man. {翻譯:蘇格拉底的宣言"未經審視的人生毫無意義"人盡皆知,但現代人很少遵行。Socrates:[音:?sɑkr??tiz];n:蘇格拉底(古希臘哲學家);unexamined:[音:?n?g‘zæm?nd];adj:未經考慮的,未經權衡的,未檢查的,未審查的;seldom:adv:很少,難得;contemporary:[音:k?n‘temp?reri];adj:當代的,同時代的;n:同齡人,同時代的人;}
    Once you become addicted to alcohol, you will feel physically ill unless you drink every day. {physically ill:adj:渾身不舒服,身體上有病;}
    The Pope gave the benediction at the Christmas Mass. {pope:[音:po?p];n:羅馬教皇;mass:n:彌撒,彌撒曲;n:大量,塊,眾多;adj:大規模的,群眾的;v:集中;}
    It is hard to say whether the economy will improve in the coming year, because the signs so far have been contradictory. {sign:n:跡象,手勢,招牌,符號,正負號;v:簽,簽名,做手勢,做標記;so far:adv:迄今為止,到某個程度;}
    Iran‘s death edict against writer Salman Rushdie is still in effect, meaning that Muslims are obliged to kill him on sight. {翻譯:伊朗對作家薩爾曼·拉什迪發出的死亡令目前依然有效,也就是說回教徒有責任將它格殺勿論。Salman Rushdie:n:薩爾曼·拉什迪;oblige:[音:?‘bla?d?];vt:迫使,責成,使感激,施恩于,幫……的忙,使……成為必要;vi:幫忙;obliged:[音:?‘bla?d?d];adj:義不容辭的,感激的;on sight:adv:一見(立即,見票即付);}
    The valedictorian made a moving speech at the graduation ceremony. {valedictory:[音:?væl?‘d?kt?ri];adj:告別的;n:告別詞,告別演說;moving:adj:令人感動的,使……移動的,移動的;ceremony:[音:‘ser?mo?ni];n:儀式,禮節,典禮;}
    The jury on the case reached a unanimous verdict: Not guilty. {unanimous:[音:ju‘næn?m?s];adj:全體一致的,一致同意的;}
    In the movie, when the man said "I will always love you," the woman replied with a word: Ditto!
    The last song in the album is a light, carefree ditty. {翻譯:這張專輯的最后一首是輕快、無憂無慮的曲子。album:[音:‘ælb?m];n:專輯,唱片,唱片集,相冊,集郵冊,紀念冊;carefree:[音:‘kerfri?];adj:無憂無慮的,輕松愉快的,不在意的;}
    
    Plato told of a famous orator who overcame a stutter by practicing elocution with pebbles in his mouth. {翻譯:柏拉圖曾提及一位殖民演說家為了克服口吃而口含小石頭練習演說術。Plato:[音:‘ple?to?];n:柏拉圖(古希臘哲學家);orator:[音:‘??r?t?r];演說者,演講者,雄辯家;overcome:vt:克服,戰勝,使受不了,(感情等)壓倒;vi:獲勝,贏;stutter:[音:‘st?t?r];n:口吃,說話結巴;v:口吃,結巴著說話;pebble:[音:‘pebl];n:鵝卵石,水晶,水晶透鏡;v:用鵝卵石鋪,用鵝卵石投擲,使有卵石紋;}
    She reads lips so well that an interlocutor seldom realizes that she is deaf. {lips:n:唇語,嘴唇,唇;seldom:adv:很少,難得;deaf:[音:def];adj:聾的,充耳不聞的;}
    The loquacious speaker went on for hours and hours, without saying anything meaningful. {go on:v:繼續,往前走,發生;meaningful:[音:‘mi?n??fl];adj:意味深長的,有意義的;}
    It has been said that deeds are more eloquent than words. {翻譯:人云,行動比言詞表達得更清楚(坐而言,不入起而行)。deed:[音:di?d];n:行為,事跡,[法]契約;vt:立契轉讓;}
    Winston Churchill was famous for his grandiloquent speeches. {翻譯:丘吉爾以他激昂的演說著稱。Winston Churchill:n:溫斯頓·丘吉爾(英國政治家、演說家及作家);}
    Hamlet‘s "To be or not to be" soliloquy is the most famous in Western drama. {翻譯:哈姆雷特以"是否存活下去"為開頭的獨白是西方戲劇中最著名的獨白。Hamlet:n:哈姆雷特;drama:[音:‘drɑ?m?];n:戲劇,劇本,戲劇藝術,戲劇性事件。}
    The ventriloquist works with a puppet and entertains the audience with interesting dialogue. {puppet:[音:‘p?p?t];n:木偶,傀儡;entertain:[音:?ent?r‘te?n];v:娛樂,使有興趣,招待,考慮,抱有,容納;}
    
    This novel has an epilogue that recounts what happened to the main character ten years later. {翻譯:這篇小說附有一片尾聲,敘述主教十年后的情形。recount:[音:r?‘ka?nt];vt:詳述,列舉,重新計算;n:重新計算;}
    The talk-show host always begins his program with an opening monologue.  {talk-show:n:脫口秀;host:n:主持人,主辦方,主人,大量,寄主,主機;v:主辦,主持,做東;}
    In the prologue, the author provides a link for the apparently unrelated short stories. {翻譯:在前言中,作者將這些看似無關的短片小說串聯起來。link:n:聯系,環,節;v:聯系,連接;apparent:[音:?‘pær?nt];adj:明顯的,表面上的;apparently:[音:?‘pær?ntli];adv:表面上,似乎,顯然;unrelated:adj:不相關的,無親屬關系的;}
    Interesting travelogue can sometimes be found in Internet magazines.
    
    Bacteriology means the study of bacteria. {bacteria:[音:bæk‘t?ri?];n:(復數)細菌;}
    Geology deals with the makeup of the earth. {makeup:n:組成,化妝品,體格,性格,補充,[印]排版,<美>補考;markup:n:漲價,成本加價率,標記,(美)議案的審訂;}
    The science of meteorology deals with global climate change. {meteor:[音:‘mi?ti?r];n:大氣現象,流星;abbr:氣象學(=meteorology);climate:n:氣候,風氣;}
    Christopher Reeves, paralyzed from the neck down, may benefit from breakthroughs in the science of neurology. {Christopher Reeves:n:克里斯托弗·里夫;paralyze:[音:‘pær??la?z];vt:使……癱瘓,使目瞪口呆,(英)=paralyse;benefit from:得益于,從……得到好處;breakthrough:[音:‘bre?kθru?];n:突破,突破性進展,關鍵問題的解決;}
    Louis Pasteur, the scientist who discovered bacteria, was a pioneer in the field of pathology. {Louis Pasteur:n:路易斯·巴斯德(法國化學家及微生物學家);pioneer:[音:?pa??‘n?r];n:先驅,先鋒,開拓者;v:開辟,首倡;pathology:[音:p?‘θɑ?l?d?i];n:病理學;}
    Medical students must study physiology.
    The marketing manager has a good grasp of consumer psychology. {翻譯:行銷經理對消費者心理掌握得很好。grasp:[音:ɡræsp];n:把握,領會,抓住;vt:領會,抓住,緊握;consumer:n:消費者,用戶,消費品;}
    The Chicago school of sociology is famous for its pioneering research, especially in urban studies. {翻譯:芝加哥社會學院以先進的研究聞名,尤其在城市研究方面。pioneer:[音:?pa??‘n?r];n:先鋒,開拓者,先驅;v:開辟,首倡;urban:[音:‘??rb?n];adj:城市的,都市的;}
    Science and technology have greatly improved the quality of human life. {quality:n:品質,才能,特質;adj:高品質的,<英俚>棒極了;}
    If you want to become a minister, you must study theology. {minister:n:牧師,大臣,部長,外交使節;v:照顧,給與幫助;}
    Biology comprises botany, zoology and bacteriology. {biology:n:生物,(一個地區的全部)生物,生物群落;comprise:[音:k?m‘pra?z];vt:包含,構成;botany:[音:‘bɑ?t?ni];n:植物學,植物;zoology:[音:zo?‘ɑ?l?d?i];n:動物學;bacteriology:[音:bæk?t?ri‘ɑ?l?d?i];n:細菌學;}
    
    Indonesian suffering from the worsening economy are clamoring for change. {Indonesian:[音:??nd??ni??n];n:印尼人,印尼語群;adj:印尼的;suffer:vt:遭受,忍受,容忍,寬恕,聽任,允許,準許;vi:受苦,患病,受損失,變差,變遭,處于不利地位;suffering:n:苦難,受苦;worsen:[音:‘w??rsn];v:(使)更壞,(使)惡化;}
    So far no group has claimed responsibility for the terrorist bombing. {group:n:團體,群,組,集團;terrorist:[音:‘ter?r?st];adj:恐怖主義的;n:恐怖分子;}
    When large sums are involved, an insurance company will often investigate the claimant for any criminal records. {翻譯:事關巨額款項時,保險公司會調查申請人有無犯罪前科。sum:n:金額,總數,要點;v:概括,總結,歸納,總計;insurance:n:保險,報喜那費,安全保障;}
    Andy Lau is a highly acclaimed performance artist. {翻譯:劉德華是深受好評的表演藝術家。Andy Lau:n:劉德華;}
    The defendant disclaims any improper activity in this case. {defendant:n:被告;improper:[音:?m‘prɑ?p?r];adj:不合適的,錯誤的,不道德的;activity:n:行為,活動,活躍;vt:表演;adj:厲害;}
    After the coup, the general proclaimed himself ruler of the republic. {coup:[音:ku?];n:政變,意外而成功的行動;general:n:將軍,一般;adj:普遍的,全面的,一般性的,大致的,籠統的,常規的,總的,首席的;ruler:n:領袖,統治者,支配者,尺子,劃線板;republic:n:共和國,共和國政體;}
    The Netherlands has reclaimed large stretches of land from the sea. {stretch:[音:stret?];n:伸展,張開,彈性,一段時間,<俚>刑期;v:伸展,延伸,張開,夸大;adj:可伸縮的;a stretch of:adj:一片,一段;}
    
    The opposition candidate‘s accusation of corruption on the part of ruling-party officials struck a chord among many voters. {翻譯:反對黨候選人指控執政黨官員貪污,引起了許多選民的共鳴。opposition:n:反對,敵對,在野黨;accusation:[音:?ækju‘ze??n];n:控告,指控,非難;corruption:[音:k?‘r?p?n];n:貪污,墮落,腐敗;on the part of:就……而言;ruling:n:裁決;adj:統治的,支配的,流行的;ruling-party:n:執政黨;official:n:官員;adj:正式的,官方的,公務上的;strike:v:劃燃,撞,打,罷工;n:罷工,打擊,毆打;}
    The Broadway musical Cats is celebrated for its innovative choreography. {翻譯:百老匯音樂劇《貓》以其創新的編舞著稱。broadway:[音:‘br??dwe?];n:百老匯(美國紐約一街道名);musical:n:音樂劇,音樂片;adj:音樂的,喜歡音樂的,悅耳的;celebrate:[音:‘sel?bre?t];v:頌揚,慶祝,慶賀;innovative:[音:‘?n?ve?t?v];adj:創新的,}革新的;
    The church choir is presenting some selections from Handel‘s Messiah for Christmas. {翻譯:教會的唱詩班在耶穌圣誕節將推出亨德爾的《彌撒亞》選曲。present:v:呈現,贈送,提出;adj:出席的,現在的,當前的,存在的;n:禮物,現在;selection:[音:s?‘lek?n];n:選擇,挑選,挑選出來的人或事;Handel:n:亨德爾(姓);Messiah:[音:m?‘sa??];n:救世主,耶穌;}
    The village children would sing carols every Christmas.
    
    The professor wears a pair of gold-rimmed spectacles. {rim:[音:[r?m];n:邊,邊框;vt:鑲邊;vi:形成邊緣;rimmed:adj:有邊緣的,有框的;spectacle:n:(復)眼鏡,景象,場面,場面,奇觀,壯觀,公開展示,表相,假相;}
    The spectacular growth of the Asian economies in recent years has now been checked by the region‘s financial crisis. {check:v:牽制,阻止,檢查,核對,買單;n:檢查,阻礙,支票,賬單,方格圖案,(國際象棋)將軍;crisis:[音:‘kra?s?s];n:危機,危急關頭;financial crisis:n:經融危機;}
    Professional boxing is a spectator sport. {翻譯:職業拳擊是一種觀賞運動。}
    The demise of the U.S.S.R. has removed the specter of an all-out nuclear confrontation between East and West. {翻譯:蘇聯的瓦解消除了東西方核子大戰的陰影。demise:[音:d?‘ma?z];n:死亡,讓位,轉讓房產;v:讓渡,遺贈,轉讓,死亡;U.S.S.R:abbr:蘇聯(=Union of Soviet Socialist Republics);all-out:adj:完全的;confrontation:[音:?k?nfr?n‘te???n];n:對抗,沖突;Soviet:[音:‘so?viet];adj:蘇聯的,蘇維埃的;n:蘇維埃;Socialist:n:社會主義者,社會主義的;}
    Wavelengths of visible light range from 0.4 to 0.74 microns on the spectrum. {wavelength:[音:‘we?vle?θ];n:波長,波段;length:[音:le?θ];n:長度,時間長短,距離,一段,距離的測量單位;range:v:延伸,范圍達到,射程達到,排列,使……站在某一方,漫游;n:范圍,射程,山脈,排,一系列,閑逛,爐灶,[數]值域,極差;micron:[音:ma?krɑ?n];n:微米,百萬分之一米;}
    The billionaire made his fortune by speculating in real estate. {翻譯:這位億萬富翁靠投機房地產致富。fortune:n:財產,命運,運氣;estate:[音:e‘ste?t];n:房地產,財產,遺產,狀態,莊園;}
    The press has covered every aspect of this Oscar-winning film. {翻譯:媒體報道了這部奧斯卡獲獎影片的每一個層面。press:n:新聞界,新聞輿論,報刊,出版社,壓,熨燙機,印刷機;v:按,壓,逼迫,強迫服役,征用;oscar:[音:‘ɑ?sk?r];n:奧斯卡金像獎,奧斯卡(男子名);}
    The bespectacled baseball player holds this season‘s record for home-runs. {翻譯:本賽季中,這位戴眼鏡的棒球選手全壘打數領先群倫。home-run:n:全壘打;}
    Investors have become more circumspect after the recent stock-market crash. {investor:n:投資者,投資人;}
    The army general is on a nation-wide tour, inspecting military bases. {army:n:陸軍,軍隊,一大批;general:n:將軍,一般;nation-wide:adj:全國的;tour:n:巡回,觀光,旅游;v:尋回,旅行,周游;}
    This situation may look less serious if seen from a different perspective. {situation:n:情勢,形式,局面,位置,職位,處境,狀況;}
    The prospect of a united European currency is pushing up prices of European stocks. {currency:n:貨幣,流通;European Currency:n:歐洲貨比單位;push up:v:太高;push-up:俯臥撐;}
    In retrospect, the hoola-hoop fad looks rather silly. {hoop:[音:hu?p];n:箍,鐵環,裙掌,呼呼聲;v:加箍于,包圍,發呼呼聲;hoola-hoop:n:呼啦圈;fad:[音:fæd];n:時尚,一時流行的狂熱;silly:adj:可笑的,愚蠢的,瑣屑的,犯暈的;n:(通常指小孩子)淘氣鬼,傻孩子;}
    Modern Taipei is characterized by high income levels and conspicuous consumption. {characterize:vt:賦予……特色,表示……的典型;income:n:收入,所得,收益;consumption:[音:k?n‘s?mp?n];n:消費,消耗,肺癆;}
    Child-molesters are the most despised inmates in this jail. {molester:[音:m?‘lest?r];n:性騷擾者;inmate:[音:?nme?t];n:犯人,同住者,居民;jail:n:監獄,拘留所,監牢;vt:監禁,下獄;}
    
    Video cassette recorders, or VCRs, may one day be superseded by DVD units. {VCR:abbr:錄像機(Video Cassette Recorder);cassette:[音:k?‘set];n:盒式磁帶,暗盒;supersede:[音:?su?p?r‘si?d];vt:取代,接替,廢棄;DVD:abbr:光碟,影碟(Digital Video Disk);unit:n:組件,部件,單元,單位;}
    The child‘s artistic talent is evident from his paintings. {artistic:[音:ɑ?r‘t?st?k];adj:藝術的;talent:n:天賦,才能,才藝,天才,人才,<英俚>美人;}
    Abraham Lincoln and Dr. Sun Yat-sen were men of vision. {Abraham Lincoln:n:亞伯拉罕·林肯;Sun Yat-sen:n:孫逸仙(孫中山先生);}
    Painting and sculpture are different forms of visual art. {sculpture:[音:‘sk?lpt??r];n:雕塑,雕刻;v:雕刻,雕塑,刻蝕,當雕刻師;}
    Can you envision life in the next millennium? {millennium:[音:m?‘leni?m];n:一千年,太平盛世;}
    Air is invisible, but you can feel it when it moves.
    The Super 301 is a special provision of U.S. trade law under which the U.S. may impose punitive tariffs on countries suspected of unfair trade practices. {翻譯:超級301是美國貿易法的一項特殊條款,美國可以援引它來對涉嫌不公平貿易的國家施以懲罰性關稅。special:adj:特殊的,特別的,專門的;n:特別的東西,特刊,特色菜,特價;impose:[音:?m‘po?z];v:征稅(稅款),課征,強加,強迫;punitive:[音:‘pju?nit?v];adj:懲罰的,刑法的;tariff:[音:‘tær?f];n:關稅,價目表;vt:交關稅;suspect:v:懷疑,猜想;n:嫌疑犯;adj:可疑的,不可信的;practice:[音:‘prækt?s];n:實行,業務,習慣,練習;v:實踐,練習,開業,執業;}
    On average, a writer will revise a manuscript three times before publication. {manuscript:[音:‘mænjuskr?pt];n:手稿,原稿;adj:手抄的;publication:n:出版,發行,出版物,公布,發表;}
    A good supervisor is one who demands a lot of his subordinates but provides help and direction while needed. {subordinate:[音:s?‘b??rd?n?t];n:屬下,附屬物;adj:下級的,次要的;vt:使服從,把……放在次要;demand:[音:d?‘mænd];v:要求,查問,需要;n:要求,需求;direction:n:指導,用法說明,方向,趨勢,目標,管理;}
    You can see previews of upcoming feature films on the Internet. {upcoming:adj:即將來臨的,預定將要;feature:[音:‘fi?t??r];n:故事片,特征,特色,容貌,特寫;vt:以……為特色;vi:起重要作用;previews of upcoming feature films:n:預告片;}
    
    The brochure says you must attach a check for 50 dollars if you want to be put on the waiting list for the tour. {翻譯:小冊子上說,你得附上一張五十元的支票才能夠登記上旅游等候名單。brochure:[音:bro?‘??r];n:小冊子,資料手冊;check:n:支票,檢查,阻礙,賬單,方格圖案,(國際象棋)將軍;put on:vt:放在……上,穿上,戴上,上演,演出,采取,裝出,假裝,夸大,抹,搽,擦,涂(化妝品等);增加體重,發胖;tour:[音:t?r];n:旅游,觀光,巡回;v:周游,旅行,巡回;}
    Scientific detachment is essential while you are doing research on sensitive periods in recent history. {翻譯:研究近代史中的敏感時期時,必須保持科學的超然立場。essential:[音:?‘sen?l];adj:必要的,重要的,本質的;n:要素,必需品;sensitive:[音:‘sens?t?v];adj:敏感的,靈敏的,感光的,易受傷害的,善解人意的;n:敏感的人;period:n:時期,一段時間,周期,課時,學時,句號,月經;}
    The PR officer is very tactful while dealing with delicate situations. {翻譯:這位公關在處理敏感狀況時十分有技巧。PR:abbr:公共關系(public relation);delicate:[音:‘del?k?t];adj:敏感的,敏銳的,微妙的,精美的,纖細的,脆弱的,美味的;situation:n:狀況,形式,局面,位置,職位,處境;}
    Besides being a natural protection for the body, the human skin is also a tactile organ. {besides:prep:除……之外;adv:此外,也;beside:prep:在……旁邊,與……相比,和……無關;natural:[音:‘næt?r?l];adj:天然的,自然的,私生的;organ:[音:‘??rɡ?n];n:器官,風琴,機構,喉舌,報刊;}
    Bodies of ancient insects are sometimes preserved intact in amber. {ancient:[音:‘e?n??nt];adj:古老的,古代的;n:古人;preserve:[音:pr?‘z??rv];v:保存,保護,保持;n:禁獵區,蜜餞;amber:[音:‘æmb?r];n:琥珀,琥珀色;adj:琥珀的,琥珀色的;}
    Highly contagious diseases such as tuberculosis and cholera can infect a large number of people in very little time. {such as:prep:例如,諸如;tuberculosis:[音:tu??b??rkj?‘lo?s?s];n:肺結核;cholera:[音:‘kɑ?l?r?];n:霍亂;infect:vt:傳染,感染;}
    The issue you raised is of only tangential relevance to the case in point, and thus can be dismissed. {翻譯:你提出的問題和當下的事只有輕微的關系,所以可以忽略。issue:n:問題,議題,期刊號,一次發行額,發行,<律>子女;v:發表,公布,正式發給,發行,流出;raise:vtt:提出,引起,籌集,募集,升起,舉起,飼養;n:上升,增高,高地;relevance:[音:‘rel?v?ns];n:關聯,相關性,中肯;in point:adv;恰當的,切題的,與題目相關的;case in point:n:例證;thus:adv:這樣,如此,因此,從而;dismiss:[音:d?s‘m?s];vt:屏除,開除,解散,(法律)駁回;}
    Every morning when he gets up, his hair is a tangled mess. {get up:v;起床,變得猛烈,籌備,起立,打扮;mess:n:混亂,混雜,臟亂,一份視頻,糞便,(軍隊的)食堂;v:弄糟,弄亂,妨礙;}
    The tango is a dance that requires both partners to be in physical contact with each other throughout. {physical:adj:身體的,體力的,物理的,肉體上的,身體上的,<美>體格檢查;contact:n:接觸,聯系,熟人;v:(與)聯系,(與)接觸;adj:接觸的;throughout:[音:θru?‘a?t];adv:自始至終,到處;prep:遍及,貫穿;}
    Corporate morale is an intangible asset that often decides the success of a company in today‘s highly competitive business environment. {corparate:[音:‘k??rp?r?t];adj:公司的,法人的,社團的,共同的,全體的;morale:[音:m?‘ræl];n:士氣,斗志,道德準則;asset:[音:‘æset];n:資產,優點,有用的額東西;competitive:adj:競爭的,有競爭力的,勝過或超過他人的;}
    "The contiguous U.S." refers to the 48 states that physically "stick together," not counting the two separate states of Alaska and Hawaii. {refer to:vt:指的是,涉及,提及,參考,適用于;physically:adv:實際上,身體上地;count:v:計算,視為,依賴,重要,有價值;n:技術,總數,伯爵(歐洲國家貴族頭銜);}
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    [2.11]表示【感覺】的字根

         -sens-          =     feel(感覺)
         -sense-        =     feel(感覺)
         -sent-          =     feel(感覺)
     
         -pass-          =     feel,suffer(感覺,承受)
         -path-          =     feel,suffer(感覺,承受)
         -pati-           =     feel,suffer(感覺,承受)
     
         -grac-          =     pleasing,thankful(快樂,感激)
         -grace-        =     pleasing,thankful(快樂,感激)
         -grat-          =     pleasing,thankful(快樂,感激)
         -grate-         =     pleasing,thankful(快樂,感激)
     
         -pen-           =     pain,punish(痛苦,懲罰)
         -pent-           =     pain,punish(痛苦,懲罰)
         -pun-           =     pain,punish(痛苦,懲罰)
    {
    sense:sense,(feel),n:感覺,意識;v:感覺,意識;
    sensational:sens - at - ion - al,[音:sen‘se???nl],(feel -  -  - adj.),adj:轟動的,聳人聽聞的;
    senseless:sense - less,[音:‘sensl?s],(feel - without),adj:不省人事的,無知覺的,沒道理的,無意義的,無意識的;
    sensual:sens - ual,[音:‘sen?u?l],(feel - adj.),adj:感官的,欲望的,肉欲的,色情的,世俗的,感覺論的;
    sensuous:sens - uous,[音:‘sen?u?s],(feel - adj.),adj:審美觀能的,激發美感的,感覺上的,感覺的;
    consensus:con - sens - us,[音:k?n‘sens?s],(together - feel - n.),n:共識,一致,同意;
    extrasensory:extra - sens - ory,[音:?ekstr?‘sens?r?],(beyonnd - feel - adj.),adj:超感官的;
    hypersensitive:hyper - sens - itive,[音:?ha?p?r‘sens?t?v],(over - feel - adj.),adj:特別敏感的,過份敏感的;
    insensate:in - sens - ate,[音:?n‘sen?se?t],(not - feel - adj.),adj:無知覺的,無情的;
    sentient:sent - ient,[音:‘senti?nt],(feel - adj.),adj:有感情的,有知覺的;
    sentimental:sent - iment - al,[音:?sent?‘mentl],(feel -  - adj.),adj:溫情主義的,感傷的,感情的,多愁善感的;
    sentinel:sent - in - el,[音:‘sent?nl],(feel -  - n.[v.]),n:哨兵,傳送器,[計]標記符號;v:站位兵,設崗哨,放哨;
    sentry:sent - ry,[音:‘sentri],(feel - n.),n:哨兵,衛兵;
    assent:as(ad) - sent,[音:?‘sent],(to - feel),n:同意,贊成;vi:同意,贊成;
    consent:con -sent,[音:k?n‘sent],(together - feel),n:同意,贊成;v:同意,贊成;
    dissent:dis - sent,[音:d?‘sent],(apart - feel),n:異議;v:異議,持異議;
    presentiment:pre - sent - iment,[音:pr?‘zent?m?nt],(before - feel - n.),n:預感;
    resent:re - sent,[音:r?‘zent],(against - feel),vt:反感,恨,生氣;
     
    sympathy:sym - path - y,(same - feel - n.),n:同情;
    passionate:pass - ion - ate,[音:‘pæ??n?t],(feel -  - adj.),adj:熱切的,熱情的,激情的,易怒的;
    passive:pass - ive,[音:‘pæs?v],(feel - adj.),adj:被動的,消極的;n:被動性;
    compassion:com - pass - ion,(together - feel - n.),n:同情,憐憫;
    impassioned:im - pass - ion - ed,[音:?m‘pæ?nd],(inside - feel -  - adj.),adj:熱情洋溢的,慷慨激昂的,熱烈的;
    impassive:im - pass - ive,[音:?m‘pæs?v],(not - feel - adj.),adj:不露感情的,無表情的,無感情的,冷漠的,平靜的;
    pathetic:path - et - ic,[音:p?‘θet?k],(feel -  - adj.),adj:差勁的,可悲的,悲哀的,可憐的,不足的,感傷的;
    pathogenic:path - ogen - ic,[音:‘pæθ?‘d?en?k],(feel - produce - adj.),adj:致病的;
    pathology:path - ology,[音:p?‘θɑ?l?d?i],(feel - study of),n:病理學;
    apathetic:a - path - et - ic,[音:?æp?‘θet?k],(without - feel -  - adj.),adj:冷漠的,缺乏感情的,缺乏興趣的,無動于衷的,冷淡的;
    antipathy:anti - path - y,[音:æn‘t?p?θi],(against - feel - n.),n:反感,憎惡,不相容;
    psychopath:psycho - path,[音:‘sa?k?pæθ],(mind - suffer),n:喪心病狂,精神病患者;
    impatient:im - pati - ent,[音:?m‘pe??nt],(not - suffer - adj.),adj:不耐煩的,急躁的;
    incompatible:in - com - pati - ble,[音:??nk?m‘pæt?bl],(not - together - feel - able),adj:不合的,不相容的,不能并存的,矛盾的;
     
    grateful:grate - ful,(thankful - adj.),adj:感激的;
    graceful:grace - ful,[音:‘ɡre?sfl],(pleasing - adj.),adj:優雅的,地貼的;
    disgrace:dis - grace,[音:d?s‘ɡre?s],(not - pleasing),n:恥辱;v:恥辱,使丟臉;
    gratify:grat - ify,[音:‘ɡræt?fa?],(pleasing - v.),v:滿足,實現,使滿足,使高興;
    gratitude:grat - itude,[音:‘ɡræt?tu?d],(thankful - n.),n:感激,感謝,感恩;
    congratulate:con - grat - ul - ate,(together - pleasing -  - v.),vt:祝賀,慶祝;
    ingrate:in - grate,[音:?n‘gre?t],(not - thankful),n:忘恩負義的人;adj:忘恩的,忘恩負義的;
    ingratiate:in - grat - iate,[音:?n‘ɡre??ie?t],(in - pleasing - v.),v:討人歡心,取悅,迎合,討好;
     
    punish:pun - ish,(punish - v.),v:懲罰;
    penal:pen - al,[音:‘pi?nl],(punish - adj.),adj:懲罰的,可懲罰的,刑罰的,刑事的,嚴重的;
    penalty:pen - al - ty,[音:‘pen?lti],(punish -  - n.),n:懲罰,罰款,觸發,不利,罰球;
    penance:pen - ance[音:‘pen?ns],(punish - n.),n:贖罪,懺悔,自我懲罰;v:使懺悔;
    penology:pen - ology,[音:pi?‘nɑ?l?d?i],(punish - study of),n:獄政學,刑罰學,監獄管理學;
    impenitent:im - pen - it - ent,[音:?m‘pen?t?nt],(not - pain -  - adj.),adj:不知悔改的,頑固的;
    repent:re - pent,[音:r?‘pent],(away - pain),v:懺悔,后悔,悔悟;
    punitive:pun - itive,[音:‘pju?n?t?v],(punish - adj.),adj:懲罰性的,懲罰的,刑罰的;
    impunity:im - pun - ity[音:?m‘pju?n?ti],(not - punish - n.),n:不受懲罰,不付代價,免罰;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.11] 本小節示例及練習
    The tabloids specialize in sensational crimes and celebrity scandals. {tabloid:[音:‘tæbl??d];n:小報,小型畫報,藥片;adj:扼要的;specialize:[音:‘spe??la?z];v:專攻;crime:n:犯罪,罪行;celebrity:[音:s?‘lebr?ti];n:名人,名譽,社會名流;scandal:[音:‘skændl];n:丑聞,反感,恥辱,中傷;}
    The victim of the car accident is lying senseless on the curbside. {curbside:[音:‘k??rbsa?d];n:路旁人行道;adj:人行道的,=(英)kerbside;}
    The ascetic renounces all sensual pleasures for the pursuit of spiritual growth. {ascetic:[音:?‘set?k];n:苦行者;adj:禁欲的;renounce:[音:r?‘na?ns];v:聲明放棄,與……斷絕關系;pleasure:n:享受,快事,愉快,(回答對方感謝時)榮幸;vt:使高興;vi:高興,享受快樂;pursuit:n:追求,追趕,工作;spiritual:[音:‘sp?r?t?u?l];adj:心靈的,精神的,與上帝有關的;n:(尤指美國南部黑人的)圣歌;}
    The appreciation of art or music provides a sensuous joy. {appreciate:[音:?‘pri??ie?t];vt:欣賞,賞識,感激,領會,意識到;vi:增值;appreciation:n:欣賞,感激,鑒識,評價,增值;sensuous:adj:激發美感的,感覺上的,感覺的;}
    The consensus in the medical community is that smoking induces cancer. {翻譯:醫學界一致認為吸煙會致癌。community:n:團體,共同體,社區,社會,公眾,共享,公有,[生]群落;induce:[音:?n‘du?s];vt:引起,促使,勸服,引誘;}
    Extrasensory perception, or ESP, is commonly known as the sixth sense. {perception:[音:p?r‘sep?n];n:感覺,洞察力,認識能力,觀念;commonly:adv:一般地,通常地,普通地;}
    Taiwan independence is a hypersensitive political issue on both side of the Taiwan Strait. {independence:n:獨立,自立;issue:n:議題,問題,期刊號,一次發行額,發行,<律>子女;v:發表,公布,正式發給,發行,流出;strait:[音:stre?t];n:海峽,困境;adj:困難的,窘迫的,<古>狹窄的,嚴格的;strain:[音:stre?n];n:緊張,壓力,拉緊,血統,筆調,(動植物或疾病的)品種;v:拉緊,勞累,過分使用;}
    The Gaia hypothesis regards the earth as one big organism rather than an insensate object. {Gaia:[音:‘ɡa??];n:[希神]蓋亞(大地女神),=Gaea;hypothesis:[音:ha?‘pɑ?θ?s?s];n:假說,假設,提前,猜測;regard:v:視為,尊敬,注視,留意,和……有關;n:關心,尊敬,注意,致意,考慮;organism:[音:‘??rɡ?n?z?m];n:生物體,有機體,有機組織;}
    The knocked-out boxer is lying insensible on the floor. {knocked-out:n:被擊暈的,破損的;}
    Experts say that elephants are sentient animals that form family groups and grieve over the death of relatives. {form:v:形成,建立;n:形式,形狀,表格,良好的健康狀態,表現狀態,常規;grieve:[音:ɡri?v];vi:悲傷,傷心;vt:使傷心,使悲傷;grieve over:因……悲傷或悲嘆;relative:n:親戚,[語]關系詞;adj;相對的,比較的,相關的;}
    Free Willy is a sentimental movie about a boy‘s efforts to rescue a killer whale from captivity. {Free Willy:n:《威鯨闖天關》;effort:n:努力,努力的成果;rescue from:vt:救出;killer whale:n:[動]虎鯨,逆戟鯨;captivity:[音:kæp‘t?v?ti];n:被俘,囚禁,束縛;}
    The tall elm tree stands on the edge of the plain like a solitary sentinel. {elm:[音:elm];n:榆樹,榆木;plain:n:平原,廣闊的區域;adj;清楚的,簡單的,坦白的,平常的,樸素的,純的;solitary:[音:‘sɑ?l?teri];adj:孤獨的,獨立的,單個的,唯一的,荒涼的;n:隱士,單獨禁閉;}
    The sentry at the military base will stop an vehicle that fails to show proper identification. {vehicle:n:車輛,交通個工具,傳播媒體,手段,工具;identification:n:身份的證明,識別,鑒定,確認;}
    The U.N. cannot take any major action without the assent of the five standing members of the Security Council. {major:adj:重大的,嚴重的,較多的,主要的,(音樂)大調的;n:成年人,主修(科目),陸軍少校,舉足輕重者;v:主修;assent:[音:?‘sent];n:同意,贊成;vi:贊成;standing:adj:不動的,永久的,直立的,不流動的;n:持續,地位;council:[音:‘ka?nsl];n:理事會,委員會,地方會議,會議,委員;five standing members of the Security Council:n:五個聯合國安理會的常任理事國}
    The essence of John Locke‘s political theory is that government depends on the consent of the governed. {翻譯:約翰·洛克的子恒指理論的要旨是,政府要建立在被治理者的同意之上。essence:[音:‘esns];n:要旨,要素,本質,精髓,香精;John Locke:約翰·洛克;depend on:v:取決于,依賴,依靠,隨……而定;the governed:n:被治理者,被統治者;}
    Totalitarian government does not tolerate political dissent. {totalitarian:[音:to??tæl?‘teri?n];adj:極權主義的;n:極權主義;tolerate:[音:‘tɑ?l?re?t];vt:容許,忍受,容忍;}
    Before the bloody crackdown, few of the demonstrators had any presentiment of danger. {crackdown:[音:‘krækda?n];n:鎮壓,制裁,痛擊;demonstrator:n:示威者,示范者;}
    Some Native Americans resent being called Indians. {Indians:n:印度人;}
    
    Miss Rand is a passionate advocate of individual liberty. {翻譯:蘭德小姐是很熱切的個人自由的提倡者。Rand:[音:rænd];蘭特(南非共和國貨比單位),后跟墊,蘭德(姓氏);advocate:[音:‘æ(d)v?ke?t];n:擁護者,提倡者,律師,辯護者;v:提倡,主張;individual:adj:一個人的,獨有的,單獨的;n:個人,個體;liberty:[音:‘l?b?rti];n:自由,自由權,冒失;}
    Mohandas K. Gandhi advocated a form of passive resistance that eventually brought down the British Empire in India. {Mohandas K. Gandhi:n:莫漢達斯·甘地;advocate:[音:‘æ(d)v?ke?t];v:提倡,主張;n:擁護者,提倡者,律師,辯護者;resistance:[音:r?‘z?st?ns];n:抵抗,抵觸,反對,阻力,[電]阻抗;eventually:[音:?‘vent?u?li];adv:最后,終于;bring down:v:使倒下,減少;empire:[音:‘empa??r];n:帝國,大企業,帝權;}
    Abraham Lincoln was a man of understanding and compassion. {understanding:adj:通情達理的,有同情心的;n:理解,非正式協議,諒解,同情心;}
    Martin Luther King Jr. is remembered for his impassioned speech, "I Have a Dream." {Martin Luther King Jr.:n:馬丁·路德·金(美國著名民權運動家,1964年獲得諾貝爾和平獎);}
    The Native American is well known for having an impassive-looking face. {翻譯:美洲原住居民以那副不露情感的面孔而文明。well known:adj:出名的,總所周知的;}
    Minnesota Twins infielder Mike Pagliarulo has a lifetime batting average of a pathetic 0.236. {翻譯:明尼蘇達雙人隊內野手帕利亞魯洛在智邦生涯中的打擊率平均只有差勁的0.236. Minnesota:[音:?m?n??sot?];n:明尼蘇達州(美國州名);Minnesota Twins:n:明尼蘇達雙人隊;infield:n:農宅周圍的田園,耕地,內野;infielder:[音:‘?n?fi?ld?];n:內野手(棒球);Mike Pagliarulo:n:邁克·帕利亞魯洛;lifetime:n:一生,終身,壽命,使用期限;bat:[音:bæt];v:用棒球打,拍打,眨眼睛;n:棒球,球拍,蝙蝠;}
    Unclean drinking water can be pathogenic.
    Medical students must study pathology in medical school.
    The voter turnout in this township has traditionally been very low, because the people here have always been politically apathetic. {turnout:[音:‘t??rna?t];n:投票人數,到場人數,產出,衣著,出動,掃除;township:[音:‘ta?n??p];n:鎮區;}
    The president‘s decision to raise taxes aroused widespread antipathy among voters. {arouse:[音:?‘ra?z];v:引起,激起,喚醒,叫醒,睡醒;widespread:[音:‘wa?dspred];adj:分布(或散布)廣的,普遍的;}
    The term psychopath often refers to a person that kills innocent people without any apparent motivation. {refer to:v:指的是,涉及;apparent:[音:?‘pær?nt];adj:明顯的,表面上的;movtivation:[音:?m??t?‘ve??n];n:動機,動力,刺激,積極性;}
    Indonesians impatient for change finally forced Suharto to step down. {Indonesian:[音:??nd??ni??n];n:印尼人,印度語群;adj:印尼的;change:n:改革;Suharto:n:蘇哈托;step down:n:辭職,降低,逐漸縮小;}
    Couples can simply claim that they are incompatible and file for a no-fault divorce. {couple:n:夫婦,對,數個;v:連結,交配;claim:v:宣城,聲稱,要求,請求,主張,聲稱,斷言;n:要求,要求權,主張,斷言,聲稱,要去物;file:v:提出(申請書、議案等),把……歸檔;n:檔案,卷宗,文件,銼刀,指甲銼;no-fault:n:無過失的,無過失保險的,不追求責任的;}
    
    Lady Diana was described as the most graceful woman of her time. {of one‘s time:在世時;}
    The former convict was rejected by his family because they thought him a disgrace to the family name. {convict:[音:k?n‘v?kt];n:罪犯,囚犯;adj:被定罪的;vt:宣判……有罪,事……知罪;former convict:n:前科犯;reject:vt:丟棄,拒絕,排斥,駁回;n:不合格的產品,被拒之人;}
    The child‘s curiosity was gratified when her mother let her explore in the closet. {curiosity:[音:?kj?ri‘ɑ?s?ti];n:好奇心,好奇,稀奇的人或物;closet:[音:‘klɑ?z?t];n:壁櫥,衣帽間,密室,廁所;adj:隱藏的,不公開的,空談的;vt:把……關在房間里;}
    Words cannot express my gratitude to you. {翻譯:我對你的感激,言語不足以表達。}
    The audience gave a big round of applause to congratulate the winner. {audience:[音:‘??di?ns];n:聽眾,觀眾,讀者,傾聽,擁護者,正式會見;a round of:adj:一陣的;applause:n:鼓掌,喝彩,贊許;}
    He has helped you often enough in past; you‘d be an ingrate if you turn your back on him now. {turn your back on sb.:v:背棄某人;}
    The new secretary tried to ingratiate herself with her boss by bringing him unasked-for coffee. {secretary:[音:sekr?teri];n:秘書,部長,書記,大臣,寫字臺;ingratiate oneself with:vt:討好;unaked:adj:主動提出的,未受邀請的,未被問及的;unasked-for:adj:未經邀請的;}
    
    Mainland China‘s penal system stresses hard labor as a means of reforming prisoners. {翻譯:中國大陸的懲罰制度以做苦工為主要改造犯罪的方式。stress:[音:stres];vt:強調,重讀;n:壓力,強調,重音;labor:n:苦工,勞工,工作,工人,分娩,勞力;v:苦干,勞動,致力于,過分詳盡闡述;adj:勞工的,勞動的;means:n:手段,方法,收入,財產;v:意思是,意味;reform:v:改革,革新,改造;n:改革,改良;}
    The man smoked too many cigarettes in his youth and is now paying the penalty. {youth:[音:ju?θ];n:青年時期,青春,青年;pay the penalty:v:付出代價;遭受懲罰,受到惡報,自食其果;}
    The monk does penance for his sins by eating only one meal a day. {monk:n:僧侶,修道士;sin:[音:s?n];n:原罪;v:犯罪,違反(教規);}
    The warden of this prison majored in penology in the Police Academy. {warden:[音:‘w??rdn];n:看守人;academy:[音:?‘kæd?mi];n:學院,學會,專科學校;}
    The impenitent gambler borrowed some more money and went straight back to the casino. {gambler:n:[音:‘ɡæmbl?(r)];賭徒;straight:[音:stre?t];adv:直接,筆直的,談誰啊地,連續不斷地;adj:直的,坦率的,正直的,準的,連續的;n:直的東西,傳統的人,異性戀者;casino:[音:k?‘si?no?];n:娛樂場,賭場,一種牌戲;}
    "The Kingdom of God is at hand! Repent of your sins!" shouted the born-again Christian. {翻譯:"天國近了!快懺悔你的罪!"這位獲得重生的基督徒大叫。at hand:adv:在手邊,在附近,即將到來;born-again:adj:再生的,信仰再生的;}
    This law has no teeth because there are no punitive measures in it. {have not teech:v:沒有約束力;measures:n:措施,度量,尺子,[音]拍子,小節;}
    Don‘t expect to escape with impunity after what you have done. {翻譯:你做了這件事就別指望能夠逃脫懲罰。escape:v:逃跑,逃脫,逃避,被忘掉,泄露,去度假;n:逃跑,逃脫,逃避,泄露,度假,[計]退出鍵;}
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    [2.12]表示【生命】的字根

         -vit-            =     live(活)
         -viv-           =     live(活)
         -vivi-          =     live(活)
         -vive-          =     live(活)
     
         -bi-             =     life(生命)
         -bio-           =     life(生命)
     
         -nat-           =     born(出生)
         -nate-         =     born(出生)
         -nai-           =     born(出生)
         -nais-          =     born(出生)
     
         -gen-          =     born(產生)
         -gene-        =     born(產生)
    {
    vitamin:vit - amin,(live - amino acid),n:氨基酸;{amino:[音:‘æm?no?];adj:氨基的;pref:表示"氨基";acid:[音:‘æs?d];n:酸,酸性物質,<俚>迷幻藥;adj:酸的,酸性的,尖酸的;pref:n:前置,前綴;}
    vital:vit - al,[音:‘va?tl],(live - adj.),adj:極重要的,生死攸關的,至關重要的,有活力的;
    vivacious:viv - ac - ious,[音:v?‘ve???s],(live -  - adj.),adj:活潑的;
    vivid:viv - id,[音:‘v?v?d],(live - adj.),adj:生動的,鮮明的,栩栩如生的;
    vivisection:vivi - sect - ion,[音:?v?v?‘sek?n],(live - cut - n.),n:活體解剖;
    convivial:con - viv - ial,[音:k?n‘v?vi?l],(加強語氣 - live - adj.),adj:開心的,歡樂的,好交際的,愉快而隨和的,聯歡的;
    revive:re - vive,[音:r?‘va?v],(again - live),vt:復活,重振,復蘇,使重生,恢復精神,喚醒;vi:復生;
    survival:sur - viv - al,[音:s?r‘va?vl],(over - live - n.),n:生存,幸存,幸存者,殘存物,幸存物,[人類學](失去原有意義、作用的)殘存文化特征;
     
    biology:bio - logy,[音:ba?‘ɑ?l?d?i],(life - study of),n:生物學,(一個地區的全部)生物,生物群落;
    biochemistry:bio - chemistry,[音:?ba?o?‘kem?stri],(life - chemistry),n:生物化學;
    biodegradable:bio - de - grad - able,[音:?ba?o?d?‘ɡre?d?bl],(life - down - step - adj.),adj:可生物分解的;生物所能分解的;
    bionic:bio - nic,[音:ba?‘ɑ?n?k],(life - electronic),adj:電子與生物合成的,仿生學的,仿生替代增強的;
    biopsy:bi(o) - ops - y,[音:‘ba?ɑ?psi],(life - look - n.),n:切片檢查,活組織檢查;
    biosphere:bio - sphere,[音:‘ba?o?sf?r],(life - globe),n:生物圈;
    antibiotic:anti - bio - tic,[音:?æntiba?‘ɑ?t?k],(against - life - n.),n:抗生素;adj:抗菌的;
    autobiography:auto - bio - graph - y,[音:???t?ba?‘ɑ?ɡr?fi],(self - life - write - n.),n:自傳;
    symbiosis:sym - bio - sis,[音:s?mba?‘o?s?s],(together - life - n.),n:共生關系,共生,共棲;
     
    native:nat - ive,(born - n.[adj.]),n:原住民;adj:本土的;
    naturalize:nat - ur - al - ize,[音:‘næt?r?la?z],(born -  -  - v.),vt:(使)規劃,(使加)入國籍,=(英)naturalise;vi:規化;
    innate:in - nate,[音:?‘ne?t],(in - born),adj:天生的,固有的;
    neonatal:neo - nat - al,[音:?ni?o?‘ne?tl],(new - born - adj.),adj:新生(兒)的,初生的;
    prenatal:pre - nat - al,[音:?pri?‘ne?tl],(before - born - adj.),adj:產前的,出生前的,=(英)antenatal; {antenatal:[音:?ænti‘ne?tl];adj:出生前的,胎兒期的;}
    naive:nai - (i)ve,[音:na?‘i?v],(born - adj.),adj:天真的,無知的,幼稚的;
    renaissance:re - nais - sance,[音:‘ren?sɑ?ns],(again - born - n.),n:文藝復興,再生;
     
    gene:gene,(born),n:基因;
    gender:gen - der,[音:‘d?end?r],(born - n.),n:性,性別;
    generation:gen - er - at - ion,(born -  -  - n.),n:一代;
    genesis:gene - sis,[音:‘d?en?s?s],(born - n.),n:起始,創始,起源,發生;《創世紀》(Genesis,舊約圣經第一卷);
    genetic:gen - et - ic,[音:d??‘net?k],(born -  - adj.),adj:遺傳的,基因的,起源的;
    genital:gen - it - al,[音:‘d?en?tl],(born -  - adj.[n.]),adj:生殖的,生殖器的;n:(復數)生殖器官,生殖器,外陰部;
    congenital:con - gen - it - al,[音:k?n‘d?en?tl],(together - born -  - adj.),adj:天生的,遺傳的,先天的;
    regenerate;re - gen - er - ate,[音:r?‘d?en?re?t],(again - born -  - v.),vt:再生;adj:再生的,復原的;n:重生者,再生器官;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.12] 本小節示例及練習
    Foreign trade is vital to Taiwan‘s economy.
    The Spice Girls are a group of vivacious British women. {spice:[音:spa?s];n:情趣,香料,調味品;v:用香料調味,給……增添趣味;The Spice Girls:n:辣妹;}
    This novelist is known for her vivid descriptions. {novelist:[音:‘nɑ?v?l?st];n:小說家;}
    The animal-rights activists are demonstrating against vivisection. {activist:[音:‘ækt?v?st];n:運動人士,活動分子,積極分子,激進分子;demonstrate:vt:vi:示威;證明,演示,示范;demonstrate against:v:舉行反對……的示威游行;}
    Everybody at the party was drinking, talking or dancing with a convivial air. {air:n:感覺,氛圍,空氣,天空,空中,神態,曲調,裝腔作勢;v:晾干,使通風,廣播;}
    The old fad of bell-bottom pants was revived in the late 1990s. {翻譯:喇叭褲這種過去的流行,在90年代末又再度風行。fad:[音:fad];n:時尚,一時流行的狂熱;bell-bottom:[音:‘belb‘?t?m];n:喇叭褲,水兵褲子;pant:[音:pænt];n:(復數)褲子,喘息,悸動;vt:氣喘吁吁地說;vi:渴望,喘息;late:adj:已故的,吃的,晚的,末期的,最近的;adv:晚,遲;}
    In addition to academic knowledge, universities should teach students about survival in modern society. {in addition to:aconj:除……之外(還);academic:[音:?æk?‘dem?k];adj:學術的,理論的,學院的;n:大學教師,大學生,學者,學究;}
    
    Genetic engineering is the hottest field in biochemistry right now. {genetic:[音:d??‘net?k];adj:遺傳的,基因的,起源的;engineering:n:工程學,工程;}
    Many department stores have begun to use paper bags because they are biodegradable. {department store:[音:d?‘pɑ?rtm?nt st??r];n:百貨商店,百貨公司;}
    The bionic man, currently a sci-fi fantasy, may soon become a reality. {sci-fi:abbr:科幻小說(=science fiction);fantasy:[音:‘fænt?si];n:幻想;v:幻想;reality:[音:ri‘æl?ti];n:真實,現實,實際;}
    The doctors need a sample of the tumor for biopsy to determine if it is malignant. {tumor:[音:‘tju?m?];n:<美>腫瘤,腫塊,(=<英>tumour);malignant:[音:m?‘l?ɡn?nt];adj:惡性的,有惡意的,有害的;}
    Unrestrained population growth would place too much of a burden on the biosphere. {翻譯:無限制的人口增長會對生物圈造成太大的負荷。restrain:[音:r?‘stre?n];vt:抑制,阻止,束縛,剝奪;unrestrained:[音:??nr?‘stre?nd];adj:無限制的,放縱的;place:v:將(某物)放置,安排,訂貨,寄托,辨認,獲得名次;n:地方,地位,職位,獲獎的名詞;burden:[音:‘b??rdn];n:負擔,責任,裝載量,主題,[音]副歌;v:使負重,裝載,煩擾;}
    The discovery of penicillin, the first antibiotic, ushered in the golden age of pharmaceuticals. {penicillin:[音:?pen?‘s?l?n];n:青霉素;usher:[音:‘???r];vi:做招待,擔任引座員;vt:引導,引入;n:帶位員,招待員;pharmaceutical:[音:?fɑ?rm?‘su?t?kl];n:藥品,成藥;adj:制藥的,配藥的;}
    Mein Kampf  is a Adolf Hitler‘s autobiography. {Mein Kampf:n:《我的奮斗》(希特勒著);Adolf Hitler:n:阿道夫·希特勒;}
    The most widespread form of symbiosis is that between underground fungi and trees. {翻譯:最普遍的共生關系存在于地下菌類與樹木之間。widespread:[音:‘wa?dspred];adj:分布(或散布)廣的,普遍的;fungi:[音:‘f?nd?a?];n:菌類,蘑菇,霉菌;}
    
    T.S. Eliot was an American but then he was naturalized as a British citizen. {T.S. Eliot:n:艾略特(姓氏,elias的異體,亦作elliott、elliot),埃利奧特;}
    The trout is born with an innate sense of direction, which guides it back to its birth place after it has traversed the ocean expanses. {翻譯:鱒魚天生有方向感,引導它在漫游汪洋之后重回出生地。trout:[音:tra?t];n:鱒魚,尊魚肉;traverse:[音:tre‘v??rs];v:穿越,橫貫,詳細討論,阻止,否認,[計]遍歷;n:橫貫,橫木;expanse:[音:?k‘spæns];n:寬闊的區域;expense:[音:?k‘spens];n:費用,花費,代價;}
    The premature baby requires intensive neonatal care. {premature:[音:?pri?m?‘t??r];adj:早產的,提前的,過早的;n:早產兒,早熟;intensive:[音:?n‘tens?v];adj:精細的,徹底的,密集的,強調的;n:[語]強調成份;}
    Some mothers-to-be take a lot of vitamins as part of prenatal care. {mothers-to-be:n:孕婦;}
    You are too naive if you believe whatever the newspapers say. 
    Leonardo da Vinci was one of the most famous Renaissance artists. {Leonardo da Vinci:n:萊昂納多·達·芬奇(意大利文藝復興時期的偉大畫家、雕刻家、建筑學家);}
    
    As a rule, animals of the same gender are more likely to fight one another. {翻譯:一般說來,同性別的動物比較容易爭斗。}
    Bill Clinton is a member of the Baby Boom generation. {Bill Clinton:n:比爾·克林頓(美國第四十二任總統);Baby Boom:n:嬰兒潮,生育高峰期;}
    The Manhattan Project was the genesis of the era of weapons of mass destruction. {翻譯:曼哈頓計劃起始了毀減性武器的紀元。Manhattan:[音:mæn‘hætn?];n:曼哈頓區(每美國紐約市區名),曼哈頓(島);n:曼哈頓雞尾酒;The Manhattan Project:美國為發展第一枚核彈所作的機密研究計劃;era:[音:‘?r?];n:紀元,時代,年代;destruction:n:破壞,毀滅;}
    Charles Darwin advanced his theory of evolution and natural selection years before genetic mutation was observed in science. {翻譯:達爾文提出他的進化論與物競天擇論的時候,比科學界觀察到基因突變現象要早了很多年。Charles Darwin:n:查爾斯·達爾文(英國自然學家);advance:v:前進,推進,增長,預付;n:前進,進展,預付金;adj:預先的,提前的;evolution:[音:?e?v?‘lu??n];n:進化,發展,演變;mutation:[音:mju?‘te??n];n:變化,突變,變異;observe:v:觀察,遵守,注意到,慶祝;}
    In classical paintings, the genitals of human figures are often covered with fig leaves. {classical:adj:古典的,權威的,傳統的,正統的;figure:[音:‘f?ɡj?r];n:任務,外形,體型,形狀,圖形,數字,塑像,圖表,(冰上表演動作的)花樣;v:是重要部分,認為,演算,領會到;fig:[音:f?ɡ];n:[植]無花果,無花果樹,無價值的東西,少許,服裝;}
    Inappropriate use of drugs during pregnancy might lead to congenital birth defects in the neonate. {Inappropriate:[音:??n?‘pro?pri?t];adj:不適當的,不合宜的;pregnancy:n:懷孕,妊娠,含蓄,豐富;led to:v:導致;defect:[音:‘di?fekt];n:缺點,缺陷;vi:背叛;neonate:[音:‘ni?o?ne?t];n:初生嬰兒;appropriate:[音:?‘pro?pri?t];adj:適當的,相稱的;vt:占用,撥出(款項);}
    A lizard can easily regenerate a lost limb or tail. {lizard:[音:‘l?z?rd];n:蜥蜴;limb:[音:l?m];n:肢體,枝干,樹枝;vt:肢解;tail:n:尾巴,后部,尾部,辮子,跟隨者,(復)燕尾服,(硬幣的)反面;vt:跟蹤,盯……的梢,為……裝尾巴;vi:尾隨,附于其后,逐漸減少;}
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    [2.13]表示【死亡】的字根
         -mor-           =     death(死亡) 
         -mort-          =     death(死亡)
    {
    mortal:mort - al,[音:‘m??rtl],(death - n.[adj.]),n:凡人;adj:會死的,致命的,終有一死的,不共戴天的,極度的;
    mortality:mort - al - ity,[音:m??r‘tæl?ti],(death -  - n.),n:死亡率,生命有限,死亡數目,必死性;
    mortician:mort - ic - ian,[音:m??r‘t??n],(death -  - one who),n:殯儀業者;
    mortify:mort - ify,[音:‘m??rt?fa?],(death - v.),v:使……受辱,抑制;
    mortuary:mort - uary,[音:‘m??rt?ueri],(death - place where),n:殯儀館,停尸間,太平間;adj:與死有關的,喪葬的;
    immortalize:im(in) - mort - al - ize,[音:?‘m??rt?la?z],(not - death -  - v.),vt:使不朽,時名垂千古;
    postmortem:post - mort - erm,[音:?po?st‘m??t?m],(after - death - n.[adj.]),n:延時,事后討論檢查;adj:死后的,事后的;
    morgue:mor - gue,[音:m??rɡ],(death - n.),n:太平間,陳尸所,資料室;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.13] 本小節示例及練習
    AIDS is such a dreadful disease because of the extremely high mortality. {AIDS:[音:e?dz];abbr:艾滋病(獲得性免疫功能喪失綜合征,Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome);acquired:adj:已取得的,已獲得的,已成習慣的;acquire:[音:?‘kwa??r];vt:獲得,學到,取得;immune:[音:?‘mju?n];adj:免疫的,免除的;deficiency:n:缺陷,缺乏,不足,缺點;syndrome:[音:‘s?ndro?m];n:癥候群,綜合癥;dreadful:[音:‘dredfl];adj:可怕的,糟糕的;}
    It is the job of the mortician to wash and dress the deceased for the funeral. {翻譯:殯儀業者的工作就是清洗、打扮死者,轉杯入殮。decease:[音:d?‘si?s];n:<律>死,死亡;deceased:adj:已故的;funeral:[音:‘fju?n?r?l];n:葬禮;adj:葬禮(的);}
    In his dream, he was mortified to find himself naked on the street. {nake:[音:‘ne?k];v:使……裸露;naked:[音:‘ne?k?d];adj:裸體的,無掩飾的,明白的,無覆蓋的;}
    A mortuary is also called a funeral home. {翻譯:殯儀館又稱為葬儀社。}
    Huanghuakang was immortalized by the sacrifice of the 72 martyrs, who were buried there. {sacrifice:[音:‘sækr?fa?s];n:犧牲,祭品,供奉;vt:犧牲,虧本出售,供奉;vi:獻祭,(棒球)作犧牲一擊;martyr:[音:‘mɑ?rt?r];n:烈士,殉道者,(因病等)長期受苦者;vt:殺害,折磨;bury:[音:‘beri];vt:埋葬,隱匿,專心致志,拋棄;}
    The coroner conducted a postmortem to decide the cause of death. {翻譯:法醫進行驗尸以判定死因。coroner:[音:‘k??r?n?r];n:驗尸官;conduct:[音:k?n‘d?kt];v:指揮,引導,管理;vt:導電,傳熱;n:行為,舉動,品行;}
    The patient expired yesterday and was immediately moved to the morgue. {expire:[音:?k‘spa??r];vi:斷氣,呼氣,期滿,終止,失效;}
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    [2.14]表示【社會】的字根
         -dem-            =     people(人們) 
         -demo-          =     people(人們)
         -demio-         =     people(人們)
     
         -pop-             =     people(人們)
         -popul-          =     people(人們)
         -publ-            =     people(人們)
     
         -soci-             =     group(群體)
         -socio-           =     group(群體)
     
         -civ-               =     city(城市)
     
         -polis-             =     city,government(城市,政府)
         -polic-             =     city,government(城市,政府)
         -polit-             =     city,government(城市,政府)
         -polite-            =     city,government(城市,政府)
     
         -dom-             =     home,control(家,房屋,支配)
         -dome-            =     home,control(家,房屋,支配)
         -domit-            =     home,control(家,房屋,支配)
         -domin-           =     home,control(家,房屋,支配)
         -domini-          =     home,control(家,房屋,支配)
     
    {
    epidemic:epi - dem - ic,[音:?ep?‘dem?k],(upon - people - n.[adj.]),n:疫情;adj:流行病的;
    democracy:demo - crac - y,[音:d?‘mɑ?kr?si],(people - rule - n.),n:民主(主義,制度),民主國家,民主,民主制;
    democratization:demo -crat - iz - at - ion,[音:d??m?kr?t?‘ze??n],(people - rule -  -  - n.),n:民主化;
    demographic:demo - graph - ic,[音:?dem?‘ɡræf?k],(people - write - adj.),adj:人口(統計)學的,人口的;n:具有統計學特征的人群(一般指年齡、性別等進行統計的人群);
    demagogue:dem - agogue,[音:‘dem?ɡɑ?ɡ],(people - leader),n:煽動群眾的野心家,群眾領袖,煽動者,蠱惑民心的政客;
    endemic:en - dem - ic,[音:en‘dem?k],(in - people - adj.),adj:(某地區)原產的,特有的,風土的,地方的;n:地方病,風土病;
    epidemiologist:epi - demio - log - ist,[音:?ep??di?mi‘?l?d??st],(upon - people - study of - one who),n:流行病學家;
    pandemic:pan - dem - ic,[音:pæn‘dem?k],(all - people - n.[adj.]),n:遍及(某地區)的(流行病),流行病;adj:遍及(某地區)的,全國流行的;
     
    popular:popul - ar,(people - adj.),adj:熱門的,流行的;
    populace:popul - ace,[音:‘pɑ?pj?l?s],(people - n.),n:平民,大眾;
    popularize:popul - ar - ize,[音:‘pɑ?pj?l?ra?z],(people -  - v.),vt:使流行,普及化,普及,使通俗化; {popularity:[音:?pɑ?pju‘lær?ti];n:普及,流行,名望,受歡迎;}
    populate:popul - ate,[音:‘pɑ?pjule?t],(people - v.),v:居住于,構成人口,[計]填入; {populated:adj;人口稠密的;}
    population:popul - at - ion,(people -  - n.),n:人口;
    populist:popul - ist,[音:‘p?pj?l?st],(people - one who),n:民粹主義者,平民主義者,平民論者;adj:民粹主義的,平民主義的,平民化的;
    populous:popul - ous,[音:‘pɑ?pj?l?s],(people - adj.),adj:人口眾多的,人口稠密的;
    depopulate:de - popul - ate,[音:?di?‘pɑ?pjule?t],(away - people - v.),vt:減少人口,(使)人口減少;
    pop:pop,(people),adj:流行的,通俗的,熱門的;n:流行音樂,流行藝術,熱門音樂(popular的簡寫),爆裂聲,<美口>爸爸;v:爆開,取出,突然行動,發出(砰的響聲),睜大,開槍;
    public:publ - ic,(people - n.[adj.]),n:民眾,公眾,大眾;adj:公眾的,公共的,公開的;
    publication:publ - ic - at - ion,[音:?p?bl?‘ke??n],(people -  -  - n.),n:刊物,出版,發行,出版物,公布,發表;
    publicist:publ - ic - ist,[音:‘p?bl?s?st],(people -  - one who),n:公關人員,宣傳(人)員,國際法學家,政治評論家,政治記者;
    publicity:publ - ic - ty,[音:p?b‘l?s?ti],(people -  - n.),n:宣傳,公眾的注意,宣揚,宣傳品,廣告;
    publish:publ - ish,(people - v.),v:刊出,刊登,出版,出版,發行,公開發表;
    republic:re - publ - ic,(back - people - n.),n:共和國,共和政體;
     
    society:soci - ety,[音:s?‘sa??ti],(group - n.),n:社會,(共同遵守一定的習俗、法律等的)特定群體,社團,協會,上層社會,社交圈,交往;
    sociable:soci - able,[音:‘so???bl],(group - able),n:合群的,好社交的,好交際的,社交的;
    socialist:soci - al - ist,[音:‘so???l?st],(group -  - one who),n:社會主義者;adj:社會主義的;
    socialize:soci - al - ize,[音:‘so???la?z],(group -  - v.),vi:交往,進行社交,交際;vt:使……社會化,使……社會主義化,使適應社會需要;
    societal:soci - et - al,[音:s?‘sa??tl],(group -  - adj.),adj:社會的;
    sociology:socio - logy,[音:?so?si‘ɑ?l?d?i],(group - study of),n:社會學,<生>群落生態學;
    sociopolitical:socio - polit - ic - al,[音:?so?sio?p?‘l?t?kl],(group - city -  - adj.),adj:社會政治的;
    asocial:a - soci - al,[音:e?‘so???l],(without - group - adj.),adj:沒有社交的,不合群的,自私的,反社會的;
    antisocial:anti - soci - al,[音:?ænti‘so??l],(againt - group - adj.),adj:反社會的,非社交的,不擅社交的;
    associate:as(ad) - soci - ate,[音:?‘so??ie?t],(to - group - n.[v.]),n:往來對象,伙伴,同事,同伴,準學士學位的獲得者;vi:聯想,交往;vt:聯想,聯合;adj:副的,共事的,有聯系的;
    association:as(ad) - soci - at - ion,[音:??so??i‘e??n],(to - group -  - n.),n:協會,聯想,社團,交往,聯想,結合;
     
    civilization:civ - il - iz - at - ion,(city - - - - n.),n:文明;
    civic:civ - ic,[音:‘s?v?k],(city - adj.),adj:都市的,彬彬有禮的,公民的,市民的,城市的;
    civics:civ - ics,[音:‘s?v?ks],(city - n.),n:公民學,公民;
    civil:civ - il,(city - adj.),adj:公務的,有禮貌的,文明的,國內的,公民的,民用的,民事的,[建]土木的;
    civilian:civ - il - ian,[音:s?‘v?lj?n],(city -  - n.[adj.]),adj:民間的,平民的;n:老百姓,平民,羅馬法專家;
    civility:civ - il - ity,[音:s?‘v?l?ti],(city -  - n.),n:禮貌,謙恭;
    civilized:civ - il - iz - ed,[音:‘s?v?la?zd],(city -  -  - adj.),adj:文明的,有禮貌的,品味舉止優雅的,有合理法律和風俗的;
     
    polite:polite,(city),adj:禮貌的;
    metropolis:metro - polis,[音:m?‘trɑ?p?l?s],(mother - city),n:都會,大都市,重要中心,首府;
    politician:polit - ic - ian,[音:?pɑ?l?‘t??n],(goverment -  - one who),n:政客,政治人物,政治家;
    politick:polit - ick,[音:‘p?l?t?k],(goverment - v.),vt:做政治宣傳,拉票,從事競選等政治活動;
    cosmopolitan:cosmo - polit - an,[音:?kɑ?zm?‘pɑ?l?t?n],(universe - city - adj.),adj:國際化的,世界性的,久經世故的,遍生于世界的,四海一家的;n:世界主義者;
    impolite:im - polite,(not - city),adj:不禮貌的,粗魯的;
    impolitic:im - polit - ic,[音:?m‘pɑ?l?t?k],(not - city - adj.),adj:不明智的,失策的,=impolitical,[音:‘?mp?l?t?kl];
    metropolitan:metro - polit - an,[音:?metr?‘pɑ?l?t?n],(mother - city - adj.),adj:大都會的,大都市的,大主教區的;n:大都市的居民,大主教;
    policy:polic - y,[音:‘pɑ?l?si],(mgovernment - n.),n:政策,方針,保險單;
     
    dominate:dom - in - ate,[音:‘dɑ?m?ne?t],(control - - v.),v:主宰,支配;
    domain:dom - ain,[音:do?‘me?n],(home - n.),n:領域,領地,范圍;
    dome:dome,[音:do?m],(home),n:圓頂,圓屋頂,蒼穹,<俚>腦袋,原形的火山口;vt:加圓屋頂于……上,使成圓屋頂;vi:成圓頂狀;
    domestic:dom - est - ic,[音:d?‘mest?k],(home -  - adj.),adj:國內的,家庭的,馴養的;n:傭人,家仆;
    domesticate:dom - est - ic - ate,[音:d?‘mest?ke?t],(home -  -  - v.),vt:馴養,使專注于家務,教化;n:家禽,(家養)植物;
    domicile:dom - ic - ile,[音:‘dɑ?m?sa?l],(home -  - n.),n:居所,住所,住宅;
    domineering:domin - eer - ing,[音:?dɑ?m?‘n??r??],(control -  - adj.),adj:跋扈的,盛氣凌人的,專橫的,作威作福的;
    anno Domini:anno Domini,[音:‘en?l ‘d?m?n?],(year - control),adv:西元,公元,耶穌紀元后;
    condominium:con - domin - ium,[音:‘k?nd??m?n??m],(together - home - n.),n:高級公寓,大廈內的一戶,(獨立產權的)公寓,共管,國際共管;
    indomitable:in - domit - able,[音:?n‘dɑ?m?t?bl],(not - control - able),adv:不受支配的,不屈不饒的;
    }
     
    技術分享
    [2.14] 本小節示例及練習
    Plato believed that democracy was a pool form of government. {翻譯:柏拉圖認為民主是很差的一種政體。Plato:[音:‘ple?to?];n:柏拉圖(古希臘哲學家);government:n:政體,政府,統治;}
    If North Korea opens up, it will be hard to stop the forces of democratization. {翻譯:如果北韓開放了,將很難抵擋民主化的趨勢。open up:v:開放,開發,打開,展現,開始,揭露;force:[音:f??rs];n:力,影響力,力量大的人或(事物),權力,(為某目的組織起來的)一群人,軍隊,部隊,武裝力量,警察部門,風力;v:迫使,強迫,強制,使發生,強裝(歡笑),人工催長;}
    An obvious demographic trend in Taiwan is one toward more senior citizens. {翻譯:臺灣有一個明顯的人口趨勢就是高齡人口欲來越多。obvious:[音:‘ɑ?bvi?s];adj:明顯的,顯然的;trend:[音:trend];n:趨勢,傾向,方位;vi:傾向,轉向;one toward more:adj:由一變多的,即:越來越多的;}
    Adolf Hitler was a merciless demagogue.  {Adolf Hitler:n:阿道夫·希特勒;merciless:[音:‘m??rs?l?s];adj:殘忍的,無慈悲心的,無情的;mercy:n:仁慈,憐憫,恩惠,寬恕;}
    All the species of butterflies in this museum are endemic to Taiwan. {species:[音:‘spi??i?z];n:種類,(單復同)物種;}
    The epidemiologist says that the best way to prevent dengue fever is to eliminate mosquitoes. {prevent:v:預防,防止,阻止,擋住;dengue:[音:‘de?ɡi];n:[醫]登革熱(=dengue fever);fever:[音:‘fi?v?r];n:發熱,狂熱,發燒;v:(使)發燒,(使)狂熱;eliminate:v:除去,剔除,忽略,淘汰;mosquito:n:蚊子;}
    Polio was a pandemic in Taiwan a few decades ago. {polio:[音:‘po?lio?];n:小兒麻痹癥,脊髓灰質炎;decade:[音:‘deke?d];n:十年;}
    
    With a free press, there is no way a politician can fool the populace for long. {press:n:新聞界,出版社,報刊,新聞輿論,壓,熨燙機,印刷機;v:按,壓,逼迫,強迫服役,征用;free press:n:新聞自由;fool:v:愚弄,欺騙,開玩笑,干蠢事,玩弄,鬼混;n:傻瓜,小丑,奶油果蓉;}
    Many electronic gadgets were invented in the West but popularized by Japanese manufacturers. {翻譯:許多電子器具都是西方發明的,但經由日本改良后才普及的。gadget:[音:‘ɡæd??t];n:小機件,小玩意兒,小巧的機械;invent:vt:發明,捏造;manufacture:n:制造,制造業,(復)產品;v:(手工)制造,捏造;manufacturer:[音:?mænju‘fækt??r?r];n:制造商;}
    This island was once populated by aborigines only. {翻譯:這個島上本來只有原住居民居住。aborigine:[音:?æb?‘r?d??ni];n:土著居民,澳大利亞土著居民;aboriginal:[音:?æb?‘r?d??nl];adj:原始的,土著的;n:土著居民,土生生物;}
    At 1.3 billion, the population of China is the largest of any nation in the world.
    Former Russian President Boris Yeltsin has been called a populist, who used his influence over the people to achieve his own political ends. {former:adj:前者的,前任的,以前的;n:創造者,<英>學校某一年級的學生;Boris Yeltsin:[音:?b?ris  ‘jelts?n];n:鮑里斯·葉利欽;influence:n:影響力,影響,權勢,勢力,有影響的人(或事物);v:影響,感染,<美俚>在(飲料)中加烈酒;over:prep:在……的上方,遍及地,在……期間;adv:穿過,完全覆蓋,結束,落下;n:(板球中)每個投球手一次連續所投出的球數;achieve:v:完成,達到,實現;end:n:目標,目的,結束,末端,死亡,部分,終點站,端點,半邊球場,剩余物,殘余,過世;v:終止,結束;}
    Tokyo is a very populous modern city. {modern:[音:[‘mɑ?d?rn];adj:現代的,時髦的;n:現代人,時尚人士;}
    The earthquake seriously depopulated this small town in central Taiwan. {central:adj:中心的,中央的,主要的,其支配作用的,有控制力的,[語]中央元音的;n:中心樞紐,中央辦公室,電話交換機;}
    My brother has joined a pop band and is now touring southern Taiwan. {band:n:樂隊,隊,一群,帶,箍,波段;v:綁扎,聯合,結合;tour:[音:t?r];v:巡回,周游,旅行;n:巡回,旅游,觀光;}
    The public has the right to know what‘s going on.
    This magazine is a government publication.
    The governor‘s publicist advised against a press conference. {governor:[音:‘ɡ?v?rn?r];n:州長,統治者,管理者,理事,總督,調節器;advise against:v:勸告……不要……;press conference:n:記者會;}
    Many politicians actively seek TV interviews because they like the free publicity. {actively:adv:主動地,積極地,活躍地,勤奮地;seek:[音:si?k];vt:尋求,追求,試圖;vi:尋找;}
    The research results were published in Nature. {Nature:[音:‘ne?t??r];n:《自然》期刊,自然界,性質,自然,自然狀態,本性,類型;}
    The revolution of 1789 turned France from a kingdom into a republic. {revolution:n:革命,改革,重大改變,旋轉;kingdom:n:王國,領域,界,天國;}
    
    He is a very sociable person; I‘m sure you‘ll find him a good companion. {companion:[音:k?m‘pæni?n];n:同伴,志趣相投的人,成對物品之一,參考書;v:陪伴;}
    Communists are socialists of the extreme Left. {communist:[音:‘kɑ?mj?n?st];n:共產主義者;adj:共產主義的;communists:n:共產檔;}
    When you move into a new environment, you should try to socialize with your new neighbors.
    The revolution was the result of various societal and economic forces. {various:[音:‘veri?s];adj:各種各樣的;economic:[音:?e?k?‘nɑ?m?k];adj:經濟學的,經濟的,有利可圖的;force:n:力量,力,風力,無力,暴力,影響力,力量大的人(或物),權力,(為某目的組織起來的)一群人,軍隊,部隊,武裝力量,警察部門;v:迫使,強迫,強制,使發生,強裝(歡笑),人工催長;}
    Sociology means study of society as a whole. {as a whole:adv:整個來說,總體上;}
    Environmentalism has developed into a strong sociopolitical force. {environmentalism:[音:?n?va?r?n?m?ntl??z?m];n:環境保護論者;develop into:v:發展成為;}
    That recluse lives an asocial life. {recluse:[音:‘reklu?s];n:隱士;}
    Juveniles sometimes demonstrate antisocial behavior, such as stealing and fighting. {juvenile:[音:‘d?u?v?nl];n:青少年,青少年讀物,幼稚,扮演少年的演員;adj:青少年的,幼稚的;【備注】:juvenile(9~12)、teenager(13~19)、young adult(20~30);}
    He is a business associate of mine.
    The YMCA is an international association. {YMCA:abbr:基督教青年會(=Young Men‘s Christian Association);christian:[音:‘kr?st??n];adj:基督教的,基督徒的;n:基督教;}
    
    Civic pride motivated Kaohsiung to build the tallest building in Asia. {翻譯:都市的驕傲促使高雄建造亞洲最高的建筑物。pride:[音:pra?d];n:驕傲,自豪,自尊心,引以自豪的東西;vt:以……自豪;motivate:[音:‘mo?t?ve?t];vt:激發(興趣或欲望),給與動機;proud:adj:自豪的,自尊的,自傲的,壯觀盛大的;}
    In civics, students learn about the rights and obligations of citizens. {翻譯:學生在公民課中學習公民的權利與義務;obligation:[音:?ɑ?bl?‘ɡe??n];n:義務,責任;}
    My father has been a civil servant for 30 years. {servant:[音:‘s??rv?nt];n:仆人;civil servant:n:公務員;}
    The military airport does not accept civilian planes.
    The peace negotiation was conducted in perfect civility. {翻譯:和談在十足的禮貌中進行。negotiation:n:談判,協商;conduct:[音:kɑ?n‘d?kt];v:引導,指揮,管理,導電,傳熱;n:行為,舉動,品行;}
    Civilized people don‘t settle their differences with fists. {settle:[音:‘setl];v:解決,定居,安頓,平靜,結算;n:背長椅,座位,定居,安頓;fist:[音:f?st];n:拳頭;vt:緊握,用拳頭打;}
    
    Denver has grown from a small state capital to a major metropolis. {Denver:n:丹佛(美國城市);state:adj:州的,國家的,國事禮儀的;n:情形,狀態,國家,州,政府;v:陳述,聲明,說明,規定;capital:n:首都,資本,大寫字母,[建]柱頂;adj:資本的,大寫的,一流的,首要的,及其嚴重的,涉及死亡;}
    There are many politicians but too few statesmen. {statesman:[音:‘ste?tsm?n];n:政治家;}
    The presidential candidate is politicking in southern Taiwan. {presidential:[音:?prez?‘den?l];adj:總統的,總統制的;}
    It has been said that politics is the art of deception. {翻譯:有人說政治就是欺騙。deception:[音:d?‘sep?n];n:騙局,詭計,欺詐;}
    Taipei is an increasingly cosmopolitan city, where you can see people from all over the world.
    It‘s rather impolite to stare at people. {stare:[音:ster];v:盯著看,凝視;n:凝視;}
    It is rather impolitic to criticize your boss in his face. {criticize:[音:‘kr?t?sa?z];v:批評,挑剔,評論,非難,吹毛求疵;}
    Many great stars have debuted at the Metropolitan Opera House. {翻譯:許多大明星初次登臺都是在大都會歌劇院。debut:[音:de?‘bju?];v:初次登場,首次推出;n:首次露面,初次登場;Metropolitan Opera House:n:大都會歌劇院;opera:n:歌劇;}
    The new government has retained many policies of the old one. {retain:[音:r?‘te?n];vt:保留,保持,記住,聘請;}
    
    Computer engineering lies outside my domain of expertise. {翻譯:電腦工程不是我的專業領域。lie:v:位于,在于,平放,存在,延伸,說謊,躺下;n:謊言;expertise:[音:?eksp??r‘ti?z];n:專業知識,專門技術,專家的意見;}
    The main altar of the cathedral is directly under the dome. {altar:[音:‘??lt?r];n:(教堂內的)圣壇,祭壇;cathedral:[音:k?‘θi?dr?l];n:大教堂;}
    The company imports computer monitors for the domestic market. {翻譯:這家公司進口電腦顯示器供應國內市場。}
    The dog has been domesticated for thousands of years.
    You must fill in your name, date of birth, and domicile on this form. {fill in:v:填寫;}
    If you wed that domineering woman, you‘ll be henpecked for the rest of your life. {wed:[音:wed];v:結婚,結合;abbr:星期三(=wednesday);henpeck:[音:‘hen?pek];vt:懼內,駕馭(丈夫);}
    The abbreviation A.D. stands for anno Domini, which literally means "years of our Loard." {abbreviation:[音:??bri?vi‘e??n];n:縮寫;stand for:v:代表,象征,容忍,支持,做……的候選人;literally:[音:‘l?t?r?li];adv:按照字面上地,不夸張地,正確地,逐字地,簡直;years of our Loard:n:主的年代。}
    Many urban residents live in condominiums, or condos. {urban:[音:‘??rb?n];adj:城市的,都市的;resident:[音:‘rez?d?nt];n:居民,住客,住院醫生;adj:居住的;live in:v:住進;condo:[音:‘k?ndo?];n:[口]分戶出售公寓大廈,=condominium;}
    Tennyson‘s Ulysses is a tribute to the indomitable will of man. {翻譯:塔尼森的詩《尤利西斯》是向人類不受支配的意志致敬;Tennyson:n:坦尼森(姓氏);Ulysses:n:《尤利西斯》;tribute:[音:‘tr?bju?t];n:敬意,貢品,稱贊,禮物;}
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    【字源大挪移—讀書筆記】 第二部分:字根

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    原文地址:http://www.cnblogs.com/cs_net/p/4498872.html

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